Origin and Mineralogy of Clays

Origin and Mineralogy of Clays

The second volume will deal with environmental interaction. Going from soils to sediments to diagenesis and hydrothermal alteration, the book covers the whole spectrum of clays.

Author: Bruce Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662126486

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 772

Origin and Mineralogy of Clays, the first of two volumes, lays the groundwork for a thorough study of clays in the environment. The second volume will deal with environmental interaction. Going from soils to sediments to diagenesis and hydrothermal alteration, the book covers the whole spectrum of clays. The chapters on surface environments are of great relevance in regard to environmental problems in soils, rivers and lake-ocean situations, showing the greatest interaction between living species and the chemicals in their habitat. The book is of interest to scientists and students working on environmental issues.
Categories: Science

Clay Minerals and the Origin of Life

Clay Minerals and the Origin of Life

This volume is the edited proceedings of a conference seeking to clarify the possible role of clays in the origin of life on Earth.

Author: Clay Minerals and the Origin O

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521324084

Category: Science

Page: 193

View: 301

This volume is the edited proceedings of a conference seeking to clarify the possible role of clays in the origin of life on Earth. At the heart of the problem of the origin of life lie fundamental questions such as: What kind of properties is a model of a primitive living system required to exhibit and what would its most plausible chemical and molecular makeup be? Answers to these questions have traditionally been sought in terms of properties that are held to be common to all contemporary organisms. However, there are a number of different ideas both on the nature and on the evolutionary priority of 'common vital properties', notably those based on protoplasmic, biochemical and genetic theories of life. This is therefore the first area for consideration in this volume and the contributors then examine to what extent the properties of clay match those required by the substance which acted as the template for life.
Categories: Science

Introduction to Clay Minerals

Introduction to Clay Minerals

Introduction to Clay Minerals is designed to give a detailed, concise and clear introduction to clay mineralogy.

Author: Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401123686

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 932

Introduction to Clay Minerals is designed to give a detailed, concise and clear introduction to clay mineralogy. Using the information presented here, one should be able to understand clays and their mineralogy, their uses and importance in modern life.
Categories: Science

The Origin of Clay Minerals in Soils and Weathered Rocks

The Origin of Clay Minerals in Soils and Weathered Rocks

Of huge relevance in a number of fields, this is a survey of the different processes of soil clay mineral formation and the consequences of these processes concerning the soil ecosystem, especially plant and mineral.

Author: Bruce B. Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540756347

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 394

Of huge relevance in a number of fields, this is a survey of the different processes of soil clay mineral formation and the consequences of these processes concerning the soil ecosystem, especially plant and mineral. Two independent systems form soil materials. The first is the interaction of rocks and water, unstable minerals adjusting to surface conditions. The second is the interaction of the biosphere with clays in the upper parts of alteration profiles.
Categories: Science

Clay Mineralogy

Clay Mineralogy

Author: Ralph Early Grim

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: UCSD:31822012191334

Category: Clay

Page: 596

View: 221

Categories: Clay

Introduction to Clay Minerals

Introduction to Clay Minerals

Introduction to Clay Minerals is designed to give a detailed, concise and clear introduction to clay mineralogy.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9401123691

Category:

Page: 212

View: 870

Categories:

Soil Clays

Soil Clays

This book provides an easily-read and extensively-illustrated description of the nature, formation, identification, occurrence and associations, measurement, reactivities, and applications of clays in soils.

Author: G. Jock Churchman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429532245

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 258

View: 857

As the human population grows from seven billion toward an inevitable nine or 10 billion, the demands on the limited supply of soils will grow and intensify. Soils are essential for the sustenance of almost all plants and animals, including humans, but soils are virtually infinitely variable. Clays are the most reactive and interactive inorganic compounds in soils. Clays in soils often differ from pure clay minerals of geological origin. They provide a template for most of the reactive organic matter in soils. They directly affect plant nutrients, soil temperature and pH, aggregate sizes and strength, porosity and water-holding capacities. This book aims to help improve predictions of important properties of soils through a modern understanding of their highly reactive clay minerals as they are formed and occur in soils worldwide. It examines how clays occur in soils and the role of soil clays in disparate applications including plant nutrition, soil structure, and water-holding capacity, soil quality, soil shrinkage and swelling, carbon sequestration, pollution control and remediation, medicine, forensic investigation, and deciphering human and environmental histories. Features: Provides information on the conditions that lead to the formation of clay minerals in soils Distinguishes soil clays and types of clay minerals Describes clay mineral structures and their origins Describes occurrences and associations of clays in soil Details roles of clays in applications of soils Heavily illustrated with photos, diagrams, and electron micrographs Includes user-friendly description of a new method of identification To know soil clays is to enable their use toward achieving improvements in the management of soils for enhancing their performance in one or more of their three main functions of enabling plant growth, regulating water flow to plants, and buffering environmental changes. This book provides an easily-read and extensively-illustrated description of the nature, formation, identification, occurrence and associations, measurement, reactivities, and applications of clays in soils.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Clay Sedimentology

Clay Sedimentology

Clay Sedimentology is a comprehensive textbook divided into six parts: - clay minerals and weathering - clay sedimentation on land - origin and behaviour of clay minerals and associated minerals in transitional environments (estuaries, ...

Author: Herve Chamley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642859168

Category: Science

Page: 623

View: 987

Clay Sedimentology is a comprehensive textbook divided into six parts: - clay minerals and weathering - clay sedimentation on land - origin and behaviour of clay minerals and associated minerals in transitional environments (estuaries, deltas) and shallow-sea environments - diverse origins of clay in the marine environment - post-sedimentary processes intervening during early and late diagenesis - use of clay stratigraphic data for the reconstruction of past climate, marine circulation, tectonics, and other paleogeographical aspects. A basic idea on most topics dealing with sedimentary clays is presented and controversial data and uncertainties from the frontiers of knowledge are discussed.
Categories: Science

Soil Clay Mineralogy

Soil Clay Mineralogy

Processes of origin and alteration of clay minerals; Structure and mineral analysis of soils; X-ray Diffraction analysis of soil clays and Structures of clay minerals; The application of electron microscopy in soil clay mineralogy; ...

Author: Charles Irvin Rich

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105032248192

Category: Argile - Analyse

Page: 330

View: 480

Processes of origin and alteration of clay minerals; Structure and mineral analysis of soils; X-ray Diffraction analysis of soil clays and Structures of clay minerals; The application of electron microscopy in soil clay mineralogy; Laboratory techniques in the electron microscopy of clay minerals; Infared analysis of soil minerals; The thermal Investigation of soil clays; Soil clay Mineralogical analysis; X-ray spectrographic analysis of soils; Chemical analysis in the Quantitative mineralogical examination of clays.
Categories: Argile - Analyse

Environmental Interactions of Clays

Environmental Interactions of Clays

This companion volume to Velde's Origin and Mineralogy of Clays deals with the role of clays in specific environmental issues, and is unique in its subject matter.

Author: Andrew Parker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662036518

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 564

This companion volume to Velde's Origin and Mineralogy of Clays deals with the role of clays in specific environmental issues, and is unique in its subject matter. Individual chapters are written by recognized international experts in their field, and cover such subjects as radioactive waste disposal, trace metals, soil quality and productivity, pesticides, landfill, fibrous minerals and health. The approach combines reviews with current research, making it an invaluable resource for students, researchers and practitioners alike.
Categories: Science

Clay Mineral Origin and Distribution on Astoria Fan

Clay Mineral Origin and Distribution on Astoria Fan

Clay minerals from sediment samples obtained on Astoria Fan were analyzed by X-ray diffraction.

Author: Kenneth Lloyd Russell

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:11131712

Category: Oceanography

Page: 80

View: 190

Clay minerals from sediment samples obtained on Astoria Fan were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. Clay minerals are defined for the purpose of this study as crystalline phyllosilicates less than two microns in equivalent settling diameter. The clay minerals are subdivided into the five common families: montmorillonite, chlorite, vermiculite, illite, and kaolinite. One X-ray scan of a magnesium ion saturated, ethylene glycol treated sample was sufficient for the identification of all the clay minerals. A typical Recent hemipelagic sediment contains about 40 percent montmorillonite, 30 percent illite, and 30 percent chlorite. Neither kaolinite nor vermiculite is detectable in these samples. These concentrations are similar to those reported for Columbia River sediments. The surface sediments have an identical clay mineral assemblage from the head of Astoria Canyon to the outer edge of the fan approximately 250 kilometers offshore. All of the Recent sediments in piston cores from Astoria Fan are the same as the surface sediments on the fan. This similarity indicates an unchanging source during Recent time and a lack of any visible marine diagenesis after burial. X-ray traces of Pleistocene clay minerals are distinctly different from those of the Recent. One can use this change in clay mineralogy as a time marker across the fan. Presumably the Pleistocene clays were formed under different weathering conditions caused by different climatic conditions.
Categories: Oceanography

Illite

Illite

The volume begins with a careful analysis of the structure and transformation of illite. Using illite as the frame, the authors describe problems in soil chemistry, clay stability and clay kinetics in sedimentary rocks.

Author: Alain Meunier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662078501

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 937

This monograph examines the mineralogy of illite, the most common clay mineral, as a unifying theme for understanding problems of the surface environment and environmental change. The volume begins with a careful analysis of the structure and transformation of illite. Using illite as the frame, the authors describe problems in soil chemistry, clay stability and clay kinetics in sedimentary rocks.
Categories: Science

Rock forming Minerals

Rock forming Minerals

Author: M.J. Wilson

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1862393591

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 124

Categories: Science

The Science of Clays

The Science of Clays

This book is an attempt to provide a comprehensive and coherent description of three widely separated aspects of clays: the science of clays; the industrial uses of clays; and the role of clays in the environment.

Author: Swapna Mukherjee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400766839

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 681

This book is an attempt to provide a comprehensive and coherent description of three widely separated aspects of clays: the science of clays; the industrial uses of clays; and the role of clays in the environment. Most of the existing literature lacks such an integrated study and this work endeavours to fill that gap. An exhaustive account of the science of clays is presented in Part I of the book, which includes the classification, origin and evolution, composition and internal structure, chemical and physical properties of clays; soil mechanics; and analytical techniques for determining clay constituents. Part II provides a comprehensive description of the applications of clays and their derivatives in various industries, while Part III describes the role of clays in the environment; the pollution caused by clay minerals; and the application of clays in order to prevent environmental hazards. A principal feature of the book is its explanation of how the structure and composition of particular clay types facilitate their specific industrial or environmental applications, thus describing the interrelationship between three widely varying aspects of clay. A number of thought-provoking questions are raised at the end of the work in order to leave readers with a better insight in this regard.
Categories: Science