Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition

Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition

This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly ...

Author: Norman Itzkowitz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226098012

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 298

This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly modernizing Europe. Itzkowitz delineates the fundamental institutions of the Ottoman state, the major divisions within the society, and the basic ideas on government and social structure. Throughout, Itzkowitz emphasizes the Ottomans' own conception of their historical experience, and in so doing penetrates the surface view provided by the insights of Western observers of the Ottoman world to the core of Ottoman existence.
Categories: History

Visions of Empire

Visions of Empire

“Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Realities.” Studia Islamica 16:73–94. ———. 1977.
“Men and Ideas in the Eighteenth Century Ottoman Empire.” In Naff and Owen
1977: 15–26. ———. 1980. Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition. Chicago: ...

Author: Krishan Kumar

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691153636

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 809

What the rulers of empire can teach us about navigating today's increasingly interconnected world The empires of the past were far-flung experiments in multinationalism and multiculturalism, and have much to teach us about navigating our own increasingly globalized and interconnected world. Until now, most recent scholarship on empires has focused on their subject peoples. Visions of Empire looks at their rulers, shedding critical new light on who they were, how they justified their empires, how they viewed themselves, and the styles of rule they adopted toward their subjects. Krishan Kumar provides panoramic and multifaceted portraits of five major European empires—Ottoman, Habsburg, Russian/Soviet, British, and French—showing how each, like ancient Rome, saw itself as the carrier of universal civilization to the rest of the world. Sometimes these aims were couched in religious terms, as with Islam for the Ottomans or Catholicism for the Habsburgs. Later, the imperial missions took more secular forms, as with British political traditions or the world communism of the Soviets. Visions of Empire offers new insights into the interactions between rulers and ruled, revealing how empire was as much a shared enterprise as a clash of oppositional interests. It explores how these empires differed from nation-states, particularly in how the ruling peoples of empires were forced to downplay or suppress their own national or ethnic identities in the interests of the long-term preservation of their rule. This compelling and in-depth book demonstrates how the rulers of empire, in their quest for a universal world order, left behind a legacy of multiculturalism and diversity that is uniquely relevant for us today.
Categories: History

The Jews of Islam

The Jews of Islam

Examines the Judaeo-Islamic tradition, traces the history of Islam, and describes the reasons for the breakdown in relations between the Jews and the Islamic world

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780691008073

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 365

Examines the Judaeo-Islamic tradition, traces the history of Islam, and describes the reasons for the breakdown in relations between the Jews and the Islamic world
Categories: History

Administrative Traditions

Administrative Traditions

In considering the Islamic tradition of administration there should perhaps be
some special consideration of the Ottoman Empire and its successor state of
Turkey ( Heper 1987 , 2000 ) . As was true for both China and India , the
administrative ...

Author: B. Guy Peters

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198297253

Category:

Page: 272

View: 956

This book examines contemporary public administration and its historical roots, and how those traditions continue to influence administrative behaviour.
Categories:

Nostalgia for the Empire

Nostalgia for the Empire

The Ottoman past becomes a legitimizer of the Islamic way of life and supplies
hope for what might be possible in the future.6 In fact, returning to the Ottoman
past to preserve and perpetuate Islamic tradition can foster a sense of security in
a ...

Author: M. Hakan Yavuz

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780197512289

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 761

"This book examines the social and political origins of beleaguered and wistful expressions of nostalgia about the Ottoman Empire for various groups in the region. Rather than focus on how Ottomanism evolved, the book examines how social and political memories of the Ottoman past have been transformed in Turkish society along with reactions from the outside world. This Ottoman past, as remembered now, is grounded in contemporary conservative Islamic values. Thus, the connection between memories of the Ottoman past and these values defines Turkey's new identity. This new expression of memory portrays Turkey as a victim of the major powers, justifying its position against its imagined internal and external enemies. This book explores why Turkish society has selectively brought the Ottoman Empire back into the public mindset and for what purpose. The book traces how memory of the Ottoman period has changed in Turkish literature, mainstream history books and other cultural products from the 1940s to the 21st century. A key aspect of Turkish literature is its criticism of the Jacobin modernization of Turkey matched by its return to the Ottoman past to articulate an alternative political language. This book responds to several interrelated questions: What is neo-Ottomanism, in general, and what is the significance of various terms using Ottoman as a variant and for what purpose do they serve? Who constructed the term and for what purpose? What are the social and political origins of the current nostalgia for the Ottoman past?"--
Categories: History

Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire

Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire

International conference proceedings, held July 8-14, 2001, Mexico City.

Author: Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015061096130

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 749

International conference proceedings, held July 8-14, 2001, Mexico City.
Categories: Science

Ebu s su ud

Ebu s su    ud

This book examines the validity of this assertion.

Author: Colin Imber

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804729277

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 132

The jurist Ebu's-suud (c. 1490–1574) occupies a key position in the history of Islamic law. An Ottoman tradition, which began in the seventeenth century and which modern historians often reiterate, asserts that Ebu's-suud succeeded in harmonizing the secular law with the shari 'a, creating, in effect, a new ideal Islamic legal system. This book examines the validity of this assertion. The author begins by choosing five areas of Islamic law for analysis: the Sultan and legal sovereignty; land tenure and taxation; trusts in mortmain; marriage and the family; and crimes and torts. In each of these areas, he lays out the most important rules and concepts in the Islamic juristic tradition, and then gives his translations of a selection of Ebu's-suud's writings on the topic in question, with a brief analysis. From these materials, the author suggests that readers draw their own conclusions as to whether Ebu's-suud did indeed reconcile Ottoman secular legal practice with the sacred law.
Categories: Religion

Traditions Encounters

Traditions   Encounters

Halil Inalçik and Donald Quataert , eds . An Economic and Social History of the
Ottoman Empire , 1300 - 1914 . Cambridge , 1994 . An exhaustive survey of
Ottoman economic history . Norman Itzkowitz . Ottoman Empire and Islamic
Tradition .

Author: Jerry H. Bentley

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 0072489936

Category: Intercultural communication

Page: 1169

View: 411

Categories: Intercultural communication

Public Islam and the Common Good

Public Islam and the Common Good

This book shows how competing Islamic ideas and practices create alternative political and social realities in the Muslim majority regions of the Arab Middle East, Iran, South Asia, Africa, and elsewhere in ways that differ from the ...

Author: Armando Salvatore

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004136212

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 711

This book shows how competing Islamic ideas and practices create alternative political and social realities in the Muslim majority regions of the Arab Middle East, Iran, South Asia, Africa, and elsewhere in ways that differ from the emergence of the public sphere in Europe.
Categories: Social Science

Science Technology and Learning in the Ottoman Empire

Science  Technology  and Learning in the Ottoman Empire

viji PREFACE The scientific activities of the Ottoman world are constituted from
various scientific traditions : first , the Islamic tradition inherited by the Ottoman
Turks that was carried on by the Arabs , who were part of the Ottoman Empire ;
then ...

Author: Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015058701908

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 624

The papers and studies collected here relate to the cultural, intellectual and scientific aspects of Ottoman history.
Categories: Science

Ancient Religions Modern Politics

Ancient Religions  Modern Politics

We can conclude, then, that in the domain of politics the Islamic tradition should
have considerable resources to offer Muslims ... of an Ottoman coat of arms.80
But for the most part the monarchic tradition of the Muslim world is now history.

Author: Michael Cook

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691173344

Category: Religion

Page: 568

View: 679

Why does Islam play a larger role in contemporary politics than other religions? Is there something about the Islamic heritage that makes Muslims more likely than adherents of other faiths to invoke it in their political life? If so, what is it? Ancient Religions, Modern Politics seeks to answer these questions by examining the roles of Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity in modern political life, placing special emphasis on the relevance—or irrelevance—of their heritages to today's social and political concerns. Michael Cook takes an in-depth, comparative look at political identity, social values, attitudes to warfare, views about the role of religion in various cultural domains, and conceptions of the polity. In all these fields he finds that the Islamic heritage offers richer resources for those engaged in current politics than either the Hindu or the Christian heritages. He uses this finding to explain the fact that, despite the existence of Hindu and Christian counterparts to some aspects of Islamism, the phenomenon as a whole is unique in the world today. The book also shows that fundamentalism—in the sense of a determination to return to the original sources of the religion—is politically more adaptive for Muslims than it is for Hindus or Christians. A sweeping comparative analysis by one of the world's leading scholars of premodern Islam, Ancient Religions, Modern Politics sheds important light on the relationship between the foundational texts of these three great religious traditions and the politics of their followers today.
Categories: Religion

Journal of Asian History

Journal of Asian History

ature available on the Ottoman Empire , and it serves its purpose of providing
supplementary reading for a course in western ... Pursuing such a theme , how .
ever , requires the establishment of a firm basis of what is the Islamic tradition .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015008412499

Category: Asia

Page:

View: 122

Categories: Asia

The Tanzimat and the Non Muslims 1839 1878

The Tanzimat and the Non Muslims  1839 1878

III : H . Inalcik , ' The Heyday and Decline of the Ottoman Empire , " Cambridge
History of Islam ( Cambridge , 1970 ) , Vol . I , pp . 342 - 353 ; N . Itzkowitz ,
Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition , Chicago , 1980 ; K . H . Karpat , Turkey ' s
Politics ...

Author: Ilan Karmi

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066792220

Category: Dhimmis

Page: 368

View: 827

Categories: Dhimmis

The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy

The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy

In B . Braude and B . Lewis , eds . , Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire , I
, 261 - 85 . New York and London : Holmes & Meier . Itzkowitz , Norman . 1980 .
Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition . Chicago and London : University of ...

Author: Reşat Kasaba

Publisher: Suny Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105035224828

Category: Architecture

Page: 191

View: 669

The Ottoman Empire is approahced through analysis of its political economy based on world systems theory. Relations with Europe constituted one of the key factors that shaped the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Yet a comprehensive account of the nature, development, and consequences of these realtions has, until now, never been developed. This book moves beyond the narrow framework of Euro-Ottoman relations, and places Europe at the center of the expanding world economy as it examines the impact of this global system on the Ottoman Empire. Its main contention is that the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was the culmination of a long term process whereby the Ottoman territories became integral parts of the European-centered world economy, and Ottoman state a subordinate member of the interstate system. In addition to the broad processes eminating from outside, the author focuses on the transformation of the political, economic, and social structures in the Ottoman Empire. The changes in processes of production, networks of trade, and relations among various social groups are described on the basis of archival material on western Anatolia. Considering world affairs and Ottoman developments simultaneously makes this work unique in its field. This approach captures the transformation of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century in all its complexity. In addition to providing original information about western Anatolia, the books also offers a general model for combining the macro concerns of historical sociology with detailed research in social history.
Categories: Architecture

Early Modern European History C 1492 1788

Early Modern European History  C 1492 1788

15 : THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE The importance of Turkish history in this period ,
when the Ottoman impact on Europe was ... N . Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and
Islamic tradition ( New York , 1972 ) is a succinct outline ; another attractively
written ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105035247100

Category: Europe

Page: 107

View: 574

Categories: Europe

The Islamic Tradition

The Islamic Tradition

At the close of the Middle Ages the major center of Muslim power was the Empire
of the Ottoman Turks or Osmanli , who took their name from an early chieftain ,
Osman . Beginning as petty local rulers in the no - man's - land along the Seljuk ...

Author: John B. Christopher

Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers

ISBN: UOM:39015004748417

Category: Civilization, Islamic

Page: 185

View: 620

Categories: Civilization, Islamic

The Islamic Tradition

The Islamic Tradition

31 As the Ottoman archives and scholars who are familiar with these sources
amply testify , the sultans , qadis and , governors of the Ottoman Empire were
indeed true to their words , and members of the non - Muslim minorities were
able to ...

Author: Muddathir ʻAbd al-Rahim

Publisher:

ISBN: 0275980456

Category: Human rights

Page: 255

View: 395

Categories: Human rights

Ottoman Borderlands

Ottoman Borderlands

For both these reasons , then , it is imperative to try to understand the nature and
place of Islam in the Ottoman Empire ... Islamic Society and the West , Norman
Itzkowitz's Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition , and Marshall G.S. Hodgson's ...

Author: Kemal H. Karpat

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: UOM:39076002698897

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 243

Ottoman Borderlands, consisting of a number of articles by prominent scholars, aims to begin to fill a large gap in Ottoman studies, namely the study of the borderlands and their socially, ethnically, and religiously heterogeneous population. In both the frontier provinces and the semiautonomous borderlands, the central government used force, economic incentives, and the granting of titles to establish control over local rulers and, when possible, to integrate them into the system. However, despite the pressing power of the central government, the borderlands remained cultural-social units with their own identities and their own internal dynamics. While the core provinces were more Ottoman, Islamic, and Turkish-speaking, the borderlands were culturally, religiously, and linguistically more heterogeneous, as well as more politically autonomous. Originally published by the International Journal of Turkish Studies
Categories: History

Balkan Incelemesi Y ll

Balkan Incelemesi Y  ll

In the course of migration , Turks contacted new cultures and religions . ... As
leading historians observed , " the Ottoman statecraft combined pre - Islamic
Turkish customs , the Persian tradition of siyasetnames , and medieval Islamic
political ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123818127

Category: Balkan Peninsula

Page:

View: 446

Categories: Balkan Peninsula

The Islamic Middle East

The Islamic Middle East

The Reorganization of the Islamic Empire a . The Ottoman Empire and Turkey (
continued ) Creasy , Edward S . History of the Ottoman Turks . with a new
introduction by zeine N . Zeine . Beirut , Khayat ... Ottoman Empire and Islamic
Tradition .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015034619943

Category: Middle East

Page: 45

View: 592

Categories: Middle East