This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly ...
Author: Norman Itzkowitz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly modernizing Europe. Itzkowitz delineates the fundamental institutions of the Ottoman state, the major divisions within the society, and the basic ideas on government and social structure. Throughout, Itzkowitz emphasizes the Ottomans' own conception of their historical experience, and in so doing penetrates the surface view provided by the insights of Western observers of the Ottoman world to the core of Ottoman existence.
“Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Realities.” Studia Islamica 16:73–94. ———. 1977.
“Men and Ideas in the Eighteenth Century Ottoman Empire.” In Naff and Owen
1977: 15–26. ———. 1980. Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition. Chicago: ...
Author: Krishan Kumar
Publisher: Princeton University Press
What the rulers of empire can teach us about navigating today's increasingly interconnected world The empires of the past were far-flung experiments in multinationalism and multiculturalism, and have much to teach us about navigating our own increasingly globalized and interconnected world. Until now, most recent scholarship on empires has focused on their subject peoples. Visions of Empire looks at their rulers, shedding critical new light on who they were, how they justified their empires, how they viewed themselves, and the styles of rule they adopted toward their subjects. Krishan Kumar provides panoramic and multifaceted portraits of five major European empires—Ottoman, Habsburg, Russian/Soviet, British, and French—showing how each, like ancient Rome, saw itself as the carrier of universal civilization to the rest of the world. Sometimes these aims were couched in religious terms, as with Islam for the Ottomans or Catholicism for the Habsburgs. Later, the imperial missions took more secular forms, as with British political traditions or the world communism of the Soviets. Visions of Empire offers new insights into the interactions between rulers and ruled, revealing how empire was as much a shared enterprise as a clash of oppositional interests. It explores how these empires differed from nation-states, particularly in how the ruling peoples of empires were forced to downplay or suppress their own national or ethnic identities in the interests of the long-term preservation of their rule. This compelling and in-depth book demonstrates how the rulers of empire, in their quest for a universal world order, left behind a legacy of multiculturalism and diversity that is uniquely relevant for us today.
In considering the Islamic tradition of administration there should perhaps be
some special consideration of the Ottoman Empire and its successor state of
Turkey ( Heper 1987 , 2000 ) . As was true for both China and India , the
Author: B. Guy Peters
This book examines contemporary public administration and its historical roots, and how those traditions continue to influence administrative behaviour.
The Ottoman past becomes a legitimizer of the Islamic way of life and supplies
hope for what might be possible in the future.6 In fact, returning to the Ottoman
past to preserve and perpetuate Islamic tradition can foster a sense of security in
Author: M. Hakan Yavuz
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"This book examines the social and political origins of beleaguered and wistful expressions of nostalgia about the Ottoman Empire for various groups in the region. Rather than focus on how Ottomanism evolved, the book examines how social and political memories of the Ottoman past have been transformed in Turkish society along with reactions from the outside world. This Ottoman past, as remembered now, is grounded in contemporary conservative Islamic values. Thus, the connection between memories of the Ottoman past and these values defines Turkey's new identity. This new expression of memory portrays Turkey as a victim of the major powers, justifying its position against its imagined internal and external enemies. This book explores why Turkish society has selectively brought the Ottoman Empire back into the public mindset and for what purpose. The book traces how memory of the Ottoman period has changed in Turkish literature, mainstream history books and other cultural products from the 1940s to the 21st century. A key aspect of Turkish literature is its criticism of the Jacobin modernization of Turkey matched by its return to the Ottoman past to articulate an alternative political language. This book responds to several interrelated questions: What is neo-Ottomanism, in general, and what is the significance of various terms using Ottoman as a variant and for what purpose do they serve? Who constructed the term and for what purpose? What are the social and political origins of the current nostalgia for the Ottoman past?"--
This book examines the validity of this assertion.
Author: Colin Imber
Publisher: Stanford University Press
The jurist Ebu's-suud (c. 1490–1574) occupies a key position in the history of Islamic law. An Ottoman tradition, which began in the seventeenth century and which modern historians often reiterate, asserts that Ebu's-suud succeeded in harmonizing the secular law with the shari 'a, creating, in effect, a new ideal Islamic legal system. This book examines the validity of this assertion. The author begins by choosing five areas of Islamic law for analysis: the Sultan and legal sovereignty; land tenure and taxation; trusts in mortmain; marriage and the family; and crimes and torts. In each of these areas, he lays out the most important rules and concepts in the Islamic juristic tradition, and then gives his translations of a selection of Ebu's-suud's writings on the topic in question, with a brief analysis. From these materials, the author suggests that readers draw their own conclusions as to whether Ebu's-suud did indeed reconcile Ottoman secular legal practice with the sacred law.
Halil Inalçik and Donald Quataert , eds . An Economic and Social History of the
Ottoman Empire , 1300 - 1914 . Cambridge , 1994 . An exhaustive survey of
Ottoman economic history . Norman Itzkowitz . Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition .
This book shows how competing Islamic ideas and practices create alternative political and social realities in the Muslim majority regions of the Arab Middle East, Iran, South Asia, Africa, and elsewhere in ways that differ from the ...
Author: Armando Salvatore
Category: Social Science
This book shows how competing Islamic ideas and practices create alternative political and social realities in the Muslim majority regions of the Arab Middle East, Iran, South Asia, Africa, and elsewhere in ways that differ from the emergence of the public sphere in Europe.
viji PREFACE The scientific activities of the Ottoman world are constituted from
various scientific traditions : first , the Islamic tradition inherited by the Ottoman Turks that was carried on by the Arabs , who were part of the Ottoman Empire ;
Author: Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu
The papers and studies collected here relate to the cultural, intellectual and scientific aspects of Ottoman history.
We can conclude, then, that in the domain of politics the Islamic tradition should
have considerable resources to offer Muslims ... of an Ottoman coat of arms.80
But for the most part the monarchic tradition of the Muslim world is now history.
Author: Michael Cook
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Why does Islam play a larger role in contemporary politics than other religions? Is there something about the Islamic heritage that makes Muslims more likely than adherents of other faiths to invoke it in their political life? If so, what is it? Ancient Religions, Modern Politics seeks to answer these questions by examining the roles of Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity in modern political life, placing special emphasis on the relevance—or irrelevance—of their heritages to today's social and political concerns. Michael Cook takes an in-depth, comparative look at political identity, social values, attitudes to warfare, views about the role of religion in various cultural domains, and conceptions of the polity. In all these fields he finds that the Islamic heritage offers richer resources for those engaged in current politics than either the Hindu or the Christian heritages. He uses this finding to explain the fact that, despite the existence of Hindu and Christian counterparts to some aspects of Islamism, the phenomenon as a whole is unique in the world today. The book also shows that fundamentalism—in the sense of a determination to return to the original sources of the religion—is politically more adaptive for Muslims than it is for Hindus or Christians. A sweeping comparative analysis by one of the world's leading scholars of premodern Islam, Ancient Religions, Modern Politics sheds important light on the relationship between the foundational texts of these three great religious traditions and the politics of their followers today.
ature available on the Ottoman Empire , and it serves its purpose of providing
supplementary reading for a course in western ... Pursuing such a theme , how .
ever , requires the establishment of a firm basis of what is the Islamic tradition .
III : H . Inalcik , ' The Heyday and Decline of the Ottoman Empire , " Cambridge
History of Islam ( Cambridge , 1970 ) , Vol . I , pp . 342 - 353 ; N . Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition , Chicago , 1980 ; K . H . Karpat , Turkey ' s
In B . Braude and B . Lewis , eds . , Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire , I
, 261 - 85 . New York and London : Holmes & Meier . Itzkowitz , Norman . 1980 . Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition . Chicago and London : University of ...
Author: Reşat Kasaba
Publisher: Suny Press
The Ottoman Empire is approahced through analysis of its political economy based on world systems theory. Relations with Europe constituted one of the key factors that shaped the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Yet a comprehensive account of the nature, development, and consequences of these realtions has, until now, never been developed. This book moves beyond the narrow framework of Euro-Ottoman relations, and places Europe at the center of the expanding world economy as it examines the impact of this global system on the Ottoman Empire. Its main contention is that the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was the culmination of a long term process whereby the Ottoman territories became integral parts of the European-centered world economy, and Ottoman state a subordinate member of the interstate system. In addition to the broad processes eminating from outside, the author focuses on the transformation of the political, economic, and social structures in the Ottoman Empire. The changes in processes of production, networks of trade, and relations among various social groups are described on the basis of archival material on western Anatolia. Considering world affairs and Ottoman developments simultaneously makes this work unique in its field. This approach captures the transformation of the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century in all its complexity. In addition to providing original information about western Anatolia, the books also offers a general model for combining the macro concerns of historical sociology with detailed research in social history.
15 : THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE The importance of Turkish history in this period ,
when the Ottoman impact on Europe was ... N . Itzkowitz , Ottoman Empire and Islamic tradition ( New York , 1972 ) is a succinct outline ; another attractively
At the close of the Middle Ages the major center of Muslim power was the Empire
of the Ottoman Turks or Osmanli , who took their name from an early chieftain ,
Osman . Beginning as petty local rulers in the no - man's - land along the Seljuk ...
31 As the Ottoman archives and scholars who are familiar with these sources
amply testify , the sultans , qadis and , governors of the Ottoman Empire were
indeed true to their words , and members of the non - Muslim minorities were
able to ...
For both these reasons , then , it is imperative to try to understand the nature and
place of Islam in the Ottoman Empire ... Islamic Society and the West , Norman
Itzkowitz's Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition , and Marshall G.S. Hodgson's ...
Author: Kemal H. Karpat
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Ottoman Borderlands, consisting of a number of articles by prominent scholars, aims to begin to fill a large gap in Ottoman studies, namely the study of the borderlands and their socially, ethnically, and religiously heterogeneous population. In both the frontier provinces and the semiautonomous borderlands, the central government used force, economic incentives, and the granting of titles to establish control over local rulers and, when possible, to integrate them into the system. However, despite the pressing power of the central government, the borderlands remained cultural-social units with their own identities and their own internal dynamics. While the core provinces were more Ottoman, Islamic, and Turkish-speaking, the borderlands were culturally, religiously, and linguistically more heterogeneous, as well as more politically autonomous. Originally published by the International Journal of Turkish Studies
In the course of migration , Turks contacted new cultures and religions . ... As
leading historians observed , " the Ottoman statecraft combined pre - Islamic
Turkish customs , the Persian tradition of siyasetnames , and medieval Islamic
The Reorganization of the Islamic Empire a . The Ottoman Empire and Turkey (
continued ) Creasy , Edward S . History of the Ottoman Turks . with a new
introduction by zeine N . Zeine . Beirut , Khayat ... Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition .