Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition

Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition

Author: Norman Itzkowitz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226388069

Category: History

Page: 117

View: 254

This skillfully written text presents the full sweep of Ottoman history from its beginnings on the Byzantine frontier in about 1300, through its development as an empire, to its late eighteenth-century confrontation with a rapidly modernizing Europe. Itzkowitz delineates the fundamental institutions of the Ottoman state, the major divisions within the society, and the basic ideas on government and social structure. Throughout, Itzkowitz emphasizes the Ottomans' own conception of their historical experience, and in so doing penetrates the surface view provided by the insights of Western observers of the Ottoman world to the core of Ottoman existence.
Categories: History

Ebu s su ud

Ebu s su    ud

This book examines the validity of this assertion.

Author: Colin Imber

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804729277

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 703

The jurist Ebu's-suud (c. 1490–1574) occupies a key position in the history of Islamic law. An Ottoman tradition, which began in the seventeenth century and which modern historians often reiterate, asserts that Ebu's-suud succeeded in harmonizing the secular law with the shari 'a, creating, in effect, a new ideal Islamic legal system. This book examines the validity of this assertion. The author begins by choosing five areas of Islamic law for analysis: the Sultan and legal sovereignty; land tenure and taxation; trusts in mortmain; marriage and the family; and crimes and torts. In each of these areas, he lays out the most important rules and concepts in the Islamic juristic tradition, and then gives his translations of a selection of Ebu's-suud's writings on the topic in question, with a brief analysis. From these materials, the author suggests that readers draw their own conclusions as to whether Ebu's-suud did indeed reconcile Ottoman secular legal practice with the sacred law.
Categories: Religion

Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire

Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire

International conference proceedings, held July 8-14, 2001, Mexico City.

Author: Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015061096130

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 164

International conference proceedings, held July 8-14, 2001, Mexico City.
Categories: Science

The Jews of Islam

The Jews of Islam

Examines the Judaeo-Islamic tradition, traces the history of Islam, and describes the reasons for the breakdown in relations between the Jews and the Islamic world

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780691008073

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 859

Examines the Judaeo-Islamic tradition, traces the history of Islam, and describes the reasons for the breakdown in relations between the Jews and the Islamic world
Categories: History

History of Islamic Political Thought

History of Islamic Political Thought

Howard, Douglas A. (1988), 'ottoman Historiography and the literature of “Decline
” of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth centuries', Journal of Asian History, 22, pp. 52
–77. Imber, colin (1997), Ebu Æs-SuÆud: the Islamic Legal Tradition, ...

Author: Antony Black

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748688784

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 101

Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).
Categories: Philosophy

Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire

Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire

Administration, society and intellectual life of the Turkish Empire during the two centuries that followed the capture of Constantinople in 1453.

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806110600

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 839

Administration, society and intellectual life of the Turkish Empire during the two centuries that followed the capture of Constantinople in 1453.
Categories: History

The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe

The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe

A briefer introduction that covers much the same ground is Norman Itzkowitz ,
Ottoman Empire and Islamic tradition ( Chicago , 1972 ) . Justin McCarthy also
offers a readable survey that perhaps over - stresses the Turkishness of the
Ottomans ...

Author: Daniel Goffman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521459087

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 916

This text provides an introduction to the history and institutions of the Ottoman Empire and presents a claim for its inclusion in Europe, as opposed to being apart from it due to its many cultural differences.
Categories: History

Politics of the Islamic Tradition

Politics of the Islamic Tradition

New elements from a foreign tradition, the European Enlightenment, added to the
existing accounts of the Islamic tradition shaped the project of reform. The ailing
fortunes of the Ottoman Empire provided the broader context against which ...

Author: Mohammed Moussa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317554790

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 983

Over the last two centuries the Muslim world has undergone dramatic transformations, impacting the Islamic tradition and throwing into question our understanding of tradition. The notion of tradition as an unmoving edifice is contradicted by the very process of its transmission, and the complex role human beings play in creating and sustaining traditions is evident in the indigenous mechanisms of change within the Islamic tradition. Politics of the Islamic Tradition locates the work of Egyptian cleric Muhammad al-Ghazali within the context of this dynamic Islamic tradition, with special focus on his political thought. Al-Ghazali inherited a vast and diverse heritage which he managed to reinterpret in a changing world. An innovative exploration of the change and continuity present within Muslim discourses, this book brings together disparate threads of the Islamic tradition, religious exegesis, the contemporary Arab Middle East, the Islamic state and idea of renewal in al-Ghazali’s thought. As well as being one of the first complete treatments of al-Ghazali’s works, this book provides an original critical approach to tradition and its capability for innovation and change, countering the dichotomy between tradition and modernity that typically informs most scholarly studies on contemporary Islam. Offering highly original insights into Islamic thought and engaging with critical notions of tradition, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of Islamic Politics and History.
Categories: Political Science

Modernity in Islamic Tradition

Modernity in Islamic Tradition

1.2 Egypt Becomes a Nation-State: Nationalizing Politics and Nationalist
Sentiments Since 1517, when Ottoman Turks conquered the Mamluk Sultanate,
Egypt had been a province of the Ottoman Empire, with the Mamluks remaining
the ...

Author: Florian Zemmin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110545845

Category: Religion

Page: 532

View: 987

What does it mean to be modern? This study regards the concept of ‘society’ as foundational to modern self-understanding. Identifying Arabic conceptualizations of society in the journal al-Manar, the mouthpiece of Islamic reformism, the author shows how modernity was articulated from within an Islamic discursive tradition. The fact that the classical term umma was a principal term used to conceptualize modern society suggests the convergence of discursive traditions in modernity, rather than a mere diffusion of European concepts.
Categories: Religion

Shatterzone of Empires

Shatterzone of Empires

Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman
Borderlands Omer Bartov, Eric D. Weitz ... seen as the starting point for
Westernizing reform in the Ottoman Empire, was inspired mainly by Islamic-
Ottoman tradition.

Author: Omer Bartov

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253006318

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 430

From the Baltic to the Black Sea, four major empires with ethnically and religiously diverse populations encountered each other along often changing and contested borders. Examining this geographically vast, multicultural region through a variety of methodological lenses, this volume offers informed and dispassionate analyses of how the many populations of these borderlands managed to coexist in a previous era and why the areas eventually descended into violence. An understanding of this region will help readers grasp the preconditions of interethnic coexistence and the causes of ethnic violence and war in many of the world's other borderlands both past and present.
Categories: History

The Qur an Between the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic

The Qur an Between the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic

This work demonstrates that Elmalılı's Qur'an commentary is a product of and reaction to the religious, intellectual, political, and social trends of the period.

Author: Susan Gunasti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0367671719

Category:

Page: 216

View: 565

The Qur'an between the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic is one of the few book-length studies on an Ottoman Qur'an commentary. Its premise is that "the Ottoman Empire" did not come to an end until 1950 so far as Islam was concerned in Turkey. The work explores the relationship between Elmalılı's Qur'an commentary and the intellectual trends of the period, including the impact of materialism, the sciences, notions of civilizational progress, and philosophy. In doing so, this study emphasizes the "local" aspect of the Qur'an commentary, through a sustained focus on the Istanbul context in which it was written. This work demonstrates that Elmalılı's Qur'an commentary is a product of and reaction to the religious, intellectual, political, and social trends of the period. This work, in considering all the factors that led to the commissioning of Elmalılı's Qur'an commentary, also contributes to our understanding of the history of Islam in early to mid-twentieth-century Turkey. This intellectual history of modern Islamic thought contributes to our understanding of the genre of Qur'an commentary in the early twentieth century. It is a key text for students and scholars interested in Islam in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, modern Islamic thought, and the Middle East.
Categories:

Islamic Art in the 19th Century

Islamic Art in the 19th Century

This collection of essays provides a timely reassessment of nineteenth-century Islamic art and architecture.

Author: Doris Behrens-Abouseif

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004144422

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 409

This collection of essays provides a timely reassessment of nineteenth-century Islamic art and architecture. The essays demonstrate that the arts of that era were vibrant and diverse, making ingenious use of native traditions and materials or adopting imported conventions and new technologies. However, traditionalists, revivalists and modernists all referred in one way or another to an Islamic heritage, whether to reinvent, revive or reject it. Beginning with an historical introduction and an assessment of changing attitudes towards the visual arts the following essays provide case studies of architecture and art in Ottoman Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, sub-Saharan Africa, Iran, Central Asia, India and the Caribbean. They examine such issues as patronage, sources of artistic inspiration and responses to European art. The essays have a relevance and importance for our understanding of the societies and attitudes of that time, and have a direct bearing on the more general debate concerning cultural identity and the integration of modern ideas in the Muslim world. The book is richly illustrated with very many illustrations in black-and-white and in full colour.
Categories: Social Science

A History of Muslims Christians and Jews in the Middle East

A History of Muslims  Christians  and Jews in the Middle East

This book traces the history of conflict and contact between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Ottoman Middle East prior to 1914.

Author: Heather J. Sharkey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521769372

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 646

This book traces the history of conflict and contact between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Ottoman Middle East prior to 1914.
Categories: History

The History of Islamic Political Thought

The History of Islamic Political Thought

The History of Islamic Political Thought offers a full description and an interpretation of political philosophy from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2000 AD).

Author: Antony Black

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415932432

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 861

The History of Islamic Political Thought offers a full description and an interpretation of political philosophy from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2000 AD). Antony Black takes the same approach as scholars usually do for the history of Western political thought, examining the mentality, cultural milieu, and political background of thinkers and statesmen. He covers the relationship of politics to religion, law, ethics, philosophy, and statecraft, as expressed through treatises, occasional writings, official rhetoric, popular slogans, and other evidence of how people thought about authority and order.
Categories: Political Science

The City in the Islamic World Volume 94 1 94 2

The City in the Islamic World  Volume 94 1   94 2

This book not only includes snapshots of historical fabric but also deals with the transformation of this fabric into modern and contemporary urban entities.

Author: Salma K. Jayyusi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004162402

Category: History

Page: 1494

View: 910

The purpose of this book, is to draw attention to the sites of life, politics and culture where current and past generations of the Islamic world have made their mark. Unlike many previous volumes dealing with the city in the Islamic world, this one has been specially expanded not only to include snapshots of historical fabric but also to deal with the transformation of this fabric into modern and contemporary urban entities.
Categories: History

Women in the Ottoman Empire

Women in the Ottoman Empire

This collection of articles by 14 Middle East historians is a pathbreaking work in the history of Middle Eastern women prior to the contemporary era.

Author: Madeline C. Zilfi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004108041

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 709

This collection of articles by 14 Middle East historians is a pathbreaking work in the history of Middle Eastern women prior to the contemporary era. The collection seeks to begin the task of reconstructing the history of (Muslim) women's experience in the middle centuries of the Ottoman era, between the mid-seventeenth century and the early nineteenth, prior to hegemonic European involvement in the region and prior to the "modernizing reforms' inaugurated by the Ottoman regime.
Categories: Social Science

The Islamic Manuscript Tradition

The Islamic Manuscript Tradition

The rich and varied traditions of Islamic book art

Author: Christiane J. Gruber

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253353771

Category: Art

Page: 281

View: 842

Over the course of ten centuries, Islam developed a rich written heritage that is visible in paintings, calligraphies, and manuscripts. The Islamic Manuscript Tradition explores this aspect of Islamic history with studies of the materials and tools of literate culture, including pens, inks, and papers, Qur'ans, Persian and Mughal illustrated manuscripts, Ottoman devotional works, cartographical manuscripts, printed books, and Islamic erotica. Seven essays present new scholarship on a wide range of topics including collection, miniaturization, illustrated devotional books, the history of the printing press in Islamic lands, and the presence and function of erotic paintings. This beautifully produced volume includes 111 color illustrations and provides a valuable new resource for students and scholars of Islamic art.
Categories: Art

Islamic Imperialism

Islamic Imperialism

So argues Efraim Karsh in this highly provocative book.

Author: Efraim Karsh

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300122633

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 522

From the first Arab-Islamic Empire of the mid-seventh century to the Ottomans, the last great Muslim empire, the story of the Middle East has been the story of the rise and fall of universal empires and, no less important, of imperialist dreams. So argues Efraim Karsh in this highly provocative book. Rejecting the conventional Western interpretation of Middle Eastern history as an offshoot of global power politics, Karsh contends that the region’s experience is the culmination of long-existing indigenous trends, passions, and patterns of behavior, and that foremost among these is Islam’s millenarian imperial tradition. The author explores the history of Islam’s imperialism and the persistence of the Ottoman imperialist dream that outlasted World War I to haunt Islamic and Middle Eastern politics to the present day. September 11 can be seen as simply the latest expression of this dream, and such attacks have little to do with U.S. international behavior or policy in the Middle East, says Karsh. The House of Islam’s war for world mastery is traditional, indeed venerable, and it is a quest that is far from over.
Categories: History

Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire The Rise of the Halveti Order 1350 1650

Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire  The Rise of the Halveti Order  1350 1650

Thus, the Halveti silsile, which all Halveti shaykhs from the earliest times up to the
present would cite as an authoritative document linking themselves and their
doctrines back to the founding figures of Islamic tradition, might quickly be ...

Author: John Curry

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748643714

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 856

One of more poorly understood aspects of the history of the Ottoman Empire has been the flourishing of Sufi mysticism under its auspices. This study tracks the evolution of the Halveti order from its modest origins in medieval Azerbaijan to the emergence of its influential Sa'baniyye branch, whose range extended throughout the Empire at the height of its expansion. By carefully reconstructing the lives of formerly obscure figures in the history of the order, a complex picture emerges of the connections of Halveti groups with the Ottoman state and society. Even more importantly, since the Sa'baniyye branch of the order grew out of the towns and villages of the northern Anatolian mountains rather than the major urban centres, this work has the added benefit of bringing a unique perspective to how Ottoman subjects lived, worked, and worshiped outside the major urban centres of the Empire. Along the way, it sheds light on less-visible actors in society, such as women and artisans, and challenges widely-held generalizations about the activities and strategies of Ottoman mystics.
Categories: Religion

Plague Quarantines and Geopolitics in the Ottoman Empire

Plague  Quarantines and Geopolitics in the Ottoman Empire

This cuts against the argument that Muslim authors either repeated Galenic
maxims or rejected scientific innovation. ... would be accepted within literary
Islamic traditions.17 Most early modern Ottoman treatise writers advocated
fleeing as a ...

Author: Birsen Bulmus

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748655472

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 986

A sweeping examination of Ottoman plague treatise writers from the Black Death until 1923
Categories: Medical