Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309284516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 80

View: 998

The electric vehicle offers many promises-increasing U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependence, contributing to climate-change initiatives by decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, stimulating long-term economic growth through the development of new technologies and industries, and improving public health by improving local air quality. There are, however, substantial technical, social, and economic barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles, including vehicle cost, small driving range, long charging times, and the need for a charging infrastructure. In addition, people are unfamiliar with electric vehicles, are uncertain about their costs and benefits, and have diverse needs that current electric vehicles might not meet. Although a person might derive some personal benefits from ownership, the costs of achieving the social benefits, such as reduced GHG emissions, are borne largely by the people who purchase the vehicles. Given the recognized barriers to electric-vehicle adoption, Congress asked the Department of Energy (DOE) to commission a study by the National Academies to address market barriers that are slowing the purchase of electric vehicles and hindering the deployment of supporting infrastructure. As a result of the request, the National Research Council (NRC)-a part of the National Academies-appointed the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment. This committee documented their findings in two reports-a short interim report focused on near-term options, and a final comprehensive report. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and possible roles of the federal government in overcoming the barriers. This report also includes an initial discussion of the pros and cons of the possible roles. This interim report does not address the committee's full statement of task and does not offer any recommendations because the committee is still in its early stages of data-gathering. The committee will continue to gather and review information and conduct analyses through late spring 2014 and will issue its final report in late summer 2014. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment focuses on the light-duty vehicle sector in the United States and restricts its discussion of electric vehicles to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The common feature of these vehicles is that their batteries are charged by being plugged into the electric grid. BEVs differ from PHEVs because they operate solely on electricity stored in a battery (that is, there is no other power source); PHEVs have internal combustion engines that can supplement the electric power train. Although this report considers PEVs generally, the committee recognizes that there are fundamental differences between PHEVs and BEVs.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309372206

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 334

In the past few years, interest in plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) has grown. Advances in battery and other technologies, new federal standards for carbon-dioxide emissions and fuel economy, state zero-emission-vehicle requirements, and the current administration's goal of putting millions of alternative-fuel vehicles on the road have all highlighted PEVs as a transportation alternative. Consumers are also beginning to recognize the advantages of PEVs over conventional vehicles, such as lower operating costs, smoother operation, and better acceleration; the ability to fuel up at home; and zero tailpipe emissions when the vehicle operates solely on its battery. There are, however, barriers to PEV deployment, including the vehicle cost, the short all-electric driving range, the long battery charging time, uncertainties about battery life, the few choices of vehicle models, and the need for a charging infrastructure to support PEVs. What should industry do to improve the performance of PEVs and make them more attractive to consumers? At the request of Congress, Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles identifies barriers to the introduction of electric vehicles and recommends ways to mitigate these barriers. This report examines the characteristics and capabilities of electric vehicle technologies, such as cost, performance, range, safety, and durability, and assesses how these factors might create barriers to widespread deployment. Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles provides an overview of the current status of PEVs and makes recommendations to spur the industry and increase the attractiveness of this promising technology for consumers. Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.
Categories: Science

Electric Vehicles Prospects and Challenges

Electric Vehicles  Prospects and Challenges

(2013). Overcoming barriers to electric-vehicle deployment: Interim report.
Available from: http://gabrielse.physics.harvard.edu/gabrielse/papers/ 2013/
OvercomingBarriersToElectricVehicleDeployment.pdf Accessed 04.12.15.
Nelson, T. D. ...

Author: Tariq Muneer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128030400

Category: Science

Page: 586

View: 187

Electric Vehicles: Prospects and Challenges looks at recent design methodologies and technological advancements in electric vehicles and the integration of electric vehicles in the smart grid environment, comprehensively covering the fundamentals, theory and design, recent developments and technical issues involved with electric vehicles. Considering the prospects, challenges and policy status of specific regions and vehicle deployment, the global case study references make this book useful for academics and researchers in all engineering and sustainable transport areas. Presents a systematic and integrated reference on the essentials of theory and design of electric vehicle technologies Provides a comprehensive look at the research and development involved in the use of electric vehicle technologies Includes global case studies from leading EV regions, including Nordic and European countries China and India
Categories: Science

Behaviour of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

Behaviour of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

As for PHEVs, the current structure of ZEV credits and EV incentives favours
longer-AER PHEVs. However, the ... 2015, committee on overcoming barriers to
electric-vehicle deployment, board on energy and environmental 1. 2. 3. 4. 11. 12
. 13.

Author: Gianfranco Pistoia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319699509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 291

This book surveys state-of-the-art research on and developments in lithium-ion batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles. It summarizes their features in terms of performance, cost, service life, management, charging facilities, and safety. Vehicle electrification is now commonly accepted as a means of reducing fossil-fuels consumption and air pollution. At present, every electric vehicle on the road is powered by a lithium-ion battery. Currently, batteries based on lithium-ion technology are ranked first in terms of performance, reliability and safety. Though other systems, e.g., metal-air, lithium-sulphur, solid state, and aluminium-ion, are now being investigated, the lithium-ion system is likely to dominate for at least the next decade – which is why several manufacturers, e.g., Toyota, Nissan and Tesla, are chiefly focusing on this technology. Providing comprehensive information on lithium-ion batteries, the book includes contributions by the world’s leading experts on Li-ion batteries and vehicles.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Market Impact of Standardized Design in Commercial PEV Battery Pack Purchase and Disposal

The Market Impact of Standardized Design in Commercial PEV Battery Pack Purchase and Disposal

Anderman , M. , Assessing the Future of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles : the 2014
xEV Industry Insider Report , Advanced ... Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle
Deployment ( Interim Report ) , Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric ...

Author: James Paul

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822042473009

Category: Electric vehicles

Page:

View: 783

Categories: Electric vehicles

A Socio technical Analysis of Widespread Electric Vehicle Adoption

A Socio technical Analysis of Widespread Electric Vehicle Adoption

A combination of high fuel costs, concerns about petroleum availability, and environmental issues associated with conventional vehicles powered by fossil fuels are driving interests in electric vehicles (EVs).

Author: Onanwa Nneka Egbue

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:828737640

Category: Electric automobiles

Page: 113

View: 645

A combination of high fuel costs, concerns about petroleum availability, and environmental issues associated with conventional vehicles powered by fossil fuels are driving interests in electric vehicles (EVs). Large-scale deployment of EVs can play a significant role in addressing some of these problems. In spite of the benefits of EVs, several obstacles need to be overcome before EVs will be widely adopted. This research focuses on two socio-technical issues that affect widespread adoption and sustainability of EVs, consumer attitudes and perceptions, and supply chain risks of raw materials for EV battery technology. A major barrier is that consumers tend to resist new technologies that are considered unproved, thus, engineering and policy decisions that consider their critical concerns will have a higher level of success. This research identifies potential socio-technical barriers to consumer adoption of EVs and determines if sustainability issues influence consumer decision to purchase an EV. In addition, this study employs statistical analysis to provide valuable insights into preferences and perceptions of technology enthusiasts. The second part of this research focuses on a supply chain analysis of lithium, which is a major raw material for lithium-ion batteries used in EVs. This research identifies potential issues with the security and supply of lithium for production of lithium-ion batteries. Furthermore, this study develops a supply chain model with which to investigate the technical, geopolitical, and economic factors that influence the supply of lithium through different life cycle stages. Finally, this research conducts a bibliometric analysis of the EV research and proposes some policy and research actions to advance the technology.
Categories: Electric automobiles

The Electric Program Investment Charge

The Electric Program Investment Charge

... the Technology Demonstration and Deployment Program Area - - - -o-o-o: S12
Strategic Objective: Overcome Barriers to Emerging ... S16 Strategic Objective:
Expand Smart Charging and Vehicle-to-Grid Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles.

Author: Pam Doughman

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822032672438

Category: Electric power

Page:

View: 535

Categories: Electric power

Electric Vehicle Progress

Electric Vehicle Progress

The program may well prove a model for other states that wish to lay the
groundwork for an extensive electric vehicle infrastructure . The Vehicle ...
However , hydrogen poses significant obstacles to widespread fuel cell
deployment .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924077853814

Category: Electric vehicles

Page:

View: 803

Categories: Electric vehicles

Strategies for Transportation Electric Fuel Implementation in California Overcoming Battery First cost Hurdles

Strategies for Transportation Electric Fuel Implementation in California   Overcoming Battery First cost Hurdles

PIER Final Project Report. 6.0 A Strategy for the Electric Fuel Transition in
California Battery first costs present a major barrier to the commercialization of
electric - fuel vehicles . The battery pack for the forthcoming Chevy Volt , for
example , is ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036373728

Category: Electric vehicles

Page: 65

View: 395

Categories: Electric vehicles

Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels

Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels

In particular, the analysis in Chapter 5 indicates that subsidies of particular
vehicles and fuels as a deployment strategy ... If the policies are insufficient, ill-
targeted, or improperly timed to overcome the cost barriers to making the
transition, then ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309268523

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 129

For a century, almost all light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have been powered by internal combustion engines operating on petroleum fuels. Energy security concerns about petroleum imports and the effect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on global climate are driving interest in alternatives. Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels assesses the potential for reducing petroleum consumption and GHG emissions by 80 percent across the U.S. LDV fleet by 2050, relative to 2005. This report examines the current capability and estimated future performance and costs for each vehicle type and non-petroleum-based fuel technology as options that could significantly contribute to these goals. By analyzing scenarios that combine various fuel and vehicle pathways, the report also identifies barriers to implementation of these technologies and suggests policies to achieve the desired reductions. Several scenarios are promising, but strong, and effective policies such as research and development, subsidies, energy taxes, or regulations will be necessary to overcome barriers, such as cost and consumer choice.
Categories: Science

Electric Vehicle Business Models

Electric Vehicle Business Models

model in theearlystages of the EV market,where sales are still low, isstill
achallenge. ... The deployment ofacharging network asa competitive,
innovationdriven process is beneficial to the growth of ... Thecases ofthe EV
rental service and of emobilityin smart cities inJapan highlight the importance of
overcomingthe barriersto ...

Author: David Beeton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319122441

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 271

View: 677

This contributed volume collects insights from industry professionals, policy makers and researchers on new and profitable business models in the field of electric vehicles (EV) for the mass market. This book includes approaches that address the optimization of total cost of ownership. Moreover, it presents alternative models of ownership, financing and leasing. The editors present state-of-the-art insights from international experts, including real-world case studies. The volume has been edited in the framework of the International Energy Agency’s Implementing Agreement for Cooperation on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (IA-HEV). The target audience primarily comprises practitioners and decision makers but the book may also be beneficial for research experts and graduate students.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proposed budget for fiscal year 2008 for the Department of Energy hearing

Proposed budget for fiscal year 2008 for the Department of Energy   hearing

These investments in research , development and deployment could strengthen
America's energy security , environmental ... will be able to operate in an electric
vehicle mode for expanded distances , potentially meeting most drivers ' needs
for commuting and short distance driving . ... 40 million to continue wind energy
research to reduce costs and overcome barriers to large - scale use of wind
power .

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1422323277

Category:

Page:

View: 888

Categories:

Sustainability Footprints in SMEs

Sustainability Footprints in SMEs

The sustainability barrier (Fig. ... use of alternative low-carbon emission fuel such
as biodiesel, deployment of electric vehicles within the organization's fleet, and
transition to solar energy, ... requiring the organization to learn, develop,
implement, optimize, and sustain performance to overcome a future sustainability
barrier.

Author: Lowellyne James

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118779446

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 764

Reviews the evolution and theory of Sustainability Footprintse.g. carbon footprint and examines the critical success factors andcontributions to small to medium sized enterprises (SME) growth • Assist firms in achieving sustainable growth infour key areas Innovation Impact, Cost Impact, EnvironmentalImpact, and Stakeholder Impact • Identifies the challenges and Critical Success Factors(CSFs) in the use of sustainability footprint methodology withinsmall businesses by the use of case studies • Proposes a strategic model suitable for the deploymentof sustainability strategy and initiatives within business
Categories: Science

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

Research goals have been established for 2010 and 2015 that, if attained,
promise to overcome the multiple highrisk barriers to achieving that vision. ... This
kind of cooperation is a very effective way to develop technologies that will satisfy
all of the requirements for the deployment of radically new systems in the
marketplace on a large scale. ... storage systems, • Energy storage systems for
hybrid vehicles, • Electric propulsion systems, • Hydrogen production and
delivery systems, and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309181453

Category: Transportation

Page: 146

View: 203

The FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership is a collaborative effort among the Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), and five major energy companies to manage research that will enable the vision of "a clean and sustainable transportation energy future." It envisions a transition from more efficient internal combustion engines (ICEs), to advanced ICE hybrid electric vehicles, to enabling a private-sector decision by 2015 on hydrogen-fueled vehicle development. This report, which builds on an earlier NRC report, The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs, presents an evaluation of the Partnership’s research efforts on hydrogen-fueled transportation systems, and provides findings and recommendations about technical directions, strategies, funding, and management.
Categories: Transportation

Chancen und Risiken der Elektromobilit t in der Schweiz

Chancen und Risiken der Elektromobilit  t in der Schweiz

Elektrofahrzeuge können einen Beitrag zu umweltfreundlicherem Verkehr leisten - Voraussetzung ist, dass sie mit CO2-armem Strom betrieben werden.

Author: Rainer Zah

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 9783728134875

Category:

Page: 200

View: 826

Elektrofahrzeuge können einen Beitrag zu umweltfreundlicherem Verkehr leisten - Voraussetzung ist, dass sie mit CO2-armem Strom betrieben werden. Aber auch Fahrzeuge mit Verbrennungsmotor werden in Zukunft deutlich effizienter werden. Der CO2-Ausstoss der schweizerischen Autoflotte wird daher trotz Bevölkerungs- und Mobilitätswachstum zurückgehen. Dieser Trend zu weniger Energieverbrauch wird durch die Elektromobilität zusätzlich gefördert. Vor allem kleinere und leichtere Fahrzeuge lassen sich gut elektrifizieren - dank Fortschritten in der Batterietechnik zunehmend ohne Kompromisse. Energieversorger und ÖV-Betreiber fördern den Trend, indem sie die Nutzung urbaner Kleinwagen und gemischter Mobilitätsformen erleichtern. Mehr Elektromobilität führt zu geringeren Treibstoffzoll-Einnahmen, was Finanzierungslücken bewirkt und den Wechsel hin zu einer fahrleistungs- und effizienzabhängigen Besteuerung beschleunigt. Sie reduziert auch die Abhängigkeit von Erdöl und erlaubt die Integration erneuerbarer, lokal erzeugter Elektrizität. Demgegenüber beschleunigt sich die Verlagerung der Umweltbelastung von der Strasse hin zu Herstellung und Entsorgung. Nachhaltige Elektromobilität erfordert daher auch die Ausweitung des energiepolitischen Sichtfeldes auf den ganzen Lebenszyklus und ein Schliessen der Ressourcen-Kreisläufe.
Categories:

The Natural Gas Research Development and Demonstration Program

The Natural Gas Research  Development  and Demonstration Program

... dairy waste - to - energy , and overcoming barriers to successful deployment
including feedstock availability , feedstock treatment , process energy ... energy
storage , advanced metering infrastructure , and plug - in hybrid electric vehicles .

Author: Steve Williams

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822036275360

Category: Energy policy

Page: 70

View: 118

Categories: Energy policy

Energy Technology Perspectives 2008

Energy Technology Perspectives 2008

BLUE EV success : a variant that is optimistic with regard to the development of
electric vehicles . ... I BLUE conservative : a variant where neither EVs nor FCVs
are assumed to achieve cost reductions sufficient for them to begin deployment .
... The results of the ACT and BLUE scenarios assume a wide range of policies
and measures to overcome barriers to the adoption of the appropriate
technologies .

Author: International Energy Agency

Publisher: International Energy Agency

ISBN: OSU:32435080176332

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 643

View: 826

"This innovative work demonstrates how energy technologies can make a difference in an ambitious series of global scenarios to 2050. The study contains technology road maps for all key energy sectors, including electricity generation, buildings, industry and transport."
Categories: Business & Economics

Energy Technology Perspectives

Energy Technology Perspectives

BLUE EV success : a variant that is optimistic with regard to the development of
electric vehicles . ... BLUE conservative : a variant where neither EVs nor FCVs
are assumed to achieve cost reductions sufficient for them to begin deployment .
... The results of the ACT and BLUE scenarios assume a wide range of policies
and measures to overcome barriers to the adoption of the appropriate
technologies .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123841608

Category: Atmospheric carbon dioxide

Page:

View: 302

How much can technology contribute to securing adequate and affordable energy supplies and lower CO2 emissions? What energy technologies hold the most promise? How long will it take? At their 2005 summit in Gleneagles, G-8 leaders confronted these questions and called upon the International Energy Agency to provide advice on scenarios and strategies for a clean and secure energy future. This publication demonstrates how energy technologies can make a difference in a series of global scenarios to 2050. It reviews in detail the status and prospects of key energy technologies in electricity generation, buildings, industry and transport. It assesses ways the world can enhance energy security and contain growth in CO2 emissions by using a portfolio of current and emerging technologies (major strategic elements of a successful portfolio are energy efficiency, CO2 capture and storage, renewables and nuclear power). It provides technology and policy insights to help policy makers craft sustainable solutions.
Categories: Atmospheric carbon dioxide

Market Oriented Program Planning Study MOPPS

Market Oriented Program Planning Study  MOPPS

Nuclear • Ensuring that conventional nuclear technology can overcome
perceptions of environmental , proliferation , or other ... The nuclear share should
depend on whether technological , economic or environmental factors adversely
affect deployment of advanced non - nuclear technologies . ... Electric vehicles
are projected to penetrate intra - city auto use significantly by 2000. ... Institutional
research is needed to overcome barriers to the adoption of conservation
measures .

Author: United States. Energy Research and Development Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105211303016

Category: Energy consumption

Page:

View: 104

Categories: Energy consumption