Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309284516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 80

View: 105

The electric vehicle offers many promises-increasing U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependence, contributing to climate-change initiatives by decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, stimulating long-term economic growth through the development of new technologies and industries, and improving public health by improving local air quality. There are, however, substantial technical, social, and economic barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles, including vehicle cost, small driving range, long charging times, and the need for a charging infrastructure. In addition, people are unfamiliar with electric vehicles, are uncertain about their costs and benefits, and have diverse needs that current electric vehicles might not meet. Although a person might derive some personal benefits from ownership, the costs of achieving the social benefits, such as reduced GHG emissions, are borne largely by the people who purchase the vehicles. Given the recognized barriers to electric-vehicle adoption, Congress asked the Department of Energy (DOE) to commission a study by the National Academies to address market barriers that are slowing the purchase of electric vehicles and hindering the deployment of supporting infrastructure. As a result of the request, the National Research Council (NRC)-a part of the National Academies-appointed the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment. This committee documented their findings in two reports-a short interim report focused on near-term options, and a final comprehensive report. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and possible roles of the federal government in overcoming the barriers. This report also includes an initial discussion of the pros and cons of the possible roles. This interim report does not address the committee's full statement of task and does not offer any recommendations because the committee is still in its early stages of data-gathering. The committee will continue to gather and review information and conduct analyses through late spring 2014 and will issue its final report in late summer 2014. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment focuses on the light-duty vehicle sector in the United States and restricts its discussion of electric vehicles to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The common feature of these vehicles is that their batteries are charged by being plugged into the electric grid. BEVs differ from PHEVs because they operate solely on electricity stored in a battery (that is, there is no other power source); PHEVs have internal combustion engines that can supplement the electric power train. Although this report considers PEVs generally, the committee recognizes that there are fundamental differences between PHEVs and BEVs.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Overcoming Barriers to Electric vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric vehicle Deployment

Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and ...

Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher:

ISBN: 0309284457

Category: Battery charging stations (Electric vehicles)

Page: 68

View: 621

Annotation The electric vehicle offers many promises-increasing U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependence, contributing to climate-change initiatives by decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, stimulating long-term economic growth through the development of new technologies and industries, and improving public health by improving local air quality. There are, however, substantial technical, social, and economic barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles, including vehicle cost, small driving range, long charging times, and the need for a charging infrastructure. In addition, people are unfamiliar with electric vehicles, are uncertain about their costs and benefits, and have diverse needs that current electric vehicles might not meet. Although a person might derive some personal benefits from ownership, the costs of achieving the social benefits, such as reduced GHG emissions, are borne largely by the people who purchase the vehicles. Given the recognized barriers to electric-vehicle adoption, Congress asked the Department of Energy (DOE) to commission a study by the National Academies to address market barriers that are slowing the purchase of electric vehicles and hindering the deployment of supporting infrastructure. As a result of the request, the National Research Council (NRC)-a part of the National Academies-appointed the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment. This committee documented their findings in two reports-a short interim report focused on near-term options, and a final comprehensive report. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and possible roles of the federal government in overcoming the barriers. This report also includes an initial discussion of the pros and cons of the possible roles. This interim report does not address the committee's full statement of task and does not offer any recommendations because the committee is still in its early stages of data-gathering. The committee will continue to gather and review information and conduct analyses through late spring 2014 and will issue its final report in late summer 2014. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment focuses on the light-duty vehicle sector in the United States and restricts its discussion of electric vehicles to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The common feature of these vehicles is that their batteries are charged by being plugged into the electric grid. BEVs differ from PHEVs because they operate solely on electricity stored in a battery (that is, there is no other power source); PHEVs have internal combustion engines that can supplement the electric power train. Although this report considers PEVs generally, the committee recognizes that there are fundamental differences between PHEVs and BEVs.
Categories: Battery charging stations (Electric vehicles)

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309372206

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 970

In the past few years, interest in plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) has grown. Advances in battery and other technologies, new federal standards for carbon-dioxide emissions and fuel economy, state zero-emission-vehicle requirements, and the current administration's goal of putting millions of alternative-fuel vehicles on the road have all highlighted PEVs as a transportation alternative. Consumers are also beginning to recognize the advantages of PEVs over conventional vehicles, such as lower operating costs, smoother operation, and better acceleration; the ability to fuel up at home; and zero tailpipe emissions when the vehicle operates solely on its battery. There are, however, barriers to PEV deployment, including the vehicle cost, the short all-electric driving range, the long battery charging time, uncertainties about battery life, the few choices of vehicle models, and the need for a charging infrastructure to support PEVs. What should industry do to improve the performance of PEVs and make them more attractive to consumers? At the request of Congress, Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles identifies barriers to the introduction of electric vehicles and recommends ways to mitigate these barriers. This report examines the characteristics and capabilities of electric vehicle technologies, such as cost, performance, range, safety, and durability, and assesses how these factors might create barriers to widespread deployment. Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles provides an overview of the current status of PEVs and makes recommendations to spur the industry and increase the attractiveness of this promising technology for consumers. Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.
Categories: Science

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug in Electric Vehicles

Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.

Author: Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment

Publisher:

ISBN: 0309372178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 355

In the past few years, interest in plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) has grown. Advances in battery and other technologies, new federal standards for carbon-dioxide emissions and fuel economy, state zero-emission-vehicle requirements, and the current administration's goal of putting millions of alternative-fuel vehicles on the road have all highlighted PEVs as a transportation alternative. Consumers are also beginning to recognize the advantages of PEVs over conventional vehicles, such as lower operating costs, smoother operation, and better acceleration; the ability to fuel up at home; and zero tailpipe emissions when the vehicle operates solely on its battery. There are, however, barriers to PEV deployment, including the vehicle cost, the short all-electric driving range, the long battery charging time, uncertainties about battery life, the few choices of vehicle models, and the need for a charging infrastructure to support PEVs. What should industry do to improve the performance of PEVs and make them more attractive to consumers? At the request of Congress, "Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles" identifies barriers to the introduction of electric vehicles and recommends ways to mitigate these barriers. This report examines the characteristics and capabilities of electric vehicle technologies, such as cost, performance, range, safety, and durability, and assesses how these factors might create barriers to widespread deployment. "Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles" provides an overview of the current status of PEVs and makes recommendations to spur the industry and increase the attractiveness of this promising technology for consumers. Through consideration of consumer behaviors, tax incentives, business models, incentive programs, and infrastructure needs, this book studies the state of the industry and makes recommendations to further its development and acceptance.
Categories: Business & Economics

Electric Vehicles Prospects and Challenges

Electric Vehicles  Prospects and Challenges

Considering the prospects, challenges and policy status of specific regions and vehicle deployment, the global case study references make this book useful for academics and researchers in all engineering and sustainable transport areas.

Author: Tariq Muneer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128030400

Category: Science

Page: 586

View: 280

Electric Vehicles: Prospects and Challenges looks at recent design methodologies and technological advancements in electric vehicles and the integration of electric vehicles in the smart grid environment, comprehensively covering the fundamentals, theory and design, recent developments and technical issues involved with electric vehicles. Considering the prospects, challenges and policy status of specific regions and vehicle deployment, the global case study references make this book useful for academics and researchers in all engineering and sustainable transport areas. Presents a systematic and integrated reference on the essentials of theory and design of electric vehicle technologies Provides a comprehensive look at the research and development involved in the use of electric vehicle technologies Includes global case studies from leading EV regions, including Nordic and European countries China and India
Categories: Science

The Global Rise of the Modern Plug In Electric Vehicle

The Global Rise of the Modern Plug In Electric Vehicle

June 2017. 8. National Research Council. Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment. National Academies Press. 2015. 9. Anders Hove, David Sandalow.

Author: John D. Graham

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781800880139

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 665

We may be standing on the precipice of a revolution in propulsion not seen since the internal combustion engine replaced the horse and buggy. The anticipated proliferation of electric cars will influence the daily lives of motorists, the economies of different countries and regions, urban air quality and global climate change. If you want to understand how quickly the transition is likely to occur, and the factors that will influence the predictions of the pace of the transition, this book will be an illuminating read.
Categories: Business & Economics

ICIDSSD 2020

ICIDSSD 2020

Consumer preferences for electric vehicles: a literature review. ... [24] Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment. (2013).

Author: M. Afshar Alam

Publisher: European Alliance for Innovation

ISBN: 9781631902925

Category: Social Science

Page: 606

View: 231

The International Conference on ICT for Digital, Smart, and Sustainable Development (ICIDSSD’20) aims to provide an annual platform for the researchers, academicians, and professionals from across the world. ICIDSSD’20, held at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, is the second international conference of this series of conferences to be held annually. The conference majorly focuses on the recent developments in the areas relating to Information and Communication Technologies and contributing to Sustainable Development. ICIDSSD’20 has attracted research papers pertaining to an array of exciting research areas. The selected papers cover a wide range of topics including but not limited to Sustainable Development, Green Computing, Smart City, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Machine Learning, Cloud Computing, IoT, ANN, Cyber Security, and Data Science. Papers have primarily been judged on originality, presentation, relevance, and quality of work. Papers that clearly demonstrate results have been preferred. We thank our esteemed authors for having shown confidence in us and entrusting us with the publication of their research papers. The success of the conference would not have been possible without the submission of their quality research works. We thank the members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee, Technical Program Committee and members of all the other committees for their advice, guidance, and efforts. Also, we are grateful to our technical partners and sponsors, viz. HNF, EAI, ISTE, AICTE, IIC, CSI, IETE, Department of Higher Education, MHRD and DST for sponsorship and assistance.
Categories: Social Science

Hybrid and Electric Cars

Hybrid and Electric Cars

... electric vehicles, including the reports Plug-in Electric Vehicles: Challenges and Opportunities and Overcoming Barriers to ElectricVehicle Deployment.

Author: Louise I. Gerdes

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 9780737768381

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 104

View: 594

The Pew Group provides one of the thirteen essays here, plainly stating that hybrid and electric cars make the United States more competitive, so why don't we see these cars everywhere? Readers will explore this issue across several topics relating to these cars, including what to do with mileage taxes, whether the government should subsidize the cars, and why China does not embrace these cars.
Categories: Young Adult Nonfiction

Behaviour of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

Behaviour of Lithium Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles

As for PHEVs, the current structure of ZEV credits and EV incentives favours ... 2015, committee on overcoming barriers to electric-vehicle deployment, ...

Author: Gianfranco Pistoia

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319699509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 829

This book surveys state-of-the-art research on and developments in lithium-ion batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles. It summarizes their features in terms of performance, cost, service life, management, charging facilities, and safety. Vehicle electrification is now commonly accepted as a means of reducing fossil-fuels consumption and air pollution. At present, every electric vehicle on the road is powered by a lithium-ion battery. Currently, batteries based on lithium-ion technology are ranked first in terms of performance, reliability and safety. Though other systems, e.g., metal-air, lithium-sulphur, solid state, and aluminium-ion, are now being investigated, the lithium-ion system is likely to dominate for at least the next decade – which is why several manufacturers, e.g., Toyota, Nissan and Tesla, are chiefly focusing on this technology. Providing comprehensive information on lithium-ion batteries, the book includes contributions by the world’s leading experts on Li-ion batteries and vehicles.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Electric Vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014 is Full Scale Commercialisation Near

Electric Vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014   is Full Scale Commercialisation Near

We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9279506404

Category:

Page: 36

View: 938

As a means of reducing the climate impact of transport as well as local air pollution, electrification of the road vehicle fleet is a much-discussed option. In the past years, many electric vehicle models have been introduced to the EU market. On the basis of the monitoring databases for the implementation of Regulation EC No 443/2009 and Regulation EU No 510/2011 we have analysed EV deployment in the EU in the past five years. We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014. The number of registrations and also the EV share, albeit still small compared to the total vehicle market, has increased steadily in the EU. This trend continued in the first half of 2015. The demand for EV has been fostered by various incentive schemes in different EU member states (MS).^The numbers of EV registrations and market shares in the MS align well with the level of financial support for EV buyers. This seems to indicate that policies remain to be needed in order to overcome market barriers for the EV deployment at this moment in time. When comparing EV deployment in Europe to other regions of the world, we find that EV market shares in Europe are more or less on par with those in the US and Japan. From an industrial policy perspective, it is encouraging that the share of EV manufactured in the EU has increased from roughly 30% in 2011 to approximately 65% in 2014. As an overall conclusion we can state that indeed the EU seems to currently witness a transition from testing and experimenting with EV towards full scale EV commercialisation. Nevertheless, the beginning market deployment is still dependent on support policies and vulnerable to changes in support.^For the coming years it will be important to accompany the EV market deployment with carefully designed policy measures that should gradually be phased out when EV become a mainstream option.
Categories:

Marketing In and For a Sustainable Society

Marketing In and For a Sustainable Society

Regarding alternative-fuel vehicles, researchers have found that ... on Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment in 2012 (UM News, 2012).

Author:

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781786352811

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 875

This special issue, featuring contributions from top scholars including former editors of top journals in marketing, will assemble a set of current, comprehensive review articles written by distinguished experts on the state-of-the-art of marketing research and future prospects in the transition towards sustainable society.
Categories: Business & Economics

Advances in Battery Manufacturing Service and Management Systems

Advances in Battery Manufacturing  Service  and Management Systems

National Academy of Sciences (2013) Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment, Interim Report. In a gasoline-powered car, the engine and ...

Author: Jingshan Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119060871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 519

Addresses the methodology and theoretical foundation of battery manufacturing, service and management systems (BM2S2), and discusses the issues and challenges in these areas This book brings together experts in the field to highlight the cutting edge research advances in BM2S2 and to promote an innovative integrated research framework responding to the challenges. There are three major parts included in this book: manufacturing, service, and management. The first part focuses on battery manufacturing systems, including modeling, analysis, design and control, as well as economic and risk analyses. The second part focuses on information technology’s impact on service systems, such as data-driven reliability modeling, failure prognosis, and service decision making methodologies for battery services. The third part addresses battery management systems (BMS) for control and optimization of battery cells, operations, and hybrid storage systems to ensure overall performance and safety, as well as EV management. The contributors consist of experts from universities, industry research centers, and government agency. In addition, this book: Provides comprehensive overviews of lithium-ion battery and battery electrical vehicle manufacturing, as well as economic returns and government support Introduces integrated models for quality propagation and productivity improvement, as well as indicators for bottleneck identification and mitigation in battery manufacturing Covers models and diagnosis algorithms for battery SOC and SOH estimation, data-driven prognosis algorithms for predicting the remaining useful life (RUL) of battery SOC and SOH Presents mathematical models and novel structure of battery equalizers in battery management systems (BMS) Reviews the state of the art of battery, supercapacitor, and battery-supercapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (HESSs) for advanced electric vehicle applications Advances in Battery Manufacturing, Services, and Management Systems is written for researchers and engineers working on battery manufacturing, service, operations, logistics, and management. It can also serve as a reference for senior undergraduate and graduate students interested in BM2S2.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Electric Vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014 is Full Scale Commercialisation Near

Electric Vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014   is Full Scale Commercialisation Near

We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9279506412

Category:

Page: 36

View: 871

As a means of reducing the climate impact of transport as well as local air pollution, electrification of the road vehicle fleet is a much-discussed option. In the past years, many electric vehicle models have been introduced to the EU market. On the basis of the monitoring databases for the implementation of Regulation EC No 443/2009 and Regulation EU No 510/2011 we have analysed EV deployment in the EU in the past five years. We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014. The number of registrations and also the EV share, albeit still small compared to the total vehicle market, has increased steadily in the EU. This trend continued in the first half of 2015. The demand for EV has been fostered by various incentive schemes in different EU member states (MS).^The numbers of EV registrations and market shares in the MS align well with the level of financial support for EV buyers. This seems to indicate that policies remain to be needed in order to overcome market barriers for the EV deployment at this moment in time. When comparing EV deployment in Europe to other regions of the world, we find that EV market shares in Europe are more or less on par with those in the US and Japan. From an industrial policy perspective, it is encouraging that the share of EV manufactured in the EU has increased from roughly 30% in 2011 to approximately 65% in 2014. As an overall conclusion we can state that indeed the EU seems to currently witness a transition from testing and experimenting with EV towards full scale EV commercialisation. Nevertheless, the beginning market deployment is still dependent on support policies and vulnerable to changes in support.^For the coming years it will be important to accompany the EV market deployment with carefully designed policy measures that should gradually be phased out when EV become a mainstream option.
Categories:

The Electric Program Investment Charge

The Electric Program Investment Charge

... the Technology Demonstration and Deployment Program Area - - - -o-o-o: S12
Strategic Objective: Overcome Barriers to Emerging ... S16 Strategic Objective:
Expand Smart Charging and Vehicle-to-Grid Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles.

Author: Pam Doughman

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822032672438

Category: Electric power

Page:

View: 783

Categories: Electric power

Cost Effectiveness and Deployment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light Duty Vehicles

Cost  Effectiveness  and Deployment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light Duty Vehicles

Power management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric truck. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems ... Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309373913

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 708

The light-duty vehicle fleet is expected to undergo substantial technological changes over the next several decades. New powertrain designs, alternative fuels, advanced materials and significant changes to the vehicle body are being driven by increasingly stringent fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards. By the end of the next decade, cars and light-duty trucks will be more fuel efficient, weigh less, emit less air pollutants, have more safety features, and will be more expensive to purchase relative to current vehicles. Though the gasoline-powered spark ignition engine will continue to be the dominant powertrain configuration even through 2030, such vehicles will be equipped with advanced technologies, materials, electronics and controls, and aerodynamics. And by 2030, the deployment of alternative methods to propel and fuel vehicles and alternative modes of transportation, including autonomous vehicles, will be well underway. What are these new technologies - how will they work, and will some technologies be more effective than others? Written to inform The United States Department of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission standards, this new report from the National Research Council is a technical evaluation of costs, benefits, and implementation issues of fuel reduction technologies for next-generation light-duty vehicles. Cost, Effectiveness, and Deployment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles estimates the cost, potential efficiency improvements, and barriers to commercial deployment of technologies that might be employed from 2020 to 2030. This report describes these promising technologies and makes recommendations for their inclusion on the list of technologies applicable for the 2017-2025 CAFE standards.
Categories: Science

Intelligent Transportation and Planning Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Intelligent Transportation and Planning  Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles. ... emissions benefits and end users operating costs of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522552116

Category: Transportation

Page: 1111

View: 964

From driverless cars to vehicular networks, recent technological advances are being employed to increase road safety and improve driver satisfaction. As with any newly developed technology, researchers must take care to address all concerns, limitations, and dangers before widespread public adoption. Intelligent Transportation and Planning: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is an innovative reference source for the latest academic material on the applications, management, and planning of intelligent transportation systems. Highlighting a range of topics, such as automatic control, infrastructure systems, and system architecture, this publication is ideally designed for engineers, academics, professionals, and practitioners actively involved in the transportation planning sector.
Categories: Transportation

Technology Planning for Aligning Emerging Business Models and Regulatory Structures

Technology Planning for Aligning Emerging Business Models and Regulatory Structures

Smart grid has been described as the Energy Internet: Where Energy Technology meets Information Technology.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1043763322

Category: Electric power

Page: 376

View: 156

Smart grid has been described as the Energy Internet: Where Energy Technology meets Information Technology. The incorporation of such technology into vast existing utility infrastructures offers many advantages, including possibilities for new smart appliances, energy management systems, better integration of renewable energy, value added services, and new business models, both for supply- and demand-side management. Smart grid also replaces aging utility technologies that are becoming increasingly unreliable, as the average ages for many critical components in utility systems now exceed their original design lives. However, while smart grid offers the promise of revolutionizing utility delivery systems, many questions remain about how such systems can be rolled out at the state, regional, and national levels. Many unique regulatory and market structure challenges exist, which makes it critical to pick the right technology for the right situation and to employ it in the right manner. Technology Roadmapping may be a valuable approach for helping to understand factors that could affect smart grid technology and product development, as well as key business, policy and regulatory drivers. As emerging smart grid technologies are developed and the fledgling industry matures, a critical issue will be understanding how the combination of industry drivers impact one another, what barriers exist to achieving the benefits of smart grid technologies, and how to prioritize R&D and acquisition efforts. Since the planning of power grids often relies on regional factors, it will also be important investigate linkages between smart grid deployment and regional planning goals. This can be used to develop strategies for overcoming barriers and achieving the benefits of this promising new technology. This research builds upon existing roadmapping processes by considering an integrated set of factors, including policy issues, which are specifically tuned to the needs of smart grids and have not generally been considered in other types of roadmapping efforts. It will also incorporate expert judgment quantification to prioritize factors, show the pathways for overcoming barriers and achieving benefits, and discussing the most promising strategies for achieving these goals.
Categories: Electric power

Solar Powered Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles

Solar Powered Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles

Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-In Electric Vehicles. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. Nykvist, B. and M. Nilsson, 2015.

Author: Larry E. Erickson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498731577

Category: Nature

Page: 168

View: 629

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change adopted on December 12, 2015 is a voluntary effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In order to reach the goals of this agreement, there is a need to generate electricity without greenhouse gas emissions and to electrify transportation. An infrastructure of SPCSs can help accomplish both of these transitions. Globally, expenditures associated with the generation, transmission, and use of electricity are more than one trillion dollars per year. Annual transportation expenditures are also more than one trillion dollars per year. Almost everyone will be impacted by these changes in transportation, solar power generation, and smart grid developments. The benefits of reducing greenhouse gas emissions will differ with location, but all will be impacted. This book is about the benefits associated with adding solar panels to parking lots to generate electricity, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and provide shade and shelter from rain and snow. The electricity can flow into the power grid or be used to charge electric vehicles (EVs). Solar powered charging stations (SPCSs) are already in many parking lots in many countries of the world. The prices of solar panels have decreased recently, and about 30% of the new U.S. electrical generating capacity in 2015 was from solar energy. More than one million EVs are in service in 2016, and there are significant benefits associated with a convenient charging infrastructure of SPCSs to support transportation with electric vehicles. Solar Powered Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles: A Sustainable Development aims to share information on pathways from our present situation to a world with a more sustainable transportation system with EVs, SPCSs, a modernized smart power grid with energy storage, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and better urban air quality. Covering 200 million parking spaces with solar panels can generate about 1/4 of the electricity that was generated in 2014 in the United States. Millions of EVs with 20 to 50 kWh of battery storage can help with the transition to wind and solar power generation through owners responding to time-of-use prices. Written for all audiences, high school and college teachers and students, those in industry and government, and those involved in community issues will benefit by learning more about the topics addressed in the book. Those working with electrical power and transportation, who will be in the middle of the transition, will want to learn about all of the challenges and developments that are addressed here.
Categories: Nature

Plug in Electric Vehicle Grid Integration

Plug in Electric Vehicle Grid Integration

... Council on the National Academies, Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2015.

Author: Islam Safak Bayram

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 9781630814731

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 503

This authoritative new resource provides a comprehensive introduction to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including critical discussions on energy storage and converter technology. The architecture and models for sustainable charging infrastructures and capacity planning of small scale fast charging stations are presented. This book considers PEVs as mobile storage units and explains how PEVS can provide services to the grid. Enabling technologies are explored, including energy storage, converter, and charger technologies for home and park charging. The adoption of EV is discussed and examples are given from the individual battery level to the city level. This book provides guidance on how to build and design sustainable transportation systems. Optimal arrival rates, optimal service rates, facility location problems, load balancing, and demand forecasts are covered in this book. Time-saving MATLAB code and background tables are included in this resource to help engineers with their projects in the field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Applied Behavioral Economics Research and Trends

Applied Behavioral Economics Research and Trends

... /21725/overcoming-barriers-to-deployment-of-plug-in-electric-vehicles Masum, B., ... and end users operating costs of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

Author: Ianole, Rodica

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522518273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 255

View: 336

Interdisciplinary factors in the modern business realm have significant impacts on economic agents within organizations. These behavioral influences affect multiple decision-making processes on both the individual and organizational levels. Applied Behavioral Economics Research and Trends provides a comprehensive examination of the social, psychological, and emotional factors in organizational behavior and economic decision-making and how these issues provide a deeper understanding of various economic behaviors. Highlighting relevant coverage across a range of topics, such as consumer behavior, inter-temporal choices, and self-employment, this book is ideally designed for managers, researchers, professionals, graduate students, and practitioners seeking scholarly material on the implications of behavioral economics across numerous industries.
Categories: Business & Economics