This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically.
Author: Nigel Smith
This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically. Palms are a prominent feature of many landscapes in Amazonia, and they are important culturally, economically, and for a variety of ecological roles they play. Humans have been reorganizing the biological furniture in the region since the first hunters and gatherers arrived over 20,000 years ago.
The palms are among the most abundant, diverse, and important families of plants found in the Amazon. Based on extensive field work, this book provides a systematic treatment of all palms that occur naturally in the Amazon region.
Author: Andrew Henderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
The palms are among the most abundant, diverse, and important families of plants found in the Amazon. Based on extensive field work, this book provides a systematic treatment of all palms that occur naturally in the Amazon region. Each species is exhaustively described with reviews of their distribution, habitat, and ecology. Introductory chapters describe the physical setting of the Amazon region as well as on the biogeography and ecology of the palm family. This first modern treatment of the 135 species of Amazon palms provides a definitive account of their ecology, uses, and biogeography. It will be welcomed by students, teachers, and researchers of botany, ecology, agronomy, and conservation biology.
Threats to palm forest in Amazonia and other regions Rural people throughout
South America also harvest large ... Mauritia flexuosa palms occur in virtually
monotypic stands in the Peruvian Amazon and account for approximately 2.35 %
Author: James Oglethorpe
Descended from a long and ancient lineage, tapirs are important tropical forest seed dispersers. However, all species are threatened to various degrees by habitat destruction and hunting. Written for wildlife biologists, ecologists, administrators, educators and local conservation officials in countries with tapir populations, its objective is to aid in their conservation by catalyzing conservation action. Providing a brief natural history of each species, it is additionally hoped that the contents of the Plan will stimulate further research into this fascinating group of animals.
A Historical Ecology of People and Their Landscapes William Balée. eral plots
ofterrafirrne dense forest in the ... Palm Forests Palms (Arecaceae) are among
the most frequently noted disturbance indicators on Amazonian archaeological
Author: William L. Balée
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
Winner of the Society for Economic Botany's Mary W. Klinger Book Award. Cultural Forests of the Amazon is a comprehensive and diverse account of how indigenous people transformed landscapes and managed resources in the most extensive region of tropical forests in the world. Until recently, most scholars and scientists, as well as the general public, thought indigenous people had a minimal impact on Amazon forests, once considered to be total wildernesses. William Balé e’ s research, conducted over a span of three decades, shows a more complicated truth. In Cultural Forests of the Amazon, he argues that indigenous people, past and present, have time and time again profoundly transformed nature into culture. Moreover, they have done so using their traditional knowledge and technology developed over thousands of years. Balé e demonstrates the inestimable value of indigenous knowledge in providing guideposts for a potentially less destructive future for environments and biota in the Amazon. He shows that we can no longer think about species and landscape diversity in any tropical forest without taking into account the intricacies of human history and the impact of all forms of knowledge and technology. Balé e describes the development of his historical ecology approach in Amazonia, along with important material on little-known forest dwellers and their habitats, current thinking in Amazonian historical ecology, and a narrative of his own dialogue with the Amazon and its people.
(2014). there are now over 1.5Mha in Latin America, and the attendance of 1700 people at an oil palm conference in ... potential area that could be used for oil palms (Table 1.8), as the whole of the Amazon basin has an equatorial climate
Author: R. H. V. Corley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. Its production has increased over the decades, reaching 56 million tons in 2013, and it gives the highest yields per hectare of all oil crops. Remarkably, oil palm has remained profitable through periods of low prices. Demand for palm oil is also expanding, with the edible demand now complemented by added demand from biodiesel producers. The Oil Palm is the definitive reference work on this important crop. This fifth edition features new topics - including the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel, and discussions about the impacts of palm oil production on the environment and effects of climate change – alongside comprehensively revised chapters, with updated references throughout. The Oil Palm, Fifth Edition will be useful to researchers, plantation and mill managers who wish to understand the science underlying recommended practices. It is an indispensable reference for agriculture students and all those working in the oil palm industry worldwide.
Today, there are still areas with large populations of trees planted by pre-
Columbian people, especially in the southwest. These include rubber trees,
brazil nuts, cocoa trees, and maripa palms. “People arrived in the Amazon at
least 10,000 ...
Author: Andrea Pelleschi
Category: Adventure and adventurers
This book examines how researchers are learning about the rain forest's plants and animals, what discoveries are being made in the Amazon, and how people are working to combat the effects of deforestation and climate change. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
It is at the local level that one learns to appreciate the ubiquitous presence of palms in Amazonian life . People tend , search , exchange , and fight for the right
to use their resource — from fine fibers to sturdy trunks , and from sentimental
Assuming a two percent population growth rate changes these figures only
slightly so that the palms last until 2001 and the forest until 2003 . Since at a 3 .
25 percent annual rate of increase the population exceeds 1000 by the year
2000 , it ...
Palms are conspicuous in landscapes along the Amazon and many of themsuch
as the jauari , the marajá , the pupunharana , and the urucuri - anchor fish ...
Jauari Palm People collect the fruit of jauari palm for fish bait as well as to feed
Author: Nigel J. H. Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
The floodplain forests of the Amazon, the world's largest river, are among the most threatened habitats in South America. Yet little is known about how these unique, seasonally flooded forests were used in the past, or their current importance to farmers, livestock owners, and fisherfolk. Thisbook explores the natural history knowledge of the floodplain inhabitants and how we might better use their knowledge to promote sound conservation and development policies.
It was Professor H.C.D. de Wit who taught me this in the late 1950s, and it is a pleasure to forward this message to the next generation in such an appropriate book. Both authors, as I know them, will bear the punishment of the palms.
Author: Francis Kahn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Palms are tropical miracles. Heinrich Heine, the German poet, stated "Unter den Palmen wandert man nicht ungestraft", i.e., one does not wander unpunished under the palms. It was Professor H.C.D. de Wit who taught me this in the late 1950s, and it is a pleasure to forward this message to the next generation in such an appropriate book. Both authors, as I know them, will bear the punishment of the palms. They will never be without palm nostalgia if and when living somewhere outside this world's tropical and subtropical palm belt. Palm nostalgia goes further than palms alone. It concerns the landscape, the short but splendid sunsets and last, but not least, the tropical people. Their elegance of living, structured in subtler ways than managers will ever understand, their laughter which may be a more decisive weapon against the troubles besetting the tropics than mere economics, and their unique life force erupting on festive as well as sad occasions under the palms will always remain with those who w3)ldered beneath these trees. I know. I was there.
Man and Fisheries on an Amazon Frontier. Dordrecht: W. Junk. Goulding, M. ...
Indigenous people and the marketing of the rainforest. The Ecologist 20(6):223–
227. ... Palms as key swamp forest resources in Amazonia. Forest Ecology and ...
Author: Darrell A. Posey
Publisher: Columbia University Press
From the pre-Columbian era to the present, native Amazonians have shaped the land around them, emphasizing utilization, conservation, and sustainability. These priorities stand in stark contrast to colonial and contemporary exploitation of Amazonia by outside interests. With essays from environmental scientists, botanists, and anthropologists, this volume explores the various effects of human development on Amazonia. The contributors argue that by protecting and drawing on local knowledge and values, further environmental ruin can be avoided.
Other people burn down areas of the rainforest. They do this to make areas for
farming. They plant crops like bananas, sugarcane, and palms. They also plant
maize and rice. The soil cannot support crops after a few years. Then farmers
Publisher: Teacher Created Materials
Elaborate on the concept of biomes and ecosystems using this science inquiry card and lesson. Using vibrant, engaging images for science exploration allows all students to make connections and relate science concepts to new situations.
Appendix 12.1 Continued Astrocaryum murumuru Vernacular names : murumuru
( Brazil ) ; mouru - mouru ( French Guiana ) . Description : Medium - sized palm
common in the Amazon estuary and French Guiana . Ecology : Swamp forests .
Author: Claude Marcel Hladik
Publisher: Parthenon Publishing Group
For as long as they have inhabited tropical forests, people have used, managed and transformed natural resources in their quest for food. The future of tropical forests and their human inhabitants will continue to depend on the ways - wise or otherwise - in which food is procured and produced. In this book, scientists from disciplines spanning the natural and social sciences have focused on the biocultural interactions between tropical forest food resources and the communities they sustain. The volume's 74 chapters are organized into six major sections dealing with: evolution and history of tropical forests in relation to food availability; food production and nutritional value of wild and semi-cultivated species; adaptive aspects of food consumption and energy expenditure; feeding strategies in relation to environmental variation; cultural factors in food choices; and management alternatives for the rational use of tropical forests in years to come. Each section begins with a background chapter that provides key references and attempts to integrate the individual chapters in terms of overall themes and salient problems. The book's interdisciplinary approach makes it a valuable source of ideas and data upon which natural and social scientists can draw for discussion and analysis. It will also assist managers, planners, development agencies and concerned individuals in making the right decisions about the future of tropical forests and the people who live in them.
She gives power, wisdom, and vision. Used by Amazonian tribes for ages,
ayahuasca is considered a sacred and master plant. ... The road was dusty and
dry in some places but slippery under the big palms. The scenery changed as we
Fruit gatherers like those of aguaje ( Mauritia flexuosa ) , but they simply cut the palm down with a machete , a process are smaller and are a silvery gray
underneath . On that takes less than a minute because the trunks are a windy day
Providing scientifically accurate descriptions and a rich supply of illustrations, including color photos taken in the wild of over 256 species, this guide is extraordinary in its coverage of the plant that has become for many people the ...
Author: Andrew Henderson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This user-friendly and authoritative book will serve scientists, growers, and sightseers as a guide to the 67 genera and 550 species of naturally occurring palms found in the Americas. Its purpose is to give an introduction to the diversity of palms and allow almost anyone to identify a palm from this part of the world. Providing scientifically accurate descriptions and a rich supply of illustrations, including color photos taken in the wild of over 256 species, this guide is extraordinary in its coverage of the plant that has become for many people the symbol of the tropical landscape. Palms are not only aesthetically pleasing, but they also make up an economically and ecologically important family of plants. In industry, for example, the coconut, oil palm, and date palm have a wide and varied use. In the lowland rain forest, palms are usually one of the most abundant and diverse families of plants. Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas will appeal to professional scientists or students working in the tropics-including agronomists, anthropologists, ecologists, entomologists, natural historians, and zoologists-as well as to amateur and professional growers of palms, to eco-tourists who visit tropical regions, and to inhabitants of these regions who are interested in the native flora. -- "Choice"
Author: Alfred Russel WallacePublish On: 2020-09-28
IT was on the morning of the 26th of May, 1848, that after a short passage of twenty-nine days from Liverpool, we came to anchor opposite the southern entrance to the River Amazon, and obtained our first view of South America.
Author: Alfred Russel Wallace
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Category: Amazon River Valley
IT was on the morning of the 26th of May, 1848, that after a short passage of twenty-nine days from Liverpool, we came to anchor opposite the southern entrance to the River Amazon, and obtained our first view of South America. In the afternoon the pilot came on board, and the next morning we sailed with a fair wind up the river, which for fifty miles could only be distinguished from the ocean by its calmness and discoloured water, the northern shore being invisible, and the southern at a distance of ten or twelve miles. Early on the morning of the 28th we again anchored; and when the sun rose in a cloudless sky, the city of Pará, surrounded by the dense forest, and overtopped by palms and plantains, greeted our sight, appearing doubly beautiful from the presence of those luxuriant tropical productions in a state of nature, which we had so often admired in the conservatories of Kew and Chatsworth. The canoes passing with their motley crews of Negroes and Indians, the vultures soaring overhead or walking lazily about the beach, and the crowds of swallows on the churches and house-tops, all served to occupy our attention till the Custom-house officers visited us, and we were allowed to go on shore. Pará contains about 15,000 inhabitants, and does not cover a great extent of ground; yet it is the largest city on the greatest river in the world, the Amazon, and is the capital of a province equal in extent to all Western Europe. It is the residence of a President appointed by the Emperor of Brazil, and of a Bishop whose see extends two thousand miles into the interior, over a country peopled by countless tribes of unconverted Indians. The province of Pará is the most northern portion of Brazil, and though it is naturally the richest part of that vast empire, it is the least known, and at present of the least commercial importance. The appearance of the city from the river, which is the best view that can be obtained of it, is not more foreign than that of Calais or Boulogne. The houses are generally white, and several handsome churches and public buildings raise their towers and domes above them. The vigour of vegetation is everywhere apparent. The ledges and mouldings support a growth of small plants, and from the wall-tops and window-openings of the churches often spring luxuriant weeds and sometimes small trees. Above and below and behind the city, as far as the eye can reach, extends the unbroken forest; all the small islands in the river are wooded to the water's edge, and many sandbanks flooded at high-water are covered with shrubs and small trees, whose tops only now appeared above the surface. The general aspect of the trees was not different from those of Europe, except where the "feathery palm-trees" raised their graceful forms; but our imaginations were busy picturing the wonderful scenes to be beheld in their dark recesses, and we longed for the time when we should be at liberty to explore them.
A TRIP TO THE AMAZON JUNGLE By lan Edwards , Sydney , Australia
Reprinted with Permission from ' Principes ... noes each holding up to twelve people , are and the same applies to the various tributaries . spelled by
outboards - or at ...