Palms and People in the Amazon

Palms and People in the Amazon

... natural history and people's customs, was impressed with the splendor of palms he observed during his 16 year sojourn in the Brazilian Amazon: Among the ...

Author: Nigel Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319055091

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 982

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically. Palms are a prominent feature of many landscapes in Amazonia, and they are important culturally, economically, and for a variety of ecological roles they play. Humans have been reorganizing the biological furniture in the region since the first hunters and gatherers arrived over 20,000 years ago.
Categories: Science

Palms and People in the Amazon

Palms and People in the Amazon

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically.

Author: Nigel Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319055091

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 432

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically. Palms are a prominent feature of many landscapes in Amazonia, and they are important culturally, economically, and for a variety of ecological roles they play. Humans have been reorganizing the biological furniture in the region since the first hunters and gatherers arrived over 20,000 years ago.
Categories: Science

Palms

Palms

Pálms of the Amazon Once again we will offer a Palm Tour of the Amazon . This
tour is ... These people use an amazing variety of palms in their daily lives , and
always know of some interesting palm that grows “ not far away ” ! Frequent
swims ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061994615

Category: Palms

Page:

View: 542

Categories: Palms

Plants People and Culture

Plants  People  and Culture

trees that are the backbone of the population will die and not be replaced, ... have studied how local people in the Amazon estuary manage the palm and have ...

Author: Michael J Balick

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781000098488

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 283

Is it possible that plants have shaped the very trajectory of human cultures? Using riveting stories of fieldwork in remote villages, two of the world’s leading ethnobotanists argue that our past and our future are deeply intertwined with plants. Creating massive sea craft from plants, indigenous shipwrights spurred the navigation of the world’s oceans. Today, indigenous agricultural innovations continue to feed, clothe, and heal the world’s population. One out of four prescription drugs, for example, were discovered from plants used by traditional healers. Objects as common as baskets for winnowing or wooden boxes to store feathers were ornamented with traditional designs demonstrating the human ability to understand our environment and to perceive the cosmos. Throughout the world, the human body has been used as the ultimate canvas for plant-based adornment as well as indelible design using tattoo inks. Plants also garnered religious significance, both as offerings to the gods and as a doorway into the other world. Indigenous claims that plants themselves are sacred is leading to a startling reformulation of conservation. The authors argue that conservation goals can best be achieved by learning from, rather than opposing, indigenous peoples and their beliefs. KEY FEATURES • An engrossing narrative that invites the reader to personally engage with the relationship between plants, people, and culture • Full-color illustrations throughout—including many original photographs captured by the authors during fieldwork • New to this edition—"Plants That Harm," a chapter that examines the dangers of poisonous plants and the promise that their study holds for novel treatments for some of our most serious diseases, including Alzheimer’s and substance addiction • Additional readings at the end of each chapter to encourage further exploration • Boxed features on selected topics that offer further insight • Provocative questions to facilitate group discussion Designed for the college classroom as well as for lay readers, this update of Plants, People, and Culture entices the reader with firsthand stories of fieldwork, spectacular illustrations, and a deep respect for both indigenous peoples and the earth’s natural heritage.
Categories: Science

The Palms of the Amazon

The Palms of the Amazon

Human Occupation There are no virgin forests today , nor were there in 1492 .
Denevan ... A much more detailed essay on the geography of Amazon palms was
written by Barbosa Rodrigues ( 1903 ) in his introduction to Sertum Palmarum ...

Author: Andrew Henderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: MINN:31951D00909246N

Category: Palms

Page: 362

View: 449

The palms are among the most abundant, diverse, and important families of plants found in the Amazon. Based on extensive field work, this book provides a systematic treatment of all palms that occur naturally in the Amazon region. Each species is exhaustively described with reviews of their distribution, habitat, and ecology. Introductory chapters describe the physical setting of the Amazon region as well as on the biogeography and ecology of the palm family. This first modern treatment of the 135 species of Amazon palms provides a definitive account of their ecology, uses, and biogeography. It will be welcomed by students, teachers, and researchers of botany, ecology, agronomy, and conservation biology.
Categories: Palms

Fruits of the Brazilian Cerrado

Fruits of the Brazilian Cerrado

In: Palms and people in the Amazon. ... De Oliveira A, Alves J et al (2016) Amazonian Buriti oil: chemical characterization and antioxidant potential.

Author: Fernando Freitas de Lima

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030629496

Category:

Page:

View: 187

Categories:

Insects on Palms

Insects on Palms

A sample of some of the less well-known products derived from coconut and other palms follows. People of the Amazon region are astute at finding uses for ...

Author: F. W. Howard

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997058

Category: Nature

Page: 414

View: 629

Palms constitute one of the largest botanical families and include some of the world's most important economic plants. This book reviews the interrelationships between palms and insects. The host plants, distribution and bionomics of representative insects are discussed.
Categories: Nature

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide

Nowadays, the palm is widely used by the local people to produce juice and palm heart, two important economic products in the Amazon, especially in the Para ...

Author: Sueli Rodrigues

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128031537

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 214

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide is the ultimate, most complete reference work on exotic fruits from around the world. The book focuses on exotic fruit origin, botanical aspects, cultivation and harvest, physiology and biochemistry, chemical composition and nutritional value, including phenolics and antioxidant compounds. This guide is in four-color and contains images of the fruits, in addition to their regional names and geographical locations. Harvest and post-harvest conservation, as well as the potential for industrialization, are also presented as a way of stimulating interest in consumption and large scale production. Covers exotic fruits found all over the world, described by a team of global contributors Provides quick and easy access to botanical information, biochemistry, fruit processing and nutritional value Features four-color images throughout for each fruit, along with its regional name and geographical location Serves as a useful reference for researchers, industrial practitioners and students
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Amazon

The Amazon

10 Unlike most trees of the rainforest, almost all palms can be recognized as ... utility is almost always underestimated by people outside the rainforest.

Author: Mark J. Plotkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190668297

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 898

"Rainforests occupy a special place in the imagination. Literary, historical and cinematic depictions range from a ghastly Green Hell to an idyllic Garden of Eden. In terms of fiction, they fired the already fervent imaginations of storytellers as diverse as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Rudyard Kipling and even George Lucas and Steven Spielberg in whose books and films they are inhabited by dinosaurs, trod by Indiana Jones, prowled by Mowgli the Jungle Boy and swung through by Tarzan of the Apes. But rainforest fact is no less fascinating than rainforest fiction. Brimming with mystery and intrigue, these forests still harbor lost cities, uncontacted tribes, ancient shamans, and powerful plants than can kill - and cure. The rainforest bestiary extends far beyond the requisite lions, tigers and bears. Flying foxes and winged lizards, arboreal anteaters, rainforest giraffes, cross-dressing spiders that disguise themselves as ants and bats the size of a bumblebees all flourish in these most fabulous of forests along with other zoological denizens that are equally bizarre and spectacular. And no scientist immersed in these ecosystems believes that all the wonders have been found or revealed. Tropical rainforests merit their moniker. They flourish in the tropics - the more than 3000 mile-wide equatorial band between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. And these forests are hot, humid and wet, receiving in the Amazon, on average from 60 to 120 inches of rain per year - as compared to a mere 25 inches in London or 45 inches in Manhattan. However, several sites in the rainforests of northeastern India, of west Africa and western Colombia are drenched by over 400 inches of precipitation per annum. To a large degree, rainfall in the tropics is determined by the so-called "Intertropical Convergence Zone" (ICZ), a band of clouds around the equator created by the meeting of the northeast and southeast trade winds. Also referred to as the "Monsoon Trough," and known to - and dreaded by - sailors over the centuries as the "Doldrums," since the extended periods of calm that sometimes manifested there could strand a sailing vessel for weeks. The constant cloud cover due to the ICZ, the ferocious heat, and the abundant rainfall combine to produce high humidity, sometimes close to 95 per cent in the Amazon, a challenge for visitors unused to such torpor. According to Rhett Butler of Mongabay: "Each canopy tree transpires 200 gallons of water annually, translating roughly into 20,000 gallons transpired into the atmosphere for every acre of canopy trees. Large rainforests (and their humidity) contribute to the formation of rain clouds, and generate as much as 75 per cent of their own rain and are therefore responsible for creating as much as 50 per cent of their own precipitation.""--
Categories: Nature

CRC World Dictionary of Palms

CRC World Dictionary of Palms

annual resource bottleneck in Amazonian Colombia. ... entomophagy, the consumption of insects is common among aboriginal tribes in the Amazon Valley.

Author: Umberto Quattrocchi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351651493

Category: Science

Page: 2753

View: 163

From the Foreword Umberto Quattrocchi has brought us some amazing and useful works through the various dictionaries that he has compiled. This time it is for two very important plant families the palms and the cycads that are synthesized here in these two volumes. Each entry is fascinating not just for the botany and full nomenclature of the plant species but for all the associated uses, folklore and interactions with other organisms. ...These entries are fascinating glimpses of natural history. ... Botanists, conservationists, ethnobotanists, anthropologists, geographers, bird watchers, naturalists, historians and those of many other disciplines will find these volumes a most valuable and useful resource. It is the sort of book that will be in frequent use in my library. ----- Professor Sir Ghillean Prance FRS, VMH, Former Director, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Following the same format as Umberto Quattrocchi’s highly praised and well-used previous works, The CRC World Dictionary of Palms: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology brings together the vast and scattered literature on palms and cycads to provide better access to information on these economically important plants. Each genus and species has a detailed morphological description and includes a list of synonyms and vernacular names in many languages. Bibliographies accompany each entry which are comprehensive, up-to-date and multi-lingual. The detailed information for every entry on habitats, economic uses, historical and biographical data, botanical exploration, and linguistics will be useful for any library involved with botany, herbal medicine, pharmacognosy, medicinal and natural product chemistry, ecology, ethnobotany, systematics, general plant science, agriculture or horticulture. Umberto Quattrocchi is the author of the bestselling CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names, winner of the prestigious Hanbury Botanical Garden Award. His most recent multi-volume work, CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, received strong praise as being "... an unparalleled starting place—a tool of first resort for any thoughtful researcher. Quattrocchi and CRC have delivered a dictionary like no other, a learned finger pointing in the right direction." —John de la Parra, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, from Economic Botany, Vol. 68, 2014
Categories: Science

Brazilian Medicinal Plants

Brazilian Medicinal Plants

Palms and people in the Amazon. Geobotany Studies, 1sted. New York: Springer International Publishing. Sosnowska, J.; Balslev, H. 2009. American palm ...

Author: Luzia Valentina Modolo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351604819

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 933

The vast and exciting Brazilian flora biodiversity is still underexplored. Several research groups are devoted to the study of the chemical structure richness found in the different Biomes. This volume presents a comprehensive account of the research collated on natural products produced from Brazilian medicinal plants and focuses on various aspects of the field. The authors describe the key natural products and their extracts with emphasis upon sources, an appreciation of these complex molecules and applications in science. Many of the extracts are today associated with important drugs, nutrition products, beverages, perfumes, cosmetics and pigments, and these are highlighted. Key Features: Presents Brazilian biodiversity: its flora, its people, and its research Describes the emergence of natural products research in Brazil Emphasizes the increasing global interests in botanical drugs Aids the international natural product communities to better understand the herbal resources in Brazil Discusses Brazilian legislation to work with native plants
Categories: Science

Tapirs

Tapirs

Threats to palm forest in Amazonia and other regions Rural people ... Mauritia flexuosa palms occur in virtually monotypic stands in the Peruvian Amazon and ...

Author: James Oglethorpe

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2831704227

Category: Nature

Page: 164

View: 531

Descended from a long and ancient lineage, tapirs are important tropical forest seed dispersers. However, all species are threatened to various degrees by habitat destruction and hunting. Written for wildlife biologists, ecologists, administrators, educators and local conservation officials in countries with tapir populations, its objective is to aid in their conservation by catalyzing conservation action. Providing a brief natural history of each species, it is additionally hoped that the contents of the Plan will stimulate further research into this fascinating group of animals.
Categories: Nature

Large Herbivore Ecology Ecosystem Dynamics and Conservation

Large Herbivore Ecology  Ecosystem Dynamics and Conservation

Palm trees commonly used by people living in the north-eastern Peruvian Amazon From Bodmer et al. (1997). But, managing hunting levels is only part of the ...

Author: Kjell Danell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139455848

Category: Nature

Page:

View: 729

Most large herbivores require some type of management within their habitats. Some populations of large herbivores are at the brink of extinction, some are under discussion for reintroduction, whilst others already occur in dense populations causing conflicts with other land use. Large herbivores are the major drivers for forming the shape and function of terrestrial ecosystems. This 2006 book addresses the scientifically based action plans to manage both the large herbivore populations and their habitats worldwide. It covers the processes by which large herbivores not only affect their environment (e.g. grazing) but are affected by it (e.g. nutrient cycling) and the management strategies required. Also discussed are new modeling techniques, which help assess integration processes in a landscape context, as well as assessing the consequences of new developments in the processes of conservation. This book will be essential reading for all involved in the management of both large herbivores and natural resources.
Categories: Nature

People of the Amazon

People of the Amazon

A single stump remained attached to each palm , the briefest remnant of a thumb
. For a second , Mother Henriette rested her jutting chin on the woman ' s head : “
This is my beloved Antonia . She has been here longest . She looks after all the ...

Author: Lilo Linke

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173018282960

Category: Amazon River Valley

Page: 189

View: 202

Categories: Amazon River Valley

Cultural Forests of the Amazon

Cultural Forests of the Amazon

A Historical Ecology of People and Their Landscapes William Balée ... Palm Forests Palms (Arecaceae) are among the most frequently noted disturbance ...

Author: William L. Balée

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817317867

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 267

Winner of the Society for Economic Botany's Mary W. Klinger Book Award. Cultural Forests of the Amazon is a comprehensive and diverse account of how indigenous people transformed landscapes and managed resources in the most extensive region of tropical forests in the world. Until recently, most scholars and scientists, as well as the general public, thought indigenous people had a minimal impact on Amazon forests, once considered to be total wildernesses. William Balé e’ s research, conducted over a span of three decades, shows a more complicated truth. In Cultural Forests of the Amazon, he argues that indigenous people, past and present, have time and time again profoundly transformed nature into culture. Moreover, they have done so using their traditional knowledge and technology developed over thousands of years. Balé e demonstrates the inestimable value of indigenous knowledge in providing guideposts for a potentially less destructive future for environments and biota in the Amazon. He shows that we can no longer think about species and landscape diversity in any tropical forest without taking into account the intricacies of human history and the impact of all forms of knowledge and technology. Balé e describes the development of his historical ecology approach in Amazonia, along with important material on little-known forest dwellers and their habitats, current thinking in Amazonian historical ecology, and a narrative of his own dialogue with the Amazon and its people.
Categories: Science

Human Environment Interactions

Human Environment Interactions

Traditionally, those processes have been interpreted by arguments of ... the interplay of plants and people in the Amazon: Many species of palms have been ...

Author: Eduardo S. Brondízio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400747807

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 315

Drawing on research from eleven countries across four continents, the 16 chapters in the volume bring perspectives from various specialties in anthropology and human ecology, institutional analysis, historical and political ecology, geography, archaeology, and land change sciences. The four sections of the volume reflect complementary approaches to HEI: health and adaptation approaches, land change and landscape management approaches, institutional and political-ecology approaches, and historical and archaeological approaches.
Categories: Social Science

Amazon Sweet Sea

Amazon Sweet Sea

... utensils, and income to hundreds of thousands of people. The varied architecture anddiverse leafforms of palms inthe Amazon impressed early naturalists, ...

Author: Nigel J. H. Smith

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292785809

Category: Nature

Page: 295

View: 426

Far into the Atlantic Ocean, the outflow from the Amazon River creates a "sweet sea" of fresh water. At the river's mouth, a vast delta of river channels and marshes, floodplain and upland forests, open and scrub savannas, floating meadows, and mangrove swamps hosts an astonishingly diverse assemblage of plant and animal life. So rich is this biological treasure house that early European explorers deemed it inexhaustible. In this highly readable book, Nigel Smith explores how human use of the Amazon estuary's natural resources has been affected by technological change, rapid urban growth, and accelerated market integration. Avoiding alarmist rhetoric, he shows how human intervention in the estuary has actually diversified agriculture and helped save floodplain forests from wanton destruction. His findings underscore the importance of understanding the history of land use and the ecological knowledge of local people when formulating development and conservation policies. The book will be of interest to everyone concerned with the fate of tropical forests, conserving biodiversity, and developing natural resources in a sustainable manner.
Categories: Nature

The Oil Palm

The Oil Palm

Table 1.8 Oil palm structure in South America, in thousand hectares Country Planted ... income for the Amazon population without environmental destruction'.

Author: R. H. V. Corley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118953303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 680

View: 288

The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. Its production has increased over the decades, reaching 56 million tons in 2013, and it gives the highest yields per hectare of all oil crops. Remarkably, oil palm has remained profitable through periods of low prices. Demand for palm oil is also expanding, with the edible demand now complemented by added demand from biodiesel producers. The Oil Palm is the definitive reference work on this important crop. This fifth edition features new topics - including the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel, and discussions about the impacts of palm oil production on the environment and effects of climate change – alongside comprehensively revised chapters, with updated references throughout. The Oil Palm, Fifth Edition will be useful to researchers, plantation and mill managers who wish to understand the science underlying recommended practices. It is an indispensable reference for agriculture students and all those working in the oil palm industry worldwide.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Amazon Explorers

Amazon Explorers

These include rubber trees, brazil nuts, cocoa trees, and maripa palms. “People arrived in the Amazon at least 10,000 years ago, and they started to use the ...

Author: Andrea Pelleschi

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781532176166

Category: Adventure and adventurers

Page:

View: 637

This book examines how researchers are learning about the rain forest's plants and animals, what discoveries are being made in the Amazon, and how people are working to combat the effects of deforestation and climate change. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
Categories: Adventure and adventurers

The Amazon

The Amazon

Social groups vary from settled villages with large numbers of people and ... Leaves of the thatch palm or irapay ( Lepidocaryum tessmannii ) provide palm ...

Author: Roger Harris

Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides

ISBN: 1841621730

Category: Travel

Page: 406

View: 601

This new edition has been completely revised with updated information on hotels, lodges and tour operators. It contains a detailed and illustrated natural history section on native species and habitats. The Amazon is an ideal location for eco-travellers, naturalists, sports enthusiasts and explorers. Travellers are given sound advice on responsible travel and planning their own expedition.
Categories: Travel