Palms and People in the Amazon

Palms and People in the Amazon

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically.

Author: Nigel Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319055091

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 439

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically. Palms are a prominent feature of many landscapes in Amazonia, and they are important culturally, economically, and for a variety of ecological roles they play. Humans have been reorganizing the biological furniture in the region since the first hunters and gatherers arrived over 20,000 years ago.
Categories: Science

Palms and People in the Amazon

Palms and People in the Amazon

mid-eighteenth century, Joa ̃o Daniel, a Jesuit missionary and a keen observer of natural history and people's customs, was impressed with the splendor of palms he observed during his 16 year sojourn in the Brazilian Amazon: Among the ...

Author: Nigel Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319055091

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 523

This book explores the degree to which landscapes have been enriched with palms by human activities and the importance of palms for the lives of people in the region today and historically. Palms are a prominent feature of many landscapes in Amazonia, and they are important culturally, economically, and for a variety of ecological roles they play. Humans have been reorganizing the biological furniture in the region since the first hunters and gatherers arrived over 20,000 years ago.
Categories: Science

Plants People and Culture

Plants  People  and Culture

Quite simply, the mature, seed-producing trees that are the backbone of the population will die and not be replaced, ... Ecologists such as Anthony Anderson have studied how local people in the Amazon estuary manage the palm and have ...

Author: Michael J Balick

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781000098488

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 469

Is it possible that plants have shaped the very trajectory of human cultures? Using riveting stories of fieldwork in remote villages, two of the world’s leading ethnobotanists argue that our past and our future are deeply intertwined with plants. Creating massive sea craft from plants, indigenous shipwrights spurred the navigation of the world’s oceans. Today, indigenous agricultural innovations continue to feed, clothe, and heal the world’s population. One out of four prescription drugs, for example, were discovered from plants used by traditional healers. Objects as common as baskets for winnowing or wooden boxes to store feathers were ornamented with traditional designs demonstrating the human ability to understand our environment and to perceive the cosmos. Throughout the world, the human body has been used as the ultimate canvas for plant-based adornment as well as indelible design using tattoo inks. Plants also garnered religious significance, both as offerings to the gods and as a doorway into the other world. Indigenous claims that plants themselves are sacred is leading to a startling reformulation of conservation. The authors argue that conservation goals can best be achieved by learning from, rather than opposing, indigenous peoples and their beliefs. KEY FEATURES • An engrossing narrative that invites the reader to personally engage with the relationship between plants, people, and culture • Full-color illustrations throughout—including many original photographs captured by the authors during fieldwork • New to this edition—"Plants That Harm," a chapter that examines the dangers of poisonous plants and the promise that their study holds for novel treatments for some of our most serious diseases, including Alzheimer’s and substance addiction • Additional readings at the end of each chapter to encourage further exploration • Boxed features on selected topics that offer further insight • Provocative questions to facilitate group discussion Designed for the college classroom as well as for lay readers, this update of Plants, People, and Culture entices the reader with firsthand stories of fieldwork, spectacular illustrations, and a deep respect for both indigenous peoples and the earth’s natural heritage.
Categories: Science

Palm

Palm

immense ingenuity in people's dealings with the vegetative world, the diversity of palm uses has been astounding, with the plant employed to ... Practical utility aside, for the tribes of the Amazon basin palms have also had spiritual, ...

Author: Fred Gray

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781780239576

Category: Nature

Page: 232

View: 138

The extraordinary palm: diverse and prolific, symbolic and often sacred, essential and exotic (and at times erotic), exploited and controversial. The signature greenery of the tropics and subtropics, these record-breaking plants produce the world’s biggest and heaviest seed, the longest leaf, and the longest stem. In the superbly illustrated, similarly extraordinary Palm, Fred Gray portrays the immense cultural and historical significance of these iconic and controversial plants, unfurling a tale as long and beguiling as their bladed fronds. As Gray shows, palms sustained rainforest communities for thousands of years, contributing to the development of ancient civilizations across the globe. But as palms gained mystical and religious significance, they also became a plant of abstractions and fantasies, a contradictory symbol of leisure and luxury, of escaping civilization and getting closer to nature—and at times to danger and devastation. In the era of industry and empire, the palm and its myriad meanings were exported to far colder climes. Palms were shown off as exceptional performers in iconic greenhouses and used to clothe, romanticize, and glamorize an astonishing diversity of new places far from their natural homelands. And today, as millions of people worldwide consume palm oil daily, the plant remains embedded in consumer society—and mired in environmental controversy.
Categories: Nature

Insects on Palms

Insects on Palms

A sample of some of the less well - known products derived from coconut and other palms follows . People of the Amazon region are astute at finding uses for diverse palms : corks for demijohns are cut from the petioles of Mauritia ...

Author: F. W. Howard

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997058

Category: Nature

Page: 414

View: 955

Palms constitute one of the largest botanical families and include some of the world's most important economic plants. This book reviews the interrelationships between palms and insects. The host plants, distribution and bionomics of representative insects are discussed.
Categories: Nature

Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas

Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas

Providing scientifically accurate descriptions and a rich supply of illustrations, including color photos taken in the wild of over 256 species, this guide is extraordinary in its coverage of the plant that has become for many people the ...

Author: Andrew Henderson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691016003

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 999

This user-friendly and authoritative book will serve scientists, growers, and sightseers as a guide to the 67 genera and 550 species of naturally occurring palms found in the Americas. Its purpose is to give an introduction to the diversity of palms and allow almost anyone to identify a palm from this part of the world. Providing scientifically accurate descriptions and a rich supply of illustrations, including color photos taken in the wild of over 256 species, this guide is extraordinary in its coverage of the plant that has become for many people the symbol of the tropical landscape. Palms are not only aesthetically pleasing, but they also make up an economically and ecologically important family of plants. In industry, for example, the coconut, oil palm, and date palm have a wide and varied use. In the lowland rain forest, palms are usually one of the most abundant and diverse families of plants. Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas will appeal to professional scientists or students working in the tropics-including agronomists, anthropologists, ecologists, entomologists, natural historians, and zoologists-as well as to amateur and professional growers of palms, to "eco-tourists" who visit tropical regions, and to inhabitants of these regions who are interested in the native flora.
Categories: Nature

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide

Fruit production of ac ̧aı appears as an ancient activity of the indigenous people from the Amazon. Nowadays, the palm is widely used by the local people to produce juice and palm heart, two important economic products in the Amazon, ...

Author: Sueli Rodrigues

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128031537

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 744

Exotic Fruits Reference Guide is the ultimate, most complete reference work on exotic fruits from around the world. The book focuses on exotic fruit origin, botanical aspects, cultivation and harvest, physiology and biochemistry, chemical composition and nutritional value, including phenolics and antioxidant compounds. This guide is in four-color and contains images of the fruits, in addition to their regional names and geographical locations. Harvest and post-harvest conservation, as well as the potential for industrialization, are also presented as a way of stimulating interest in consumption and large scale production. Covers exotic fruits found all over the world, described by a team of global contributors Provides quick and easy access to botanical information, biochemistry, fruit processing and nutritional value Features four-color images throughout for each fruit, along with its regional name and geographical location Serves as a useful reference for researchers, industrial practitioners and students
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Designing with Palms

Designing with Palms

finds its greatest diversity of species in wet, tropical lowlands such as those of the Amazon basin, Indonesia, and Madagascar. Coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) on tropical shores won't survive long where frosty or gloomy winters prevail.

Author: Jason Dewees

Publisher: Timber Press

ISBN: 9781604695434

Category: Gardening

Page: 368

View: 120

ÒIf you want to successfully add more bold fronds and a tropical style to your landscape,ÊDesigning With PalmsÊis the comprehensive book for you.Ó ÑGardenistaÊ Palms are a landscape staple in warm, temperate climates worldwide. But these stunning and statement-making plants are large, expensive, and difficult to install, resulting in unique design challenges.ÊIn Designing with Palms, palm expert Jason Dewees details every major aspect of designing and caring for palms. This definitive guide shares essential information on planting, irrigation, nutrition, pruning, and transplanting. A gallery of the most important species showcases the range of options available, and stunning photographs by Caitlin Atkinson spotlight examples of home and public landscapes that make excellent use of palms.
Categories: Gardening

The Amazon

The Amazon

Why are palms the most useful group of plants to the indigenous peoples of the Amazon? Linnaeus himself hailed palms as “Principes—The Princes of the Plant Kingdom.” A coconut palm on a sandy beach represents the single most emblematic ...

Author: Mark J. Plotkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190668303

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 484

The Amazon is a land of superlatives. The complex ecosystem covers an area about the size of the continental U.S. The Amazon River discharges 57 million gallons of water per second--in two hours, this would be enough to supply all of New York City's 7.5 million residents with water for a year. Its flora and fauna are abundant. Approximately one of every four flowering plant species on earth resides in the Amazon. A single Amazonian river may contain more fish species than all the rivers in Europe combined. It is home to the world's largest anteater, armadillo, freshwater turtle, and spider, as well as the largest rodent (which weighs over 200 lbs.), catfish (250 lbs.), and alligator (more than half a ton). The rainforest, which contains approximately 390 billion trees, plays a vital role in stabilizing the global climate by absorbing massive amounts of carbon dioxide--or releasing it into the atmosphere if the trees are destroyed. Severe droughts in both Brazil and Southeast Asia have been linked to Amazonian deforestation, as have changing rainfall patterns in the U.S., Europe, and China. The Amazon also serves as home to millions of people. Approximately seventy tribes of isolated and uncontacted people are concentrated in the western Amazon, completely dependent on the land and river. These isolated groups have been described as the most marginalized peoples in the western hemisphere, with no voice in the decisions made about their futures and the fate of their forests. In this addition to the What Everyone Needs to Know® series, ecologist and conservation expert, Mark J. Plotkin, who has spent 40 years studying Amazonia, its peoples, flora, and fauna. The Amazon offers an engaging overview of this irreplaceable ecosystem and the challenges it faces.
Categories: Science

Brazilian Medicinal Plants

Brazilian Medicinal Plants

Antioxidant properties of açai (Euterpe oleracea) in human plasma. ... Carotenoid composition in oils obtained from palm fruits from the Brazilian Amazon. Grasas y Aceites, 66, e086. ... Palms and people in the Amazon.

Author: Luzia Valentina Modolo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351604819

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 262

The vast and exciting Brazilian flora biodiversity is still underexplored. Several research groups are devoted to the study of the chemical structure richness found in the different Biomes. This volume presents a comprehensive account of the research collated on natural products produced from Brazilian medicinal plants and focuses on various aspects of the field. The authors describe the key natural products and their extracts with emphasis upon sources, an appreciation of these complex molecules and applications in science. Many of the extracts are today associated with important drugs, nutrition products, beverages, perfumes, cosmetics and pigments, and these are highlighted. Key Features: Presents Brazilian biodiversity: its flora, its people, and its research Describes the emergence of natural products research in Brazil Emphasizes the increasing global interests in botanical drugs Aids the international natural product communities to better understand the herbal resources in Brazil Discusses Brazilian legislation to work with native plants
Categories: Science

The Palms of the Amazon

The Palms of the Amazon

In general , it is now becoming recognized that some prehistoric Amazon cultural groups were considerably more complex than previously supposed , and that the pottery cultures were considerably older than those from the Andes .

Author: Andrew Henderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: MINN:31951D00909246N

Category: Palms

Page: 362

View: 675

The palms are among the most abundant, diverse, and important families of plants found in the Amazon. Based on extensive field work, this book provides a systematic treatment of all palms that occur naturally in the Amazon region. Each species is exhaustively described with reviews of their distribution, habitat, and ecology. Introductory chapters describe the physical setting of the Amazon region as well as on the biogeography and ecology of the palm family. This first modern treatment of the 135 species of Amazon palms provides a definitive account of their ecology, uses, and biogeography. It will be welcomed by students, teachers, and researchers of botany, ecology, agronomy, and conservation biology.
Categories: Palms

Frontiers in Phytolith Research

Frontiers in Phytolith Research

Palms and People in the Amazon. Heidelberg: Springer. Strömberg, C.A. (2004). Using phytolith assemblages to reconstruct the origin and spread of grass-dominated habitats in the great plains of North America during the late Eocene to ...

Author: Martin John Hodson

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889637744

Category:

Page:

View: 775

Categories:

Cultural Forests of the Amazon

Cultural Forests of the Amazon

A Historical Ecology of People and Their Landscapes William Balée. eral plots ofterrafirrne dense forest in ... Palm Forests Palms (Arecaceae) are among the most frequently noted disturbance indicators on Amazonian archaeological sites.

Author: William L. Balée

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817317867

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 977

Winner of the Society for Economic Botany's Mary W. Klinger Book Award. Cultural Forests of the Amazon is a comprehensive and diverse account of how indigenous people transformed landscapes and managed resources in the most extensive region of tropical forests in the world. Until recently, most scholars and scientists, as well as the general public, thought indigenous people had a minimal impact on Amazon forests, once considered to be total wildernesses. William Balé e’ s research, conducted over a span of three decades, shows a more complicated truth. In Cultural Forests of the Amazon, he argues that indigenous people, past and present, have time and time again profoundly transformed nature into culture. Moreover, they have done so using their traditional knowledge and technology developed over thousands of years. Balé e demonstrates the inestimable value of indigenous knowledge in providing guideposts for a potentially less destructive future for environments and biota in the Amazon. He shows that we can no longer think about species and landscape diversity in any tropical forest without taking into account the intricacies of human history and the impact of all forms of knowledge and technology. Balé e describes the development of his historical ecology approach in Amazonia, along with important material on little-known forest dwellers and their habitats, current thinking in Amazonian historical ecology, and a narrative of his own dialogue with the Amazon and its people.
Categories: Science

Human Environment Interactions

Human Environment Interactions

It may well be that such wealth of resources accounts for one peculiar fact related to the long-term history of the interplay of plants and people in the Amazon: Many species of palms have been managed since the beginning of the ...

Author: Eduardo S. Brondízio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400747807

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 564

Drawing on research from eleven countries across four continents, the 16 chapters in the volume bring perspectives from various specialties in anthropology and human ecology, institutional analysis, historical and political ecology, geography, archaeology, and land change sciences. The four sections of the volume reflect complementary approaches to HEI: health and adaptation approaches, land change and landscape management approaches, institutional and political-ecology approaches, and historical and archaeological approaches.
Categories: Social Science

The Oil Palm

The Oil Palm

(2014). there are now over 1.5Mha in Latin America, and the attendance of 1700 people at an oil palm conference in ... oil palms (Table 1.8), as the whole of the Amazon basin has an equatorial climate and is or was covered by rainforest ...

Author: R. H. V. Corley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118953303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 680

View: 162

The oil palm is the world's most valuable oil crop. Its production has increased over the decades, reaching 56 million tons in 2013, and it gives the highest yields per hectare of all oil crops. Remarkably, oil palm has remained profitable through periods of low prices. Demand for palm oil is also expanding, with the edible demand now complemented by added demand from biodiesel producers. The Oil Palm is the definitive reference work on this important crop. This fifth edition features new topics - including the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel, and discussions about the impacts of palm oil production on the environment and effects of climate change – alongside comprehensively revised chapters, with updated references throughout. The Oil Palm, Fifth Edition will be useful to researchers, plantation and mill managers who wish to understand the science underlying recommended practices. It is an indispensable reference for agriculture students and all those working in the oil palm industry worldwide.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

A a An Extraordinary Antioxidant Rich Palm Fruit

A  a    An Extraordinary Antioxidant Rich Palm Fruit

Alternative Sources of Heart-of-Palm Recent worldwide interest in açai fruit is having a profound effect on many people living in the Amazon. Residents are beginning to realize that cutting down palm trees for the heart-of-palm is not ...

Author:

Publisher: Biosocial Publications

ISBN: 9780981490649

Category:

Page:

View: 678

Categories:

The Amazon

The Amazon

Social groups vary from settled villages with large numbers of people and elaborate dwellings , to nomads living in bands of 30 to 40 ... Leaves of the thatch palm or irapay ( Lepidocaryum tessmannii ) provide palm fronds for roofing .

Author: Roger Harris

Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides

ISBN: 1841621730

Category: Travel

Page: 406

View: 647

This new edition has been completely revised with updated information on hotels, lodges and tour operators. It contains a detailed and illustrated natural history section on native species and habitats. The Amazon is an ideal location for eco-travellers, naturalists, sports enthusiasts and explorers. Travellers are given sound advice on responsible travel and planning their own expedition.
Categories: Travel

Amazonian Dark Earths Explorations in Space and Time

Amazonian Dark Earths  Explorations in Space and Time

The garbage of the people who inhabited the Amazon region must have been important for the increase in organic matter in the soil. A specific example is the palm tree, which had, and still has, several uses for the indigenous and ...

Author: Bruno Glaser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662056837

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 498

Categories: Science

Palace of Palms

Palace of Palms

Palm Trees of the Amazon was illustrated with lithographs worked up from Wallace's salvaged sketches by Walter Hood ... made from each species, Palm Trees of the Amazon demonstrated the intimate connection between people and plants.

Author: Kate Teltscher

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 9781529004861

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 738

'A glorious green adventure story.' Ann Treneman, The Times 'Books of the Year' 'The most enthralling historical book I’ve read this year.' Claire Tomalin, New Statesman 'Books of the year' Daringly innovative when it opened in 1848, the Palm House in Kew Gardens remains one of the most beautiful glass buildings in the world today. Seemingly weightless, vast and yet light, the Palm House floats free from architectural convention, at once monumental and ethereal. From a distance, the crowns of the palms within are silhouetted in the central dome; close to, banana leaves thrust themselves against the glass. To enter it is to enter a tropical fantasy. The body is assaulted by heat, light and the smell of damp vegetation. In Palace of Palms, Kate Teltscher tells the extraordinary story of its creation and of the Victorians’ obsession with the palms that filled it. It is a story of breathtaking ambition, of scientific discovery and, crucially, of the remarkable men whose vision it was. The Palm House was commissioned by the charismatic first Director of Kew, Sir William Hooker, designed by the audacious Irish engineer, Richard Turner, and managed by Kew’s forthright curator, John Smith, who battled with boilers and floods to ensure the survival of the rare and wondrous plants it housed.
Categories: History

Palm Pre The Missing Manual

Palm Pre  The Missing Manual

Amazon. Palm doesn't run a media store like Apple does with iTunes. But there's a good—and often ... to be connected to a WiFi hotspot (page 155) because of a restriction placed on Amazon by the people who own the rights to the music.

Author: Ed Baig

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449379540

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 264

If you've got your hands on this year's hottest new smartphone, you'll want the book that covers it inside and out: Palm Pre: The Missing Manual. This beautiful, full-color book from USA Today personal-technology columnist Ed Baig will help you go from newcomer to expert in no time. The maker of the legendary Palm Pilot is back on center stage with a smartphone that lets you browse the Web, listen to music, watch video, view pictures, and a lot more. Palm Pre: The Missing Manual provides you with everything you need to know to get the most out of this amazing mobile tool. Get to know the touchscreen, and learn to navigate by tapping, swiping, dragging, flicking, and pinching Link your contacts, merge calendars, combine email accounts, and more by syncing your phone over the Web Stay in touch with other people by using the Pre as a full-featured phone and organizer Use it for email, texting, chatting, and as an efficient web browser Take advantage of the Pre as a complete media center to store, sort, play, stream music and video, and sync with iTunes Take and view photos, import images, and share them with others
Categories: Computers