Author: Caroleen Marji SayejPublish On: 2018-04-15
Patriotic Ayatollahs -- Contents -- Preface -- List of Abbreviations -- A Note on Arabic Transliteration -- Map of Iraq -- Introduction: The Making and Unmaking of Iraq -- 1.
Author: Caroleen Marji Sayej
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Patriotic Ayatollahs -- Contents -- Preface -- List of Abbreviations -- A Note on Arabic Transliteration -- Map of Iraq -- Introduction: The Making and Unmaking of Iraq -- 1. The Ayatollahs and the Struggle to Maintain Legitimacy in the New Public Sphere -- 2. Sistani, Guardian of the Democratic Process -- 3. Sistani, a Guide Only -- 4. Quietists Turned Activists? -- 5. Local and Regional Sectarian Narratives -- Conclusion: Rethinking Religion and Politics -- Notes -- References -- Index
Author: Mohammad R. KalantariPublish On: 2021-09-23
Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Schiff, Z. (1983). The green light. Foreign Policy 50(1), 73–85. Schmidt, B. C., & Williams, M. C. (2008). The bush doctrine and the Iraq War: ...
Author: Mohammad R. Kalantari
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Shi'i clergy are amongst the most influential political players in the Middle East. For decades, scholars and observers have tried to understand the balance of power between, Shi'i 'quietism' and 'activism'. The book is based on exclusive interviews with high-profile Shi'i clerics in order to reveal how the Shi'i clerical elite perceives its role and engages in politics today. The book focuses on three ground-breaking events in the modern Middle East: the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, the 2003 Iraq War, and the 2006 July war in Lebanon. By examining the nature and evolution of a Shi'i clerical network the book finds that, far from there being strategic differences between 'quitest' and 'activist' clerics, Shi'i mujtahid statesmen matured, from 1979 in Iran to 2003 Iraq, by way of a pragmatism which led to a strong form of transnational and associated whole in Lebanon in 2006. In doing so, the book breaks down the established, and misleading, dichotomisation of the Shi'i clergy into 'quietists' and 'activists' and discovers that the decision of Shi'i clerical elites to become politically active or to stay out of politics are attributable to their ability to adapt to their political environments.
Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISRAEL ISRAEL: DEMOGRAPHICS Population 8,942,910 Gross Domestic Product per capita 394 Iraq.
Author: M. Troy Burnett
Category: Political Science
This extensive reference examines extreme political movements and the political, cultural, and economic conditions that breed them, from the alt-right in the United States to the Houthi Rebel Movement in Yemen to the question of Taiwan's independence. Nationalism Today: Extreme Political Movements around the World is an authoritative guide for students and teachers who seek to understand nationalist movements across the globe. The two-volume work opens with essays that describe different types of nationalist movements: extremist, revisionist, and separatist. Arranged by country, the entries that follow provide the geographic, cultural, economic, and political context for the development of nationalist movements. The entries provide expert analysis of specific movements and lay the groundwork for comparison of the many different types of extreme political movements that are exerting themselves around the world today. In addition, easy-to-read tables give cultural, economic, and political facts and figures for each country. A comprehensive scholarly bibliography of secondary sources rounds out the book. Investigates nationalism on a theoretical level while providing real-life examples of specific nationalist movements that are making headlines around the world today Provides comparative studies of nationalist movements around the world, enabling readers to compare and contrast how and why these groups are manifesting worldwide Easy-to-read facts and figures for each country provide another layer of information in analyzing the hows and whys of growing nationalist movements
Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Shaery-Eisenlohr, R. 2011. Shi'ite Lebanon: Transnational Religion and the Making of National Identities. New York: Columbia University Press.
Author: Giorgio Shani
Category: Political Science
This book re-examines the relationship between religion and nationalism in a contemporary Asian context, with a focus on East, South and South East Asia. Addressing empirical, analytical, and normative questions, it analyses selected case studies from across Asia, including China, India, Iraq, Japan, Pakistan, the Philippines and Sri Lanka and compares the differences and commonalities between the diverse configurations of nationalism and religion across the continent. It then goes on to explain reasons for the regional religious resurgence and asks, is the nation-state model, aligned with secularism, suitable for the region? Exploring the two interrelated issues of legacies and possibilities, this book also examines the relationship between nationalism and modernity, identifying possible and desirable trajectories which go beyond existing configurations of nationalism and religion. Bringing together a stellar line up of contributors in the field, Religion and Nationalism in Asia will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Asian religion and politics as well as sociology, ethnicity, nationalism and comparative politics.
In December he called on all 'sincere Muslims and patriotic citizens' to fight the enemies of Islam and Iran by 'joining the nationalisation struggle'.15 Supporting Kashani, the prestigious Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Khonsari quoted the ...
Author: Dilip Hiro
First published in 1985, this is a comprehensive study of the Middle East's most strategic country, set against the background of the Islamic heritage of Iran and the rise and fall of the Pahlavi dynasty. Dilip Hiro describes the various phases through which the Islamic revolution has passed, gives an incisive account of the first Gulf War, and provides an historical survey of Iran's relations with the West, the Soviet bloc, and other countries of the region.
Two items on the table stood out: an amazing number of T-shirts (once back home, it was years before I had to buy another one) with mostly patriotic designs, and an enormous Hershey's chocolate bar. This slab of chocolate was probably ...
Author: William Daugherty
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
Still vivid in many Americans' memories are the 444 days of 1979 when Islamic militants held U.S. diplomatic personnel hostage in Iran. Though their story has been told before, never has it been related from such a perspective. Unique among the hostages, the author was an officer for the Central Intelligence Agency serving at the U.S. embassy in Tehran. Once his CIA connection was discovered, Bill Daugherty became a special target of his captors and was subjected to extraordinarily harsh treatment. He managed to survive the ordeal by relying upon his Marine Corps training and combat experience and his remarkable inner reserve of fortitude. Ultimately he was awarded the State Department Medal of Valor and the CIA Exceptional Service Medal. Drawing on intelligence information not readily available to previous writers, recently declassified materials, interviews with such key government officials as former national security adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski and former CIA director and ambassador to Iran Richard Helms, and to his own firsthand knowledge, Daugherty sheds light on this disturbing event, particularly with respect to the decision-making process in the White House. Among his revelations is the involvement of the Soviet Union. Despite his personal involvement, Daugherty has produced an impressively objective account of the tragedies and triumphs that marked this black time in U.S. history. It is both a harrowing adventure story and a serious look at U.S.-Iran relations. The pivotal event continues to evoke emotions and begs careful analysis for potential lessons learned.
... my patriotic contemporaries, had played no part in, were inconceivable. A friend once told me that I was the only person he knew who was both 100 percent American and 100 percent Iranian. Oxymoronic as that sounds, I knew what he ...
Author: Hooman Majd
Publisher: Penguin UK
Hooman Majd, acclaimed journalist and New York-residing grandson of an Ayatollah, has a unique perspective on his Iranian homeland. In this vivid, warm and humorous insider's account, he opens our eyes to an Iran that few people see, meeting opium-smoking clerics, women cab drivers and sartorially challenged presidential officials, among others. Revealing a country where both t-shirt wearing teenagers and religious martyrs express pride in their Persian origins, that is deeply religious yet highly cosmopolitan, authoritarian yet reformist, this is the one book you should read to understand Iran and Iranians today.
Also present were images of the two chief ayatollahs and various patriotic messages rallying support for the current regime. One wonders if the war had been fought for longer than necessary, and how long the regime could maintain ...
Author: Tan Wee Cheng
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd
He visits a bizarre flower-show in Pyongyang, crosses confusing ethno-religious fault lines in the Balkans and Lebanon, drinks tea with friendly Yemenis near Osama bin Laden’s ancestral village, explores prehistoric caves with Tuareg tribesmen in Libya, and plays Indiana Jones among pyramids shortly after a rebel attack on Khartoum. Through long-forgotten characters, bizarre coincidences of history and personal stories of individuals he encountered, Wee Cheng turns faraway lands alive, and convinces the reader that these are more than just places in the news.
(Quoted in Appignanesi and Maitland 68) The ayatollah was asking that his followers admit no compromise with Rushdie. Devotion to Islam required, in his view, the willingness to die, to sacrifice one's life for the sacred.
Author: Betty Jean Craige
Publisher: SUNY Press
Category: Political Science
This book argues that the transformation of our world into a global society is causing a resurgence of tribalism at the same time that it is inspiring the ideology of political holism--the understanding of human society as an evolving global system of interdependent individuals, cultures, and nations. Betty Jean Craige examines the "patriotic" resistance to globalization in the United States by examining a number of recent historical events, including the Persian Gulf War, the 1988 presidential campaign, and the Iran-Contra scandal.
... 2018 ) ; Gause , “ Beyond Sectarianism . ” 61. Phillip Smyth , “ The Battle for the Soul of Shi'ism , ” MERIA Journal 16 , no . 3 ( 2012 ) : 1–20 ; Caroleen Marji Sayej , Patriotic Ayatollahs : Nationalism in Post - Saddam Iraq ...
Author: Ariel I. Ahram
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
For much of the last half century, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has seemed the outlier in global peace. Today Iraq, Libya, Israel/Palestine, Yemen, and Syria are not just countries, but synonyms for prolonged and brutal wars. But why is MENA so exceptionally violent? More importantly, can it change? Exploring the causes and consequences of wars and conflicts in this troubled region, Ariel Ahram helps readers answer these questions. In Part I, Ahram shows how MENA’s conflicts evolved with the formation of its states. Violence varied from civil wars and insurgencies to traditional interstate conflicts and affected some countries more frequently than others. The strategies rulers employed to stay in power constrained how they recruited, trained, and equipped their armies. Part II explores dynamics that trap the region in conflict—oil dependence, geopolitical interference, and embedded identity cleavages. The catastrophic wars of the 2010s reflect the confounding effects of these traps, culminating in state collapse and intervention from the US and Russia, as well as regional powers like Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE. Finally, Ahram considers the possibilities of peace, highlighting the disjuncture between local peacebuilding and national and internationally-backed mediation. War and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa will be an essential resource for students of peace and security studies and MENA politics, and anyone wanting to move beyond headlines and soundbites to understand the historical and social roots of MENA’s conflicts.
... Memories of State: Politics, History, and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq (University of California Press, 2005); and Caroline Marji Sayej, Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq (Cornell University Press, 2018).
Author: Sean Yom
Category: Social Science
The latest edition of this renowned textbook explores the states and regimes of the Middle East and North Africa. Presenting heavily revised, fully updated chapters contributed by the world’s leading experts, it analyzes the historical trajectory, political institutions, economic development, and foreign policies of the region’s nearly two dozen countries. The volume can be used in conjunction with its sister volume, The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa, for a comprehensive overview of the region. Chapters are organized and structured identically, giving insightful windows into the nuances of each country’s domestic politics and foreign relations. Data tables and extensive annotated bibliographies orient readers towards further research. Whether used in conjunction with its sister volume or on its own, this book provides the most comprehensive and detailed overview of the region’s varied politics. Five new experts cover the critical country cases of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. All chapters cover the latest events, including trends that have remarkably changed in just a few years like the gradual end of the Syrian civil war. As such, this textbook is invaluable to students of Middle Eastern politics.. The ninth edition brings substantial changes. All chapters also have a uniform, streamlined structure that explores the historical context, social and economic environment, political institutions, regime dynamics, and foreign policy of each country. Fact boxes and political maps are now far more extensive, and photographs and images also help illustrate key points. Annotated bibliographies are vastly expanded, providing nothing short of the best list of research references for each country.
Author: Yvette Hovsepian-BearcePublish On: 2015-07-03
Iran is an independent nation that is established and governed according to its revolutionary origins and history, its religious principles, and its patriotic nationalism.39 Attempting ...
Author: Yvette Hovsepian-Bearce
Category: Political Science
Ayatollah ʿAli Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, is one of the most controversial and influential Muslim leaders in the world today. As Iran’s main decision-maker, his theocratic ideology and decisions carry global consequences. The Political Ideology of Ayatollah Khamenei is the first book to identify and analyze the development and evolution of the theocratic ideology of the Supreme Leader from 1962 to 2014, using his own writings, speeches, and biographies, as well as literature published in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This work provides new insights into Khamenei’s political thought and behavior and their impact on Iran’s domestic, regional, and international policies. Correlating the development of Khamenei’s personality, character, and political behavior with Iran’s internal and external challenges, this study explores key issues of the Middle East region, in particular Iran’s political posture toward Israel, the United States, and the Muslim world, and the diplomatic crises unfolding over Iran’s nuclear development program. This work provides a comprehensive chronological and thematic survey of Khamenei’s life. This book will be of interest to students, scholars, researchers, diplomats, and policymakers focusing on Middle Eastern politics, Iranian affairs, Islamic studies, and international relations; and could serve as an essential resource for those striving to understand Iran’s policies toward Israel, the United States, and the Muslim world, as shaped by its supreme autocrat.
... other Persian and patriotic – and two sociological issues relating to the history of Islamic civilization, namely the services of Islam to Iran and vice versa, and totally against the idea of pan-Iranianism and Persian nationalism.
Author: Mahmood T. Davari
Ayatollah Murtaza Mutahhari was a significant figure in the movement which brought the Islamic Republic of Iran into being. Mutahhari, a student of Ayatollah Khomeini and particularly close to his mentor, had broad theoretical concerns regarding religion, society and economy. He is generally considered as a prominent contemporary intellectual figure among the Iranian and Shi'ite scholars of the time. This book describes the life and works of this philosopher, jurist, preacher and writer, who was educated in the Qum Seminary and worked in Tehran.
Because, in the name of human rights, he set the stage for the rise of two of the worst human rights violators in history—the Ayatollah Khomeini and ultimately his modern successor, the current president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Author: Chuck Norris
Publisher: B&H Publishing Group
Category: Political Science
The New York Times best seller by legendary actor, activist, and martial arts expert Chuck Norris urges Americans to recapture a national spirit of faith, freedom, and respect for tradition, history, and human life.
A few days later after the formation of the Patriotic London , meanwhile , Ayatollah Hussein al - Sadr categorically Front , the old Muslim Brotherhood , formerly outlawed under denounced assassination , a clear reference to his ...
Author: Christopher de BellaiguePublish On: 2012-05-15
Christopher de Bellaigue, a former contributor to The Economist, brings to light the fascinating story of one of the great anti-colonial heroes of the twentieth century: Muhammad Mossadegh, the great Iranian leader whose untimely demise ...
Author: Christopher de Bellaigue
Publisher: Harper Collins
Christopher de Bellaigue, a former contributor to The Economist, brings to light the fascinating story of one of the great anti-colonial heroes of the twentieth century: Muhammad Mossadegh, the great Iranian leader whose untimely demise resulted in the Islamic Revolution of 1979, and a man who has been demonized, ridiculed, and misunderstood in the West while remaining an icon and an inspiration across the Middle East. Patriot of Persia, a new biography exploring his life and impact, opens a crucial new window into Mossadegh—whose role in the evolution of Iran’s political climate cannot be overemphasized—providing a resource that will prove equally invaluable to academics, newshounds, and activists as they struggle to understand Mideast politics, Iran, Ahmadinejad, and the future of the region—and the world.
In the Boff case, one wonders how a Christian liberation theologian, himself a victim of the Vatican ayatollahs who forbade him to speak publicly on political issues, could applaud a fanatic Islamicist who, in the name of a twisted ...
Author: Ella Shohat
Category: Political Science
The question "Why do they hate us?" is one of the most oft-cited puzzles of contemporary American affairs, yet it’s not clear to whom "they" or "us" refers, nor even what "hate" means. In this bold new work, Ella Shohat and Robert Stam take apart the "hate discourse" of right-wing politics, placing it in an international context. How, for example, do other nations love themselves, and how is that love connected to their attitudes toward America? Is love of country "monogamous" or can one love many countries? When can a country’s self-love be a symptom of self-hatred? Drawing upon their extensive experience with South American, European, and Middle Eastern societies, the authors have written a long engagement with a problem that refuses to go away. Flagging Patriotism considers these complex features of "being patriotic," and in so doing insists that the idea of patriotism, instead of being rejected or embraced, be accorded the complex identity it possesses.
It is indeed a country ripe for pulling into the " civilized ” ( another discomforting word ) fold . The reformers are active and confident . I spoke at a conference and the judges , who were all ayatollahs , listened 122 Vivien Stern.
Author: Alan Curtis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Political Science
Patriotism, Democracy, and Common Sense is a new strategic analysis of common-sense alternatives to the public policies America has pursued since September 11, 2001. This important book features more than three dozen internationally known experts in economics, foreign and domestic policy, media, and political action.
The opposition leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, returned to Iran in triumph on 1 February. ... Despite being roundly condemned as terrorism, at home they were seen rather as the acts of patriotic heroes. Ayatollah Khomeini died in May of ...
Author: Adam Robinson
Publisher: Random House
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A zealous freedom-fighter who has galvanised Islamic fundamentalists worldwide into a fighting force capable of toppling evil western civilisation. A simple man, pious, upstanding and principled; the moral leader of the faithful. This is the image that Osama bin Laden wishes to project to the world. Now, for the first time, Bin Laden: Behind the Mask of the Terrorist blows the lid off the inside story. The first real insight into the life of the renegade phophet of the apocalypse reveals a past laced with prostitutes, hedonism, and lengthy periods of alcohol abuse. Beneath the self-styled propaganda is a hypocrite whose personal mission is nothing less than the destruction of the United States and her allies in the name of Islam. This is the man who deftly manipulates the institutions he claims to despise in order to further his own ends; who condemns depravity while keeping a hand in the opium and heroin trade. With new information provided by members of his family, the book traces the roots of his dicontent, exploring his privileged childhood riven by jealousies and family polotics. It paints the picture of a youth desperately seeking acceptance and a man whose need for attention and adulation set him upon an unbelievable course.
Author: Institute for Rewriting Indian HistoryPublish On: 1981
Current Indian hiostory text books gloss over such miscreants as patriotic heroes . ... AYATOLLAH MENACE IN INDIA Ayatollahs wield dictatorial authority not only in Iran but even in India said an Indian Express report on February 28 ...