Although the relationship between religious practices and ritual is not a new field
of inquiry, research into the link ... 104 Andrew Walker White, Performing Orthodox Ritual in Byzantium (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 5.
Author: Andrew Mellas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Emotions in Byzantium came to life through hymnody, which invited the faithful to step into a liturgical world of compunction.
13 A. W. White, Performing Orthodox Ritual in Byzantium (Cambridge, 2015); R.
Nelson, 'Emphatic Vision: Looking at and with a Performative Byzantine Miniature
', Art History,30 (2007), 489–502. 14 G. Althoff, Die Macht der Rituale. Symbolik ...
Author: Teresa Shawcross
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Offering a comprehensive introduction to the history of books, readers and reading in the Byzantine Empire and its sphere of influence, this volume addresses a paradox. Advanced literacy was rare among imperial citizens, being restricted by gender and class. Yet the state's economic, religious and political institutions insisted on the fundamental importance of the written record. Starting from the materiality of codices, documents and inscriptions, the volume's contributors draw attention to the evidence for a range of interactions with texts. They examine the role of authors, compilers and scribes. They look at practices such as the close perusal of texts in order to produce excerpts, notes, commentaries and editions. But they also analyse the social implications of the constant intersection of writing with both image and speech. Showcasing current methodological approaches, this collection of essays aims to place a discussion of Byzantium within the mainstream of medieval textual studies.
By contrast, in Byzantium, touch and seeing were to a large extent equivalent and
interchangeable. ... performance tied in with other aspects of the liturgy of the Byzantine Eastern Orthodox Church, such as the use of incense, to produce a ...
Author: Jon P. Mitchell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Social Science
Ritual has long been a central concept in anthropological theories of religious transmission. Ritual, Performance and the Senses offers a new understanding of how ritual enables religious representations – ideas, beliefs, values – to be shared among participants. Focusing on the body and the experiential nature of ritual, the book brings together insights from three distinct areas of study: cognitive/neuroanthropology, performance studies and the anthropology of the senses. Eight chapters by scholars from each of these sub-disciplines investigate different aspects of embodied religious practice, ranging from philosophical discussions of belief to explorations of the biological processes taking place in the brain itself. Case studies range from miracles and visionary activity in Catholic Malta to meditative practices in theatrical performance and include three pilgrimage sites: the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the festival of Ramlila in Ramnagar, India and the mountain shrine of the Lord of the Shiny Snow in Andean Peru. Understanding ritual allows us to understand processes at the very centre of human social life and humanity itself, making this an invaluable text for students and scholars in anthropology, cognitive science, performance studies and religious studies.
The Revival of the Byzantine Musical Tradition at Mount Athos Tore Tvarnø Lind
... book represents an ethnographic encounter with Greek Orthodox monks and
their music. ... relegated to the past (ritual and performance practices in the Byzantine and post-Byzantine eras).3 Through conversations with monks and
living with ...
Author: Tore Tvarnø Lind
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
In The Past Is Always Present, Tore Tvarno Lind examines the musical revival of Greek Orthodox chant at the monastery of Vatopaidi within the monastic society of Mount Athos, Greece. In particular, Lind focuses on the musical activities at the monastery and the meaning of the past in the monks' efforts at improving their musical performance practice through an emphasis on tradition. Based on a decade of intense fieldwork and extensive interviews with members of Athos' monastic community, Lind covers a vast array of topics. From musical notation and the Greek oral tradition to CD covers and music production, the tension between tradition and modernity in the musical activity of the Athonite community raises a clear challenge to the quest to bring together Orthodox spirituality and quietude with musical production. The Past Is Always Present addresses all of these matters by focusing on the significance and meaning of the local chanting style. As Lind argues, Byzantine chant cannot be fully grasped in musicological terms alone, outside the context of prayer. Yet because chant is fundamentally a way of communicating with God, the sound generated must be exactly right, pushing issues of music notation, theory, and performance practice to the forefront. Byzantine chant, Lind ultimately argues, is a modern phenomenon as the monastic communities of Mount Athos negotiate with the realities of modern Orthodox identity in Greece. By reporting on the musical revival activities of this remarkable community through the topics of notation, musical theory, drone-singing, and spiritual silence, Lind looks at the ways in which Athonite heritage is shaped, touching upon the Byzantine chant's contemporary relationship with practice of pilgrimage and the phenomenon of religious tourism. Offering unique insights into the monastic culture at Mount Athos, The Past Is Always Present is for those especially interested in sacred music, past and present Greek culture, monastic life, religious tourism, and the fields of ethnomusicology and anthropology."
But Young ' s negative conclusion cannot be applied to the liturgical ritual of the
Eastern Orthodox Church . Realizing that Byzantine ... Such a conclusion could
be drawn from a comparison of this performance with Byzantine monastic typica .
Liturgical Subjects examines the history of the self in the Byzantine Empire, challenging narratives of Christian subjectivity that focus only on classical antiquity and the Western Middle Ages.
Author: Derek Krueger
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Liturgical Subjects examines the history of the self in the Byzantine Empire, challenging narratives of Christian subjectivity that focus only on classical antiquity and the Western Middle Ages. As Derek Krueger demonstrates, Orthodox Christian interior life was profoundly shaped by patterns of worship introduced and disseminated by Byzantine clergy. Hymns, prayers, and sermons transmitted complex emotional responses to biblical stories, particularly during Lent. Religious services and religious art taught congregants who they were in relation to God and each other. Focusing on Christian practice in Constantinople from the sixth to eleventh centuries, Krueger charts the impact of the liturgical calendar, the eucharistic rite, hymns for vigils and festivals, and scenes from the life of Christ on the making of Christian selves. Exploring the verse of great Byzantine liturgical poets, including Romanos the Melodist, Andrew of Crete, Theodore the Stoudite, and Symeon the New Theologian, he demonstrates how their compositions offered templates for Christian self-regard and self-criticism, defining the Christian "I." Cantors, choirs, and congregations sang in the first person singular expressing guilt and repentence, while prayers and sermons defined the collective identity of the Christian community as sinners in need of salvation. By examining the way models of selfhood were formed, performed, and transmitted in the Byzantine Empire, Liturgical Subjects adds a vital dimension to the history of the self in Western culture.
Author: Efthalia C. ConstantinidesPublish On: 2007
Strange as it may seem , Catholics converted to the Orthodox faith in Cyprus
during the decade following the Council of Florence . They were numerous ... The
first was issued in 1521 by Pope Leo I ; it forbade Latin priests from performing
services in Orthodox churches . ... Orthodox ritual , for as a declaration of faith he
Theatre and Drama in Byzantium : New Approaches , New Contexts Andrew
Walker White University of Maryland , College Park Over a ... attention to what Byzantines themselves had to say on the subject , it is now possible to
understand the Eastern Empire ' s performing arts ... to follow the lead of Western
scholars and define Orthodox spatial and ritual practices as inherently “ dramatic
" or " theatrical .
... artists were more interested in representing them performing some office
appropriate to the episcopal state , notably preaching ... of new saints written
throughout the Byzantine epoch , but new Lives or encomia of those who already
had an established place in the Synaxary . ... At a council orthodoxy triumphed
over error .
This component of the Ritual certainly signals inequality interpretable as
submission , as we see in the sixteenth - century ... 22 If inequality is indeed
signaled at the immediate level of performance by the tsar , then it is purposeful
inequality , designed to ... our most pious autocrats deign to be in it , in order to
show the Orthodox people the image of their humility and submission before
Christ the Lord .
Ceremonial performance of public readings in the Liturgy of the Orthodox Church
The reading from Scripture ( ņi áváy vwoic ) in the Byzantine liturgy is a multi -
layered ritual , which is described in minute detail in the liturgical books $ 339 .
they have survived in Greece to modern times 1033 where the related ritual of the
kindóves significantly employs a jar of water and a young child . ... On the other
hand , it should also be remembered that in the eyes of rigorous adherents to the orthodox tradition , all divination ... as depending upon material demons who
operate in water poured into a specially marked basin over which a rite is performed .
RELIGION AND EXPRESSIVE CULTURE Over 97 percent of Greece's
population belongs to the Hellenic Orthodox ... Since the Byzantine Empire , and
particularly after the schism between eastern and western Christianity in 1054 ...
Important rituals are performed at the grave both forty days and one year after the
Author: Melvin Ember
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
Category: Social Science
Provides information about location, history, economy, political organizations, family relationships, and religious beliefs for hundreds of cultures around the world
At the same time at which Orthodox Christians questioned the essence of the
eucharistic sacrifice , Byzantium was ... rubrics for this portion of the liturgy shows
that celebrants were not held to a single manner of ritual performance . Changes
Author: Sharon E. J. Gerstel
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Sharon Gerstel evokes a wide range of written and painted sources in order to analyze the decoration of the Byzantine sanctuary from the perspective of its contemporary viewer, from monk to liturgical celebrant, from bishop to lay worshipper. In a new presentation of the sanctuary program, the author reveals to the modern reader what was and even today is manifest only to the clergy. In medieval Byzantium an artistic program developed behind the sanctuary screen for priests, whose actions and words were reflected in the painted decorations. Lay people were permitted to view certain parts of the painted program and the eucharistic celebration, but the sanctuary was increasingly obscured from them by curtains and icons. This book explores monuments from a single region (Macedonia) that range over a span of three hundred years (1028-1328). This period encompasses the beginnings of the new program, its establishment, and its expansion, and in the absence of surviving monuments from the Byzantine capital, Macedonia (now divided among Greece, Bulgaria, and the former Yugoslavian Republic that bears its name) contains an unbroken sequence of decorated churches. This detailed examination of a related group of monuments demonstrates the varying popularity of certain subjects and details of decoration, and how innovative approaches to Christian iconography were passed between painters and churches.
Maybe the performance of the ritual within the Palm Sunday procession in
Novgorod ( which , as all investigators agree , influenced the ... 1 - 45 , passim )
who constantly stresses the emulation in Russia of the Byzantine installation
ceremony , also notes some differences ... of a bishop of the Russian Orthodox
Church do not include references to the performance of the Strator Service on
this occasion .
The late Byzantine antiquarian spirit encouraged the revival or elaboration of at
least three features of imperial ceremony ... Furthermore , Alexios II ' s wife was
the daughter of an Orthodox Georgian , Beka Jaqeli . ... Nicol , ' Kaisersalbung ,
The Unction of emperors in late Byzantine coronation ritual ' , Byzantine and
Modern Greek Studies , 2 ( 1976 ) , pp . ... II of Austria in 1148 . to a shield in Des
Michael Jefe hat the performed on state and religious feasts , such as weddings [
482 ] IV.
... the venue of choice for performing of rites of passage for such visitors ; and the
model that has been followed by most temple builders across ... For purposes of
this volume , of particular interest is the way the ritual life of ... They were Catholic
( of both Latin and Byzantine rites ) , Eastern Orthodox , Jewish , Presbyterian .
Author: Fred W. Clothey
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
In his comparative study of four Tamil resettlements, Clothey examines the rituals that have traveled with these South Indian communities - Hindu, Muslim, and Christian - and how these practices perpetuate or modify the heritages these groups claim for themselves in their new environs. Clothey looks specifically at settlements in the cities of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Singapore; Mumbai, India; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Describing such settlements as communities living on boundaries, Clothey explores how their existence illustrates divisions between ethnic, local, and global identities; between generations; and between imagined pasts and uncertain futures. He contends that one of the most visible ways expatriated communities negotiate these boundaries is through the use of ritual - the building of shrines and temples, the use of festivals and performances, and the enactment of ancient ceremonies.