Popular Religion and Shamanism

Popular Religion and Shamanism

Each area represents a distinct tradition of scholarship, and the book is therefore split into two parts. Part I: Popular Religion discusses the evolution of organized lay movements over an arc of ten centuries.

Author: Xisha Ma

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004174559

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 499

View: 928

Popular Religion and Shamanism addresses two areas of religion within Chinese society; the lay teachings that Chinese scholars term folk or “popular” religion, and shamanism. Each area represents a distinct tradition of scholarship, and the book is therefore split into two parts. Part I: Popular Religion discusses the evolution of organized lay movements over an arc of ten centuries. Its eight chapters focus on three key points: the arrival and integration of new ideas before the Song dynasty, the coalescence of an intellectual and scriptural tradition during the Ming, and the efflorescence of new organizations during the late Qing. Part II: Shamanism reflects the revived interest of scholars in traditional beliefs and culture that reemerged with the “open” policy in China that occurred in the 1970s. Two of the essays included in this section address shamanism in northeast China where the traditions played an important role in the cultures of the Manchu, Mongol, Sibe, Daur, Oroqen, Evenki, and Hezhen. The other essay discusses divination rites in a local culture of southwest China.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Popular Religion and Shamanism

Popular Religion and Shamanism

Shamanism possesses a few especially prominent components and a concrete structure that is formed by them. These have been summarized by scholars as the “features” of shamanism. These features include: the shaman's trance activities, ...

Author: Xisha Ma

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047428015

Category: Religion

Page: 508

View: 171

Popular Religion and Shamanism addresses two areas of religion within Chinese society; the lay teachings that Chinese scholars term folk or “popular” religion, and shamanism. Each area represents a distinct tradition of scholarship, and the book is therefore split into two parts. Part I: Popular Religion discusses the evolution of organized lay movements over an arc of ten centuries. Its eight chapters focus on three key points: the arrival and integration of new ideas before the Song dynasty, the coalescence of an intellectual and scriptural tradition during the Ming, and the efflorescence of new organizations during the late Qing. Part II: Shamanism reflects the revived interest of scholars in traditional beliefs and culture that reemerged with the “open” policy in China that occurred in the 1970s. Two of the essays included in this section address shamanism in northeast China where the traditions played an important role in the cultures of the Manchu, Mongol, Sibe, Daur, Oroqen, Evenki, and Hezhen. The other essay discusses divination rites in a local culture of southwest China.
Categories: Religion

Shamans Nostalgias and the IMF

Shamans  Nostalgias  and the IMF

Emphasizing the shaman’s work as open and mutable, Kendall describes how gods and ancestors articulate the changing concerns of clients and how the ritual fame of these transactions has itself been transformed by urban sprawl, private ...

Author: Laurel Kendall

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824833985

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 280

View: 352

Thirty years ago, anthropologist Laurel Kendall did intensive fieldwork among South Korea’s (mostly female) shamans and their clients as a reflection of village women’s lives. In the intervening decades, South Korea experienced an unprecedented economic, social, political, and material transformation and Korean villages all but disappeared. And the shamans? Kendall attests that they not only persist but are very much a part of South Korean modernity. This enlightening and entertaining study of contemporary Korean shamanism makes the case for the dynamism of popular religious practice, the creativity of those we call shamans, and the necessity of writing about them in the present tense. Shamans thrive in South Korea’s high-rise cities, working with clients who are largely middle class and technologically sophisticated. Emphasizing the shaman’s work as open and mutable, Kendall describes how gods and ancestors articulate the changing concerns of clients and how the ritual fame of these transactions has itself been transformed by urban sprawl, private cars, and zealous Christian proselytizing. For most of the last century Korean shamans were reviled as practitioners of antimodern superstition; today they are nostalgically celebrated icons of a vanished rural world. Such superstition and tradition occupy flip sides of modernity’s coin—the one by confuting, the other by obscuring, the beating heart of shamanic practice. Kendall offers a lively account of shamans, who once ministered to the domestic crises of farmers, as they address the anxieties of entrepreneurs whose dreams of wealth are matched by their omnipresent fears of ruin. Money and access to foreign goods provoke moral dilemmas about getting and spending; shamanic rituals express these through the longings of the dead and the playful antics of greedy gods, some of whom have acquired a taste for imported whiskey. No other book-length study captures the tension between contemporary South Korean life and the contemporary South Korean shamans’ work. Kendall’s familiarity with the country and long association with her subjects permit nuanced comparisons between a 1970s "then" and recent encounters—some with the same shamans and clients—as South Korea moved through the 1990s, endured the Asian Financial Crisis, and entered the new millennium. She approaches her subject through multiple anthropological lenses such that readers interested in religion, ritual performance, healing, gender, landscape, material culture, modernity, and consumption will find much of interest here.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Shamanism

Shamanism

A guide to worldwide shamanism and shamanistic practices, emphasizing historical and current cultural adaptations. This two-volume reference is the first international survey of shamanistic beliefs from prehistory to the present day.

Author: Mariko Namba Walter

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781576076453

Category: Religion

Page: 1055

View: 529

A guide to worldwide shamanism and shamanistic practices, emphasizing historical and current cultural adaptations. * Nearly 200 entries on shamanic belief systems, practices, rituals, and related phenomena * 152 contributors including international experts and pioneering researchers in the field * 100 photos, charts, and tables * Multicultural bibliography of significant materials from the fields of history, ethnography, and anthropology
Categories: Religion

Shamanism Discourse Modernity

Shamanism  Discourse  Modernity

Popular Religion and Shamanism (trans. Zhen Chi and Thomas David DuBois). Leiden: Brill. Mamdani, Mahmood. 1996. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Colonialism. Kampala, Uganda: Fountain Publishers.

Author: Thomas Karl Alberts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317055891

Category: Religion

Page: 300

View: 207

Shamanism, Discourse, Modernity considers indigenous peoples’ struggles for human rights, anxieties about anthropocentric mastery of nature, neoliberal statecraft, and entrepreneurialism of the self. The book focuses on four domains - shamanism, indigenism, environmentalism and neoliberalism - in terms of interrelated historical processes and overlapping discourses. In doing so, it engages with shamanism’s manifold meanings in a world increasingly sensitive to indigenous peoples’ practices of territoriality, increasingly concerned about humans’ integral relationship with natural environments, and increasingly encouraged and coerced to adjust self-conduct to comport with and augment government conduct.
Categories: Religion

Shamanism

Shamanism

Defining religion In order to gain a clearer understanding of the problems of defining ' shaman ' it may be useful to explore another word that has currency in both popular and academic discourse : ' religion ' .

Author: Graham Harvey

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415253292

Category: Religion

Page: 461

View: 804

This is an essential tribute to the vitality and breadth of shamanic tradition both amongst the most distant tribes of America and Asia, and within seemingly ordinary aspects of modern western culture.
Categories: Religion

Shamanism in the Interdisciplinary Context

Shamanism in the Interdisciplinary Context

Shetland Finn - Men : Interpretations of Shamanism ? in Northern Religions and Shamanism , Ethnologica Uralica 3 ... Shamanism , Witchcraft and Christianity in Early Modern Europe , in Studies in Folklore and Popular Religion , Vol . 3.

Author: Art Leete

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581124033

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 305

View: 921

The understanding of shamanism in its variety of forms and manifestations has become vital in our understanding of the origins and development of ideological systems of the human family. Though not a religion, shamanism is the first formalization of the human quest for meaning, understanding and participation in the mysteries of the cosmic drama. It is a global phenomenon; cultural specific practices and beliefs reflecting and embodying universal "truths." This book is a collection of the papers presented at the 6th Conference of the International Society for Shamanistic Research held at the Viljandi Kultuurikolledz, Viljandi, Estonia in August of 2001. It represents the contemporary work of international scholarship in its attempt to understand the complexities of shamanism, both ancient and surviving. Increasingly the study of shamanism is interdisciplinary. These papers and articles offer, as well, an example of the mix of disciplines presently coming to bear on the study of shamanism.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

History of Civilizations of Central Asia

History of Civilizations of Central Asia

Part One RELIGIONS IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN ENVIRONMENT ( R. Meserve ) Turkic and Mongol beliefs , the Tibetan Bon religion and shamanism The indigenous religion in Central Asia developed along two lines : the popular or folk religion was ...

Author: M.S.Asimov

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.

ISBN: 8120815963

Category: Asia, Central

Page: 745

View: 529

Categories: Asia, Central

Ayahuasca Shamanism in the Amazon and Beyond

Ayahuasca Shamanism in the Amazon and Beyond

In contrast with the new ayahuasca-based religions in Brazil, the spread of ayahuasca shamanism in western Amazonia has ... period into a more open social arena where it could be presented as popular medicine and popular religion.

Author: Beatriz Caiuby Labate

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199341207

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 665

"This book discusses how Amerindian epistemology and ontology related to certain indigenous shamanic rituals of the Amazon spread to Western societies, and how indigenous, mestizo, and cosmopolitan cultures have dialogued with and transformed these forest traditions. The collection also focuses on how shamanic rituals have been spreading and developing in post-traditional urban contexts throughout the world. Special attention is given to ayahuasca, a psychoactive drink usually composed of two plants, the vine Banisteriopsis caapi and leaves of the Psychotria viridis bush. Ayahuasca use has spread beyond its Amazonian origin and instigated a variety of legal and cultural responses in the countries it has spread to. The chapters in this book address some of the ways these responses have influenced ritual design and performance in traditional and non-traditional contexts. The book analyzes how displaced indigenous people and rubber tappers are engaged in creative reinvention of rituals, and how these rituals help build ethnic alliances and cultural and political strategies for their marginalized position. It also explores modernity's fascination with "tradition" and the "other." This phenomenon is directly tied to important classic and contemporary issues in anthropology. Some of them are the relationship between the expansion of ecotourism and ethnic tourism, recent indigenous cultural revivals, and the emergence of new ethnic identities. Another focus of this book is on trends in the commodification of indigenous cultures in post-colonial contexts, and the combination of shamanism with a network of health and spiritually-related services. Finally, the book addresses the topic of identity hybridization in global societies"--
Categories: Religion

Korean Shamanism

Korean Shamanism

This book examines the place of shamans within contemporary society as a cultural practice in which people make use of shamanic ritual and disputing the prevalent view that shamanism is 'popular culture', a 'women's religion' or 'performing ...

Author: Chongho Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351772143

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 517

Title first published in 2003. Shamanism has a contradictory position within the Korean cultural system, leading to the periodical suppression of shamanism yet also, paradoxically, ensuring its survival throughout Korean history. This book examines the place of shamans within contemporary society as a cultural practice in which people make use of shamanic ritual and disputing the prevalent view that shamanism is 'popular culture', a 'women's religion' or 'performing arts'. Directly confronting the prejudice against shamans and their paradoxical situation in a modern society such as Korea, this book reveals the cultural discrepancy between two worlds in Korean culture, the ordinary world and the shamanic world, showing that these two worlds cannot be reconciled. This unique study of shamanism offers a significant contribution to growing studies in indigenous anthropology and indigenous religions, and provides a captivating read for a wide range of readers through retelling the stories-never-to-be-told involving shamanic ritual.
Categories: Religion