SEEKING STATUS Most of the Prohibition gangsters were Italians 0r Iews. This was a period when immigration from the rural villages of Italy and the agricultural shtetls of Poland and Russia was at its height. The gangsters who came from ...
Author: Marc Mappen
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Category: True Crime
Master story teller Marc Mappen applies a generational perspective to the gangsters of the Prohibition era—men born in the quarter century span from 1880 to 1905—who came to power with the Eighteenth Amendment. On January 16, 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution went into effect in the United States, “outlawing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.” A group of young criminals from immigrant backgrounds in cities around the nation stepped forward to disobey the law of the land in order to provide alcohol to thirsty Americans. Today the names of these young men—Al Capone, Lucky Luciano, Dutch Schultz, Legs Diamond, Nucky Johnson—are more familiar than ever, thanks in part to such cable programs as Boardwalk Empire. Here, Mappen strips way the many myths and legends from television and movies to describe the lives these gangsters lived and the battles they fought. Placing their criminal activities within the context of the issues facing the nation, from the Great Depression, government crackdowns, and politics to sexual morality, immigration, and ethnicity, he also recounts what befell this villainous group as the decades unwound. Making use of FBI and other government files, trial transcripts, and the latest scholarship, the book provides a lively narrative of shootouts, car chases, courtroom clashes, wire tapping, and rub-outs in the roaring 1920s, the Depression of the 1930s, and beyond. Mappen asserts that Prohibition changed organized crime in America. Although their activities were mercenary and violent, and they often sought to kill one another, the Prohibition generation built partnerships, assigned territories, and negotiated treaties, however short lived. They were able to transform the loosely associated gangs of the pre-Prohibition era into sophisticated, complex syndicates. In doing so, they inspired an enduring icon—the gangster—in American popular culture and demonstrated the nation’s ideals of innovation and initiative. View a three minute video of Marc Mappen speaking about Prohibition Gangsters.
At the start of Prohibition, gangsters worked for legitimate businessmen with vested interests in the alcohol trade; by the time of repeal in '33, everyone worked for the gang boss. In the process, gangsters expanded their operations ...
Soon organized gangs conducted the import, distribution and sales of illegal liquor. Late night bars or clubs arose, ... Increased competition between gangs in the Prohibition era soon resulted in use of guns. Heavily armed “gangsters ...
Author: William Tregea
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Social Science
The Prisoners' World seeks to make the "prisoners' voice" come alive for regular college classroom students via author narrative essays as well as over sixty prisoner essays that shed light into prisoner experiences in California and Michigan penitentiaries.
Prohibition gangs were businesses to the extent that everything they did, even murdering people, was done in an efficient and businesslike manner. “A Mafia family was more than just a street gang,” says Reppetto.
Author: Jennifer MacKay
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
According to the FBI, 33,000 violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs, with nearly 1.4 million members, are criminally active in the U.S. today. One of the most notorious and dangerous gangs, Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, originated in Los Angeles and has as many as 50,000 members. The Justice Department credits gangs with illegal smuggling, transportation, and distribution of large amounts of drugs in the United States. This expansive volume explores the issues surrounding gangs. The book tackles the history of gangs in America, the relationship between gangs and culture, and gangs as businesses.
Many community leaders, politicians, and citizens supported these early gangs. The pre-Prohibition gangs of New York were usually classified by their national, religious, or racial background. They were principally made up of newly ...
Author: Lewis Yablonsky
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
The effects of gang violence are witnessed every day on the streets, in the news, and on the movie screen. In all these forums, gangs of young adults are associated with drugs and violence. Yet what is it that prompts young people to participate in violent behavior? And what can be done to extract adolescents from the gangster world of crime, death, and incarceration once they have become involved? In Gangsters: 50 Years of Madness, Drugs, and Death on the Streets of America, Lewis Yablonsky provides answers to the most baffling and crucial questions regarding gangs. Using information gathered from over forty years of experience working with gang members and based on hundreds of personal interviews, many conducted in prisons and in gang neighborhoods, Yablonsky explores the pathology of the gangsters' apparent addiction to incarceration and death. Gangsters is divided into four parts, including a brief history of gangs, the characteristics of gangs, successful approaches for treating gangsters in prison and the community, and concluding with a review and analysis of notable behavioral and social scientific theories of gangs. While condemning their violent behavior in no uncertain terms, Yablonsky offers hope through his belief that, given a chance in an effective treatment program, youths trapped in violent behavior can change their lives in positive ways and, in turn, facilitate positive change in their communities and society at large.
Prohibition. and. gangsters: 'The. Noble. Experiment'. according. to. Hollywood. The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (ratified by the states exactly one year earlier and enforced at midnight on 17 January 1920), ...
Author: Peter Boyle
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Alcohol has always been an issue in public health but it is currently assuming increasing importance as a cause of disease and premature death worldwide. Alcohol: Science, Policy, and Public Health provides an interdisciplinary source of information that links together, the usually separate fields of, science, policy, and public health. This comprehensive volume highlights the importance of bringing scientific knowledge to bear in order to strengthen and develop alcohol public policy. The book looks at the historical evolution of alcohol consumption in society, key early studies of alcohol and disease, and the cultural and social aspects of alcohol consumption. It then goes on to cover the chemistry and biology of alcohol, patterns of consumption, gender and age-related issues, alcohol and injury, alcohol and cancer and non-malignant disease, and various current therapeutic aspects. The book concludes with a section on alcohol policy, looking at issues of poverty, the availability of alcohol and alcohol control measures. This major reference, written by international leaders in the fields of alcoholism and alcohol policy, provides a comprehensive study of one of the foremost health problems in the world, and represents the highest standards of research within the field. It will be valuable to physicians and health professionals involved with patients with alcohol-related problems, scientists, public health specialists, health policy specialists, researchers and legislators as well as students of public health.
“The border prohibition problem along the Mexican boundary is regarded by prohibition agents as the biggest faced by federal agents in the enforcement of the Volstead Act. Practically the entire problem lies within the border district,” ...
Author: Samuel K. Dolan
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Even after WWI had ended, the region of Arizona, New Mexico, and West Texas stubbornly refused to be tamed. It was still a place where frontier gunfights still broke out at an alarming rate. Utilizing official records, newspaper accounts, and oral histories, Cowboys and Gangsters tells the story of the untamed “Wild West” of the Prohibition-era of the 1920s and early 1930s and introduces a rogues’ gallery of sixgun-packing western gunfighters and lawmen. Told through the lens of the accounts of a handful of Texas Rangers and Federal Agents, this book covers a unique and action-packed era in American history. It’s a story that connects the horse and saddle days of the Old West, with the high-octane decade of the Roaring Twenties.
Lendler, Ian. Alcoholica Esoterica. New York: Penguin, 2005. Lerner, Michael A. Dry Manhattan: Prohibition in New York City. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007. Levine, Gary. Anatomy of a Gangster: Jack “Legs”Di- amond.
Author: J. Anne Funderburg
This work is an accurate, wide-ranging, and entertaining account of the illegal liquor traffic during the Prohibition Era (1920 to 1933). Based on FBI files, legal documents, old newspapers and other sources, it offers a coast-to-coast survey of Volstead crime—outrageous stories of America’s most notorious liquor lords, including Al Capone and Dutch Schultz. Readers will find the lesser known Volstead outlaws to be as fascinating as their more famous counterparts. The riveting tales of Max Hassel, Waxy Gordon, Roy Olmstead, the Purple Gang, the Havre Bunch, and the Capitol Hill Bootlegger will be new to most readers. Likewise, the exploits of women bootleggers and flying bootleggers are unknown to most Americans. Books about Prohibition usually note that Canadian liquor exporters abetted the U.S. bootleggers, but they fail to go into detail. Bootleggers and Beer Barons examines the major cross-border routes for smuggling liquor from Canada into the U.S.: Quebec to Vermont and New York, Ontario to Michigan, Saskatchewan to Montana, and British Columbia to Washington.
The growth of criminal activity related to Prohibition began. Urban gangsters were able to create syndicate crime organizations that took control of bootlegging and other industries and were easily able to fund the corruption of ...
Author: Wilbur R. Miller
Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this four-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia will: explicate philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; chart changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identify major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explore evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.
Which of the following reasons was the more important reason for the failure of prohibition? • The failure to enforce the law. • The violence of gangsters. Explain your answer with reference to both reasons. (12 marks) The violence of ...
Author: Tim Jenner
Publisher: Hachette UK
Exam board: AQA Level: GCSE Subject: History First teaching: September 2016 First exams: Summer 2018 Target success in AQA GCSE (9-1) History with this proven formula for effective, structured revision. Key content coverage is combined with exam-style questions, revision tasks and practical tips to create a revision guide that students can rely on to review, strengthen and test their knowledge. With My Revision Notes every student can: This revision guide covers the following options: Period studies Wider world depth studies Thematic studies British depth studies