Prostheses for the Brain

Prostheses for the Brain

Another viable visual prosthesis strategy is to bypass the retina and instead stimulate the LGN visual cortex. ... Brain Res. 1595, 51–73. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2014.11.020. Marc, R.E., Jones, B.W., Watt, C.B., Strettoi, ...

Author: Andrej Kral

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128188934

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 976

Prostheses for the Brain: Introduction to Neuroprosthetics bridges the disciplines required in the field of neuroprosthetics and provides the interdisciplinary base required for understanding neuroprosthetic devices. It introduces basic aspects from the physical, bioengineering and medical perspectives, and forms a common knowledge base. It provides the entrance to the field and sets realistic expectations, both regarding potentials as well as limitations, for the devices in both design and outcomes. The book additionally reviews the technology behind the most frequently used and most clinically successful neuroprosthetic devices. It provides the physiological background for their function, as well as the technology behind them. Finally, the authors suggest future possible developments that may play crucial role in new prostheses for the brain. This gives the reader a comprehensive view on the principles and applications of neuroprostheses. This book has been built from the authors course they teach on neuroprostheses and is ideal for students, engineers and medical professionals in this field. Introduces the general principles of conductivity of electrolytes and the processes at the tissue–electrode interface Describes safety issues and regulatory rules, clarifies conceptual differences between stimulating and sensing electrodes Reviews stimulation strategies, tissue reactions, potential medical complications, brain adaptations and the clinically most successful applications of neuroprostheses
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses.

Author: Robert J. Maciunas

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 1879284731

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 252

Neural prostheses have been used for centuries as structural replacements, in particular for injuries to the cranium. And today, neural prostheses are designed to restore a broad range of nervous system functions previously lost due to trauma or disease. While their complexity may vary from nerve conduits to prosthetic brain implants, neural devices have improved the lives of patients and broadened the scope of disabilities that can be treated. Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses. Dr. Maciunas has gathered the country's leading experts in structural and functional protheses development to provide a look at the history, current use and the future of prostheses in the areas of: Spinal instrumentation as implanted neural prostheses Cranial reconstruction Angioplasty and stenting The use of indwelling of radioisotopes Chemodes Slow-release polymers for chemotherapy Cell transplantation for movement disorders Gene therapy for the treatment of CNS disease Microelectrode prostheses Cochlear implants -The use of robotics (Distributed by Thieme for the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)
Categories: Medical

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology

For a neuroprosthesis we merely want to provide the brain a tool to work with, rather than try to duplicate its ... If we can present the cortex cells with a coding system of responses that activate the prostheses, then the brain can ...

Author: Gabor L. Hornyak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 786

View: 179

WINNER 2009 CHOICE AWARD OUTSTANDING ACADEMIC TITLE! Nanotechnology is no longer a subdiscipline of chemistry, engineering, or any other field. It represents the convergence of many fields, and therefore demands a new paradigm for teaching. This textbook is for the next generation of nanotechnologists. It surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. This color text is an ideal companion to Introduction to Nanoscience by the same group of esteemed authors. Both titles are also available as the single volume Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Neural Prostheses for Locomotion

Neural Prostheses for Locomotion

published: 15 December 2017 doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00696 electroencephalogram-Based Brain–computer interface and Lower-Limb Prosthesis control: A case study Douglas P. Murphy1, Ou Bai 1,2, Ashraf S. Gorgey 1,3*, John Fox1, ...

Author: Daniel P. Ferris

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889719396

Category: Science

Page:

View: 662

Categories: Science

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

The book is divided into two sections. The first section details some of the most successful sensory and motor prosthetic devices available. It pays particular attention to the present usefulness and future promise of these devices.

Author: John K. Chapin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849322251

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 977

The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics. While the creation of a "six million dollar man" may still be far into the future, neural prostheses are rapidly becoming viable theories for a broad range of patients with injury or disease of the nervous system. Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function presents a general review of exciting scientific discoveries that show the feasibility of using electronic devices to restore motor function in paralyzed patients. The book is divided into two sections. The first section details some of the most successful sensory and motor prosthetic devices available. It pays particular attention to the present usefulness and future promise of these devices. It explores different approaches to the use of functional electrical stimulation for the restoration of motor control. The second section highlights the growing field of brain-implantable devices for the control of artificial prosthetic devices or neural prosthetics. It considers the possible scientific and clinical advantages of using implanted devices to record signals from the nervous system and the use of those signals for the restoration of neurological function. The book presents research data that relates to the feasibility of using brain-controlled neurorobotic devices. It offers a new perspective on the practice of combining neurochemical and neurophysiological information to create prosthetic control devices that restore chemical balance to the brain. Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function examines several different types of neural prosthetic devices as well as recent advances in research for novel devices to restore sensory and motor function in patients with neural damage. It provides authoritative information on neural prosthetic techniques and applications - specifically in relation to the sensory and motor systems of the brain.
Categories: Science

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research

Then , with the prosthetic foot slightly ahead of the sound one , he flexes his knee with progressively more weight on ... movements and positions of the amputation limb to the prosthesis proportionally ; the brain adapts to prosthesis ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112107055250

Category: Disabled veterans

Page:

View: 976

Categories: Disabled veterans

Top Brain Bottom Brain

Top Brain  Bottom Brain

James Gleick, author of The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood, calls the billions of Web pages that constitute the Internet “the global prosthetic brain.”6 But this isn't quite right. The Internet is a vast memory, ...

Author: Stephen Kosslyn

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451645118

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 472

Revised edition of the authors' Top brain, bottom brain: surprising insights into how you think, published in 2013.
Categories: Business & Economics

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications.

Author: David Zhou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387772618

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 534

Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Auditory Prostheses

Auditory Prostheses

Pain, 124(3), 349–359. Haberler, C., Alesch, F., Mazal, P. R., Pilz, P., Jellinger, K., Pinter, M. M., Hainfellner, J. A., & Budka, H. (2000). No tissue damage by chronic deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease.

Author: Fan-Gang Zeng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441994343

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 831

Cochlear implants are currently the standard treatment for profound sensorineural hearing loss. In the last decade, advances in auditory science and technology have not only greatly expanded the utility of electric stimulation to other parts of the auditory nervous system in addition to the cochlea, but have also demonstrated drastic changes in the brain in responses to electric stimulation, including changes in language development and music perception. Volume 20 of SHAR focused on basic science and technology underlying the cochlear implant. However, due to the newness of the ideas and technology, the volume did not cover any emerging applications such as bilateral cochlear implants, combined acoustic-electric stimulation, and other types of auditory prostheses, nor did it review brain plasticity in responses to electric stimulation and its perceptual and language consequences. This proposed volume takes off from Volume 20, and expands the examination of implants into new and highly exciting areas. This edited book starts with an overview and introduction by Dr. Fan-Gang Zeng. Chapters 2-9 cover technological development and the advances in treating the full spectrum of ear disorders in the last ten years. Chapters 10-15 discuss brain responses to electric stimulation and their perceptual impact. This volume is particularly exciting because there have been quantum leap from the traditional technology discussed in Volume 20. Thus, this volume is timely and will be of real importance to the SHAR audience.
Categories: Medical

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions.

Author: Theodore W. Berger

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262025779

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 384

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.
Categories: Medical