Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization QTM 94

Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization     QTM    94

It was pointed out in the review article by L. Gunther in the December, 1990 issue of Physics World, that QTM may be destined to play a significant role within the next two decades in limiting the density of information storage in magnetic ...

Author: Leon Gunther

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401104036

Category: Science

Page: 507

View: 492

The first NATO Advanced Workshop on Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization (QTM) was organized and co-directed by Bernard Barbara, Leon Gunther, Nicolas Garcia, and Anthony Leggett and was held from June, 27 through July 1, 1994 in Grenoble and Chichilianne, France. These Proceedings include twenty-nine articles that represent the contributions of the participants in the Workshop. Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization is not only interesting for purely academic reasons. It was pointed out in the review article by L. Gunther in the December, 1990 issue of Physics World, that QTM may be destined to play a significant role within the next two decades in limiting the density of information storage in magnetic systems. Recent advances have indicated that this limitation may well be reached even earlier than first predicted. Furthermore, the number of people who have entered the field of study of QTM during these past few years has increased many fi)ld. The time was therefore opportune to hold a Workshop to bring together for the first time the leading researchers of QTM, both theoretical and experimental, so as to discuss the current status of the field. The most controversial issue at the time of the Workshop was how to establish r.eliable criteria for determining whether experimental results do indeed reveal manifestations of QTM. We believe that much progress was made at the Workshop on this issue.
Categories: Science

Molecular Magnets

Molecular Magnets

... Int. Conf. on Noise in Physical Systems, Gaithersburg, Maryland (1981) 6. Y. Kaluzny, P. Goy, M. Gross, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1175 (1983) 7. D.P. Di Vincenzo, in Quantum Tunneling of MagnetizationQTM'94, ...

Author: Juan Bartolomé

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642406096

Category: Science

Page: 395

View: 837

This book provides an overview of the physical phenomena discovered in magnetic molecular materials over the last 20 years. It is written by leading scientists having made the most important contributions to this active area of research. The main topics of this book are the principles of quantum tunneling and quantum coherence of single-molecule magnets (SMMs), phenomena which go beyond the physics of individual molecules, such as the collective behavior of arrays of SMMs, the physics of one-dimensional single–chain magnets and magnetism of SMMs grafted on substrates. The potential applications of these physical phenomena to classical and quantum information, communication technologies, and the emerging fields of molecular spintronics and magnetic refrigeration are stressed. The book is written for graduate students, researchers and non-experts in this field of research.
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Quantum Phenomena in Clusters and Nanostructures

Quantum Phenomena in Clusters and Nanostructures

B. 61, 12204 (2000). A.J. Leggett in Quantum Tunneling of MagnetizationQTM'94 (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995), p. 1. N.V. Prokof'ev and P.C.E. Stamp, Quantum Tunneling of MagnetizationQTM'94, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995), ...

Author: Shiv N. Khanna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662026069

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 488

Clusters represent a new class of materials with totally new applications. This broad-ranging book presents and evaluates some of the latest developments in this area. The authors present some of the important recent advances made through the use of new experimental techniques and theoretical approaches.
Categories: Science

Advanced Magnetic Nanostructures

Advanced Magnetic Nanostructures

M. A. Novak and R. Sessoli, in “Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization-QTM'94“, Vol. 301 of NATO ASI Series E: Applied Sciences, Eds. L. Gunther and B. Barbara, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London 1995, pp. 171-188. C. Paulsen and J.-G. Park ...

Author: D.J. Sellmyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387233161

Category: Science

Page: 508

View: 945

Advanced magnetic nanostructures is an emerging field in magnetism and nanotechnology, but the literature consists of a rich variety of original papers and parts of reviews and books whose scope is comparatively broad. This calls for a book with specific emphasis on state-of-the-art synthetic methods for fabricating, characterizing and theoretically modeling new magnetic nanostructures. This book is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the present state of the field. Leading researchers world-wide have contributed a survey of their special ties to guide the reader through the exploding literature in nanomagnetic structures. The focus is on deliberately structured nanomagnets. It includes cluster assembled, self-organized and patterned thin films but excludes, for example, multilayered thin films. We target both industrial and academic researchers in magnetism and related areas, such as nanotechnology, materials science, and theoretical solid-state physics.
Categories: Science

Quantum Entanglement and Information Processing

Quantum Entanglement and Information Processing

(i) Choose a system where the NMR frequencies far exceed the tunnel frequencies making any coupling impossible. ... In L. Gunther and B. Barbara, editors, Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization-QTM'94, volume 301 of NATO ASI Series E.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080535429

Category: Science

Page: 638

View: 104

It has been recognised recently that the strange features of the quantum world could be used for new information transmission or processing functions such as quantum cryptography or, more ambitiously, quantum computing. These fascinating perspectives renewed the interest in fundamental quantum properties and lead to important theoretical advances, such as quantum algorithms and quantum error correction codes. On the experimental side, remarkable advances have been achieved in quantum optics, solid state physics or nuclear magnetic resonance. This book presents the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School on ‘Quantum entanglement and information processing’. Following the long tradition of the les Houches schools, it provides a comprehensive and pedagogical approach of the whole field, written by renowned specialists. One major goal of this book is to establish connections between the communities of quantum optics and of quantum electronic devices working in the area of quantum computing. When two communities share the same goals, the universality of physics unavoidably leads to similar developments. However, the communication barrier is often high, and few physicists are able to overcome it. This school has contributed to bridge the existing gap between communities, for the benefit of the future actors in the field of quantum computing. The book thus combines introductory chapters, providing the reader with a sufficiently wide theoretical framework in quantum information, quantum optics and quantum circuits physics, with more specialized presentations of recent theoretical and experimental advances in the field. This structure makes the book accessible to any graduate student having a good knowledge of basic quantum mechanics, and extremely useful to researchers. · Covers quantum optics, solid state physics and NMR implementations · Pedagogical approach combining introductory lectures and advanced chapters · Written by leading experts in the field · Accessible to all graduate students with a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics
Categories: Science

Exploring the Quantum classical Frontier

Exploring the Quantum classical Frontier

Section III discussed the mechanisms of magnetization reversal in single - domain particles at zero kelvin . For extremely small particles , the magnetization should reverse ... [ 2 ] Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization - QTM'94 , Vol .

Author: Jonathan R. Friedman

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590332245

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 697

Exploring the Quantum/Classical Frontier - Recent Advances in Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena
Categories: Science

Handbook of Advanced Magnetic Materials

Handbook of Advanced Magnetic Materials

Nature 372 : 761 ( 1994 ) Gunther , L. and B. Barbara . Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization - QTM'94 , volume 301 of NATO ASI Series E : Applied Sciences . Kluwer Academic Publishers , London ( 1995 ) Haldane , F. Phys . Rev. Lett .

Author: David J. Sellmyer

Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司

ISBN: 7302080860

Category: Magnetic materials

Page: 604

View: 564

Categories: Magnetic materials

Handbook of Advanced Magnetic Materials

Handbook of Advanced Magnetic Materials

Rev. Lett. 83 : 4148 (1999) Guerret-Piécourt, C. , Y. L. Bouar, A. Loiseau and H. Pascard. Nature 372 : 761 (1994) Gunther, L. and B. Barbara. Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization-QTM'94, volume 301 of NATO ASI Series ...

Author: Yi Liu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402079849

Category: Science

Page: 1794

View: 282

In December 2002, the world's first commercial magnetic levitation super-train went into operation in Shanghai. The train is held just above the rails by magnetic levitation (maglev) and can travel at a speed of 400 km/hr, completing the 30km journey from the city to the airport in minutes. Now consumers are enjoying 50 GB hard drives compared to 0.5 GB hard drives ten years ago. Achievements in magnetic materials research have made dreams of a few decades ago reality. The objective of the four volume reference, Handbook of Advanced Magnetic Materials, is to provide a comprehensive review of recent progress in magnetic materials research. Each chapter will have an introduction to give a clear definition of basic and important concepts of the topic. The details of the topic are then elucidated theoretically and experimentally. New ideas for further advancement are then discussed. Sufficient references are also included for those who wish to read the original work. In the last decade, one of the most significant thrust areas of materials research has been nanostructured magnetic materials. There are several critical sizes that control the behavior of a magnetic material, and size effects become especially critical when dimensions approach a few nanometers, where quantum phenomena appear. The first volume of the book, Nanostructured Advanced Magnetic Materials, has therefore been devoted to the recent development of nanostructured magnetic materials, emphasizing size effects. Our understanding of magnetism has advanced with the establishment of the theory of atomic magnetic moments and itinerant magnetism. Simulation is a powerful tool for exploration and explanation of properties of various magnetic materials. Simulation also provides insight for further development of new materials. Naturally, before any simulation can be started, a model must be constructed. This requires that the material be well characterized. Therefore the second volume, Characterization and Simulation provides a comprehensive review of both experimental methods and simulation techniques for the characterization of magnetic materials. After an introduction, each section gives a detailed description of the method and the following sections provide examples and results of the method. Finally further development of the method will be discussed. The success of each type of magnetic material depends on its properties and cost which are directly related to its fabrication process. Processing of a material can be critical for development of artificial materials such as multilayer films, clusters, etc. Moreover, cost-effective processing usually determines whether a material can be commercialized. In recent years processing of materials has continuously evolved from improvement of traditional methods to more sophisticated and novel methods. The objective of the third volume, Processing of Advanced Magnetic Materials, is to provide a comprehensive review of recent developments in processing of advanced magnetic materials. Each chapter will have an introduction and a section to provide a detailed description of the processing method. The following sections give detailed descriptions of the processing, properties and applications of the relevant materials. Finally the potential and limitation of the processing method will be discussed. The properties of a magnetic material can be characterized by intrinsic properties such as anisotropy, saturation magnetization and extrinsic properties such as coercivity. The properties of a magnetic material can be affected by its chemical composition and processing route. With the continuous search for new materials and invention of new processing routes, magnetic properties of materials cover a wide spectrum of soft magnetic materials, hard magnetic materials, recording materials, sensor materials and others. The objective of the fourth volume, Properties and Applications of Advanced Magnetic Materials, is to provide a comprehensive review of recent development of various magnetic materials and their applications. Each chapter will have an introduction of the materials and the principles of their applications. The following sections give a detailed description of the processing, properties and applications. Finally the potential and limitation of the materials will be discussed.
Categories: Science

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology

Paulsen, C., Park, J.-G. Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization-QTM'94, vol. 301 of NATO ASI Series E Applied Sciences, (eds) Gunther, L. and Barbara, B., Kluwer, Academic Publishers, London, 1995) p. 189. Perenboom, J., Brooks, J., Hill, ...

Author: A.V. Narlikar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199533060

Category: Science

Page: 910

View: 485

These three volumes are intended to shape the field of nanoscience and technology and will serve as anessential point of reference for cutting-edge research in the field.
Categories: Science

Quantum computing with molecular magnets

Quantum computing with molecular magnets

[6.8] N. V. Prokof'ev and P. C. E. Stamp, Spin environments & the suppression of quantum coherence, Quantum Tunneling of Magnetization - QTM '94, vol. 301, p. 347, 1995. [6.9] P. C. E. Stamp, Dissipation and decoherence in quantum ...

Author: Repollés Rabinad, Ana María

Publisher: Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza

ISBN: 9788416515806

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 863

En esta tesis se han estudiado los imanes moleculares (SMM o Single Molecule Magnets en inglés) como potenciales candidatos para formar parte del procesador de un ordenador cuántico. En concreto, moléculas compuestas por uno, dos o tres iones que actúan como qubits. Por otro lado, se ha desarrollado una nueva generación de microsusceptómetros SQUID de 30 µm de diámetro que ha permitido estudiar el comportamiento de muestras de tamaño nanométrico como un primer paso para verificar el comportamiento de estos SMM aislados de su medio cristalino.
Categories: Science