Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laborat

Author: Duncan L. Hughes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420090933

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 424

Tasked by the Clean Water Act to restore and maintain the integrity of their waters, state and local governments must develop systems for assessing the health of the streams within their borders. They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laboratory methods, and data analysis necessary to create a protocol for analyzing the health of streams, using rapid bioassessment techniques. The editors explore how to determine reference streams in each ecoregion and subecoregion with specific indices of health. They provide field methods for monitoring and sampling invertebrates and laboratory methods for subsampling. The work focuses on the application of the EPA’s Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) but suggests various techniques that can be used to improve sampling protocols and quality control, where necessary. It also includes general listings of health classifications, appendices of more than 300 streams that have been sampled, and a GIS method for designating the reference condition for purposes of comparison in each ecological unit. Although the EPA’s RBP Manual is considered to be the standard of information on the types of metrics that can be used, this book explores, from a state regulatory standpoint, the practical development of such a system to begin compliance with critical sections of the Clean Water Act. A compendium of information about prioritizing those streams and small rivers requiring analysis, this book contains guidelines on the assessment of streams in a particular ecoregion and sampling streams that are at least impaired as points of comparison. It supplies guidance for the production of other rapid bioassessment tools customized to various ecoregions and subecoregions.
Categories: Science

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 128919680X

Category:

Page: 348

View: 909

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.
Categories:

Revisions to Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers Periphyton Benthic MacRoinvertebrates and Fish Draft

Revisions to Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers Periphyton  Benthic MacRoinvertebrates  and Fish Draft

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Author: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 1294025023

Category:

Page: 326

View: 571

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.
Categories:

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 1289211663

Category:

Page: 182

View: 468

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.
Categories:

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and ...

Author: U. S. Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: BiblioGov

ISBN: 1289203679

Category:

Page: 182

View: 179

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, 1970 by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA's struggle to protect health and the environment is seen through each of its official publications. These publications outline new policies, detail problems with enforcing laws, document the need for new legislation, and describe new tactics to use to solve these issues. This collection of publications ranges from historic documents to reports released in the new millennium, and features works like: Bicycle for a Better Environment, Health Effects of Increasing Sulfur Oxides Emissions Draft, and Women and Environmental Health.
Categories:

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

Periphyton bioassessment methods for Montana streams . Montana Water Quality Bureau , Department of Health and Environmental Science , Helena , Montana .

Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Water

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210024786921

Category: Water quality bioassay

Page:

View: 866

Categories: Water quality bioassay

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world.

Author: James L. Banning

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:662527431

Category:

Page:

View: 136

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world. Macroinvertebrates are resident monitors of chronic impairment in a stream since they are relatively sessile and most commonly respond to disturbance by drift but can recolonize a restored stream reach very quickly. This study tested the effectiveness of macroinvertebrate metrics developed through the Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) to detect changes in stream integrity as the result of placement of a best management practice (BMP), installed on a tributary of Roaring Branch, located in Columbus, Georgia. The BMP was designed to attenuate flow to reduce sediment suspension and downstream deposition. A sampling protocol derived from the Georgia Ecoregions Project was implemented to evaluate the macroinvertebrate community, located downstream of the BMP, and downstream of the confluence with Roaring Branch, both before and after the BMP installation. The resulting metrics were compared to a reference condition described for subecoregion 65c, sandhills-lower piedmont. A dramatic improvement or increase of macroinvertebrate populations suggests an improvement in water quality (via reduction in fine sediment deposition) due to improved physical habitat conditions for indicators (Trichoptera) of healthier streams. The results of this study suggests further restoration activities should continue and that re-evaluation of the sampling protocol should take into account a larger subsample size of benthic macroinvertebrates than currently recommended by the RBP.
Categories:

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June.

Author: Elena Blair

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1005142977

Category: Droughts

Page: 47

View: 753

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June. Sampling intermittent streams during this period may not provide an accurate assessment of stream health, because of the stream community dynamics related to the predictable drying of intermittent streams in Mediterranean climates. Furthermore, climate change may cause perennial streams to become intermittent and intermittent streams to cease flow entirely. The objectives of this study were to assess the recolonization process and community dynamics within and among three intermittent streams each with a different hydrologic regime (dry, isolated pools, and low flow in the summer/fall months) and to assess whether the current bioassessment protocol sampling period appropriately accounts for differences in community composition recovery of intermittent streams. Macroinvertebrates and environmental information were collected at three intermittent streams from August 2013 to July 2014 near Sunol, CA. Sampling was conducted at frequent intervals (1, 8, 15, and 22 days) once stream flow resumed after the dry season; after 22 days, samples were collected every three weeks until the streams dried. All streams exhibited rapid recolonization (especially San Antonio Creek, which only flowed for five weeks) once flow resumed, suggesting taxa were well adapted to the Mediterranean climate and may have resistant/resilient life history traits to survive drying in the summer months. Taxa richness was highest in isolated pool habitats (due to an increase in x predatory and air breathing taxa), contradicting most findings that increased connectivity is associated with higher taxa richness. Non Metric Multidimensional Scaling was used to assess community composition within and among the three streams. Communities became more similar during months of continuous flow (February, March, and early April), suggesting that an earlier sampling window than currently used would be useful for bioassessment. In conclusion, there is a need for more studies regarding macroinvertebrate community dynamics in relation to standard bioassessment sampling protocols and how the effects of floods, flow permanence, and drought influence community dynamics in Mediterranean climate intermittent streams.
Categories: Droughts

Connecting the Drops

Connecting the Drops

Stream Biomonitoring While streams on your map may all appear as ... To evaluate the overall health of a stream or river, you can use “rapid bioassessment ...

Author: Karen Schneller-McDonald

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501701597

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 133

The need for improved water resource protection, beginning with grassroots action, is urgent. The water we use depends on networks of wetlands, streams, and watersheds. Land-use activities, however, are changing these natural systems. Often these changes result in ecological damage, flooding, water pollution, and reduced water supply. We need a healthy environment that sustains our personal and community health; we also need vibrant and sustainable economic development that does not destroy the benefits we derive from nature. Our ability to accomplish both depends on how well we can "connect the drops." In this book, Karen Schneller-McDonald presents the basics of water resource protection: ecology and watershed science; techniques for evaluating environmental impacts; obstacles to protection and how to overcome them; and tips for protection strategies that maximize chances for success. Schneller-McDonald makes clear the important connections among natural cycles, watersheds, and ecosystems; the benefits they provide; and how specific development activities affect water quality and supply. The methods described in Connecting the Drops have broad application in diverse geographic locations. The environmental details may differ, but the methods are the same. For water resource managers and concerned citizens alike, Connecting the Drops helps readers interpret scientific information and contextualize news media reports and industry ads—ultimately offering "how to" guidance for developing resource protection strategies.
Categories: Nature

Classification System of the Physical Streambed Habitat

Classification System of the Physical Streambed Habitat

A streambed is the channel bottom of a stream, river, or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow.

Author: Abolfazl Shafaie

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:926040933

Category: River channels

Page: 159

View: 965

A streambed is the channel bottom of a stream, river, or creek; the physical confine of the normal water flow. It provides necessities for fish and microinvertebrate including shelter, food, and breeding spots. Therefore, it is an essential part of aquatic animal habitats and often seen as an index of stream health. There is no generally accepted method to quantify streambed physical components and depending upon state and organization a variety of methods are used. The procedure provided in the rapid bioassessment protocol (RBP) (Kaufmann et al., 1999; Sylte and Fischenich, 2002) is probably the most widely used method to assess the effect of various land use activates on stream habitat for management purposes in the United States. The RBP method was not intended as a procedure to assess streambed habitat; although it is often used for this purpose. This approach reduces the streambed physical components into the two variables: embeddedness and epifaunal substrate. Definitions and sampling procedure of these variables are vague and subjective. Streambed components with varying characteristics are grouped under the same category and some streambed components as important as gravel are not included in the categorizing of the streambed habitat. A measurement method that combines a photographic technique and grid sampling was developed to assess streambed components in a direct and simple way at the required level of accuracy. The portable photographic box (PPB) device utilizes a photographic technique to record images of physical streambed components under typical base flow of wadeable gravel-bed streams. Recorded images were digitized manually and the area of each streambed component in each grid cell was estimated to evaluate projected area of streambed component. The PPB facilitates sampling of streambed components of unit population with adequate picture quality rapidly. Five scenarios for sampling methods with varying accuracy and field and laboratory time requirements for quick and simple inventory of impaired stream habitat were recommended. Based on statistical analysis, residual was reduced from 33% in the rapid bioassessment to 28%, 14%, 7%, 5% and 0% in the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth scenario, respectively. In addition, measurement of the dissolved oxygen and temperature in ten riffles indicated that temperature in the first layer of subsurface was similar to those measured in the water column. No evidence was found to support substrate measurement of temperature. However, the dissolved oxygen concentration varied significantly for embedded and free patches. In contrast to the free gravel and epifaunal substrate, the DO content in fine material, embedded gravel, and embedded epifaunal substrate components was in anoxia and hypoxia. Hypoxia and anoxia lasted for several days after flood events.
Categories: River channels

River Science

River Science

Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA. Jackson, S., Stoeckl, N., Straton, A. and Stanley, O. 2008.

Author: David J. Gilvear

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118643518

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 857

River Science is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field at the interface of the natural sciences, engineering and socio-political sciences. It recognises that the sustainable management of contemporary rivers will increasingly require new ways of characterising them to enable engagement with the diverse range of stakeholders. This volume represents the outcome of research by many of the authors and their colleagues over the last 40 years and demonstrates the integral role that River Science now plays in underpinning our understanding of the functioning of natural ecosystems, and how societal demands and historic changes have affected these systems. The book will inform academics, policy makers and society in general of the benefits of healthy functioning riverine systems, and will increase awareness of the wide range of ecosystem goods and services they provide.
Categories: Science

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: ... Measuring the health of California streams and rivers: A methods manual for water ...

Author: James L. Martin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482206074

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 387

Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments. The book concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods. The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters. Written from an engineering perspective, the book is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering. It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.
Categories: Science

Landscape Change Along the Carioca River Rio de Janeiro Brazil

Landscape Change Along the Carioca River  Rio de Janeiro  Brazil

Sampling Protocols for Rapid Bioassessment of Streams and Lakes Using
Benthic Macroinvertebrates . Dorset , Ontario : Dorset Environmental Science
Centre , Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy DIAS , Ondemar . 1998. O
índio no ...

Author: Monica Bahia Schlee

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000049629682

Category: Carioca River Valley (Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

Page: 212

View: 381

Categories: Carioca River Valley (Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science

Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science

A Biological Assessment of Upper Muncy Creek ( Lycoming / Sullivan Co. , PA ) .
... Macroinvertebrate scores for the Hilsenhoff indicated fair to excellent stream
health and the RBA indicated a non ... They demonstrate rapid onset ( 30 secs . )
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:62544950

Category: Science

Page:

View: 528

Categories: Science

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Michigan American Public Health Association . American Waterworks to socialion . and Water Pollution Control Feuerulion . Si Standard Methods for the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00280448L

Category: Water quality bioassay

Page:

View: 901

Categories: Water quality bioassay

Volunteer Stream Monitoring

Volunteer Stream Monitoring

Based primarily on EPA's Rapid Bioassessment Protocols , this approach has been adapted by Maryland Save Our Streams , the River Watch Network and other ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210024931873

Category: Environmental monitoring

Page: 211

View: 818

Categories: Environmental monitoring

Forest Operations Engineering and Management

Forest Operations  Engineering and Management

... most sites with BMPs scored high on rapid bioassessment protocols III (RBPs) established by the Environmental Protection Agency to assess stream health.

Author: Raffaele Spinelli

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038971849

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 790

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Forest Operations, Engineering and Management" that was published in Forests
Categories: Science

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

Without the ability to assign a quality rating to a stream based on physical, ... parameters for streams extracted from other methods: Rapid Bioassessment ...

Author: John Dorney

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128050927

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 208

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments: Development, Validation, and Application describes the scientific and environmental policy background for rapid wetland and stream assessments, how such assessment methods are developed and statistically verified, and how they can be used in environmental decision-making—including wetland and stream permitting. In addition, it provides several case studies of method development and use in various parts of the world. Readers will find guidance on developing and testing such methods, along with examples of how these methods have been used in various programs across North America. Rapid wetland and stream functional assessments are becoming frequently used methods in federal, state and local environmental permitting programs in North America. Many governments are interested in developing new methods or improving existing methods for their own jurisdictions. This book provides an ideal guide to these initiatives. Offers guidance for the use and evaluation of rapid assessments to developers and users of these methods, as well as students of wetland and stream quality Contains contributions from sources who are successful in academia, industry and government, bringing credibility and relevance to the content Includes a statistically-based approach to testing the validity of the rapid method, which is very important to the usefulness and defensibility of assessment methods
Categories: Science

Eastside Forest Ecosystem Health Assessment

Eastside Forest Ecosystem Health Assessment

of assessing conditions in stream ecosystems . ... The rapid bioassessment protocol approach is hierarchical in that there are several tiers of intensity ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D02974922C

Category: Ecosystem management

Page: 376

View: 915

Categories: Ecosystem management