Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health

They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laborat

Author: Duncan L. Hughes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420090933

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 107

Tasked by the Clean Water Act to restore and maintain the integrity of their waters, state and local governments must develop systems for assessing the health of the streams within their borders. They quickly find that one size does not fit all when it comes to sampling. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health examines the sampling techniques, laboratory methods, and data analysis necessary to create a protocol for analyzing the health of streams, using rapid bioassessment techniques. The editors explore how to determine reference streams in each ecoregion and subecoregion with specific indices of health. They provide field methods for monitoring and sampling invertebrates and laboratory methods for subsampling. The work focuses on the application of the EPA’s Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) but suggests various techniques that can be used to improve sampling protocols and quality control, where necessary. It also includes general listings of health classifications, appendices of more than 300 streams that have been sampled, and a GIS method for designating the reference condition for purposes of comparison in each ecological unit. Although the EPA’s RBP Manual is considered to be the standard of information on the types of metrics that can be used, this book explores, from a state regulatory standpoint, the practical development of such a system to begin compliance with critical sections of the Clean Water Act. A compendium of information about prioritizing those streams and small rivers requiring analysis, this book contains guidelines on the assessment of streams in a particular ecoregion and sampling streams that are at least impaired as points of comparison. It supplies guidance for the production of other rapid bioassessment tools customized to various ecoregions and subecoregions.
Categories: Science

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers

The effects of livestock grazing on riparian and stream ecosystems . Fisheries 16 ( 1 ) : 7-11 . Bahls , L.L. 1993. Periphyton bioassessment methods for Montana streams . Montana Water Quality Bureau , Department of Health and ...

Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Water

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210024786921

Category: Water quality bioassay

Page:

View: 244

Categories: Water quality bioassay

River Science

River Science

The future of the Murray River: Amenity re-considered? Geographical Research 46: 291–302. Hughes, D.L., Brossett, M.P., Gore, J.A. and Olson, J.R. (eds). 2010. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, USA.

Author: David J. Gilvear

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118643518

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 282

River Science is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field at the interface of the natural sciences, engineering and socio-political sciences. It recognises that the sustainable management of contemporary rivers will increasingly require new ways of characterising them to enable engagement with the diverse range of stakeholders. This volume represents the outcome of research by many of the authors and their colleagues over the last 40 years and demonstrates the integral role that River Science now plays in underpinning our understanding of the functioning of natural ecosystems, and how societal demands and historic changes have affected these systems. The book will inform academics, policy makers and society in general of the benefits of healthy functioning riverine systems, and will increase awareness of the wide range of ecosystem goods and services they provide.
Categories: Science

Connecting the Drops

Connecting the Drops

To evaluate the overall health of a stream or river, you can use “rapid bioassessment,” a method developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency for describing physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of streams.25 By ...

Author: Karen Schneller-McDonald

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501701597

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 661

The need for improved water resource protection, beginning with grassroots action, is urgent. The water we use depends on networks of wetlands, streams, and watersheds. Land-use activities, however, are changing these natural systems. Often these changes result in ecological damage, flooding, water pollution, and reduced water supply. We need a healthy environment that sustains our personal and community health; we also need vibrant and sustainable economic development that does not destroy the benefits we derive from nature. Our ability to accomplish both depends on how well we can "connect the drops." In this book, Karen Schneller-McDonald presents the basics of water resource protection: ecology and watershed science; techniques for evaluating environmental impacts; obstacles to protection and how to overcome them; and tips for protection strategies that maximize chances for success. Schneller-McDonald makes clear the important connections among natural cycles, watersheds, and ecosystems; the benefits they provide; and how specific development activities affect water quality and supply. The methods described in Connecting the Drops have broad application in diverse geographic locations. The environmental details may differ, but the methods are the same. For water resource managers and concerned citizens alike, Connecting the Drops helps readers interpret scientific information and contextualize news media reports and industry ads—ultimately offering "how to" guidance for developing resource protection strategies.
Categories: Nature

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Hydro Environmental Analysis

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish, 2nd ed. ... Measuring the health of California streams and rivers: A methods manual for water resource professionals, ...

Author: James L. Martin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482206074

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 282

Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments. The book concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods. The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters. Written from an engineering perspective, the book is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering. It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.
Categories: Science

Volunteer stream monitoring a methods manual

Volunteer stream monitoring a methods manual

Selecting Metrics to Determine Stream Health The Intensive Stream Biosurvey is based on the habitat assessment and macroinvertebrate sampling approach developed by EPA in its Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Streams and Rivers ...

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428906105

Category:

Page:

View: 949

Categories:

Forest Operations Engineering and Management

Forest Operations  Engineering and Management

Bioassessment is a common technique for assessing biological integrity of streams [132] and has been used to ... on rapid bioassessment protocols III (RBPs) established by the Environmental Protection Agency to assess stream health.

Author: Raffaele Spinelli

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038971849

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 426

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Forest Operations, Engineering and Management" that was published in Forests
Categories: Science

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments

... different parameters for streams extracted from other methods: Rapid Bioassessment Procedure–RBP scores (Barbour et al., ... The data required to use the WVSWVM is divided into three different aspects of stream health and quality: ...

Author: John Dorney

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128050927

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 915

Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments: Development, Validation, and Application describes the scientific and environmental policy background for rapid wetland and stream assessments, how such assessment methods are developed and statistically verified, and how they can be used in environmental decision-making—including wetland and stream permitting. In addition, it provides several case studies of method development and use in various parts of the world. Readers will find guidance on developing and testing such methods, along with examples of how these methods have been used in various programs across North America. Rapid wetland and stream functional assessments are becoming frequently used methods in federal, state and local environmental permitting programs in North America. Many governments are interested in developing new methods or improving existing methods for their own jurisdictions. This book provides an ideal guide to these initiatives. Offers guidance for the use and evaluation of rapid assessments to developers and users of these methods, as well as students of wetland and stream quality Contains contributions from sources who are successful in academia, industry and government, bringing credibility and relevance to the content Includes a statistically-based approach to testing the validity of the rapid method, which is very important to the usefulness and defensibility of assessment methods
Categories: Science

River Health and Ecology in South Asia

River Health and Ecology in South Asia

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for use in streams and wadeable rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish (2nd ed.), EPA 841-B-99-002, 235. Washington, DC, USA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water.

Author: Bidhan Chandra Patra

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030835538

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 698

This volume reviews recent hydrological and environmental issues resulting from human-induced water pollution practices while providing case studies on the physical, chemical, and eco-biological techniques used to mitigate the impacts of river ecosystem pollution in South Asian countries. The book demonstrates the key methods of measurement, monitoring, mapping, and modeling of river water quality and how it is impacted by pollution and incorporates contemporary geospatial technological applications for the management and sustainability of future water resources. The major topics that the book addresses are the fundamental concepts of river ecosystem health, riverine ecology and habitats, risk assessment of riverine pollution, and technology-based river pollution control strategies. The book will serve as an interdisciplinary guide for researchers, students, and GIS specialists working in various disciplines, including pollution hazards, river ecosystem restoration, water quality, remote sensing, zoology, natural resources management, and environmental geography.
Categories: Science

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers

INTRODUCTION Assessment of Impairment of Biological Integrity ( Not Human Health ... Three macroinvertebrate and two fish protocols are presented : Benthic Rapid Bioassessment Protocol I ( RBP I ) and fish Rapid Bioassessment Protocol ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00280448L

Category: Water quality bioassay

Page:

View: 234

Categories: Water quality bioassay

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Roaring Branch BMP Retrofit Using Macroinvertebrate Bioassessment

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world.

Author: James L. Banning

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:662527431

Category:

Page:

View: 966

ABSTRACT: Using benthic macroinvertebrates to measure stream health has been widely used and accepted around the world. Macroinvertebrates are resident monitors of chronic impairment in a stream since they are relatively sessile and most commonly respond to disturbance by drift but can recolonize a restored stream reach very quickly. This study tested the effectiveness of macroinvertebrate metrics developed through the Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) to detect changes in stream integrity as the result of placement of a best management practice (BMP), installed on a tributary of Roaring Branch, located in Columbus, Georgia. The BMP was designed to attenuate flow to reduce sediment suspension and downstream deposition. A sampling protocol derived from the Georgia Ecoregions Project was implemented to evaluate the macroinvertebrate community, located downstream of the BMP, and downstream of the confluence with Roaring Branch, both before and after the BMP installation. The resulting metrics were compared to a reference condition described for subecoregion 65c, sandhills-lower piedmont. A dramatic improvement or increase of macroinvertebrate populations suggests an improvement in water quality (via reduction in fine sediment deposition) due to improved physical habitat conditions for indicators (Trichoptera) of healthier streams. The results of this study suggests further restoration activities should continue and that re-evaluation of the sampling protocol should take into account a larger subsample size of benthic macroinvertebrates than currently recommended by the RBP.
Categories:

Monitoring Ecological Condition in the Western United States

Monitoring Ecological Condition in the Western United States

CDFG: 1999, California Stream Bioassessment Protocol (CSBP), California Department of Fish & Game Aquatic Bioassessment ... HIDOH: 1997,Rapid Bioassessment and Habitat Assessment Protocols forStreams in Hawaii: Technical Supportfor ...

Author: Shabeg S. Sandhu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401143431

Category: Science

Page: 447

View: 579

The monitoring of point sources by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the states, and the tribes has documented and helped reduce the levels of chemical stressors affecting our ecosystems. With the controls on point sources reducing chemical contamination, new environmental challenges associated with nonpoint sources have emerged. To adequately deal with these new problems, EPA's Office of Research and Development recognized the need to develop an overall under standing of the condition of our ecological resources, the trends in their condition, and the stressors affecting these systems on a broad scale. Toward this end, the En vironmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) was established by EPA and has been strategically developing the scientific tools and techniques to monitor and assess the status and trends of aquatic ecosystems. EMAP scientists have developed new indicators and probability-based de signs to fill data gaps in the development of regional-scale assessments of our aquatic resources, as required in the Clean Water Act. We have a scientifically de fensible approach that allows: 100 percent coverage of the aquatic resources within broad geographic areas and the formulation of reference 'conditions for es tablishing the health of these resources. The use of these indicators and designs were successfully demonstrated in the landscapes, streams, and estuaries of the mid-Atlantic states as part of the Mid-Atlantic Integrated Assessment (MAlA).
Categories: Science

Ecological Monitoring Assessment and Management in Freshwater Systems

Ecological Monitoring  Assessment  and Management in Freshwater Systems

Earlier studies on stream/river health have traditionally focused on chemical monitoring due to analytical ... The concept of “Rapid Bioassessment Protocol” (RBP), developed by US EPA [25], was largely applied to many other countries.

Author: Young-Seuk Park

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038422662

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 301

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Ecological Monitoring, Assessment, and Management in Freshwater Systems" that was published in Water
Categories: Science

Biological Assessment and Criteria

Biological Assessment and Criteria

Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers . ... Stream inventory garbage in --- reliable analysis out , only in fairy tales . ... U.S. Public Health Service , Washington , D.C. Purdy , W.C. 1930.

Author: Wayne S. Davis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0873718941

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 962

Biological Assessment and Criteria presents a state-of-the-art overview of the applications of biological assessments and biocriteria for water quality management in fresh waters. The book presents case studies which illustrate how bioassessment has been used to identify and diagnose water quality problems. It also provides examples of the use of qualitative and quantitative biocriteria as regulatory tools to complement water quality criteria and standards. The first book to present the technical foundation, rationale, program and policy relevance, and legal basis for the most accurate tools used to assess freshwater natural resource and regulatory efforts, this book provides useful and timely information for water quality managers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Drought and Community Dynamics of Macroinvertebrates in Mediterranean Climate Intermittent Streams of California

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June.

Author: Elena Blair

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1005142977

Category: Droughts

Page: 47

View: 213

Although most streams in California are intermittent, bioassessment protocols are designed for perennial streams, with sampling periods anytime between April and June. Sampling intermittent streams during this period may not provide an accurate assessment of stream health, because of the stream community dynamics related to the predictable drying of intermittent streams in Mediterranean climates. Furthermore, climate change may cause perennial streams to become intermittent and intermittent streams to cease flow entirely. The objectives of this study were to assess the recolonization process and community dynamics within and among three intermittent streams each with a different hydrologic regime (dry, isolated pools, and low flow in the summer/fall months) and to assess whether the current bioassessment protocol sampling period appropriately accounts for differences in community composition recovery of intermittent streams. Macroinvertebrates and environmental information were collected at three intermittent streams from August 2013 to July 2014 near Sunol, CA. Sampling was conducted at frequent intervals (1, 8, 15, and 22 days) once stream flow resumed after the dry season; after 22 days, samples were collected every three weeks until the streams dried. All streams exhibited rapid recolonization (especially San Antonio Creek, which only flowed for five weeks) once flow resumed, suggesting taxa were well adapted to the Mediterranean climate and may have resistant/resilient life history traits to survive drying in the summer months. Taxa richness was highest in isolated pool habitats (due to an increase in x predatory and air breathing taxa), contradicting most findings that increased connectivity is associated with higher taxa richness. Non Metric Multidimensional Scaling was used to assess community composition within and among the three streams. Communities became more similar during months of continuous flow (February, March, and early April), suggesting that an earlier sampling window than currently used would be useful for bioassessment. In conclusion, there is a need for more studies regarding macroinvertebrate community dynamics in relation to standard bioassessment sampling protocols and how the effects of floods, flow permanence, and drought influence community dynamics in Mediterranean climate intermittent streams.
Categories: Droughts

News notes

News notes

Save Our Streams ' June training session for its Project Heartbeat volunteer monitors included the program's most recent refinement of its volunteer habitat assessment protocol , which is based on EPA's Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210020506547

Category: Nonpoint source pollution

Page:

View: 944

Categories: Nonpoint source pollution

Stream Hydrology

Stream Hydrology

Some habitat-based stream health assessment methods are summarized below. ... The United States E.P.A. Rapid Bioassessment Protocol (RBP) (Plafkin et al., 1989; Barbour et al., 1999) is a comprehensive method that covers periphyton, ...

Author: Nancy D. Gordon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118688175

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 268

Since the publication of the first edition (1994) there have been rapid developments in the application of hydrology, geomorphology and ecology to stream management. In particular, growth has occurred in the areas of stream rehabilitation and the evaluation of environmental flow needs. The concept of stream health has been adopted as a way of assessing stream resources and setting management goals. Stream Hydrology: An Introduction for Ecologists Second Edition documents recent research and practice in these areas. Chapters provide information on sampling, field techniques, stream analysis, the hydrodynamics of moving water, channel form, sediment transport and commonly used statistical methods such as flow duration and flood frequency analysis. Methods are presented from engineering hydrology, fluvial geomorphology and hydraulics with examples of their biological implications. This book demonstrates how these fields are linked and utilised in modern, scientific river management. Emphasis on applications, from collecting and analysing field measurements to using data and tools in stream management. Updated to include new sections on environmental flows, rehabilitation, measuring stream health and stream classification. Critical reviews of the successes and failures of implementation. Revised and updated windows-based AQUAPAK software. This book is essential reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of hydrology, stream ecology and fisheries science in Departments of Physical Geography, Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Engineering and Limnology. It would be valuable reading for professionals working in stream ecology, fisheries science and habitat management, environmental consultants and engineers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Nutrient Concentrations and Their Relations to the Biotic Integrity of Wadeable Streams in Wisconsin

Nutrient Concentrations and Their Relations to the Biotic Integrity of Wadeable Streams in Wisconsin

Bahls , L.L. , 1992 , Periphyton bioassessment methods for Montana streams : Helena , Mont . , Department of Health and ... Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in streams and rivers , benthic macroinvertebrates and fish , 2nd ed .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105121276369

Category: Nutrient pollution of water

Page: 139

View: 758

Categories: Nutrient pollution of water

Riparian Areas of the Southwestern United States

Riparian Areas of the Southwestern United States

Using living organisms to evaluate the health of natural stream systems is referred to as bioassessment or biomonitoring.61 The rapid generation time and small home range of many invertebrates makes them ideal for this purpose.

Author: Peter F. Ffolliott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781135463205

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 717

The demand for water resulting from massive population and economic growth in the southwestern U.S. overwhelmed traditional uses of riparian areas. As a consequence, many of these uniquely-structured ecosystems have been altered or destroyed. Within recent years people have become increasingly aware of the many uses and benefits of riparian zones a
Categories: Science