Realm Between Empires

Realm Between Empires

"The Dutch Atlantic during an era (following the imperial moment of the seventeenth century) in which Dutch military power declined and Dutch colonies began to chart a more autonomous path.

Author: Wim Klooster

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501719592

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 808

"The Dutch Atlantic during an era (following the imperial moment of the seventeenth century) in which Dutch military power declined and Dutch colonies began to chart a more autonomous path. A revisionist history of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world, a counterpoint to the more widely known British and French Atlantic histories"--
Categories: Business & Economics

Realm Between Empires

Realm Between Empires

Realm between Empires is a powerful revisionist history of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world and provides a much-needed counterpoint to the more widely known British and French Atlantic histories."--

Author: Willem Wubbo Klooster

Publisher:

ISBN: 9087283148

Category:

Page: 337

View: 516

"Wim Klooster and Gert Oostindie present a fresh look at the Dutch Atlantic in the period following the imperial moment of the seventeenth century. This epoch (1680-1815), the authors argue, marked a distinct and significant era in which Dutch military power declined and Dutch colonies began to chart a more autonomous path. The loss of Brazil and New Netherland were twin blows to Dutch imperial pretensions. Yet the Dutch Atlantic hardly faded into insignificance. Instead, the influence of the Dutch remained, as they were increasingly drawn into the imperial systems of Britain, Spain, and France. In their synthetic and comparative history, Klooster and Oostindie reveal the fragmented identity and interconnectedness of the Dutch in three Atlantic theaters: West Africa, Guiana, and the insular Caribbean. They show that the colonies and trading posts were heterogeneous in their governance, religious profiles, and ethnic compositions and were marked by creolization. Even as colonial control weakened, the imprint of Dutch political, economic, and cultural authority would mark territories around the Atlantic for decades to come. Realm between Empires is a powerful revisionist history of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world and provides a much-needed counterpoint to the more widely known British and French Atlantic histories."--
Categories:

China between Empires

China between Empires

One of the key features of the early Qin and Han empires was the creation of an imperial realm that self-consciously transcended ties to the local topographies and customs that had defined the earlier Warring States.

Author: Mark Edward Lewis

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674265400

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 302

After the collapse of the Han dynasty in the third century CE, China divided along a north-south line. Mark Lewis traces the changes that both underlay and resulted from this split in a period that saw the geographic redefinition of China, more engagement with the outside world, significant changes to family life, developments in the literary and social arenas, and the introduction of new religions. The Yangzi River valley arose as the rice-producing center of the country. Literature moved beyond the court and capital to depict local culture, and newly emerging social spaces included the garden, temple, salon, and country villa. The growth of self-defined genteel families expanded the notion of the elite, moving it away from the traditional great Han families identified mostly by material wealth. Trailing the rebel movements that toppled the Han, the new faiths of Daoism and Buddhism altered every aspect of life, including the state, kinship structures, and the economy. By the time China was reunited by the Sui dynasty in 589 ce, the elite had been drawn into the state order, and imperial power had assumed a more transcendent nature. The Chinese were incorporated into a new world system in which they exchanged goods and ideas with states that shared a common Buddhist religion. The centuries between the Han and the Tang thus had a profound and permanent impact on the Chinese world.
Categories: History

The Dutch Empire between Ideas and Practice 1600 2000

The Dutch Empire between Ideas and Practice  1600   2000

The high ideals of citizen emancipation grounded in conceptions of the rights of man were restricted to only some domains of the new Batavian political realm. The practical realities of the age of revolutions were experienced as too ...

Author: René Koekkoek

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030275167

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 789

This volume explores the intellectual history of the Dutch Empire from a long-term and global perspective, analysing how ideas and visions of empire took shape in imperial practice from the seventeenth century to the present day. Through a series of case studies, the volume critically unearths deep-rooted conceptions of Dutch imperial exceptionalism and shows how visions of imperial rule were developed in metropolitan and colonial contexts and practices. Topics include the founding of the Dutch chartered companies for colonial trade, the development of commercial and global visions of empire in Europe and Asia, the continuities and ruptures in imperial ideas and practices around 1800, and the practical making of empire in colonial court rooms and radio broadcasting. Demonstrating the relevance of a long-term approach to the Dutch Empire, the volume showcases how the intellectual history of empire can provide fresh light on postcolonial repercussions of empire and imperial rule. Chapter 1, Chapter 3, Chapter 7 and Chapter 8 of this book are available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.
Categories: History

Between Empires

Between Empires

... development of the script might be associated with the interaction between the sixth-century Arabs such as the Jafnids and the Roman or Sasanian empires, ... 46 M. C. A. Macdonald, 'Personal names in the Nabataean realm: 138 Arabic ...

Author: Greg Fisher

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191618949

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 782

In Between Empires Greg Fisher tackles the problem of pre-Islamic Arab identity by examining the relationship between the Roman Empire and the Empire of Sasanian Iran, and a selection of their Arab allies and neighbours, the Jafnids, Nasrids, and Hujrids. Fisher focuses on the last century before the emergence of Islam and stresses the importance of a Near East dominated by Rome and Iran for the formation of early concepts of Arab identity. In particular, he examines cultural and religious integration, political activities, and the role played by Arabic as factors in this process. He concludes that interface with the Roman Empire, in particular, played a key role in helping to lay the foundation for later concepts of Arab identity, and that the world of Late Antiquity is, as a result, of enduring interest in our understanding of what we now call the Middle East.
Categories: History

A Slave Between Empires

A Slave Between Empires

This insular vision of the Maghreb during the Ottoman period is still predominant among North Africanists who restrict their field of inquiry to the former provincial realm without properly acknowledging the larger imperial environment.

Author: M'hamed Oualdi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231549554

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 805

In June 1887, a man known as General Husayn, a manumitted slave turned dignitary in the Ottoman province of Tunis, passed away in Florence after a life crossing empires. As a youth, Husayn was brought from Circassia to Turkey, where he was sold as a slave. In Tunis, he ascended to the rank of general before French conquest forced his exile to the northern shores of the Mediterranean. His death was followed by wrangling over his estate that spanned a surprising array of actors: Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II and his viziers; the Tunisian, French, and Italian governments; and representatives of Muslim and Jewish diasporic communities. A Slave Between Empires investigates Husayn’s transimperial life and the posthumous battle over his fortune to recover the transnational dimensions of North African history. M’hamed Oualdi places Husayn within the international context of the struggle between Ottoman and French forces for control of the Mediterranean amid social and intellectual ferment that crossed empires. Oualdi considers this part of the world not as a colonial borderland but as a central space where overlapping imperial ambitions transformed dynamic societies. He explores how the transition between Ottoman rule and European colonial domination was felt in the daily lives of North African Muslims, Christians, and Jews and how North Africans conceived of and acted upon this shift. Drawing on a wide range of Arabic, French, Italian, and English sources, A Slave Between Empires is a groundbreaking transimperial microhistory that demands a major analytical shift in the conceptualization of North African history.
Categories: History

Jewish Autonomy in a Slave Society

Jewish Autonomy in a Slave Society

For one such ahistorical interpretation, see Shai Cherry, Torah Through Time: Understanding Bible Commentary from the Rabbinic Period to Modern Times (Philadelphia: Jewish ... Klooster and Oostindie, Realm Between Empires, 8, 251. 13.

Author: Aviva Ben-Ur

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812297041

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 305

A fascinating portrait of Jewish life in Suriname from the 17th to 19th centuries Jewish Autonomy in a Slave Society explores the political and social history of the Jews of Suriname, a Dutch colony on the South American mainland just north of Brazil. Suriname was home to the most privileged Jewish community in the Americas where Jews, most of Iberian origin, enjoyed religious liberty, were judged by their own tribunal, could enter any trade, owned plantations and slaves, and even had a say in colonial governance. Aviva Ben-Ur sets the story of Suriname's Jews in the larger context of Atlantic slavery and colonialism and argues that, like other frontier settlements, they achieved and maintained their autonomy through continual negotiation with the colonial government. Drawing on sources in Dutch, English, French, Hebrew, Portuguese, and Spanish, Ben-Ur shows how, from their first permanent settlement in the 1660s to the abolition of their communal autonomy in 1825, Suriname Jews enjoyed virtually the same standing as the ruling white Protestants, with whom they interacted regularly. She also examines the nature of Jewish interactions with enslaved and free people of African descent in the colony. Jews admitted both groups into their community, and Ben-Ur illuminates the ways in which these converts and their descendants experienced Jewishness and autonomy. Lastly, she compares the Jewish settlement with other frontier communities in Suriname, most notably those of Indians and Maroons, to measure the success of their negotiations with the government for communal autonomy. The Jewish experience in Suriname was marked by unparalleled autonomy that nevertheless developed in one of the largest slave colonies in the New World.
Categories: History

Korea Between Empires 1895 1919

Korea Between Empires  1895 1919

Located as they were between two empires , one in decline and the other ascendant , Korean nationalists cast their gaze ... The function of China as the " Middle Kingdom " in a transnational Confucian cultural realm had already begun to ...

Author: Andre Schmid

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231125399

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 549

Korea Between Empires chronicles the development of a Korean national consciousness. It focuses on two critical periods in Korean history and asks how key concepts and symbols were created and integrated into political programs to create an original Korean understanding of national identity, the nation-state, and nationalism. Looking at the often-ignored questions of representation, narrative, and rhetoric in the construction of public sentiment, Andre Schmid traces the genealogies of cultural assumptions and linguistic turns evident in Korea's major newspapers during the social and political upheavals of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Newspapers were the primary location for the re-imagining of the nation, enabling readers to move away from the conceptual framework inherited from a Confucian and dynastic past toward a nationalist vision that was deeply rooted in global ideologies of capitalist modernity. As producers and disseminators of knowledge about the nation, newspapers mediated perceptions of Korea's precarious place amid Chinese and Japanese colonial ambitions and were vitally important to the rise of a nationalist movement in Korea.
Categories: History

The World between Empires

The World between Empires

Sacred Realm: The Emergence of the Synagogue in the Ancient World. Exh. cat. New York. Fine 2005 Steven Fine. Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman World: Toward a New Jewish Archaeology. Cambridge, U.K. Fine 2011 Steven Fine.

Author: Blair Fowlkes-Childs

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 9781588396839

Category: Art

Page: 332

View: 779

The World between Empires presents a new perspective on the art and culture of the Middle East in the years 100 B.C.–A.D. 250, a time marked by the struggle for control by the Roman and Parthian Empires. For the first time, this book weaves together the cultural histories of the cities along the great incense and silk routes that connected southwestern Arabia, Nabataea, Judaea, Syria, and Mesopotamia. It captures the intricate web of influence and religious diversity that emerged in the Middle East through the exchange of goods and ideas. And for our current age, when several of the archaeological sites featured here—including Palmyra, Dura- Europos, and Hatra—have been subject to deliberate destruction and looting, it addresses the crucial subject of preserving what has been lost and contextualizes the significance of these works on a local and global scale. This essential volume features 186 objects of exceptional importance from Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. Readers are taken on a fascinating journey that explores sites of intense political and religious struggles against Roman rule as well as important religious centers and military bulwarks of the Parthian Empire. Reaching across two millennia, The World between Empires brings vividly to life how individuals and cities in ancient times defined themselves, and how these factors continue to resonate today. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 14.0px Verdana}
Categories: Art

Australian Between Empires The Life of Percy Spender

Australian Between Empires  The Life of Percy Spender

round-trip packages from the late 1920s. Later, during the Second World War, he used aeroplanes to touch down at multiple destinations and to travel distances in times not known beyond the realm of aviators and statesmen.

Author: David Lowe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317324348

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 458

Part biography, part transnational history, this study details the life and career of Percy Spender, one of Australia's most prominent twentieth-century political figures.
Categories: History

Mutiny on the Rising Sun

Mutiny on the Rising Sun

52 Klooster and Oostindie, Realm between Empires, 126–128. 53 Ibid., 87 (Table 12). 54 Ibid., 131–132. 55 Justin Roberts, “The Development of Slavery in the British Americas,” in The World of Colonial America: An Atlantic Handbook, ed.

Author: Jared Ross Hardesty

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479812486

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 468

"Mutiny on the Rising Sun is a deeply human history of smuggling that demonstrates how interconnected the future United States was with the wider world, how illegal trade created markets for exotic products like chocolate, and how slavery and smuggling were key factors in the development of American capitalism"--
Categories: History

Borderless Empire

Borderless Empire

Wim Klooster and Gert Oostindie, Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680–1815 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2018), 143; Dragtenstein, Ondraaglijke stoutheid, 55,236. 58. Thompson, Colonialism and Underdevelopment ...

Author: Bram Hoonhout

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820356082

Category: Demerara

Page: 292

View: 827

"BORDERLESS EMPIRE explores the volatile history of Dutch Guiana, in particular the forgotten colonies of Essequibo and Demerara, in order to provide new perspectives on European empire building in the Atlantic world. It argues that imperial expansion was a process of improvisation at the colonial level, rather than a project that was centrally orchestrated from the metropolis. Furthermore, it emphasizes that colonial expansion was far more transnational than the oft-used divisions into "national Atlantics" suggest. It therefore aims to transcend the framework of the "Dutch Atlantic" by looking at the connections across cultural and imperial boundaries. This book tells a story of empire building as an Atlantic-wide process. Essequibo and Demerara remained remarkably open colonies, even as late as the end of the eighteenth century. But that is not to say they were unique: improvisation, and the consequent contacts across imperial borders were a general feature of early modern colonial ventures. By looking outwards from the colonies, rather than following the top-down view from the metropolis, BORDERLESS EMPIRE aims to bring these entanglements to the fore. Highlighting the contribution of many non-Dutch actors--such as Amerindian soldiers, North American provisions traders, and British slave smugglers--it reveals the truly Atlantic nature of empire building. BORDERLESS EMPIRE makes an important contribution to the study of early modern imperialism, Atlantic history, and the historiography of "--
Categories: Demerara

The Dutch Overseas Empire 1600 1800

The Dutch Overseas Empire  1600   1800

From Asiento Trade to Free Trade, 1700–1730', in Johannes Postma and Victor Enthoven (eds.), Riches from Atlantic ... Klooster, Wim and Gert Oostindie, Realm between Empires. The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680–1815 (Ithaca, NY and London: ...

Author: Pieter C. Emmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108428378

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 374

This pioneering history of the Dutch Empire provides a new comprehensive overview of Dutch colonial expansion from a comparative and global perspective. It also offers a fascinating window into the early modern societies of Asia, Africa and the Americas through their interactions.
Categories: History

Suppressing Piracy in the Early Eighteenth Century

Suppressing Piracy in the Early Eighteenth Century

53 Christian J. Koot, Empire at the Periphery: British Colonists, Anglo-Dutch Trade, and the Development of the British ... 4; Wim Klooster and Gert Oostindie, Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680–1815 (Ithaca and ...

Author: David Wilson

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781783275953

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 237

Shows how Britain and its empire was not a strong centralised imperial state and that it was only through manifold activities taking place in different colonial centres with varied colonial arrangements that the surge in piracy in this period was contained and reduced.
Categories: History

War Trade and the State

War  Trade and the State

The English did not succeed in clearing the Dutch from the African coast, or American waters, and the Netherlanders did not disappear from the Atlantic. ... 83 Wim Klooster and Gert Oostindie, Realm between empires.

Author: Alan Lemmers

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781783273249

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 451

A reassessment of the Anglo-Dutch wars of the second half of the seventeenth century, demonstrating that the conflict was primarily about trade.
Categories: History

Conflict Management in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic 1000 1800

Conflict Management in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic  1000 1800

... boord van Oost-Indiëvaarders (1595-±1650) (Amsterdam 2002). Klooster, W., The Dutch Moment. War, Trade, and Settlement in the Seventeenth-Century Atlantic World (Ithaca 2016). Klooster, W. and G. Oostindie, Realm between Empires.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004407992

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 488

Conflict Management in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, 1000-1800 offers a comparative long-term perspective on the complexity of various approaches to conflict management by those involved in long-distance trade across political and jurisdictional boundaries.
Categories: Law

Economic Warfare and the Sea

Economic Warfare and the Sea

to Curaçao were organised to protect shipping from attack by the Spanish Real Compañía Guipuzcoana.78 The VOC was able to hold its ... 78 W. Klooster and G. Oostindie, Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1690–1815 (Ithaca, ...

Author: David Morgan-Owen

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781789621594

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 629

EconomicWarfare and the Sea examines the relationship between trade, maritimewarfare, and strategic thought between the early modern period and thelate-twentieth century. Using a variety of geographic and chronologicalexamples, it presents a longue duree approach to a crucial theme in maritimestrategic thought.
Categories: History

Colonial Ecology Atlantic Economy

Colonial Ecology  Atlantic Economy

Wim Klooster and Gert oostindie, Realm Between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680–1815 (ithaca, ny: Cornell university Press, 2018), 40–42; John Bonnett, Emergence and Empire: Innis, Complexity, and the Trajectory of History ...

Author: Strother E. Roberts

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812251272

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 434

Focusing on the Connecticut River Valley—New England's longest river and largest watershed— Strother Roberts traces the local, regional, and transatlantic markets in colonial commodities that shaped an ecological transformation in one corner of the rapidly globalizing early modern world. Reaching deep into the interior, the Connecticut provided a watery commercial highway for the furs, grain, timber, livestock, and various other commodities that the region exported. Colonial Ecology, Atlantic Economy shows how the extraction of each commodity had an impact on the New England landscape, creating a new colonial ecology inextricably tied to the broader transatlantic economy beyond its shores. This history refutes two common misconceptions: first, that globalization is a relatively new phenomenon and its power to reshape economies and natural environments has only fully been realized in the modern era and, second, that the Puritan founders of New England were self-sufficient ascetics who sequestered themselves from the corrupting influence of the wider world. Roberts argues, instead, that colonial New England was an integral part of Britain's expanding imperialist commercial economy. Imperial planners envisioned New England as a region able to provide resources to other, more profitable parts of the empire, such as the sugar islands of the Caribbean. Settlers embraced trade as a means to afford the tools they needed to conquer the landscape and to acquire the same luxury commodities popular among the consumer class of Europe. New England's native nations, meanwhile, utilized their access to European trade goods and weapons to secure power and prestige in a region shaken by invading newcomers and the diseases that followed in their wake. These networks of extraction and exchange fundamentally transformed the natural environment of the region, creating a landscape that, by the turn of the nineteenth century, would have been unrecognizable to those living there two centuries earlier.
Categories: History

Florentine Ariosto Jones A Yankee in Switzerland and the Early Globalization of the American System of Watchmaking

Florentine Ariosto Jones  A Yankee in Switzerland and the Early Globalization of the American System of Watchmaking

Jones could therefore profit from existent transatlantic logistics as they had developed since the age of exploration, ... Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680-1815 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2018).

Author: Frank Jacob

Publisher: Vernon Press

ISBN: 9781648893094

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 129

View: 400

This book recounts the story of Florentine Ariosto Jones, who after the Civil War decided to manufacture watches. Combining the cheap labor available at the time in Switzerland with US manufacturing technologies, Jones embarked on his venture to produce affordable watches for the American market. Consequently, he became a pioneer in the business of outsourcing labor for economic purposes through his contracting of labor to Europe. While the company still exists today, very little is known about Jones. The present book will undoubtedly change this by telling the fascinating story of an American adventurer and his pursuit to globalize American watchmaking at the end of the 19th Century.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Atlantic and Africa

The Atlantic and Africa

Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1680–1815. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press; Leiden: Leiden University Press. Kocka, Jürgen. 2017. “Plantagenwirtschaft und Sklaverei.” In Kocka, Geschichte des Kapitalismus.

Author: Dale W. Tomich

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438484457

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 201

Traces the inner connections between the second slavery in the Americas, slavery in Africa, the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade, and the "Great Transformation" of the nineteenth century world economy. The Atlantic and Africa breaks new ground by exploring the connections between two bodies of scholarship that have developed separately from one another. On the one hand, the "second slavery" perspective that has reinterpreted the relation of Atlantic slavery and capitalism by emphasizing the extraordinary expansion of new frontiers of slave commodity production and their role in the economic, social, and political transformations of the nineteenth-century world-economy. On the other hand, Africanist scholarship that has established the importance of slavery and slave trading in Africa to the political, economic and social organization of African societies during the nineteenth century. Taken together, these two movements enable us to delineate the processes forming the capitalist world-economy, establish its specific geographical and historical structure, and reintegrates Africa into the transformations in the world economy. This volume explores this paradigm at diverse levels ranging from state formation and the reorganization of world markets to the creation of new social roles and identities. Dale W. Tomich is Professor of Sociology and History at Binghamton University, State University of New York. He is the author of Slavery in the Circuit of Sugar and editor of Atlantic Transformations: Empire, Politics and Slavery during the Nineteenth Century, both published by SUNY press. Paul E. Lovejoy is Distinguished Research Professor of History at York University, Canada. He is the author of many books, including Slavery in the Global Diaspora of Africa and Jihad in West Africa during the Age of Revolutions.
Categories: Social Science