of the variation in reported happiness we observe is between individuals in a particular context (e.g., a country) and how much is between contexts. This method also allows the researcher to examine the interplay of individual and ...
Author: Hiroshi Ono
Category: Social Science
Drawing on international comparisons of data on happiness, this book offers both general and academic audiences a simple, deep, and honest answer to the timeless question: "What makes people happy"? • Coalesces survey data from 29 countries and highlights country-specific examples and cases to offer readers an insightful global perspective grounded in high-quality social science • Addresses the age-old question of "Does money buy happiness?" and offers an original and surprising answer • Delivers the takeaway message that social context is more powerful than any one determinant of individual happiness (such as economics or psychology) • Presents a hopeful prognosis for future generations: that key decisions societies make as a whole—about issues like inequality, public policy, and family—serve to shape happiness
This means that any redistribution of happiness, where a fixed amount is transferred from one individual to another, is not just liable to but also certain to reduce aggregate happiness, given that such a transfer cannot enhance the ...
Author: Necip Fikri Alican
Mill’s Principle of Utility: Origins, Proof, and Implications is a comprehensive analysis and compelling defense of John Stuart Mill’s utilitarianism with a particular emphasis on his proof of the principle of utility.
That is why different theories have attempted to provide different solutions to the need to redistribute resources ... In this sense, these egalitarians are aiming at redistributing a resource, happiness, that is difficult to measure ...
Author: Giovanni Zaccaroni
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Discussing the fundamental role played by equality and non-discrimination in the EU legal order, this insightful book explores the positive and negative elements that have contributed to the consolidation of the process of EU legal integration. It provides an in-depth analysis of the three key dimensions of equality in the EU: equality as a value, equality as a principle and equality as a right.
'Opening' the New Year consists in propitiatory acts that promote the happiness of oneself and of one's family, and preserve it by rituals for accumulating and redistributing happiness. In other words, the concept ...
Author: Brigitte Sebastia
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Due to its centrality in human activities, food is a meaningful object that necessarily participates in any cultural, social and ideological construction and its qualification as 'traditional' is a politically laden value. This book demonstrates that traditionality as attributed to foods goes beyond the notions of heritage and authenticity under which it is commonly formulated. Through a series of case studies from a global range of cultural and geographical areas, the book explores a variety of contexts to reveal the complexity behind the attribution of the term 'traditional' to food. In particular, the volume demonstrates that the definitions put forward by programmes such as TRUEFOOD and EuroFIR (and subsequently adopted by organisations including FAO), which have analysed the perception of traditional foods by individuals, do not adequately reflect this complexity. The concept of tradition being deeply ingrained culturally, socially, politically and ideologically, traditional foods resist any single definition. Chapters analyse the processes of valorisation, instrumentalisation and reinvention at stake in the construction and representation of a food as traditional. Overall the book offers fresh perspectives on topics including definition and regulation, nationalism and identity, and health and nutrition, and will be of interest to students and researchers of many disciplines including anthropology, sociology, politics and cultural studies.
Furthermore, each individual experiences these with a specific 'intensity of happiness' which measures the amount of ... In utilitarian theory it is assumed that a given amount of happiness could be redistributed among the individuals ...
Author: Jan-Erik Lane
Category: Political Science
The Third Edition of this successful textbook introduces students to the major concepts, models, and approaches surrounding the public sector. Now fully updated to include coverage of the New Public Management (NPM), The Public Sector is the most comprehensive textbook on theories of public policy and public administration. The Public Sector is introduced within a three-part framework: public resource allocation, redistribution and regulation. Jan-Erik Lane explains the basic concepts of each of these broad areas, and goes on to examine their consequences for various approaches to the making and implementation of public policy. The book explores models of management, effectiveness and efficiency, and evaluates the contribution, among many, of public choice and neo-institutionalist approaches, organizational theory, models of normative policy-making and, expanded in this edition, the theory of fiscal federalism. The New Edition retains chapters on public sector reform and continues to contrast the logic of the new management state with that of the old administrative state before introducing the basic ideas of New Public Management. The Public Sector will be essential reading to all students seeking a deeper understanding of the modern state and government across political science and public policy, administration and management.
Because they were the work of Catalanist intellectuals, and because they had a utopian flavour, and because they seemed a means of redistributing happiness in favour of the underprivileged, they could flourish from 1931 when the regime ...
Author: Enric Bou
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Over the last twenty years there has been a growing international interest in the city of Barcelona. This has been reflected in the academic world through a series of studies, courses, seminars, and publications. The Barcelona Reader hinges together a selection of the best academic articles, written in English, about the city, and its main elements of identity and interest: art, urban planning, history and social movements. The book includes scholarly essays about Barcelona that can be of interest to the student and the general public alike. It focuses on cultural representations of the city: the arts (including literature) provide a complex yet discontinuous portrait of the city, similar to a patchwork. The authors selected create a kaleidoscope of views and voices thus presenting a diverse yet inclusive Barcelona portrait. The Barcelona Reader offers a multifaceted assessment that will be essential reading for anyone interested in this iconic city.
Author: Kathleen Odell KorgenPublish On: 2017-08-11
Recent research by sociologists Ono and Lee (2013) on the determinants of individualsʼ happiness in a comparative ... happiness was not greater in the social democratic welfare states, but happiness was found to be redistributed from ...
Author: Kathleen Odell Korgen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
Whether a student, an instructor, a researcher, or just someone interested in understanding the roots of sociology and our social world, The Cambridge Handbook of Sociology, Volume 2 is for you. This second volume of the Handbook covers specialties within sociology and interdisciplinary studies that relate to sociology. It includes perspectives on race, class, feminist theories, special topics (e.g. the sociology of nonhuman animals, quality of life/social indicators research, the sociology of risk, the sociology of disaster, the sociology of mental health, sociobiology, the sociology of science and technology, the sociology of violence, environmental justice, and the sociology of food), the sociology of the self, the sociology of the life course, culture and behavior, sociology's impact on society, and related fields (e.g. criminology, criminal justice studies, social work, social psychology, sociology of translation and translation studies, and women and gender studies). Each essay includes a discussion of how the respective subfield contributes to the overall discipline and to society. Written by some of the most respected scholars, teachers, and public sociologists in the world, the essays are highly readable and authoritative.
Redistributing Income The recent growth of inequality has provoked renewed interest in redistributing income by one means or another. Since the poorest people are the least happy and since added income is thought to yield diminishing ...
Author: Derek Bok
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Describes the principal findings of happiness researchers, assesses the strengths and weaknesses of such research, and looks at how governments could use results when formulating policies to improve the lives of citizens.
In his view greater equality of income generates greater net happiness, because redistributing wealth confers happiness on the recipient at little cost to the (relatively well-off) person paying out. Moreover, he thinks higher taxes ...
Author: Jesse Norman
Publisher: Legend Press Ltd
Category: Political Science
WILL THE BIG SOCIETY REDEFINE BRITISH POLITICS FOR A GENERATION? You can call it liberalism. You can call it empowerment. You can call it freedom. You can call it responsibility.I call it the Big Society. As the pioneering work to anatomise this new and influential ideology, The Big Society: the Anatomy of the New Politics illustrates the Big Society's redefinition of British politics for a generation. Spanning across economics, philosophy, history, business, civil liberties, education and culture, Norman's work traces the Big Society's roots in neglected British intellectual and social traditions while showcasing its unexpected and cutting-edge new policy ideas. Packed with deep insights and new perspectives this book makes essential reading for politicians, economists, social commentators, as well as those in the public services and the voting public. Among other things, it explains -- how the growth of the Labour party has been a disaster for the Left in Britain -- why so much "happiness theory" is intellectually bankrupt -- the paradox of creativity: why high bonuses often reduce, not improve, human performance -- why Conservatives should robustly defend common law human rights -- the social power of music and the arts. Published by the University of Buckingham Press, it is available online and in all good bookshops. A sample chapter can be found on www.jesse4hereford.com Praise for the author's Compassionate Conservatism (2006): "The intellectual guidebook to Cameronism", Sunday Times "The book everyone in Westminster is talking about", The Observer "Superb...What the Conservatives need now is not re-branding but an actual philosophical and policy basis for action. This book brilliantly provides that basis", Andrew Sullivan, political commentator and journalist. "Politicians should encourage the emergence of voluntary co-operation, exchange and virtue in society. This delightful and important book explains why and how, from political first principles to policy nuts and bolts. Conservatives and non-conservatives alike should read it", Matt Ridley, author of The Rational Optimist "A glimpse of the future of British Conservatism", Adrian Wooldridge, co-author of The Right Nation.
Why It's Time to Stop Chasing Growth and Start Pursuing Happiness John de Graaf, David K. Batker. of such activity. ... “then7 redistributing money won't make for a happy Sounds plausible, doesn't it? But isn't it possible, ...
Author: John de Graaf
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Business & Economics
In this funny, readable, and thought-provoking book based on the popular film of the same name, activists John de Graaf (coauthor of the bestselling Affluenza) and David Batker tackle thirteen economic issues, challenging the reader to consider the point of our economy. Emphasizing powerful American ideals, including teamwork, pragmatism, and equality, de Graaf and Batker set forth a simple goal for any economic system: The greatest good for the greatest number over the longest run. Drawing from history and current enterprises, we see how the good life is achieved when people and markets work together with an active government to create a more perfect economy-one that works for everyone. Beginning by shattering our fetish for GDP, What's the Economy For, Anyway? offers a fresh perspective on quality of life, health, security, work-life balance, leisure, social justice, and perhaps most important, sustainability. This sparkling, message-driven book is exactly what those lost in the doldrums of partisan sniping and a sluggish economy need: a guide to what really matters, and a map to using America's resources to make the world a better place.