Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology

Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology

Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers.

Author: Robert D.

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781733376976

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 109

Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers. Archaeological field survey methods developed over half a century combine with powerful new quantitative tools for spatial analysis (including GIS) to unleash new potential for identifying and studying ancient local communities and regional polities. Varied approaches to estimating regional population sizes in both relative and absolute terms are synthesized and their advantages and disadvantages assessed. Tools for quantitative analysis of regional demographic data are presented. Field survey methods developed around the world are compiled from widely scattered sources and best practices for collecting archaeological data to sustain demographic analysis are delineated. Concepts for improved sampling design in regional survey work are derived from fundamental statistical principles. In conclusion, promising directions for future methodological development are identified.
Categories: Social Science

Hongshan Regional Organization in the Upper Daling Valley

Hongshan Regional Organization in the Upper Daling Valley

54—56. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Center for Comparative Archaeology. 2003 2011 2011 Drennan, Robert D., C. Adam Berrey, and Christian E. Peterson In press Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology.

Author: Christian E. Peterson

Publisher: Center for Comparative Arch

ISBN: 9781877812934

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 688

A detailed report on regional-, local-, and household-scale research on Hongshan societies (4500-3000 BCE) in northeastern China. Regional demography and community patterns are analyzed for an area of 200 square kilometers surrounding the excavated ceremonial site of Dongshanzui. More intensive study of Hongshan residential remains through surface collection, magnetometer survey, and stratigraphic tests informs the interpretation of the results of regional-scale survey. Dongshanzui's public architecture, along with additional unexcavated ceremonial platforms, are shown to be at the heart of a regional-scale concentration of Hongshan residential occupation that represents an independent small chiefly polity with no more than 1,000 inhabitants. Its neighbors were other similar small polities related to each other through peaceful interaction but without larger-scale political integration. Complete text in English and Chinese.
Categories: Social Science

Late Republican Early Imperial Regional Italian Landscapes and Demography

Late Republican Early Imperial Regional Italian Landscapes and Demography

In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives.

Author: Peter De Graaf

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: 1407309137

Category: History

Page: 98

View: 406

In this study, published intensive field surveys, from different regions on the Italian peninsula, are revisited from a range of different methodological and theoretical perspectives. With its emphasis on the Late Republican to Early Imperial period, the outcome of this research should lead to a better understanding of comparative regional differences, in terms of settlement patterns and hierarchy, demography, urbanisation processes, and how society could have functioned. This study intends to build on existing notions of regional variations and bring them into better focus. For the theoretical and methodological framework, models and interpretive schemes are assessed originating from archaeology, social geography and ethnography using archaeological evidence. The field surveys or regions covered include the Potenza Val, the 'extended' suburbium of Rome, the Pontine region and the Biferno Valley.
Categories: History

Complexity Economics

Complexity Economics

... amount of scholarly literature exists on how to estimate population figures from archaeological contexts.1 A common method is ... Demography in Archaeology; Drennan, Berry and Peterson, Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology.

Author: Koenraad Verboven

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030478988

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 363

View: 287

Economic archaeology and ancient economic history have boomed the past decades. The former thanks to greatly enhanced techniques to identify, collect, and interpret material remains as proxies for economic interactions and performance; the latter by embracing the frameworks of new institutional economics. Both disciplines, however, still have great difficulty talking with each other. There is no reliable method to convert ancient proxy-data into the economic indicators used in economic history. In turn, the shared cultural belief-systems underlying institutions and the symbolic ways in which these are reproduced remain invisible in the material record. This book explores ways to bring both disciplines closer together by building a theoretical and methodological framework to evaluate and integrate archaeological proxy-data in economic history research. Rather than the linear interpretations offered by neoclassical or neomalthusian models, we argue that complexity economics, based on system theory, offers a promising way forward.
Categories: Business & Economics

Coming Together

Coming Together

Drennan, R. D., C. A. Berrey, and C. E. Peterson 2015 Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology. Eliot Werner, Clinton Corners, New York. Drennan, R. D., and C. E. Peterson 2004 Comparing Archaeological Settlement Systems with ...

Author: Attila Gyucha

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438472782

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 753

Archaeologists, anthropologists, and classicists discuss how urbanization first emerged in strikingly different sociopolitical contexts in North America, Europe, and the Near East. The pursuit for universally applicable definitions of the terms “urban” and “city” has frequently distracted scholars from scrutinizing processes of how ancient nucleated settlements evolved and developed. Based on the premise that similar social dynamics to a great extent governed nucleation trajectories throughout human history, Coming Together focuses on both prehistoric aggregated and early urban settlements. Drawing from a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches, archaeologists, anthropologists, and classicists discuss how nucleation unfolded in strikingly different sociopolitical contexts in North America, Europe, and the Near East. The major themes of the volume are nucleation’s origins, pathways to sustainability, and the transformative role of these sites in sociopolitical and cultural change. Attila Gyucha is Postdoctoral Research Scientist at the Field Museum of Natural History and the author of Prehistoric Village Social Dynamics: the Early Copper Age in the Körös Region.
Categories: Social Science

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology

Dobney, Keith, and Anton Ervynck 2000 Interpreting Developmental Stress in Archaeological Pigs: The Chronology of ... Drennan, Robert D., C. Adam Berrey, and Christian E. Peterson 2015 Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology.

Author: Mark Q. Sutton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351061100

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 809

Bioarchaeology covers the history and general theory of the field plus the recovery and laboratory treatment of human remains. Bioarchaeology is the study of human remains in context from an archaeological and anthropological perspective. The book explores, through numerous case studies, how the ways a society deals with their dead can reveal a great deal about that society, including its religious, political, economic, and social organizations. It details recovery methods and how, once recovered, human remains can be analyzed to reveal details about the funerary system of the subject society and inform on a variety of other issues, such as health, demography, disease, workloads, mobility, sex and gender, and migration. Finally, the book highlights how bioarchaeological techniques can be used in contemporary forensic settings and in investigations of genocide and war crimes. In Bioarchaeology, theories, principles, and scientific techniques are laid out in a clear, understandable way, and students of archaeology at undergraduate and graduate levels will find this an excellent guide to the field.
Categories: Social Science

The Archaeology of Ancient Cities

The Archaeology of Ancient Cities

ADVISORY EDITORS Robert L. Bettinger, University of California, Davis Gary M. Feinman, The Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois A PRIMER ON MODERN–WORLD ARCHAEOLOGY Charles E. Orser, Jr. REGIONAL SETTLEMENT DEMOGRAPHY IN ARCHAEOLOGY Robert ...

Author: Glenn R. Storey

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781734281804

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 230

Cities are the largest "artifacts" investigated by archaeologists--entities that have been under academic scrutiny for a long time. Urban places are both physical and social agglomerations, fostering the most intense interaction of any human settlement. Archaeological evidence illustrates how ancient cities worldwide were similar in origin, development, and maturation, showing considerable isomorphism with modern cities. This book explores issues of definition and the essential elements of cities, offers a new heuristic typology of cities, and reviews case studies of six ancient cities (Copan, Great Zimbabwe, Gyeongju, Hierakonpolis, Rome, and Teotihuacan) with illustrative exercises at the end of each chapter. Cities have been characterized as "social reactors" working much like a star in creating an explosive increase in human connectivity. Urban planning, both ancient and modern, helps us understand the essence of this--the most exciting and vibrant product of the human tendency to nucleate.
Categories: History

Applied Zooarchaeology

Applied Zooarchaeology

PRINCIPLES OF ARCHAEOLOGY ADVISORY EDITORS Robert L. Bettinger, University of California, Davis Gary M. Feinman, ... Illinois A PRIMER ON MODERN–WORLD ARCHAEOLOGY Charles E. Orser, Jr. REGIONAL SETTLEMENT DEMOGRAPHY IN ARCHAEOLOGY ...

Author: Lisa Nagaoka

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781733376969

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 956

During the last two decades, zooarchaeologists have increasingly focused aspects of their work on conservation biology. Zooarchaeological data represent an empirical record of past human-animal interactions, which provides conservation with a deep temporal perspective. There are many challenges that face the archaeologist as conservation biologist, however, that have little to do with deep time, faunal remains, and zooarchaeological method and theory. In this book we use a series of case studies with which each of the authors has relevant personal experience to explore the types of interdisciplinary challenges that zooarchaeologists face when crossing into the world of environmental management and animal conservation. Never has there been a greater need for multi-vocal perspectives in conservation biology. This book shows zooarchaeologists how to use zooarchaeological perspectives to help meet those needs, while crossing traditional academic disciplinary boundaries.
Categories: Social Science

The Origins of the Roman Economy

The Origins of the Roman Economy

2015 – R. D. Drennan, C. A. Berrey, C. E. Peterson, Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology, New York: E. Werner Publications. Dumézil 1974 – G. Dumézil, La religion romaine archaïque, Paris: Payot. Dumézil 1975 – G. Dumézil, ...

Author: Gabriele Cifani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108478953

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 818

Focuses on the economic history of the community of Rome from the Iron Age to the early Republic.
Categories: Business & Economics

A Primer on Chiefs and Chiefdoms

A Primer on Chiefs and Chiefdoms

PRINCIPLES OF ARCHAEOLOGY ADVISORY EDITORS Robert L. Bettinger, University of California, Davis Gary M. Feinman, ... Illinois A PRIMER ON MODERN–WORLD ARCHAEOLOGY Charles E. Orser, Jr. REGIONAL SETTLEMENT DEMOGRAPHY IN ARCHAEOLOGY ...

Author: Timothy Earle

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781734281842

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 928

Chiefs are political operatives who hold titles of leadership over groups larger than intimate kin-based communities. Although they rule with the consent of their group, they are all about building personal power and respect. Many scholars have viewed chiefs as problem solvers--defending groups against aggressors, resolving disputes, providing support under hardship, organizing labor for community projects, and redistributing goods among those in need. Chiefs do these things, but much of what chiefs do is accumulate benefits for themselves, staying in power and legitimizing control. Anthropological archaeology is well suited to pursue the study of chiefs, their leadership institutions (chiefdoms), and long-term historical processes. The author argues that studying chiefdoms is essential to understanding the role of elemental powers in social evolution. As an illustration, he studies chiefs and their power strategies in historically independent prehistoric and traditional societies and discusses how they continue to exist as powerful actors within modern states.
Categories: Political Science

Where Do Cities Come From and Where Are They Going To Modelling Past and Present Agglomerations to Understand Urban Ways of Life

Where Do Cities Come From and Where Are They Going To  Modelling Past and Present Agglomerations to Understand Urban Ways of Life

The archaeology of an Etruscan polis: a preliminary report on the Tuscania ... The Etruscan castellum: fortified settlements and regional autonomy in Etruria. Etrusc. Stud. ... Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology.

Author: Francesca Fulminante

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889664238

Category: Science

Page:

View: 664

Over the last decade, there has been a surge of interest in urbanization and economic development, sparked by the realization that making urban life sustainable is one of the greatest challenges facing us in the 21st century (this is now one of the core sustainable development goals of the United Nations). This has exerted considerable pressure on researchers to come up with more scientific ways of studying urbanism and economic activity over the long run, which has resulted not only in the development of new theoretical frameworks, but also in the collection of vast amounts of data from a range of settings. This has led to the realization that, although there are significant differences between settlements in different settings, there are nonetheless important regularities and commonalities between a diverse group of settlements in range of geographical and historical contexts, including both ancient and modern ones. This suggests that a common feature of settlements is their ability to generate increased social connectivity, greater division of labour and specialization, and enhanced technological invention and innovation, albeit with costs to levels of equality, quality of life, and standards of living, as well as impacts on the environment, which cannot be separated from the emergence of confederations and states and the creation of settlement systems, hierarchies and networks. We believe that this field of enquiry now stands at a critical juncture. Although it is now feasible to talk about many aspects of ancient and modern urbanism with relative confidence, such as the numbers of cities or their sizes, much of the discussion of these themes within historical and archaeological circles has been on a discursive or qualitative level, while it is often difficult to harmonize the different models that have been applied to date into a consistent empirical and theoretical framework. A new approach to settlements throughout different contexts should now be within our grasp, however, thanks to both the ease with which information can be disseminated and the facilities that recent developments in IT offer us to model, analyse, and statistically test data.
Categories: Science

Settlement Patterns in the Chifeng Region

Settlement Patterns in the Chifeng Region

University of Pittsburgh Memoirs in Latin American Archaeology, No. 16. Drennan, Robert D., and Ana María Boada Rivas 2006 Demographic Patterns. In Prehispanic Chiefdoms in the Valle de la Plata, Vol. 5: Regional Settlement Patterns, ...

Author: Chifeng International Collaborative Archaeological Research Project

Publisher: Center for Comparative Arch

ISBN: 9781877812910

Category: Social Science

Page: 153

View: 806

This volume and the accompanying online dataset provide the complete results of a regional settlement study of 1,234 square kilometers in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of northeastern China. Results of systematic study of the relationship between surface and subsurface remains are presented, based on sites that were surveyed as part of the regional survey, and subsequently intensively surface collected and test excavated. The volume concludes with a comprehensive synthesis of the regional trajectory of social change from 6000 BCE to 1300 CE, offered as a basis for comparison with those of other regions where complex societies developed.
Categories: Social Science

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality

Ten Thousand Years of Inequality

The Archaeology of Wealth Differences Timothy A. Kohler, Michael E. Smith ... He has carried out archaeological eld research with a focus on regional settlement demography, communities, and households in Mesoamerica, northern South ...

Author: Timothy A. Kohler

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816539444

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 718

Is wealth inequality a universal feature of human societies, or did early peoples live an egalitarian existence? How did inequality develop before the modern era? Did inequalities in wealth increase as people settled into a way of life dominated by farming and herding? Why in general do such disparities increase, and how recent are the high levels of wealth inequality now experienced in many developed nations? How can archaeologists tell? Ten Thousand Years of Inequality addresses these and other questions by presenting the first set of consistent quantitative measurements of ancient wealth inequality. The authors are archaeologists who have adapted the Gini index, a statistical measure of wealth distribution often used by economists to measure contemporary inequality, and applied it to house-size distributions over time and around the world. Clear descriptions of methods and assumptions serve as a model for other archaeologists and historians who want to document past patterns of wealth disparity. The chapters cover a variety of ancient cases, including early hunter-gatherers, farmer villages, and agrarian states and empires. The final chapter synthesizes and compares the results. Among the new and notable outcomes, the authors report a systematic difference between higher levels of inequality in ancient Old World societies and lower levels in their New World counterparts. For the first time, archaeology allows humanity’s deep past to provide an account of the early manifestations of wealth inequality around the world. Contributors Nicholas Ames Alleen Betzenhauser Amy Bogaard Samuel Bowles Meredith S. Chesson Abhijit Dandekar Timothy J. Dennehy Robert D. Drennan Laura J. Ellyson Deniz Enverova Ronald K. Faulseit Gary M. Feinman Mattia Fochesato Thomas A. Foor Vishwas D. Gogte Timothy A. Kohler Ian Kuijt Chapurukha M. Kusimba Mary-Margaret Murphy Linda M. Nicholas Rahul C. Oka Matthew Pailes Christian E. Peterson Anna Marie Prentiss Michael E. Smith Elizabeth C. Stone Amy Styring Jade Whitlam
Categories: Social Science

Regional Archaeology in the Inca Heartland

Regional Archaeology in the Inca Heartland

Demographic Transitions and Migrations in Spanish Colonial Cuzco A number of social, political, economic, and demographic changes contributed to the changes in settlement patterns after the arrival of Spaniards in the Cuzco region.

Author: R. Alan Covey

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: 9780915703838

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 310

Categories: Social Science

Archaeology of Oceania

Archaeology of Oceania

1993), which canvassed the archaeological evidence for regional settlement patterning throughout the Pleistocene and ... suggested that marked changes occurred in settlement dynamics and demography in the Pleistocene from the time of ...

Author: Ian Lilley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405152297

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 238

This book is a state-of-the-art introduction to the archaeology of Oceania, covering both Australia and the Pacific Islands. The first text to provide integrated treatment of the archaeologies of Australia and the Pacific Islands Enables readers to form a coherent overview of cultural developments across the region as a whole Brings together contributions from some of the region’s leading scholars Focuses on new discoveries, conceptual innovations, and postcolonial realpolitik Challenges conventional thinking on major regional and global issues in archaeology
Categories: Social Science

Origini XLII

Origini   XLII

Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles: 229-259. ... GORENFLO L.J. 2006 - The Evolution of Regional Demography and Settlement in the Prehispanic Basin of Mexico, in Urbanism in the Preindustrial World: ...

Author: Marcella Frangipane

Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa

ISBN: 9788849244069

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 769

THEMATIC ISSUE: RETHINKING URBANIZATION AND ITS LIVING LANDSCAPES FROM THE INSPIRING PERSPECTIVE OF A GREAT “MAESTRO” Edited by Marcella Frangipane and Linda Manzanilla INTRODUCTION. THE MANY DIMENSIONS OF THE “CITY” IN EARLY SOCIETIES Marcella Frangipane THE ORIGINS OF CIVIC LIFE – A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE David Wengrow MESOPOTAMIA AND NEIGHBOURING REGIONS SIXTY YEARS AFTER CITY INVINCIBLE, SURVEYS AND THE URBAN REVOLUTION IN QUESTION Pascal Butterlin THE CITY OF URUK AND ITS HINTERLAND Hans J. Nissen (Hainfeld) THE TYRANNY OF FRICTION Guillermo Algaze REFLECTIONS ON SURVEY AND SURVEILLANCE IN THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF WESTERN ASIA Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck LEVANT THE URBANIZATION OF THE SOUTHERN LEVANT IN ITS NEAR EASTERN SETTING Pierre de Miroschedji FAR FROM THE RIVER: PHYSICAL AND METAPHORICAL USE OF THE TERRITORY AND ITS WATER RESOURCES IN EARLY AND MIDDLE BRONZE AGE SYRIA Davide Nadali, Frances Pinnock AFRICA THE ORIGIN OF URBAN SOCIETIES IN THE NILE VALLEY Maria Carmela Gatto URBANISATION IN THE CENTRAL SAHARA IN GARAMANTIAN TIMES: A LOOK FROM THE SOUTH Lucia Mori MESOAMERICA AND THE ANDES CORPORATE SOCIETIES WITH EXCLUSIONARY SOCIAL COMPONENTS: THE TEOTIHUACAN METROPOLIS Linda R. Manzanilla POPULATION, SCALE, AND THE FRAMING OF LONG-TERM HISTORY Gary M. Feinman, Linda M. Nicholas ANCIENT MAYA LOWLANDS: FROM FAKE FEUDS ABOUT “URBANISM” TO RENEWED STUDIES OF SETTLEMENT PATTERNS Dominique Michelet, Philippe Nondédéo ECOLOGICAL VARIATION AND TRAJECTORIES OF PREHISPANIC ANDEAN URBANISM R. Alan Covey WEST OF EDEN: ADAMS VISITS THE ANDES Terence N. D'Altroy EUROPE THE QUESTION OF “PROTO-URBAN” SITES IN LATER PREHISTORIC EUROPE Anthony Harding SETTLEMENT PATTERNS AND DEVELOPMENTS TOWARDS URBAN LIFE IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ITALY DURING THE BRONZE AGE Alberto Cazzella, Giulia Recchia BEFORE THE CITY: THE LAST VILLAGES AND PROTO-URBAN CENTRES BETWEEN THE PO AND TIBER RIVERS Andrea Cardarelli
Categories: Social Science

The Quijos Chiefdoms

The Quijos Chiefdoms

The motivation for reconstructing regional settlement organization and demographic trends through time goes beyond ... and hierarchy) impact entire regions and have archaeological manifestations amenable to identification at that scale.

Author: Andrea M. Cuéllar

Publisher: Center for Comparative Arch

ISBN: 9781877812873

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 567

Archaeological study of the emergence of the ethnohistorically documented Quijos chiefdoms in the eastern Ecuadorian Andes. This research evaluates links between the emergence of centralized leadership and the organization of agricultural production. The focus is on reconstructing the demographic history of 137 km2 based on a full coverage systematic survey, and on reconstructing patterns of food production and consumption based on analysis of pollen, phytoliths and plant macroremains from the excavation of 31 tests at locations representing different environmental settings and settlement types. The study proposes a sequence starting at about 600 B.C., with the first manifestations of a regional system of centralized authority appearing after about 500 A.D. Neither control of basic resources nor specialized craft production seem to have been important in the social and political dynamics of the emerging Quijos chiefdoms. Complete text in English and Spanish
Categories: Social Science

The Caddo Nation

 The Caddo Nation

... of having appropriate regional settlement data for demographic inferences. In the archaeological record for the Caddoan Area, inferences about population or settlement change are made most appropriately at the regional scale.

Author: Timothy K. Perttula

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292765746

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 653

First published in 1992 and now updated with a new preface by the author and a foreword by Thomas R. Hester, "The Caddo Nation" investigates the early contacts between the Caddoan peoples of the present-day Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Arkansas region and Europeans, including the Spanish, French, and some Euro-Americans. Perttula's study explores Caddoan cultural change from the perspectives of both archaeological data and historical, ethnographic, and archival records. The work focuses on changes from A.D. 1520 to ca. A.D. 1800 and challenges many long-standing assumptions about the nature of these changes.
Categories: Social Science

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Although such variables as regional settlement, demographic structure, and vegetational-soil complexes are often discussed, they have rarely been formally integrated into the models that underly the interpretation of agricultural ...

Author: Michael B Schiffer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483214801

Category: Social Science

Page: 462

View: 428

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 3 presents the progressive explorations in methods and theory in archeology. This book discusses the general cultural significance of cult archeology. Organized into nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the spectrum of professional reactions to cult archeology. This text then examines the applicability of evolutionary theory to archeology. Other chapters consider the fundamental principles of adaptation as applied to human behavior and review the state of application of adaptational approaches in archeology. This book discusses as well the convergence of evolutionary and ecological perspectives in anthropology that has given rise to a distinct concept of culture. The final chapter deals with obsidian dating as a chronometric method and explains the problems that limit its effectiveness. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists and anthropologists. Graduate students and archeology students will also find this book extremely useful.
Categories: Social Science

Population scale and the framing of long term history

Population  scale  and the framing of long   term history

Companion to Chinese Archaeology, A. P. Underhill (ed.) ... GORENFLO L.J. 2006 - The Evolution of Regional Demography and Settlement in the Prehispanic Basin of Mexico, in Urbanism in the Preindustrial World: Cross-Cultural Processes, ...

Author: Gary M. Feinman

Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa

ISBN: 9788849244182

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 803

Over the past 70 years, knowledge of the archaeological past has expanded geometrically, enhanced by new methodologies and evolving frameworks. The career and contributions of Robert McC. Adams spurred and spanned this era, as a champion of regional settlement pattern survey in Southwest Asia and an innovative and eclectic theoretician. Spurred initially by the cultural ecology paradigm, Adams rapidly eclipsed it, promoting greater focus on networks of human social relations, multiscale analyses, and more macro-frames for the examination of deep historical records of change. Here, we draw on the findings from two large systematically surveyed regions, the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, and southeastern coastal Shandong, China, to illustrate empirically the wisdom of Adams' perspectives for understanding millennial-long records of demographic and political economic transition across these two extensive preindustrial landscapes.
Categories: Social Science