Religion History and Place in the Origin of Settled Life

Religion  History  and Place in the Origin of Settled Life

Both the conference and the session were called “Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life.” The main question contributors were asked to assess was whether there was widespread evidence that delayed-return agricultural ...

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607327370

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 516

This volume explores the role of religion and ritual in the origin of settled life in the Middle East, focusing on the repetitive construction of houses or cult buildings in the same place. Prominent archaeologists, anthropologists, and scholars of religion working at several of the region’s most important sites—such as Çatalhöyük, Göbekli Tepe, Körtik Tepe, and Aşıklı Höyük—contend that religious factors significantly affected the timing and stability of settled economic structures. Contributors argue that the long-term social relationships characteristic of delayed-return agricultural systems must be based on historical ties to place and to ancestors. They define different forms of history-making, including nondiscursive routinized practices as well as commemorative memorialization. They consider the timing in the Neolithic of an emerging concern with history-making in place in relation to the adoption of farming and settled life in regional sequences. They explore whether such correlations indicate the causal processes in which history-making, ritual practices, agricultural intensification, population increase, and social competition all played a role. Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life takes a major step forward in understanding the adoption of farming and a settled way of life in the Middle East by foregrounding the roles of history-making and religious ritual. This work is relevant to students and scholars of Near Eastern archaeology, as well as those interested in the origins of agriculture and social complexity or the social role of religion in the past. Contributors: Kurt W. Alt, Mark R. Anspach, Marion Benz, Lee Clare, Anna Belfer-Cohen, Morris Cohen, Oliver Dietrich, Güneş Duru, Yilmaz S. Erdal, Nigel Goring-Morris, Ian Hodder, Rosemary A. Joyce, Nicola Lercari, Wendy Matthews, Jens Notroff, Vecihi Özkaya, Feridun S. Şahin, F. Leron Shults, Devrim Sönmez, Christina Tsoraki, Wesley Wildman
Categories: Social Science

Violence and the Sacred in the Ancient Near East

Violence and the Sacred in the Ancient Near East

Religion, History and Place in the Origin of Settled Life. Boulder: University of Colorado Press. Duru, G. 2018. Sedentism and solitude: exploring the impact of private space on social cohesion in the Neolithic. In I. Hodder (ed.) ...

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108476027

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 200

This book is primarily for researchers and students in the archaeology of the Ancient Near East. The volume results from intense interaction between archaeologists at these sites and a group of theorists studying the scholarship of René Girard.
Categories: History

Consciousness Creativity and Self at the Dawn of Settled Life

Consciousness  Creativity  and Self at the Dawn of Settled Life

Alterhistory transition natives to Hierarchical Systems in Modelling Social Formations. Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistor- ischen Archäologie 215, ... In: Religion, History and Place in the Origin of Settled Life, ed. I. Hodder.

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108484923

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 725

Challenges the widely held assumption that the Neolithic saw an overall cognitive revolution.
Categories: History

Alcohol and Humans

Alcohol and Humans

Threshold to the origins of agriculture. ... Environmental data and building traditions of the Epipalaeolithic settlement at Körtik Tepe, Southeast Turkey. ... Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life, pp. 137–61.

Author: Kimberley Hockings

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198842460

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 137

Alcohol use has a long and ubiquitous history. The prevailing tendency to view alcohol merely as a 'social problem' or the popular notion that alcohol only serves to provide us with a 'hedonic' high, masks its importance in the social fabric of many human societies both past and present. To understand alcohol use, as a complex social practice that has been exploited by humans for thousands of years, requires cross-disciplinary insight from social/cultural anthropologists, archaeologists, historians, psychologists, primatologists, and biologists. This multi-disciplinary volume examines the broad use of alcohol in the human lineage and its wider relationship to social contexts such as feasting, sacred rituals, and social bonding. Alcohol abuse is a small part of a much more complex and social pattern of widespread alcohol use by humans. This alone should prompt us to explore the evolutionary origins of this ancient practice and the socially functional reasons for its continued popularity. The objectives of this volume are: (1) to understand how and why nonhuman primates and other animals use alcohol in the wild, and its relevance to understanding the social consumption of alcohol in humans; (2) to understand the social function of alcohol in human prehistory; (3) to understand the sociocultural significance of alcohol across human societies; and (4) to explore the social functions of alcohol consumption in contemporary society. 'Alcohol in Humans' will be fascinating reading for those in the fields of biology, psychology, anthropology, archaeology, as well as those with a broader interest in addiction.
Categories: Psychology

OIKOS

OIKOS

Hodder 2018 = I. Hodder , Introduction : two forms of history making in the Neolithic of the Middle East , in Religion , History , and Place in the Origin of Settled Life , edited by I. Hodder , Boulder ( 2018 ) , 3-32 .

Author: Maria Relaki

Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain

ISBN: 9782875589965

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 594

This collection of papers explores whether the Lévi-Straussian notion of the House is a valid concept in aiding the comprehension of the social structure of Bronze Age Aegean societies. The volume succeeds in stressing the advances made in the study of social structure of the Aegean on the basis of material remains.
Categories: History

The Matter of atalh y k

The Matter of   atalh  y  k

two relating to change through time: (1) At Çatalhöyük what is the relationship between religious and other ... The results of this project were published as Religion, History and Place in the Origin of Settled Life (Hodder 2018).

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara

ISBN: 9781912090495

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 290

This volume presents material artifacts recovered from the site in these seasons, including a range of clay-based objects (ceramics, clay balls, tokens, figurines) as well as those made of stone, shell and textile.
Categories: Social Science

Archaeology of Households Kinship and Social Change

Archaeology of Households  Kinship  and Social Change

Hodder, Ian 2018 Introduction: Two Forms of History Making in the Neolithic of the Middle East. In Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life, edited by Ian Hodder, pp. 3–32. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

Author: Lacey B. Carpenter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000464948

Category: Social Science

Page: 502

View: 297

Archaeology of Households, Kinship, and Social Change offers new perspectives on the processes of social change from the standpoint of household archaeology. This volume develops new theoretical and methodological approaches to the archaeology of households pursuing three critical themes: household diversity in human residential communities with and without archaeologically identifiable houses, interactions within and between households that explicitly considers impacts of kin and non-kin relationships and lastly change as a process that involves the choices made by members of households in the context of larger societal constraints. Encompassing these themes, authors explore the role of social ties and their material manifestations (within the house, dwelling or other constructed space), how the household relates to other social units, how households consolidate power and control over resources, and how these changes manifest at multiple scales. The case studies presented in this volume have broader implications for understanding the drivers of change, the ways households create the contexts for change, and how households serve as spaces for invention, reaction, and/or resistance. Understanding the nature of relationships within households is necessary for a more complete understanding of communities and regions as these ties are vital to explaining how and why societies change. Taking a comparative outlook, with case studies from around the world, this volume will inform students and professionals researching household archaeology and be of interest to other disciplines concerned with the relationship between social networks and societal change.
Categories: Social Science

Peopling the Landscape of atalh y k

Peopling the Landscape of   atalh  y  k

Fourth, what is the relationship between religion and history making at other sites in the Neolithic of the Middle East? The results of this project were published as Religion, History and Place in the Origin of Settled Life (Hodder ...

Author: Ian Hodder

Publisher: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara

ISBN: 9781912090754

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 368

This volume reports on the ways in which humans engaged in their material and biotic environments at Çatalhöyük, using a wide range of archaeological evidence. This volume also summarizes work on the skeletal remains recovered from the site, as well as analytical research on isotopes and aDNA.
Categories: Social Science

Where Do Cities Come From and Where Are They Going To Modelling Past and Present Agglomerations to Understand Urban Ways of Life

Where Do Cities Come From and Where Are They Going To  Modelling Past and Present Agglomerations to Understand Urban Ways of Life

“Introduction: two forms of history making in the Neolithic of the Middle East,” in Religion, History, and Place in the Origin of Settled Life, ed I. Hodder (Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado), 3–32. Hodder, I., and Farid, ...

Author: Francesca Fulminante

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889664238

Category: Science

Page:

View: 229

Over the last decade, there has been a surge of interest in urbanization and economic development, sparked by the realization that making urban life sustainable is one of the greatest challenges facing us in the 21st century (this is now one of the core sustainable development goals of the United Nations). This has exerted considerable pressure on researchers to come up with more scientific ways of studying urbanism and economic activity over the long run, which has resulted not only in the development of new theoretical frameworks, but also in the collection of vast amounts of data from a range of settings. This has led to the realization that, although there are significant differences between settlements in different settings, there are nonetheless important regularities and commonalities between a diverse group of settlements in range of geographical and historical contexts, including both ancient and modern ones. This suggests that a common feature of settlements is their ability to generate increased social connectivity, greater division of labour and specialization, and enhanced technological invention and innovation, albeit with costs to levels of equality, quality of life, and standards of living, as well as impacts on the environment, which cannot be separated from the emergence of confederations and states and the creation of settlement systems, hierarchies and networks. We believe that this field of enquiry now stands at a critical juncture. Although it is now feasible to talk about many aspects of ancient and modern urbanism with relative confidence, such as the numbers of cities or their sizes, much of the discussion of these themes within historical and archaeological circles has been on a discursive or qualitative level, while it is often difficult to harmonize the different models that have been applied to date into a consistent empirical and theoretical framework. A new approach to settlements throughout different contexts should now be within our grasp, however, thanks to both the ease with which information can be disseminated and the facilities that recent developments in IT offer us to model, analyse, and statistically test data.
Categories: Science

The Frontiers of Knowledge

The Frontiers of Knowledge

... among other things, the series of books Religion in the Emergence of Civilization (2010); Religion at Work in a Neolithic Society (2014); and Religion, History and Place and the Origin of Settled Life (2018).11 Templeton's use of ...

Author: A. C. Grayling

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241980873

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 427

'Grayling brings satisfying order to daunting subjects' Steven Pinker _________________________ In very recent times humanity has learnt a vast amount about the universe, the past, and itself. But through our remarkable successes in acquiring knowledge we have learned how much we have yet to learn: the science we have, for example, addresses just 5 per cent of the universe; pre-history is still being revealed, with thousands of historical sites yet to be explored; and the new neurosciences of mind and brain are just beginning. What do we know, and how do we know it? What do we now know that we don't know? And what have we learnt about the obstacles to knowing more? In a time of deepening battles over what knowledge and truth mean, these questions matter more than ever. Bestselling polymath and philosopher A. C. Grayling seeks to answer them in three crucial areas at the frontiers of knowledge: science, history and psychology. A remarkable history of science, life on earth, and the human mind itself, this is a compelling and fascinating tour de force, written with verve, clarity and remarkable breadth of knowledge. _________________________ 'Remarkable, readable and authoritative. How he has mastered so much, so thoroughly, is nothing short of amazing' Lawrence M. Krauss, author of A Universe from Nothing 'This book hums with the excitement of the great human project of discovery' Adam Zeman, author of Aphantasia
Categories: Philosophy