Representing and Intervening

Representing and Intervening

A lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism.

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521282462

Category: Philosophy

Page: 287

View: 933

A lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism.
Categories: Philosophy

Leibniz Representation Continuity and the Spatiotemporal

Leibniz  Representation  Continuity and the Spatiotemporal

representation. Such an option is indeed available to us. It is, after all, correct to
say that a monadic representor can only ... a monad A represents a monad B
through the eyes of all the monads, which are represented as spatially
intervening ...

Author: D.A. Anapolitanos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401591478

Category: History

Page: 195

View: 894

Anapolitanos critically examines and evaluates three basic characteristics of the Leibnizian metaphysical system: Leibniz's version of representation; the principle of continuity; and space, time, and the phenomenally spatio-temporal. Chapter I discusses representation, especially as it refers to the connection between the real and the phenomenal levels of Leibniz's system. Chapter II examines the principle of continuity, including continuity as a general feature of every level of Leibniz's metaphysics. The position adopted is that the problem of the composition of the continuum played a central role on the development of Leibniz's non-spatial and non-temporal monadic metaphysics. The machinery developed is then used to offer a new interpretation of Leibniz' metaphysics of space and time. The notion of indirect representation is used to construct appropriate models that clarify the nature of the correspondence between the real and the phenomenal levels in the case of the relations `spatially between' and `temporally between', as well as in the cases of spatial and temporal density. Finally, Leibniz's solution to the problem of the continuum is discussed, arguing that it is not entirely satisfactory. A non-anachronistic alternative is proposed, compatible with Leibniz's metaphysics of substance.
Categories: History

Representing Electrons

Representing Electrons

Hacking's views on scientific realism are expounded in Representing and
Intervening (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1983); and his essay "
Experimentation and Scientific Realism," in Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism, pp.
154-172.

Author: Theodore Arabatzis

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226024202

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 741

Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own. Furthermore, he argues that the considerable variance in the representation of the electron does not undermine its stable identity or existence. Raising philosophical issues of contentious debate in the history and philosophy of science—namely, scientific realism and meaning change—Arabatzis addresses the history of the electron across disciplines, integrating historical narrative with philosophical analysis in a book that will be a touchstone for historians and philosophers of science and scientists alike.
Categories: Science

Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry

Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry

Karen Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway (56) More thana quarter century ago,
the philosopher ofscience Ian Hacking wrotean influential book called
Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural
Science.

Author: Bryan Walpert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136587283

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 261

This book examines types of resistance in contemporary poetry to the authority of scientific knowledge, tracing the source of these resistances to both their literary precedents and the scientific zeitgeists that helped to produce them. Walpert argues that contemporary poetry offers a palimpsest of resistance, using as case studies the poets Alison Hawthorne Deming, Pattiann Rogers, Albert Goldbarth, and Joan Retallack to trace the recapitulation of romantic arguments (inherited from Keats, Shelly, and Coleridge, which in turn were produced in part in response to Newtonian physics), modernist arguments (inherited from Eliot and Pound, arguments influenced in part by relativity and quantum theory), and postmodernist arguments (arguments informed by post-structuralist theory, e.g. Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, with affinities to arguments for the limitations of science in the philosophy, sociology, and rhetoric of science). Some of these poems reveal the discursive ideologies of scientific language—reveal, in other words, the performativity of scientific language. In doing so, these poems themselves can also be read as performative acts and, therefore, as forms of intervention rather than representation. Reading Retallack alongside science studies scholar Karen Barad, the book concludes by proposing that viewing knowledge as a form of intervention, rather than representation, offers a bridge between contemporary poetry and science.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Biology and History of Molecular Biology New Perspectives

The Biology and History of Molecular Biology  New Perspectives

LIFE AS TECHNOLOGY : REPRESENTING , INTERVENING , AND
MOLECULARIZING * In December 1945 , soon after the end of World War II and
in anticipation of postwar expansion of science , Linus Pauling submitted to the
Rockefeller ...

Author: S. Sarkar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402002491

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 623

This book is a collection of papers which reflect the recent trends in the philosophy and history of molecular biology. It brings together historians, philosophers, and molecular biologists who reflect on the discipline's emergence in the 1950's, its explosive growth, and the directions in which it is going. Questions addressed include: (i) what are the limits of molecular biology? (ii) What is the relation of molecular biology to older subdisciplines of biology, especially biochemistry? (iii) Are there theories in molecular biology? (iv) If so, how are these theories structured? (v) What role did information theory play in the rise of molecular biology? The book will open the way for many future researchers.
Categories: History

Theory and Experiment

Theory and Experiment

Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge 1983, pp. 155-156. Cf. also Allan Franklin, 'The Epistemology of
Experiment (Review of I. Hacking, Representing and Intervening), The British
Journal for the ...

Author: Diderik Batens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400928756

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 127

This is not "another collection of contributions on a traditional subject." Even more than we dared to expect during the preparatory stages, the papers in this volume prove that our thinking about science has taken a new turn and has reached a new stage. The progressive destruction of the received view has been a fascinating and healthy experience. At present, the period of destruction is over. A richer and more equilibrated analysis of a number of problems is possible and is being cru'ried out. In this sense, this book comes right on time. We owe a lot to the scholars of the Kuhnian period. They not only did away with obstacles, but in several respects instigated a shift in attention that changed history and philosophy of science in a irreversible way. A c1earcut example - we borrow it from the paper by Risto Hilpinen - concerns the study of science as a process, Rnd not only as a result. Moreover, they apparently reached several lasting results, e.g., concerning the tremendous impact of theoretical conceptions on empirical data. Apart from baffling people for several decades, this insight rules out an other return to simple-minded empiricism in the future.
Categories: Science

The Northern Adriatic Ecosystem

The Northern Adriatic Ecosystem

ravinement and overlying sediments represent rapid landward migration of a
barrier and back - barrier system during a transgressive event . Fossils of
brackish water ... low - stands representing the intervening high - stand ( Borsetti
et al .

Author: Frank Kenneth McKinney

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231132425

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 623

The northern Adriatic Sea is transient, most recently flooded between 18,000 to 6,000 years ago following the last glacial maximum, and it will drain again with the onset of the next glacial period. Despite its youth, uniformly shallow depth, and flat sediment floor, it hosts a broad range of bottom-dwelling sea life ecologically resembling communities that have existed in the shallow sea since the Ordovician Period, some 500 million years ago. The northern Adriatic is a natural laboratory in which to test hypotheses concerning the shift from the Paleozoic prevalence of stationary suspension-feeders living on the surface of the sediment and feeding from the overlying waters to, more recently, bottom-dwelling animals living dominantly in or actively seeking temporary refuge within the sediments of the sea floor, regardless of where they feed. Across the northern Adriatic Sea there is an ecological gradient from Paleozoic-style surface-dwelling communities in the east to "modern" communities living almost exclusively within the sediments in the west. Therefore, within the relatively small area of the northern Adriatic, there is an existing gradient similar to the profound ecological change from Paleozoic to more modern marine life. During the early twentieth century, life at the bottom of the Adriatic was systematically sampled from the east to the west coasts, revealing the most common animals and their distribution. In this book Frank K. McKinney combines these findings with more recent, local studies to understand better the ecological structure of the Adriatic's floor. Specifically, he uses the predation, sediment textures and deposition rates, currents, and nutrients of northern Adriatic bottom communities to evaluate hypotheses concerning the conditions that drove surface-dwelling animals to seek long-term refuge within sea floor sediment. Though the northern Adriatic has been well studied since the advent of the marine sciences, it is not widely known by paleontologists. With this volume, McKinney illuminates what this "living laboratory" can tell us about the evolution of multicellular life on Earth.
Categories: Science

Models as Make Believe

Models as Make Believe

Imagination, Fiction and Scientific Representation Adam Toon. Philosophy, 21,
725–40. Goldman, A. (2003). Representation in art. In J. Levinson (ed.), The
Oxford Handbook of ... Representing and Intervening. Cambridge: Cambridge ...

Author: Adam Toon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137292230

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 315

Scientists often try to understand the world by building simplified and idealised models of it. Adam Toon develops a new approach to scientific models by comparing them to the dolls and toy trucks of children's imaginative games, and offers a unified framework to solve difficult metaphysical problems and help to make sense of scientific practice.
Categories: Science

Fertility Class and Gender in Britain 1860 1940

Fertility  Class and Gender in Britain  1860 1940

But this does not mean that all forms of abstraction and 164 Hacking ,
Representing and intervening , p . 216 . representation are equally valid and
justifiable : they may obscure Class , communities , gender and fertility change
593 Social ...

Author: Simon Szreter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521528682

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 663

A unique interpretation of falling fertility in Britain between 1860 and 1940, with new and surprising findings.
Categories: History

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

... A.: 1997, The Inflationary Universe. Reading, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts.
Hacking, I.: 1983, Representing and Intervening. Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge. Hudson, J.: 1992, The History of Chemistry, Macmillan Press,
London.

Author: S. Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401728621

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 149

Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. Contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. I believe that the present volume will be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History And Philosophy of Science viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised.
Categories: Science

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

Using model to represent reality. In Model-based reasoning in scientific ... An
agent-based conception of models and scientific representation. Syntheses 172(
2): 269–281. Gilbert ... Representing and intervening. Cambridge: University of ...

Author: Hsiang-Ke Chao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400724549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 389

This volume addresses fundamental issues in the philosophy of science in the context of two most intriguing fields: biology and economics. Written by authorities and experts in the philosophy of biology and economics, Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics provides a structured study of the concepts of mechanism and causality in these disciplines and draws careful juxtapositions between philosophical apparatus and scientific practice. By exploring the issues that are most salient to the contemporary philosophies of biology and economics and by presenting comparative analyses, the book serves as a platform not only for gaining mutual understanding between scientists and philosophers of the life sciences and those of the social sciences, but also for sharing interdisciplinary research that combines both philosophical concepts in both fields. The book begins by defining the concepts of mechanism and causality in biology and economics, respectively. The second and third parts investigate philosophical perspectives of various causal and mechanistic issues in scientific practice in the two fields. These two sections include chapters on causal issues in the theory of evolution; experiments and scientific discovery; representation of causal relations and mechanism by models in economics. The concluding section presents interdisciplinary studies of various topics concerning extrapolation of life sciences and social sciences, including chapters on the philosophical investigation of conjoining biological and economic analyses with, respectively, demography, medicine and sociology.
Categories: Philosophy

The Mangle of Practice

The Mangle of Practice

If we are mere spectators at the theatre of life, how shall we ever know, on
grounds internal to the passing show, what is mere representation by the actors,
and what is the real thing? Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening TT Tith the
four ...

Author: Andrew Pickering

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226668029

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 326

This ambitious book by one of the most original and provocative thinkers in science studies offers a sophisticated new understanding of the nature of scientific, mathematical, and engineering practice and the production of scientific knowledge. Andrew Pickering offers a new approach to the unpredictable nature of change in science, taking into account the extraordinary number of factors—social, technological, conceptual, and natural—that interact to affect the creation of scientific knowledge. In his view, machines, instruments, facts, theories, conceptual and mathematical structures, disciplined practices, and human beings are in constantly shifting relationships with one another—"mangled" together in unforeseeable ways that are shaped by the contingencies of culture, time, and place. Situating material as well as human agency in their larger cultural context, Pickering uses case studies to show how this picture of the open, changeable nature of science advances a richer understanding of scientific work both past and present. Pickering examines in detail the building of the bubble chamber in particle physics, the search for the quark, the construction of the quarternion system in mathematics, and the introduction of computer-controlled machine tools in industry. He uses these examples to address the most basic elements of scientific practice—the development of experimental apparatus, the production of facts, the development of theory, and the interrelation of machines and social organization.
Categories: Science

State of Affairs

State of Affairs

When scientific papers are submitted for review, they are often the result of a
team approach to problem solving, and they always represent standing on the
shoulders of those who went before. ... Hacking, Representing and Intervening,
174.

Author: Richard J. Coleman

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630875572

Category: Religion

Page: 284

View: 773

The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.
Categories: Religion

Bio objects

Bio objects

To be sure , life has always been an object of knowing , representing and
intervening in insurance . Francois Ewald ( 1986 ) long noted the significance of
life insurance as a biopolitical technique of governance with the biological being
as the ...

Author: Niki Vermeulen

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409411788

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 676

Examining a variety of bio-objects in contexts beyond the laboratory, Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century explores new ways of thinking about how novel bio-objects enter contemporary life, analysing the manner in which the boundaries between human and animal, organic and non-organic, and being 'alive' and the suspension of living, are questioned, destabilised and in some cases re-established.
Categories: Social Science

Essays on Philosophy in Australia

Essays on Philosophy in Australia

The distinction drawn by Ellis here matches that drawn by I. Hacking in
Representing and Intervening (1983), between causal ... Distinguishing causal
realism or scientific-entity realism from other forms of realism represents probably
the most ...

Author: Jan J.T. Srzednicki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401580069

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 203

Philosophy flourished in Australia after the war. There was spectacular growth in both the number of departments and the number of philosophers. On top of this philosophy spread beyond the philosophy departments. Serious studies, and interest in philosophy is now common in faculties as diverse as law, science and education. Neither is this development merely quantitative, the Australian researcher has come of age and contributes widely to international debates. At least one movement originated in Australia. This makes the study of philosophy in Australia timely, evidenced by the number of articles concerned with this area that begin to appear in international journals. In Australia itself there is growing interest in the history of the country's philosophical development. There are discussions in conferences and meetings: the matter is now the subject of courses.
Categories: History

Instrumentation Between Science State and Industry

Instrumentation Between Science  State and Industry

Representing and intervening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hacking
... Experimental systems, objects of investigation, and spaces of representation,
in M. Heidelberger and F. Steinle (eds.), Experimental Essays — Versuche zum ...

Author: B. Joerges

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401090322

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 366

these. In this book, we appropriate their conception of research-technology, and ex tend it to many other phenomena which are less stable and less localized in time and space than the Zeeman/Cotton situation. In the following pages, we use the concept for instances where research activities are orientated primarily toward technologies which facilitate both the production of scientific knowledge and the production of other goods. In particular, we use the tenn for instances where instruments and meth ods· traverse numerous geographic and institutional boundaries; that is, fields dis tinctly different and distant from the instruments' and methods' initial focus. We suggest that instruments such as the ultra-centrifuge, and the trajectories of the men who devise such artefacts, diverge in an interesting way from other fonns of artefacts and careers in science, metrology and engineering with which students of science and technology are more familiar. The instrument systems developed by re search-technologists strike us as especially general, open-ended, and flexible. When tailored effectively, research-technology instruments potentially fit into many niches and serve a host of unrelated applications. Their multi-functional character distin guishes them from many other devices which are designed to address specific, nar rowly defined problems in a circumscribed arena in and outside of science. Research technology activities link universities, industry, public and private research or me trology establishments, instrument-making finns, consulting companies, the military, and metrological agencies. Research-technology practitioners do not follow the career path of the traditional academic or engineering professional.
Categories: Science

Critical Digital Studies

Critical Digital Studies

Denaturalization without dematerialization; questioning representation with a
vengeance.9 Science Studies: reflexivity, ... compared with distributed passage
points, representing and intervening, how experiments end, social epistemology.

Author: Arthur Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442666719

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 823

Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.
Categories: Social Science

The Sociology of Medical Screening

The Sociology of Medical Screening

9 Representing and Intervening: 'Doing' Good Care in First Trimester Prenatal
Knowledge Production and Decision-Making Nete Schwennesen and Lene Koch
Introduction Current professional and policy debate over the use of prenatal ...

Author: Natalie Armstrong

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118234372

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 171

The Sociology of Medical Screening: Critical Perspectives, New Directions presents a series of readings that provide an up-to-date overview of the diverse sociological issues relating to population-based medical screening. Features new research data in most of the contributions Includes contributions from eminent sociologists such as David Armstrong, Stefan Timmermans, and Alison Pilnick Represents one of the only collections to specifically address the sociology of medical screening
Categories: Social Science

Visualization in the Age of Computerization

Visualization in the Age of Computerization

Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophyof Natural
Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Harman, Graham. 2009. The
Prince of Networks: Bruno Latour and Metaphysics. Melbourne: Re.Press.
Harman ...

Author: Annamaria Carusi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135077365

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 347

Digitalization and computerization are now pervasive in science. This has deep consequences for our understanding of scientific knowledge and of the scientific process, and challenges longstanding assumptions and traditional frameworks of thinking of scientific knowledge. Digital media and computational processes challenge our conception of the way in which perception and cognition work in science, of the objectivity of science, and the nature of scientific objects. They bring about new relationships between science, art and other visual media, and new ways of practicing science and organizing scientific work, especially as new visual media are being adopted by science studies scholars in their own practice. This volume reflects on how scientists use images in the computerization age, and how digital technologies are affecting the study of science.
Categories: Social Science

The Culture of Diagram

The Culture of Diagram

Relevant discussions include Hacking, Representing and Intervening, esp. chap.
9; and also his article “Experimentation and Scientific Realism,” chap. 13 in
Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper, and J. D. Trout, eds., The Philosophy of Science ...

Author: John Bender

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804745055

Category: Art

Page: 265

View: 792

This book defines diagrams as tools manipulated by users to produce new kinds of understanding and demonstrates that a modern diagrammatic knowledge emerged in eighteenth-century visual culture to become the foundation of later nineteenth-century science.
Categories: Art