Drawing the article together is a concern to understand better the work creative methods can do in the world in terms of enabling us to research and to live differently.
Creative Geographies, methods of experimental 'art-full' research that have creative practices at their heart, have become increasingly vibrant of late. These research strategies, which see geographers working as and in collaboration with a range of arts practitioners, re-cast geography's interdisciplinary relationship with arts and humanities subjects and practices as well as its own intradisciplinary relations. Amidst the vibrancy of this creative 're-turn', a series of important questions are cohering around how exactly, and for whom, these methods are creative and critical. If the potential of creative methods for both researching and living differently is to be achieved then it is important we spend time reflecting on these and other questions. To begin these reflections this article tells three stories of creative doings that concern knowing, representing and intervening in place. These creative doings came about in the course of ethnographic work with the participatory arts project Caravanserai led by artist Annie Lovejoy, and among other outputs resulted in the collaborative artists' book insites (2010). From a focus on these three sets of creative doings come larger concerns, principally around how the materialities, technologies and aesthetics of different art forms might enable various ways of knowing and conceptual experiments, as well as concerns around skill and expertise. These latter query what it is that geographers do and what it is that visual artists do, seeking to appreciate the expert as well as the amateur and what might be gained through learning to practice – in other words, how our creative methods might not only focus on finished products but also what can be learned in the processes of creative doings. Drawing the article together is a concern to understand better the work creative methods can do in the world in terms of enabling us to research and to live differently.
It is, after all, correct to say that a monadic representor can only distinctly represent finite sequencesegments of such an ... a monad A represents a monad
B through the eyes of all the monads, which are represented as spatially intervening ...
Author: D.A. Anapolitanos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Anapolitanos critically examines and evaluates three basic characteristics of the Leibnizian metaphysical system: Leibniz's version of representation; the principle of continuity; and space, time, and the phenomenally spatio-temporal. Chapter I discusses representation, especially as it refers to the connection between the real and the phenomenal levels of Leibniz's system. Chapter II examines the principle of continuity, including continuity as a general feature of every level of Leibniz's metaphysics. The position adopted is that the problem of the composition of the continuum played a central role on the development of Leibniz's non-spatial and non-temporal monadic metaphysics. The machinery developed is then used to offer a new interpretation of Leibniz' metaphysics of space and time. The notion of indirect representation is used to construct appropriate models that clarify the nature of the correspondence between the real and the phenomenal levels in the case of the relations `spatially between' and `temporally between', as well as in the cases of spatial and temporal density. Finally, Leibniz's solution to the problem of the continuum is discussed, arguing that it is not entirely satisfactory. A non-anachronistic alternative is proposed, compatible with Leibniz's metaphysics of substance.
... experimental situation that Hacking, following contemporary experimentalists,
describes as "spraying of electrons."42. 39. Hacking's views on scientific realism
are expounded in Representing and Intervening (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ.
Author: Theodore Arabatzis
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own. Furthermore, he argues that the considerable variance in the representation of the electron does not undermine its stable identity or existence. Raising philosophical issues of contentious debate in the history and philosophy of science—namely, scientific realism and meaning change—Arabatzis addresses the history of the electron across disciplines, integrating historical narrative with philosophical analysis in a book that will be a touchstone for historians and philosophers of science and scientists alike.
Karen Barad, Meeting the Universe Halfway (56) More thana quarter century ago,
the philosopher ofscience Ian Hacking wrotean influential book called Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural
Author: Bryan Walpert
Category: Literary Criticism
This book examines types of resistance in contemporary poetry to the authority of scientific knowledge, tracing the source of these resistances to both their literary precedents and the scientific zeitgeists that helped to produce them. Walpert argues that contemporary poetry offers a palimpsest of resistance, using as case studies the poets Alison Hawthorne Deming, Pattiann Rogers, Albert Goldbarth, and Joan Retallack to trace the recapitulation of romantic arguments (inherited from Keats, Shelly, and Coleridge, which in turn were produced in part in response to Newtonian physics), modernist arguments (inherited from Eliot and Pound, arguments influenced in part by relativity and quantum theory), and postmodernist arguments (arguments informed by post-structuralist theory, e.g. Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, with affinities to arguments for the limitations of science in the philosophy, sociology, and rhetoric of science). Some of these poems reveal the discursive ideologies of scientific language—reveal, in other words, the performativity of scientific language. In doing so, these poems themselves can also be read as performative acts and, therefore, as forms of intervention rather than representation. Reading Retallack alongside science studies scholar Karen Barad, the book concludes by proposing that viewing knowledge as a form of intervention, rather than representation, offers a bridge between contemporary poetry and science.
Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and contemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge.
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Twenty-five years ago one could list by name the tiny number of multiple personalities recorded in the history of Western medicine, but today hundreds of people receive treatment for dissociative disorders in every sizable town in North America. Clinicians, backed by a grassroots movement of patients and therapists, find child sexual abuse to be the primary cause of the illness, while critics accuse the "MPD" community of fostering false memories of childhood trauma. Here the distinguished philosopher Ian Hacking uses the MPD epidemic and its links with the contemporary concept of child abuse to scrutinize today's moral and political climate, especially our power struggles about memory and our efforts to cope with psychological injuries. What is it like to suffer from multiple personality? Most diagnosed patients are women: why does gender matter? How does defining an illness affect the behavior of those who suffer from it? And, more generally, how do systems of knowledge about kinds of people interact with the people who are known about? Answering these and similar questions, Hacking explores the development of the modern multiple personality movement. He then turns to a fascinating series of historical vignettes about an earlier wave of multiples, people who were diagnosed as new ways of thinking about memory emerged, particularly in France, toward the end of the nineteenth century. Fervently occupied with the study of hypnotism, hysteria, sleepwalking, and fugue, scientists of this period aimed to take the soul away from the religious sphere. What better way to do this than to make memory a surrogate for the soul and then subject it to empirical investigation? Made possible by these nineteenth-century developments, the current outbreak of dissociative disorders is embedded in new political settings. Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and contemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge. As Foucault once identified a politics that centers on the body and another that classifies and organizes the human population, Hacking has now provided a masterful description of the politics of memory : the scientizing of the soul and the wounds it can receive.
Hacking, I. (1983): Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the
Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Krohn,
W. (2003): Das Risiko des (Nicht-)Wissens. Zum Funktionswandel der
Wissenschaft in ...
Author: Cécile Rol
Category: Social Science
Georg Simmels "Soziologie" (1908) hat auf die Begrifflichkeit und auf die Methoden des Faches in Deutschland sowie im Ausland tief gewirkt. In diesem Buch, das Simmel fünfzehn Jahre Arbeit abverlangt hat, verbindet sich in der Analyse des Gegenstandes die Konstruktion des soziologischen Blicks mit dessen praktischer Anwendung. Was aber bleibt 100 Jahre später von der "Soziologie"? Wie wird sie von den unterschiedlichen Spezialisten der Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften wahrgenommen? Diese Fragen haben die Herausgeber Geistes- und Gesellschaftswissenschaftlern in unterschiedlichen Ländern gestellt, um zu erfahren, wie sie Simmels "Soziologie" in ihre Arbeit und ihre tägliche Forschungspraxis einbeziehen. Wegen ihrer Konstruktion und ihrer thematischen Vielfalt erweist sich die Soziologie oft als unvollendetes Werk. Die Autoren in diesem Band tragen dieser Unabgeschlossenheit Rechnung, indem auch sie dem Leser keine fertigen Analysen und Konstruktionen, sondern Einblicke in laufende Arbeiten auf verschiedenen Ebenen des gesellschaftlichen Lebens bieten. Damit zeigen sie, wie fruchtbar die "Soziologie" für die zeitgenössischen Untersuchungen der Kultur und der Gesellschaft bleibt, und bieten gleichzeitig eine Einführung in die großen Themen der Disziplin an.
LIFE AS TECHNOLOGY : REPRESENTING , INTERVENING , AND
MOLECULARIZING * In December 1945 , soon after the end of World War II and
in anticipation of postwar expansion of science , Linus Pauling submitted to the
Author: S. Sarkar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book is a collection of papers which reflect the recent trends in the philosophy and history of molecular biology. It brings together historians, philosophers, and molecular biologists who reflect on the discipline's emergence in the 1950's, its explosive growth, and the directions in which it is going. Questions addressed include: (i) what are the limits of molecular biology? (ii) What is the relation of molecular biology to older subdisciplines of biology, especially biochemistry? (iii) Are there theories in molecular biology? (iv) If so, how are these theories structured? (v) What role did information theory play in the rise of molecular biology? The book will open the way for many future researchers.
Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge 1983, pp. 155-156. Cf. also Allan Franklin, 'The Epistemology of
Experiment (Review of I. Hacking, Representing and Intervening), The British
Journal for the ...
Author: Diderik Batens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is not "another collection of contributions on a traditional subject." Even more than we dared to expect during the preparatory stages, the papers in this volume prove that our thinking about science has taken a new turn and has reached a new stage. The progressive destruction of the received view has been a fascinating and healthy experience. At present, the period of destruction is over. A richer and more equilibrated analysis of a number of problems is possible and is being cru'ried out. In this sense, this book comes right on time. We owe a lot to the scholars of the Kuhnian period. They not only did away with obstacles, but in several respects instigated a shift in attention that changed history and philosophy of science in a irreversible way. A c1earcut example - we borrow it from the paper by Risto Hilpinen - concerns the study of science as a process, Rnd not only as a result. Moreover, they apparently reached several lasting results, e.g., concerning the tremendous impact of theoretical conceptions on empirical data. Apart from baffling people for several decades, this insight rules out an other return to simple-minded empiricism in the future.
ravinement and overlying sediments represent rapidlandward migration of a
barrier and back-barrier system during a ... the upper of the two during minimum
sea level of the Würm glacial interval, with the intervening mud drape between
Author: Frank Kenneth McKinney
Publisher: Columbia University Press
The northern Adriatic Sea is transient, most recently flooded between 18,000 to 6,000 years ago following the last glacial maximum, and it will drain again with the onset of the next glacial period. Despite its youth, uniformly shallow depth, and flat sediment floor, it hosts a broad range of bottom-dwelling sea life ecologically resembling communities that have existed in the shallow sea since the Ordovician Period, some 500 million years ago. The northern Adriatic is a natural laboratory in which to test hypotheses concerning the shift from the Paleozoic prevalence of stationary suspension-feeders living on the surface of the sediment and feeding from the overlying waters to, more recently, bottom-dwelling animals living dominantly in or actively seeking temporary refuge within the sediments of the sea floor, regardless of where they feed. Across the northern Adriatic Sea there is an ecological gradient from Paleozoic-style surface-dwelling communities in the east to "modern" communities living almost exclusively within the sediments in the west. Therefore, within the relatively small area of the northern Adriatic, there is an existing gradient similar to the profound ecological change from Paleozoic to more modern marine life. During the early twentieth century, life at the bottom of the Adriatic was systematically sampled from the east to the west coasts, revealing the most common animals and their distribution. In this book Frank K. McKinney combines these findings with more recent, local studies to understand better the ecological structure of the Adriatic's floor. Specifically, he uses the predation, sediment textures and deposition rates, currents, and nutrients of northern Adriatic bottom communities to evaluate hypotheses concerning the conditions that drove surface-dwelling animals to seek long-term refuge within sea floor sediment. Though the northern Adriatic has been well studied since the advent of the marine sciences, it is not widely known by paleontologists. With this volume, McKinney illuminates what this "living laboratory" can tell us about the evolution of multicellular life on Earth.
RAC, RG1.1, 205D, Box 4.23, grant application, Pauling to Weaver, December 4,
1945, Ibid., p. 3. For a more extended discussion see Ian Hacking, Representing and Intervening (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), especially pp.
Author: Lily E. Kay
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
"I think that it is a marvellous book. I have learned a good bit from it. I am always happy to read a book written by a person who has a mastery of the English language. Also, in addition to the other good qualities of the book, it has the best index I have ever seen." -Dr. Linus Pauling "As a contribution to the history of the American involvement in molecular biology, Kay's book is a work of considerable value, and it is written with clarity and intelligence." -Science "With grace and unerring intelligence, Lily Kay has written a history of molecular biology that all of us who work in the area have been waiting for. It will stand as a model for years to come." -Evelyn Fox Keller, University of California, Berkeley "The organizational history of Caltech is the loom on which Kay has woven an intricate fabric of the molecular vision of life. Among the threads are biographies of personal ambition; ideals and ideologies of social reform; and the intricacies of molecular biological science. Kay is one of a tiny handful of contemporary historians who combine mastery of archival materials and their narrative exposition with an informed grasp of modern science, and all bonded by sociological sensitivity. These textures refract, but do not obscure, how scientific advance is still impelled by the itch of curiosity, the thrill of discovery, and the pride of cognitive dominion-the contradictory rhetoric and complex motivations of academic entrepreneurs, foundation directors and wealthy donors notwithstanding. (The same surely holds for historical scholarship.)" -Joshua Lederberg, Rockefeller University
... A.: 1997, The Inflationary Universe. Reading, Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts.
Hacking, I.: 1983, Representing and Intervening. Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge. Hudson, J.: 1992, The History of Chemistry, Macmillan Press,
Author: S. Clarke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. Contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. I believe that the present volume will be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History And Philosophy of Science viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised.
But this does not mean that all forms of abstraction and 164 Hacking , Representing and intervening , p . 216 . representation are equally valid and
justifiable : they may obscure Class , communities , gender and fertility change
593 Social ...
Author: Simon Szreter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A unique interpretation of falling fertility in Britain between 1860 and 1940, with new and surprising findings.
The work of a brilliant polymath, Mach's Analysis was translated into English in 1914, and presents his extreme empiricism in lucid and persuasive form.
Author: Ernst Mach
Publisher: Thoemmes Press
The philosophy of science as it is known today emerged out of a combination of three traditional concerns: the classification of the sciences, methodology and the philosophy of nature. Included in the series Works in the Philosophy of Science 1830-1914 are all three of these interrelated areas. The titles should be of interest to both the philosopher of science and to the historian of ideas. The former will be able to trace present-day concerns back to their origins; the latter should find it a useful source for the study of Victorian conceptions of science.
When scientific papers are submitted for review, they are often the result of a
team approach to problem solving, and they always represent standing on the
shoulders of those who went before. ... Hacking, Representing and Intervening,
Author: Richard J. Coleman
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
The last sixty years have witnessed a virtual explosion of interest in how modern science and traditional Christianity intersect. This new rapprochement with science has irrevocably altered how we think of God. It constitutes a foundation from which we cannot retreat, but from which we also cannot move forward until we examine the presumptions on which it is based. For the first time, Richard Coleman interprets in a clear and meaningful way the themes and practitioners that make this rapprochement different, and what it has achieved. But this book is more than description--it is an inquiry into whether Christian theology has lost its authentic voice by its singular focus on accommodating modern science.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Giere, Ronald. 1999. Using model to
represent reality. In Model-based reasoning in ... Representing and intervening.
Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press. Harris, Todd. 2003. Data models and
Author: Hsiang-Ke Chao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume addresses fundamental issues in the philosophy of science in the context of two most intriguing fields: biology and economics. Written by authorities and experts in the philosophy of biology and economics, Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics provides a structured study of the concepts of mechanism and causality in these disciplines and draws careful juxtapositions between philosophical apparatus and scientific practice. By exploring the issues that are most salient to the contemporary philosophies of biology and economics and by presenting comparative analyses, the book serves as a platform not only for gaining mutual understanding between scientists and philosophers of the life sciences and those of the social sciences, but also for sharing interdisciplinary research that combines both philosophical concepts in both fields. The book begins by defining the concepts of mechanism and causality in biology and economics, respectively. The second and third parts investigate philosophical perspectives of various causal and mechanistic issues in scientific practice in the two fields. These two sections include chapters on causal issues in the theory of evolution; experiments and scientific discovery; representation of causal relations and mechanism by models in economics. The concluding section presents interdisciplinary studies of various topics concerning extrapolation of life sciences and social sciences, including chapters on the philosophical investigation of conjoining biological and economic analyses with, respectively, demography, medicine and sociology.
The famous Phillips machine represents the workingsof the macroeconomy by
the ebb and flow of coloured waterina ... In Representing and Intervening,Ian
Hacking refersto the models of molecular biology, 'made with spring washers, ...
Author: Adam Toon
Scientists often try to understand the world by building simplified and idealised models of it. Adam Toon develops a new approach to scientific models by comparing them to the dolls and toy trucks of children's imaginative games, and offers a unified framework to solve difficult metaphysical problems and help to make sense of scientific practice.
To be sure , life has always been an object of knowing , representing and intervening in insurance . Francois Ewald ( 1986 ) long noted the significance of
life insurance as a biopolitical technique of governance with the biological being
as the ...
Author: Niki Vermeulen
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Social Science
Examining a variety of bio-objects in contexts beyond the laboratory, Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century explores new ways of thinking about how novel bio-objects enter contemporary life, analysing the manner in which the boundaries between human and animal, organic and non-organic, and being 'alive' and the suspension of living, are questioned, destabilised and in some cases re-established.