In Resisting Rebellion, Anthony James Joes explores insurgencies ranging across five continents and spanning more than two centuries.
Author: Anthony James Joes
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
In Resisting Rebellion, Anthony James Joes explores insurgencies ranging across five continents and spanning more than two centuries. Analyzing examples from North and South America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, he identifies recurrent patterns and offers useful lessons for future policymakers. Insurgencies arise from many sources of discontent, including foreign occupation, fraudulent elections, and religious persecution, but they also stem from ethnic hostilities, the aspirations of would-be elites, and traditions of political violence. Because insurgency is as much a political phenomenon as a military one, effective counterinsurgency requires a thorough understanding of the insurgents' motives and sources of support. Clear political aims must guide military action if a counterinsurgency is to be successful and prepare a lasting reconciliation within a deeply fragmented society. The most successful counterinsurgency campaign undertaken by the United States was the one against Philippine insurgents following the Spanish-American War. But even more instructive than successful counterinsurgencies are the persistent patterns of errors revealed by Joes's comparative study. Instances include the indiscriminate destructiveness displayed by the Japanese in China and the Soviets in Afghanistan, and the torture of suspected Muslim terrorists by members of the French Army in Algeria. Joes's comprehensive twofold approach to counterinsurgency is easily applied to the U.S. The first element, developing the strategic basis for victory, emphasizes creating a peaceful path to the redress of legitimate grievances, committing sufficient troops to the counterinsurgent operation, and isolating the conflict area from outside aid. The second element aims at marginalizing the insurgents and includes fair conduct toward civilians and prisoners, systematic intelligence gathering, depriving insurgents of weapons and food, separating insurgent leaders from their followers, and offering amnesty to all but the most incorrigible. Providing valuable insights into a world of conflict, Resisting Rebellion is a thorough and readable exploration of successes and failures in counterinsurgency's long history and a strategy for the future.
So in the light of ' 56 , the early period of the Soviet system in Hungary can be
described as a strongly repressive , authoritarian system , eliciting weak resistance in the longer term , but with a strong , oneoff potential for rebellion or
Author: László Péter
"The Hungarian Cultural Centre in London is proud to be associated with this, the third volume on the history of Hungary which the Centre has supported and co-published. Like its predecessors on Lajos Kossuth and on British-Hungarian relations, the present work demonstrates the sustained interest in Great Britain in the field of Hungarian history. The collection draws together British, Hungarian and North American historians and thus illuminates the continued scholarly exchange between both countries and continents. ... The Hungarian Cultural Centre in London was opened in Covent Garden in 1999. From the very start its mission has been to familiarize the British people and the rest of the world with all the treasures that were spread to Europe by the Hungarians, as well as to highlight the values that Hungary owes to foreign cultures, in this way emphasizing Hungary's role as a bridge for inter-cultural communication. The present work comports entirely with this aim, as well as having its focus on one of the most important events in post-war Hungarian and European history - the Revolution of 1956." -- preface, p. ix.
'And now what will become of us without barbarians? Those people were a sort of solution.' 'Waiting for the Barbarians' C. P. Cavafy History is written by the victors, and Rome had some very eloquent historians.
Author: Stephen P. Kershaw
Publisher: Hachette UK
A fresh new look at the Roman Empire, from the point of view of those regarded by the Romans as 'barbarians'. Kershaw builds a narrative around the lives, personalities, successes and failures both of the key opponents of Rome's rise and dominance, and of the those who ultimately brought the empire down. 'And now what will become of us without barbarians? Those people were a sort of solution.' 'Waiting for the Barbarians' C. P. Cavafy History is written by the victors, and Rome had some very eloquent historians. Those the Romans regarded as barbarians left few records of their own, but they had a tremendous impact on the Roman imagination. Resisting from outside Rome's borders or rebelling from within, they emerge vividly in Rome's historical tradition, and left a significant footprint in archaeology. Rome's history, as written by the Romans, follows a remarkable trajectory from its origins as a tiny village of refugees from a conflict zone to a dominant superpower, before being transformed into the medieval and Byzantine worlds. But throughout this history, Rome faced significant resistance and rebellion from peoples whom it regarded as barbarians. Gibbon saw the Roman Empire as one of the highest points of human achievement destroyed by barbarian invaders: Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Goths, Vandals, Huns, Picts and Scots. To others, as Rome was ravaged, new life was infused into an expiring Italy. Gibbon's 'decline and fall' has been reappraised as transformation, through religious and cultural revolution. Based both on ancient historical writings and modern archaeological research, this new history takes a fresh look at the Roman Empire, through the personalities and lives of key opponents of Rome's rise, dominance and fall - or transformation. These include: Brennus, the Gaul who sacked Rome; the Plebs, those barbarous insiders and internal resistors; Hannibal; Viriathus, the Iberian shepherd and skilled guerilla; Jugurtha and the struggle to free Africa; the Germanic threat from the Cimbri and the Teutones; Spartacus, the gladiator; Vercingetorix and rebellion in Gaul; Cleopatra; Boudicca, the Queen of the Iceni and the scourge of Rome; the Great Jewish Revolt; Alaric the Goth and the Sack of Rome; Attila the Hun, 'Born to Shake the Nations'; and the Vandals and the fall of Rome.
This volume argues that the chansons de geste, the key genre for disseminating models of violent noble opposition to sovereigns, offer a powerful way of understanding acts of resistance.
Author: Luke Sunderland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Collections
Ambivalence towards kings, and other sovereign powers, is deep-seated in medieval culture: sovereigns might provide justice, but were always potential tyrants, who usurped power and 'stole' through taxation. Rebel Barons writes the history of this ambivalence, which was especially acute in England, France, and Italy in the twelfth to fifteenth centuries, when the modern ideology of sovereignty, arguing for monopolies on justice and the legitimate use of violence, was developed. Sovereign powers asserted themselves militarily and economically provoking complex phenomena of resistance by aristocrats. This volume argues that the chansons de geste, the key genre for disseminating models of violent noble opposition to sovereigns, offer a powerful way of understanding acts of resistance. Traditionally seen as France's epic literary monuments - the Chanson de Roland is often presented as foundational of French literature - chansons de geste in fact come from areas antagonistic to France, such as Burgundy, England, Flanders, Occitania, and Italy, where they were reworked repeatedly from the twelfth century to the fifteenth and recast into prose and chronicle forms. Rebel baron narratives were the principal vehicle for aristocratic concerns about tyranny, for models of violent opposition to sovereigns and for fantasies of escape from the Carolingian world via crusade and Oriental adventures. Rebel Barons reads this corpus across its full range of historical and geographical relevance, and through changes in form, as well as placing it in dialogue with medieval political theory, to bring out the contributions of literary texts to political debates. Revealing the widespread and long-lived importance of these anti-royalist works supporting regional aristocratic rights to feud and revolt, Rebel Barons reshapes our knowledge of reactions to changing political realities at a crux period in European history.
CHAPTER IV : WYATT ' S REBELLION And considerynge with him selfe , that to
make the pretence of his rebellion , to be the restoring or continuance of the new
and newelye forged religion was neither agreable to the nature of heresie ...
The book succeeds in painting a holistic struggle for freedom from slavery in Dominica, and its impact on the rest of the British West Indies.
Author: Thomson Fontaine
Publisher: Bala Press
For over fifty years the Maroons of Dominica resisted being enslaved, choosing instead to live free in the country's mountainous interior. They dared to challenge the very system of slavery and scores paid the ultimate price with their lives. Their sacrifice, however, was not in vain. So dramatic were their exploits, unparalleled bravery and sacrifice, that it stirred the consciences of the British public, including William Wilberforce and Granville Sharp, and helped focus attention on slave conditions in the West Indies. Ultimately, the mistreatment and suffering of the Maroons and those enslaved in Dominica, would ignite the debate in Great Britain and prove pivotal in putting an end to the slave trade and the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies. The book succeeds in painting a holistic struggle for freedom from slavery in Dominica, and its impact on the rest of the British West Indies. Carefully woven into the narrative is the influence of the French Revolution, free people of colour, and the fight for Independence in Haiti; on the ultimate success of the Maroon movement.
But in Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World, Anthony James Joes analyzes four successful rebellions which permanently altered the global political arena: the Maoists in China against Chiang Kai-shek and the Japanese in the 1930s and 1940s; ...
Author: Anthony James Joes
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Category: Political Science
Insurgencies, especially in the form of guerrilla warfare, continue to erupt across many parts of the globe. Most of these rebellions fail, but Four Rebellions that Shaped Our World analyzes four twentieth-century conflicts in which the success of the insurgents permanently altered the global political arena: the Maoists in China against Chiang Kai-shek and the Japanese in the 1930s and 1940s; the Viet Minh in French Indochina from 1945 to 1954; Castro's followers against Batista in Cuba from 1956 to 1959; and the mujahideen in Soviet Afghanistan from 1980 to 1989. Anthony James Joes illuminates patterns of failed counterinsurgencies that include serious but avoidable political and military blunders and makes clear the critical and often decisive influence of the international setting. Offering provocative insights and timeless lessons applicable to contemporary conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, this authoritative and comprehensive book will be of great interest to policy-makers and concerned citizens alike.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
Author: Barry K. Gills
Category: Political Science
A quarter of a century has now passed since the historic popular uprising that led to the overthrow of the Ferdinand Marcos dictatorship in the Philippines. The mass movement known as the "People Power Revolution" was not only pivotal to the democratic transition within the Philippines, but it also became an inspiration for subsequent mass movements leading to further democratic transitions throughout the Third World and in the former Communist bloc in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. However, the neoliberal economic policies subsequently pursued by newly democratic governments throughout the Third World led all but the most celebratory observers to note the constrained and limited nature of these formal political transitions. This volume poses the question of the extent to which ‘people power’ has been able to play an active role resisting neoliberalism and deepen substantive democracy and social justice. Through a series of case studies of the regions and individual countries of Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, the contributions in the volume provide a new set of original and in-depth critical assessments of the nature of the longer-term impact of the democratic transitions commencing in the 1980s and continuing until the present, and questioning their impact and potential influence on human dignity, freedom, justice, and self-determination, and thus opening new avenues of enquiry into the future of democracy. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
middle of June , Kurds were still resisting in the area of Maden . Another 1 , 000
to 2 , 000 Turkish troops ... reports dealing specifically with the Sheikh Said rebellion carry accounts until 1 March 1927 . These reports contain detailed
REUBEN DAVIS NOT A REBEL BUT RESISTING REBELLION . Those are my
opinions , and as a patriot it is my duty to say , if I possess them , that I am not a
rebel , but that I am resisting rebellion . Q. Do you think your opinions , as you
War . Preparatory to Civil War , arms and ain Wigfall , L. , Texas , Declares cotton
to be king , munition were transported South , 453. First 4.3 . manifestation of
force in resisting Rebellion , Wiidrich , Isaac , New Jersey , 325 , 330 , 361 . 453.