By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people.
Author: William W. McCorkle, Jr.
Publisher: Peter Lang
Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased traces mortuary behavior from the early fossil record to modern religious contexts in diverse cultural settings. By using archival and ethnographic evidence from Buddhist traditions, the author highlights the disparity between doctrines that contradict actual practices performed by Buddhists themselves. By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people. Due to complex social intelligence, humans are compelled to handle dead people in ritualized behaviors and to represent them in counterintuitive ways. The author also examines the professional religious guilds that have taken advantage of these ritualized compulsions over the last several thousand years, by giving and controlling the meanings behind these actions. Furthermore, experimental evidence is given to support this hypothesis, providing the first mature cognitive and evolutionary theory for mortuary behavior by humans.
Such fragmented patterns enable mobility and visibility to both the living and the dead who may now accompany them. ... We noted, however, that some
communities feared the dead and that ritualizing disposal was important in order
Author: Glennys Howarth
This stimulating new book provides a sophisticated introduction to the key issues in the sociology of death and dying. In recent years, the social sciences have seen an upsurge of interest in death and dying. The fascination with death is reflected in popular media such as newspapers, television documentaries, films and soaps, and, moreover, in the multiplying range of professional roles associated with dying and death. Yet despite its ubiquitous significance, the majority of texts in the field have been written primarily for health professionals. This book breaks with that tradition. It provides a cutting edge, comprehensive discussion of the key topics in death and dying and in so doing demonstrates that the study of mortality is germane to all areas of sociology. The book is organised thematically, utilising empirical material from cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives. It carefully addresses questions about social attitudes to mortality, the social nature of death and dying, explanations for change and diversity in approaches, and traditional, modern and postmodern experiences of death. Death and Dying will appeal to students across the social sciences, as well as professionals whose work brings them into contact with dying or bereaved people.
... mobility enhanced the American tendency toward funerary minimalism. But is it
really “natural” to approach death without ambivalence—the attitude that drives
much human ritualizing? Or to dispose of the dead without protracted mourning?
Author: Ronald L. Grimes
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
"There is no other book even remotely like this. Deeply into the Bone is an exceptional, imaginative book on the topic of rites and the shaping of human life. Grimes is one of the few people who ably combines scholarly disciplines and perspectives with firsthand narratives, literary essays, films and observations of general culture. He is unquestionably a first-rate author and thinker, and this is an unquestionably magnificent book."—Lawrence Hoffman, author of Covenant of Blood "Deeply into the Bone is guaranteed to change our minds about ritual. Using a global and ethnic array of rites new and old, Grimes shows that contrary to popular belief, the ritual marking of life passages is anything but universal. By teaching us how to think comparatively we see that rites of passage are enduring rituals not for their uniformity, but because they serve as cornerstones for cultural and spiritual creativity and innovation."—Madeline Duntley, College of Wooster
McCorkle, W. W. (2010) Ritualizing the Disposal of Dead Bodies: From Corpse to
Concept. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Mellor, P. (1993) Death in high
modernity: the contemporary presence and absence of death. In D. Clark (ed.) ...
Author: Bryan S Turner
Category: Social Science
In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.
This book takes a critical glance at the ritualized practices of death—corpse preparation, disposal, and aesthetic representation—and examines the workings of aesthetics that shape corpses, as well as the ways in which corpses spill ...
Author: Jacqueline Elam
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Social Science
This book takes a critical glance at the ritualized practices of death—corpse preparation, disposal, and aesthetic representation—and examines the workings of aesthetics that shape corpses, as well as the ways in which corpses spill over, resisting aestheticization.
It seems clear that the disposal of the dead at the Zvejnieki sites was carried out
in a ritualized manner. The ritual can be viewed as a strategy to reduce anxiety
by controlling chaos through prescribed, formalized, and invariant ritual practices.
Author: Jeffrey Fleisher
Category: Social Science
Recent efforts to engage more explicitly with the interpretation of emotions in archaeology have sought new approaches and terminology to encourage archaeologists to take emotions seriously. This is part of a growing awareness of the importance of senses—what we see, smell, hear, and feel—in the constitution and reconstitution of past social and cultural lives. Yet research on emotion in archaeology remains limited, despite the fact that such states underpin many studies of socio-cultural transformation. The Archaeology of Anxiety draws together papers that examine the local complexities of anxiety as well as the variable stimuli—class or factional struggle, warfare, community construction and maintenance, personal turmoil, and responsibilities to (and relationships with) the dead—that may generate emotional responses of fear, anxiousness, worry, and concern. The goal of this timely volume is to present fresh research that addresses the material dimension of rites and performances related to the mitigation and negotiation of anxiety as well as the role of material culture and landscapes in constituting and even creating periods or episodes of anxiety.
The Cognitive Science of Religion introduces students to key empirical studies conducted over the past 25 years in this new and rapidly expanding field.
Author: D. Jason Slone
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Cognitive Science of Religion introduces students to key empirical studies conducted over the past 25 years in this new and rapidly expanding field. In these studies, cognitive scientists of religion have applied the theories, findings and research tools of the cognitive sciences to understanding religious thought, behaviour and social dynamics. Each chapter is written by a leading international scholar, and summarizes in non-technical language the original empirical study conducted by the scholar. No prior or statistical knowledge is presumed, and studies included range from the classic to the more recent and innovative cases. Students will learn about the theories that cognitive scientists have employed to explain recurrent features of religiosity across cultures and historical eras, how scholars have tested those theories, and what the results of those tests have revealed and suggest. Written to be accessible to undergraduates, this provides a much-needed survey of empirical studies in the cognitive science of religion.
diversity in how people to deal ritually with their dead; what different
interpretations they give to their actions; how ... by several ways of disposal of the dead, and that variation in these ways of disposal indicates differences in social
Author: Liv Nilsson Stutz
Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell International
Category: Social Science
This is a Ph.D. dissertation. This thesis explores the ritual dimensions of the mortuary practices in the Late Mesolithic cemeteries at Skateholm in Southern Sweden and Vedbaeck-Bogebakken in Eastern Denmark. With a combination of methods and theories tha
But thenotions that thebodyitself, once dead,shouldbe revered, and its disposal ritualized, wereto him distasteful –one might as well revereawornout torch battery
or ritualize its dumping.One might more reasonably doso,in fact, sinceat least ...
Author: D.G. Compton
Publisher: Hachette UK
Alec Duncan, King of Swing, it says on the billboard outside Tony's. a black man playing a white piano; just what you need to tart up a dodgy Liverpool nightspot. Forty quid a session, plus tips - about all a black Scots ex-copper with nimble fingers and a record of violence on the job can hope for. But now, with Trevor Bladon, his girlfriend's killer, safely banged up for the rest of his natural, it's time for Alex to put it all behind him. Get on with his life. But first he needs to go and sort out a couple of things with Trevor in his cell. He's not sure exactly why, but he goes anyway. And it's not a good idea - he ends up prime suspect in another murder . . .
Although moderns have overlooked the idea, flowing water offered a logistically
sensible and emotionally satisfying answer to the problem of disposal of corpses
from arenas at Rome. When Rome transposed theatrical abuse and ritualized ...
Author: Donald G. Kyle
The elaborate and inventive slaughter of humans and animals in the arena fed an insatiable desire for violent spectacle among the Roman people. Donald G. Kyle combines the words of ancient authors with current scholarly research and cross-cultural perspectives, as he explores * the origins and historical development of the games * who the victims were and why they were chosen * how the Romans disposed of the thousands of resulting corpses * the complex religious and ritual aspects of institutionalised violence * the particularly savage treatment given to defiant Christians. This lively and original work provides compelling, sometimes controversial, perspectives on the bloody entertainments of ancient Rome, which continue to fascinate us to this day.
Ritualization of mortuary behavior evokes new or changed self - conceptions ,
insofar as it serves to move people from moments ... The actual disposal of the dead body is generally handled in a number of ritual - bearing scenes or
What followed then was indeed the ritualized removal of the dead from society, a
polluting task that fell on the ... by the temporary disposal of the corpse) followed
by reinstallation (represented by subsequent rites), when the deceased and the ...
Author: Liz Wilson
Publisher: SUNY Press
Category: Social Science
Explores the social treatment of death in South Asian religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and other traditions. Includes material on women and marginalized groups.
Not only is the actual disposal Ambivalence Toward the Dead . - Almost all
authorities more or less ritualized , at times even very elaborately so , but it is
have commented on the basic ambivalence underlying death cusalso
surrounded by a ...
"Mental Culture" brings together an international range of scholars - from Anthropology, History, Psychology, Philosophy, and Religious Studies - to answer these questions.
Author: Dimitris Xygalatas
Why is the set of human beliefs and behaviours that we call "religion" such a widespread feature of all known human societies, past and present, and why are there so many forms of religiosity found throughout history and culture? "Mental Culture" brings together an international range of scholars - from Anthropology, History, Psychology, Philosophy, and Religious Studies - to answer these questions. Connecting classical theories and approaches with the newly established field of the Cognitive Science of Religion, the aim of "Mental Culture" is to provide scholars and students of religion with an overview of contemporary scientific approaches to religion while tracing their intellectual development to some of the great thinkers of the past.
Those behaviors ( and their material correlates ) that are perceived as " ritual "
are the result of ritualization the cultural practice ... action , which was certainly ritualized , but which I see as intentionally concerned with the disposal of the dead .
This book investigates anatomy museums in Western settings, revealing how they have operated in the often passionate pursuit of knowledge that inspires both fascination and fear.
Author: Elizabeth Hallam
Publisher: Reaktion Books
The wild success of the traveling Body Worlds exhibition is testimony to the powerful allure that human bodies can have when opened up for display in gallery spaces. But while anatomy museums have shown their visitors much about bodies, they themselves are something of an obscure phenomenon, with their incredible technological developments and complex uses of visual images and the flesh itself remaining largely under researched. This book investigates anatomy museums in Western settings, revealing how they have operated in the often passionate pursuit of knowledge that inspires both fascination and fear. Elizabeth Hallam explores these museums, past and present, showing how they display the human body—whether naked, stripped of skin, completely dissected, or rendered in the form of drawings, three-dimensional models, x-rays, or films. She identifies within anatomy museums a diverse array of related issues—from the representation of deceased bodies in art to the aesthetics of science, from body donation to techniques for preserving corpses and ritualized practices for disposing of the dead. Probing these matters through in-depth study, Anatomy Museum unearths a strange and compelling cultural history of the spaces human bodies are made to occupy when displayed after death.
AT YOUR DISPOSAL The funeral industry prepares for boom times THE DEATH
POETRY OF EMILY DICKINSON ... see it , the baby boomers , who are now
making decisions about how to dispose of their loved ones , are " under - ritualized .
... but restricted resources , these groups will Il maintain formal disposal areas for
the exclusive disposal of their dead . ... descent from the dead ( i.e. , lineal ties to
the ancestors ) , such groups will , by the popular religion and its ritualization ...