Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased

By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people.

Author: William W. McCorkle

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433110105

Category: Psychology

Page: 182

View: 883

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased traces mortuary behavior from the early fossil record to modern religious contexts in diverse cultural settings. By using archival and ethnographic evidence from Buddhist traditions, the author highlights the disparity between doctrines that contradict actual practices performed by Buddhists themselves. By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people. Due to complex social intelligence, humans are compelled to handle dead people in ritualized behaviors and to represent them in counterintuitive ways. The author also examines the professional religious guilds that have taken advantage of these ritualized compulsions over the last several thousand years, by giving and controlling the meanings behind these actions. Furthermore, experimental evidence is given to support this hypothesis, providing the first mature cognitive and evolutionary theory for mortuary behavior by humans.
Categories: Psychology

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased

By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people.

Author: William W. McCorkle

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1433107929

Category: Psychology

Page: 182

View: 935

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased traces mortuary behavior from the early fossil record to modern religious contexts in diverse cultural settings. By using archival and ethnographic evidence from Buddhist traditions, the author highlights the disparity between doctrines that contradict actual practices performed by Buddhists themselves. By appealing to the evolved cognitive architecture of human minds, this book argues that ritualized disposal behavior is the by-product of mental systems designed to handle living people. Due to complex social intelligence, humans are compelled to handle dead people in ritualized behaviors and to represent them in counterintuitive ways. The author also examines the professional religious guilds that have taken advantage of these ritualized compulsions over the last several thousand years, by giving and controlling the meanings behind these actions. Furthermore, experimental evidence is given to support this hypothesis, providing the first mature cognitive and evolutionary theory for mortuary behavior by humans.
Categories: Psychology

The Early Modern Invention of Late Antique Rome

The Early Modern Invention of Late Antique Rome

We are caught, as Malinowski observed, between the love of the dead and loathing of the corpse.28 But perhaps the dead ... 30 Risto Uro, Review of William McCorkle, “Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept,” ...

Author: Nicola Denzey Lewis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108471893

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 224

A new look at the Cult of the Saints in late antiquity: did it really dominate Christianity in late antique Rome?
Categories: History

Death Anxiety and Religious Belief

Death Anxiety and Religious Belief

Ritualizing the disposal of the deceased: From corpse to concept. New York, NY: Peter Lang. McGregor, I., Nash, K., & Prentice, M. (2010). Reactive approach motivation (RAM) for religion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, ...

Author: Jonathan Jong

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472571632

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 216

There are no atheists in foxholes; or so we hear. The thought that the fear of death motivates religious belief has been around since the earliest speculations about the origins of religion. There are hints of this idea in the ancient world, but the theory achieves prominence in the works of Enlightenment critics and Victorian theorists of religion, and has been further developed by contemporary cognitive scientists. Why do people believe in gods? Because they fear death. Yet despite the abiding appeal of this simple hypothesis, there has not been a systematic attempt to evaluate its central claims and the assumptions underlying them. Do human beings fear death? If so, who fears death more, religious or nonreligious people? Do reminders of our mortality really motivate religious belief? Do religious beliefs actually provide comfort against the inevitability of death? In Death Anxiety and Religious Belief, Jonathan Jong and Jamin Halberstadt begin to answer these questions, drawing on the extensive literature on the psychology of death anxiety and religious belief, from childhood to the point of death, as well as their own experimental research on conscious and unconscious fear and faith. In the course of their investigations, they consider the history of ideas about religion's origins, challenges of psychological measurement, and the very nature of emotion and belief.
Categories: Religion

Understanding Greek Religion

Understanding Greek Religion

Thrown away like rubbish – Disposal of the dead in ancient Greece. ... Ritualizing the disposal of the deceased: From corpse to concept. ... The parasol: An Oriental status-symbol in late Archaic and Classical Athens. JHS 112: 91–105.

Author: Jennifer Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317296744

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 931

Understanding Greek Religion is one of the first attempts to fully examine any religion from a cognitivist perspective, applying methods and findings from the cognitive science of religion to the ancient Greek world. In this book, Jennifer Larson shows that many of the fundamentals of Greek religion, such as anthropomorphic gods, divinatory procedures, purity beliefs, reciprocity, and sympathetic magic arise naturally as by-products of normal human cognition. Drawing on evidence from across the ancient Greek world, Larson provides detailed coverage of Greek theology and local pantheons, rituals including processions, animal sacrifice and choral dance, and afterlife beliefs as they were expressed through hero worship and mystery cults. Eighteen in-depth essays illustrate the theoretical discussion with primary sources and include case studies of key cult inscriptions from Kyrene, Kos, and Miletos. This volume features maps, tables, and over twenty images to support and expand on the text, and will provide conceptual tools for understanding the actions and beliefs that constitute a religion. Additionally, Larson offers the first detailed discussion of cognition and memory in the transmission of Greek religious beliefs and rituals, as well as a glossary of terms and a bibliographical essay on the cognitive science of religion. Understanding Greek Religion is an essential resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of Greek culture and ancient Mediterranean religions.
Categories: History

Origins of Religion Cognition and Culture

Origins of Religion  Cognition and Culture

Death to Dust: What Happens to Dead Bodies? Tucson, AZ: Galen Press. ... Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang. ... “Infectious Disease Risk from Dead Bodies Following Natural Disasters”.

Author: Armin W. Geertz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317544562

Category: Religion

Page: 488

View: 938

Attempts to understand the origins of humanity have raised fundamental questions about the complex relationship between cognition and culture. Central to the debates on origins is the role of religion, religious ritual and religious experience. What came first: individual religious (ecstatic) experiences, collective observances of transition situations, fear of death, ritual competence, magical coercion; mirror neurons or temporal lobe religiosity? Cognitive scientists are now providing us with important insights on phylogenetic and ontogenetic processes. Together with insights from the humanities and social sciences on the origins, development and maintenance of complex semiotic, social and cultural systems, a general picture of what is particularly human about humans could emerge. Reflections on the preconditions for symbolic and linguistic competence and practice are now within our grasp. Origins of Religion, Cognition and Culture puts culture centre stage in the cognitive science of religion.
Categories: Religion

Death and Dying

Death and Dying

Such fragmented patterns enable mobility and visibility to both the living and the dead who may now accompany them. ... We noted, however, that some communities feared the dead and that ritualizing disposal was important in order to ...

Author: Glennys Howarth

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745625331

Category: Medical

Page: 301

View: 167

This stimulating new book provides a sophisticated introduction to the key issues in the sociology of death and dying. In recent years, the social sciences have seen an upsurge of interest in death and dying. The fascination with death is reflected in popular media such as newspapers, television documentaries, films and soaps, and, moreover, in the multiplying range of professional roles associated with dying and death. Yet despite its ubiquitous significance, the majority of texts in the field have been written primarily for health professionals. This book breaks with that tradition. It provides a cutting edge, comprehensive discussion of the key topics in death and dying and in so doing demonstrates that the study of mortality is germane to all areas of sociology. The book is organised thematically, utilising empirical material from cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives. It carefully addresses questions about social attitudes to mortality, the social nature of death and dying, explanations for change and diversity in approaches, and traditional, modern and postmodern experiences of death. Death and Dying will appeal to students across the social sciences, as well as professionals whose work brings them into contact with dying or bereaved people.
Categories: Medical

The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Religion

The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Religion

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang. McKay, Ryan, Jenna Herold, and Harvey Whitehouse. 2013. “Catholic Guilt? Recall of Confession Promotes Prosocial Behavior.

Author: Michael Stausberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191045899

Category: Religion

Page: 672

View: 902

The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Religion provides a comprehensive overview of the academic study of religion. Written by an international team of leading scholars, its fifty-one chapters are divided thematically into seven sections. The first section addresses five major conceptual aspects of research on religion. Part two surveys eleven main frameworks of analysis, interpretation, and explanation of religion. Reflecting recent turns in the humanities and social sciences, part three considers eight forms of the expression of religion. Part four provides a discussion of the ways societies and religions, or religious organizations, are shaped by different forms of allocation of resources. Other chapters in this section consider law, the media, nature, medicine, politics, science, sports, and tourism. Part five reviews important developments, distinctions, and arguments for each of the selected topics. The study of religion addresses religion as a historical phenomenon and part six looks at seven historical processes. Religion is studied in various ways by many disciplines, and this Handbook shows that the study of religion is an academic discipline in its own right. The disciplinary profile of this volume is reflected in part seven, which considers the history of the discipline and its relevance. Each chapter in the Handbook references at least two different religions to provide fresh and innovative perspectives on key issues in the field. This authoritative collection will advance the state of the discipline and is an invaluable reference for students and scholars.
Categories: Religion

Moving on in Neolithic Studies

Moving on in Neolithic Studies

Hertz, R. (1960) Death and the right hand. London, Routledge. (Reprint 2004). ... McCorkle, W. (2010) Ritualizing the disposal of the deceased: From corpse to concept. New York, Peter Lang (Toronto Studies in Religion 30).

Author: Jim Leary

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781785701771

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 976

Mobility is a fundamental facet of being human and should be central to archaeology. Yet mobility itself and the role it plays in the production of social life, is rarely considered as a subject in its own right. This is particularly so with discussions of the Neolithic people where mobility is often framed as being somewhere between a sedentary existence and nomadic movements. This latest collection of papers from the Neolithic Studies Group seminars examines the importance and complexities of movement and mobility, whether on land or water, in the Neolithic period. It uses movement in its widest sense, ranging from everyday mobilities – the routines and rhythms of daily life – to proscribed mobility, such as movement in and around monuments, and occasional and large-scale movements and migrations around the continent and across seas. Papers are roughly grouped and focus on ‘mobility and the landscape’, ‘monuments and mobility’, ‘travelling by water’, and ‘materials and mobility’. Through these themes the volume considers the movement of people, ideas, animals, objects, and information, and uses a wide range of archaeological evidence from isotope analysis; artefact studies; lithic scatters and assemblage diversity.
Categories: History

Magic in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean

Magic in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean

McCorkle, W., Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept (New York: Peter Lang, 2010). Meltzoff, A. N., “Elements of a Developmental Theory of Imitation.” in A. N. Meltzoff and W. Prinz (eds.) ...

Author: Kirsi M.J. Valkama

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783647522180

Category: Bibles

Page: 331

View: 941

Magic in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean: Cognitive, Historical, and Material Perspectives brings together articles with the shared conviction that the category of magic remains useful in religious studies and provides new insights to biblical and related texts and artifacts. Historically, magic has been considered in both scholarly and popular discourse to be questionable, obscure, and potentially subversive. 19th century scholars of religion viewed magical beliefs and practices as primitive and inferior compared to Judeo-Christian forms of worship, which were considered true “religion”. More recently, the category has been defended especially by scholars of the cognitive science of religion, who find it useful for delineating a set of beliefs and practices fundamental to all forms of religion. The volume joins current scholarship in refraining from using the concept as an othering device and in arguing that it can still serve as a helpful analytical tool. In addition to analyzing the discourse on magic in both ancient literature and modern scholarship, the articles provide individual examples of how literary and material culture attest to the existence of magical beliefs and practices in sources from the Ancient Near East to the Byzantine Period. The book is divided into three parts. The contributions in the first part approach magic from the theoretical perspective of cognitive studies, ritual studies, and cultural evolution, while the rest of the book focuses on how magic and magicians are understood in ancient sources. The second part discusses a specific set of textual material dealing with blessings and curses. The third part of the volume discusses the world of various destructive celestial beings, from which one and one’s loved ones had to be defended, as well as the multitude of protective beings such as angels.
Categories: Bibles

A New Science of Religion

A New Science of Religion

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang. McTernan, O. 2003. Violence in God's Name: Religion in an Age of Conflict. London: Darton, Longman, and Todd. Müller, F. M. 1872.

Author: Gregory W. Dawes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415635851

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 889

Religious belief, once in the domain of the humanities, has found a new home in the sciences. Promising new developments in the study of religion by cognitive scientists and evolutionary theorists put forward empirical hypotheses regarding the origin, spread, and character of religious beliefs. Different theories deal with different aspects of human religiosity – some focus on religious beliefs, while others focus on religious actions, and still others on the origin of religious ideas. While these theories might share a similar focus, there is plenty of disagreement in the explanations they offer. This volume examines the diversity of new scientific theories of religion, by outlining the logical and causal relationships between these enterprises. Are they truly in competition, as their proponents sometimes suggest, or are they complementary and mutually illuminating accounts of religious belief and practice? Cognitive science has gained much from an interdisciplinary focus on mental function, and this volume explores the benefits that can be gained from a similar approach to the scientific study of religion.
Categories: Religion

The Burning Saints

The Burning Saints

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. Toronto Studies in Religion. Toronto: Peter Lang. McCutcheon, Russell. 1997. Manufacturing Religion: The Discourse of Sui Generis Religion and the Politics of Nostalgia.

Author: Dimitris Xygalatas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317543756

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 104

The Anastenaria are Orthodox Christians in Northern Greece who observe a unique annual ritual cycle focused on two festivals, dedicated to Saint Constantine and Saint Helen. The festivals involve processions, music, dancing, animal sacrifices, and culminate in an electrifying fire-walking ritual. Carrying the sacred icons of the saints, participants dance over hot coals as the saint moves them. 'The Burning Saints' presents an analysis of these rituals and the psychology behind them. Based on long-term fieldwork, 'The Burning Saints' traces the historical development and sociocultural context of the Greek fire-walking rituals. As a cognitive ethnography, the book aims to identify the social, psychological and neurobiological factors which may be involved and to explore the role of emotional and physiological arousal in the performance of such ritual. A study of participation, experience and meaning, 'The Burning Saints' presents a highly original analysis of how mental processes can shape social and religious behaviour.
Categories: Religion

Ritual Key Concepts in Religion

Ritual  Key Concepts in Religion

McCorkle, Jr., William W. (2010), Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. Toronto Studies in Religion Vol. 30, Donald Wiebe (Gen ed.). New York, Washington, DC/Baltimore, Bern, Frankfurt, Berlin, Brussels, ...

Author: Pamela J. Stewart

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781623568146

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 890

Ritual has emerged as a major focus of academic interest. As a concept, the idea of ritual integrates the study of behavior both within and beyond the domain of religion. Ritual can be both secular and religious in character. There is renewed interest in questions such as: Why do rituals exist at all? What has been, and continues to be, their place in society? How do they change over time? Such questions exist against a backdrop of assumptions about development, modernization, and disenchantment of the world. Written with the specific needs of students of religious studies in mind, Ritual: Key Concepts in Religion surveys the field of ritual studies, looking at it both historically within anthropology and in terms of its contemporary relevance to world events.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Ritual

The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Ritual

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang. Meyer, Marvin. 2002. 'The Prayer of Mary Who Dissolves Chains in Coptic Magic and Religion'. In Magic and Ritual in the Ancient World, ...

Author: Risto Uro

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 9780198747871

Category: Religion

Page: 713

View: 748

Scholars of religion have long assumed that ritual and belief constitute the fundamental building blocks of religious traditions and that these two components of religion are interrelated and interdependent in significant ways. Generations of New Testament and Early Christian scholars have produced detailed analyses of the belief systems of nascent Christian communities, including their ideological and political dimensions, but have by and large ignored ritual as an important element of early Christian religion and as a factor contributing to the rise and the organization of the movement. In recent years, however, scholars of early Christianity have begun to use ritual as an analytical tool for describing and explaining Christian origins and the early history of the movement. Such a development has created a momentum toward producing a more comprehensive volume on the ritual world of Early Christianity employing advances made in the field of ritual studies. The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Ritual gives a manifold account of the ritual world of early Christianity from the beginning of the movement up to the end of the fifth century. The volume introduces relevant theories and approaches; central topics of ritual life in the cultural world of early Christianity; and important Christian ritual themes and practices in emerging Christian groups and factions.
Categories: Religion

Mind and Body in Early China

Mind and Body in Early China

Language in Society, 36(or), 51–72. McCauley, Robert. (2011). Why Religion Is Naturaland Science Is Not. New York: Oxford University Press. McCorkle, William Lee. (2010). Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: References 34.7.

Author: Edward Slingerland

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190842307

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 465

Mind and Body in Early China critiques Orientalist accounts of early China as the radical, "holistic" other. The idea that the early Chinese held the "strong" holist view, seeing no qualitative difference between mind and body, has long been contradicted by traditional archeological and qualitative textual evidence. New digital humanities methods, along with basic knowledge about human cognition, now make this position untenable. A large body of empirical evidence suggests that "weak" mind-body dualism is a psychological universal, and that human sociality would be fundamentally impossible without it. Edward Slingerland argues that the humanities need to move beyond social constructivist views of culture, and embrace instead a view of human cognition and culture that integrates the sciences and the humanities. Our interpretation of texts and artifacts from the past and from other cultures should be constrained by what we know about the species-specific, embodied commonalities shared by all humans. This book also attempts to broaden the scope of humanistic methodologies by employing team-based qualitative coding and computer-aided "distant reading" of texts, while also drawing upon our current best understanding of human cognition to transform our basic starting point. It has implications for anyone interested in comparative religion, early China, cultural studies, digital humanities, or science-humanities integration.
Categories: Religion

Cognitive Science and the New Testament

Cognitive Science and the New Testament

Ritualizing the disposal of the deceased: from corpse to concept. New York: Peter Lang. McCormick, D. A. (2014). Membrane Potential and Action Potential. In J. H. Byrne, R. Heidelberger, & M. N. Waxham (Eds.), From molecules to ...

Author: István Czachesz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198779865

Category: Religion

Page: 271

View: 321

Provides an introduction to the field of cognitive science and outline the program of a cognitive turn in New Testament Studies Surveys the field of evolutionary theory as we move toward a deeper understanding of cognitive approaches to culture and religion Reviews recent developments in evolutionary theory, including group selection and cultural evolution Considers the problem of memory and transmission analyzing the for the formation of early Christian traditions in general, and the origins of the writings of the New Testament, in particular Examines cognitive theories of ritual and magic.
Categories: Religion

Mental Culture

Mental Culture

His publications include Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept (2010), and he is the managing editor for the Journal of Cognitive Historiography. Ilkka Pyysiäinen is University Lecturer in the Study of ...

Author: Dimitris Xygalatas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317546092

Category: Religion

Page: 268

View: 377

Why is the set of human beliefs and behaviours that we call "religion" such a widespread feature of all known human societies, past and present, and why are there so many forms of religiosity found throughout history and culture? "Mental Culture" brings together an international range of scholars - from Anthropology, History, Psychology, Philosophy, and Religious Studies - to answer these questions. Connecting classical theories and approaches with the newly established field of the Cognitive Science of Religion, the aim of "Mental Culture" is to provide scholars and students of religion with an overview of contemporary scientific approaches to religion while tracing their intellectual development to some of the great thinkers of the past.
Categories: Religion

Touch and the Ancient Senses

Touch and the Ancient Senses

Ritualizing the Disposal of the Deceased: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang. McGinn, T.A.J. 1992. “The SC from Larinum and the Repression of Adultery at Rome”. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 93: 273–95.

Author: Alex Purves

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317516668

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 568

Unlike the other senses, touch ranges beyond a single sense organ, encompassing not only the skin but also the interior of the body. It mediates almost every aspect of interpersonal relations in antiquity, from the everyday to the erotic, just as it also provides a primary point of contact between the individual and the outside world. The essays in this volume explore the ways in which touch plays a defining role in science, art, philosophy, and medicine, and shapes our understanding of topics ranging from aesthetics and poetics to various religious and ritual practices. Whether we locate the sense of touch on the surface of the skin, within the body or – less tangibly still – within the emotions, the sensory impact of touching raises a broad range of interpretive and phenomenological questions. This is the first volume of its kind to explore the sense of touch in antiquity, bringing a variety of disciplinary approaches to bear on the sense that is usually disregarded as the most base and obvious of the five. In these pages, by contrast, we find in touch a complex and fascinating indicator of the body’s relation to object, environment, and self.
Categories: History

The Routledge Handbook of the Body

The Routledge Handbook of the Body

McCorkle, W. W. (2010) Ritualizing the Disposal of Dead Bodies: From Corpse to Concept. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Mellor, P. (1993) Death in high modernity: the contemporary presence and absence of death. In D. Clark (ed.) ...

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136903328

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 773

In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. This collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field explores these issues across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, with a wide range of case studies.
Categories: Social Science