Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales

Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales

This edition is particularly useful for classrooms, with its extensive introductions, notes, and glosses, enabling students of any level to approach the texts in their original Middle English.

Author: Stephen Knight

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781580444248

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 742

View: 179

Although nearly everyone has heard the name of Robin Hood, few have actually read any medieval tales about the legendary outlaw. Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren set out to correct this discrepancy in their comprehensive collection of all pre-seventeenth-century Robin Hood tales. The editors include such other "outlaw" figures as Hereward the Wake, Eustache the Monk, and Fouke le Fitz Waryn to further contextualize the tradition of English outlaw tales. In this text the figure of Robin Hood can be viewed in historical perspective, from the early accounts in the chronicles through the ballads, plays, and romances that grew around his fame and impressed him on our fictional and historical imaginations. This edition is particularly useful for classrooms, with its extensive introductions, notes, and glosses, enabling students of any level to approach the texts in their original Middle English.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Robin Hood

Robin Hood

54-55; Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, p. 58. 53. Child, English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 3:115-20. 54.

Author: Thomas H. Ohlgren

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 0874139643

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 278

View: 140

While references to Robin Hood began to appear as early as the thirteenth century in legal records, the earliest surviving poems did not appear in manuscripts and early printed books until the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Several fourteenth-century allusions in the works of William Langland and Geoffrey Chaucer suggest that the rymes of Robyn Hood were widely circulating by the 1370s, but, it is vital to note, none of these late fourteenth-century works survives. A better approach, Thomas H. Ohlgren argues, is to focus on what has actually survived rather than on what might have existed. As a result, the poems Robin Hood and the Monk and Robin Hood and the Potter, which survive in two different Cambridge manuscripts of the last third of the fifteenth century, and A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hode, which was printed at least seven times in the sixteenth century, must receive pride of place in the canon because they have a physical reality as material artifacts - in short, they exist and provide valuable information about the places and times of their composition and dissemination.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Medieval Outlaws

Medieval Outlaws

18 See also Robin Hood's death by blood letting in A Gest, Fytte Eight, lines 1813-24, in Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, pp.

Author: Thomas H. Ohlgren

Publisher: Parlor Press LLC

ISBN: 1932559620

Category: History

Page: 487

View: 339

Description Billy the Kid, Jesse James, John Dillinger, and Al Capone were all are criminals who robbed and killed, yet they were considered good outlaws, celebrated in sensational newspapers, newsreels, and dime novels of the day, and later in film and television, for their daring, courage, loyalty, and even chivalry. Our fascination with criminal heroes has a long history, extending back to legendary accounts in medieval chronicle, romance, and ballad. Although their names may not be familiar-Earl Godwin, Hereward, Eustache the Monk, Fouke Fitz Waryn, n Bow-Bender, Gamelyn, Owain Glyndwr, William of Cloudesley, and William Wallace-these outlaws, in addition to Robin Hood, were all driven to lives of crime as victims of political intrigue or legal injustice. They committed capital crimes punishable by death, but, paradoxically, they were loved, encouraged, and supported by their communities. This revised and expanded edition of Medieval Outlaws gathers twelve outlaw tales, introduced and freshly translated into Modern English by a team of specialists, including Timothy S. Jones, Michael Swanton, Thomas E. Kelly, Mica Gould, Stephen Knight, Shaun F. D. Hughes, Alexander L. Kaufman, Thomas H. Ohlgren, Thomas Hahn, and Walter Scheps. The tales range in date from the Norman Conquest to the sixteenth century. Introductions precede each selection and notes identify all of the significant names, places, and historical events mentioned in the texts. Accessible and entertaining, these tales will be of interest to the general reader and student alike. About the Editor Thomas H. Ohlgren is Professor of English and Medieval Studies at Purdue University and is the author of numerous books and articles on medieval manuscripts and literature.
Categories: History

The Historical Literature of the Jack Cade Rebellion

The Historical Literature of the Jack Cade Rebellion

42 Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 57–79, at 62, line 13. 43 Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 80–168, ...

Author: Alexander L. Kaufman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317029076

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 242

View: 967

Accounts of Jack Cade's 1450 Rebellion-an uprising of some 30,000 middle-class citizens, protesting Henry VI's policies, and resulting in hundreds of deaths as well as the leaders' execution-form the dominant entry in a group of quasi-historical documents referred to as the London chronicles of the Fifteenth Century. However, each chronicle is inherently different and highly subjective. In the first study of the primary documents related to the Cade Rebellion, Alexander L. Kaufman shows that the chroniclers produced multiple representations of the event rather than a single, unified narrative. Aided by contemporary theories of historiography and historical representation, Kaufman scrutinizes the differing representations and distinguishes the writers' objectiveness, their underrated literary skills, and their ideological positions on the rebellion and fifteenth-century politics. He demonstrates how the use of figurative language is related to writing about trauma, and how descriptions of Cade's procession through London are a violent parody of midsummer festivals. In an exploration of authenticity in the descriptions of Cade, Kaufman also examines the characterization and plot devices that push Cade towards the realm of myth, showing that representations of Cade are influenced by popular fifteenth-century stories of Robin Hood.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Robin Hood in Outlaw ed Spaces

Robin Hood in Outlaw ed Spaces

... is sometimes beaten, occasionally humiliated, but usually manages to scrape a draw”; see general introduction to Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 12.

Author: Lesley Coote

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317062059

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 534

Following in the tradition of recent work by cultural geographers and historians of maps, this collection examines the apparently familiar figure of Robin Hood as he can be located within spaces that are geographical, cultural, and temporal. The volume is divided into two sections: the first features an interrogation of the literary and other textually transmitted spaces to uncover the critical grounds in which the Robin Hood ’legend’ has traditionally operated. The essays in Part Two take up issues related to performative and experiential space, demonstrating the reciprocal relationship between page, stage, and lived experience. Throughout the volume, the contributors contend with, among other things, modern theories of gender, literary detective work, and the ways in which the settings that once advanced court performances now include digital gaming and the enactment of ’real’ lives.
Categories: History

Outlaws and Spies

Outlaws and Spies

Robin Hood and the Potter in Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, ed. Knight and Ohlgren, pp. 57–79. Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne in ...

Author: McCarthy Conor McCarthy

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474455961

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 979

By reading two bodies of literature not normally read together - the outlaw literature and espionage literature - Conor McCarthy shows how these genres represent and critique the longstanding use of legal exclusion as a means of supporting state power. Texts discussed range from the medieval Robin Hood ballads, Shakespeare's history plays, and versions of the Ned Kelly story to contemporary writing by John le Carre, Don DeLillo, Ciaran Carson and William Gibson.
Categories: Law

Food and Feast in Premodern Outlaw Tales

Food and Feast in Premodern Outlaw Tales

Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales. Kalamazoo, MI: TEAMS Middle English Texts, 1997. Leitch, Thomas. “Adaptations Without Sources: The Adventures of Robin ...

Author: Melissa Ridley Elmes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000372137

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 632

In Food and Feast in Premodern Outlaw Tales editors Melissa Ridley Elmes and Kristin Bovaird-Abbo gather eleven original studies examining scenes of food and feasting in premodern outlaw texts ranging from the tenth through the seventeenth centuries and forward to their cinematic adaptations. Along with fresh insights into the popular Robin Hood legend, these essays investigate the intersections of outlawry, food studies, and feasting in Old English, Middle English, and French outlaw narratives, Anglo-Scottish border ballads, early modern ballads and dramatic works, and cinematic medievalism. The range of critical and disciplinary approaches employed, including history, literary studies, cultural studies, food studies, gender studies, and film studies, highlights the inherently interdisciplinary nature of outlaw narratives. The overall volume offers an example of the ways in which examining a subject through interdisciplinary, cross-geographic and cross-temporal lenses can yield fresh insights; places canonic and well-known works in conversation with lesser-known texts to showcase the dynamic nature and cultural influence and impact of premodern outlaw tales; and presents an introductory foray into the intersection of literary and food studies in premodern contexts which will be of value and interest to specialists and a general audience, alike.
Categories: History

Medievalisms

Medievalisms

24 Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales,179, lines 199–202. 25 Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren, RobinHood and Other Outlaw ...

Author: Tison Pugh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136265402

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 192

View: 739

From King Arthur and Robin Hood, through to video games and jousting-themed restaurants, medieval culture continues to surround us and has retained a strong influence on literature and culture throughout the ages. This fascinating and illuminating guide is written by two of the leading contemporary scholars of medieval literature, and explores: The influence of medieval cultural concepts on literature and film, including key authors such as Shakespeare, Tennyson, and Mark Twain The continued appeal of medieval cultural figures such as Dante, King Arthur, and Robin Hood The influence of the medieval on such varied disciplines such as politics, music, children’s literature, and art. Contemporary efforts to relive the Middle Ages. Medievalisms: Making the Past in the Present surveys the critical field and sets the boundaries for future study, providing an essential background for literary study from the medieval period through to the twenty-first century.
Categories: Literary Collections

Robin Hood and the Outlaw ed Literary Canon

Robin Hood and the Outlaw ed Literary Canon

4 Thomas R. Mitchell, “Keats's 'Outlawry' in 'Robin Hood,'” SEL: Studies in English ... Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 184.

Author: Lesley Coote

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429810053

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 934

This cutting-edge volume demonstrates both the literary quality and the socio-economic importance of works on "the matter of the greenwood" over a long chronological period. These include drama texts, prose literature and novels (among them, children's literature), and poetry. Whilst some of these are anonymous, others are by acknowledged canonical writers such as William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and John Keats. The editors and the contributors argue that it is vitally important to include Robin Hood texts in the canon of English literary works, because of the high quality of many of these texts, and because of their significance in the development of English literature.
Categories: History

Telling Tales and Crafting Books

Telling Tales and Crafting Books

Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 86 (1985): 494–505. Hughes, Shaun F. D., trans. The Saga of Án Bow-bender. In Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, ...

Author: Dorsey Armstrong

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781580442299

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 404

View: 314

The great corpus that is medieval literature contains, at its very center, the tale. These verse and prose fictional narratives, as well as stories that are grounded in some degree of historical truth, are the foundation of what readers, scholars, and enthusiasts often point to as signifiers of the medieval age. These tales - from the skillfully crafted to the more rudimentary and plain - often make familiar to modern readers what seems so distant and foreign about the Middle Ages. This volume of essays focuses on the tale and its ability to create "mirth," what modern audiences would often define as "happiness" or "joy," and the significance that the book has had on the transference of this mirth to audiences. This volume also celebrates the scholarship of Thomas H. Ohlgren, a medievalist whose work encompasses a number of different areas, but at its center lives the power of the tale and its ability to create a lasting impression on readers, both medieval and modern.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Outlaw s Tale

The Outlaw s Tale

To judge by the centuries-long efforts of bishops and other churchmen to regulate ... Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, edited by Stephen Knight and Thomas ...

Author: Margaret Frazer

Publisher: Dream Machine Productions

ISBN: 9780515113358

Category: Catholics

Page: 217

View: 485

The new medieval mystery from the author of The Servant's Tale. Sister Frevisse, the St. Frideswide nunnery's amateur sleuth, finds a black sheep in her family--her outlaw cousin Nicholas. He begs Frevisse to help him get pardoned for his crimes, but now a murder has occurred . . . and all fingers point to Nicholas.
Categories: Catholics

Savage Economy

Savage Economy

... divides his possessions” (Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 220–21). Saint Martin is often invoked during scenes of charity in Middle English romances.

Author: Walter Wadiak

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 9780268101213

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 350

In Savage Economy: The Returns of Middle English Romance, Walter Wadiak traces the evolution of the medieval English romance from its thirteenth-century origins to 1500, and from a genre that affirmed aristocratic identity to one that appealed more broadly to an array of late medieval communities. Essential to this literary evolution is the concept and practice of “noble” gift-giving, which binds together knights and commoners in ways that both echo and displace the notorious violence of many of these stories. Wadiak begins with the assumption that “romance” names a particular kind of chivalric fantasy to which violence is central, just as violence was instrumental to the formation and identity of the medieval warrior aristocracy. A traditional view is that the violence of romance stories is an expression of aristocratic privilege wielded by a military caste in its relations with one another as well as with those lower on the social scale. In this sense, violence is the aristocratic gift that underwrites and reaffirms the feudal power of a privileged group, with the noble gift performing the symbolic violence on which romance depends in order to present itself as both a coded threat and an expression of chivalric values. Well-known examples of romance in Middle English, such as Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale, are considered alongside more “popular” examples of the genre to demonstrate a surprising continuity of function across a range of social contexts. Wadiak charts a trajectory from violence aimed directly at securing feudal domination to the subtler and more diffuse modes of coercion that later English romances explore. Ultimately, this is a book about the ways in which romance lives on as an idea, even as the genre itself begins to lose ground at the close of the Middle Ages.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Food and Feast in Modern Outlaw Tales

Food and Feast in Modern Outlaw Tales

39 Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 41, (lines 145– 46). 40 Luchetti, Home on the Range, 12. 41 Ibid. Here it should be acknowledged ...

Author: Alexander L. Kaufman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429590177

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 471

This collection of scholarly essays presents new work from in an emerging line of inquiry: modern outlaw narratives and the textual and cultural relevance of food and feasting. Food, its preparation and its consumption, is presented in outlaw narratives as central points of human interaction, community, conflict, and fellowship. Feast scenes perform a wide variety of functions, serving as cultural repositories of manners and behaviors, catalysts for adventure, or moments of regrouping and redirecting narratives. The book argues that modern outlaw narratives illuminate a potent cross-cultural need for freedom, solidarity, and justice, and it examines ways in which food and feasting are often used to legitimate difference, create discord, and manipulate power dynamics.
Categories: History

Flaying in the Pre modern World

Flaying in the Pre modern World

Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and other Outlaw Tales, p. 169; Richard Firth Green, 'Violence in the Early Robin Hood Poems', in 'A Great Effusion of Blood' ...

Author: Larissa Tracy

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781843844525

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 917

The practice and the representation of flaying in the middle ages and after are considered in this provocative collection.
Categories: History

Imagining Robin Hood

Imagining Robin Hood

Ohlgren,Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales (Kalamazoo, MI: Western Michigan University Press, 1997), p.27. 14 I owe thissuggestion toDavid Ditchburn.

Author: A.J. Pollard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134595389

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 746

A.J. Pollard takes us back to the earliest surviving stories, tales and ballads of Robin Hood, and re-examines the story of this fascinating figure. Setting out the economic, social and political context of the time, Pollard illuminates the legend of this yeoman hero and champion of justice as never before. Imagining Robin Hood questions: what a ‘yeoman’ was, and what it meant to be a fifteenth-century Englishman Was Robin Hood hunted as an outlaw, or respected as an officially appointed forest ranger? Why do we ignore the fact that this celebrated hero led a life of crime? Did he actually steal from the rich and give to the poor? Answering these questions, the book looks at how Robin Hood was ‘all things to all men’ since he first appeared; speaking to the gentry, the peasants and all those in between. The story of the freedom-loving outlaw tells us much about the English nation, but tracing back to the first stories reveals even more about the society in which the legend arose. An enthralling read for all historians and general readers of this fascinating subject.
Categories: History

Robin Hood

Robin Hood

and the Robin Hood Poems ' , in Chaucer's England : Literature in ... Brewer , 1998 . and Thomas Ohlgren , Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales , TEAMS series ...

Author: Stephen Thomas Knight

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 0859915255

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 471

View: 169

The legends of Robin Hood are very familiar, but scholarship and criticism dealing with the long and varied tradition of the famous outlaw is as elusive as the identity of Robin himself, and is scattered in a wide range of sources, many difficult of access. This book is the first to bring together major studies of aspects of the tradition. The thirty-one studies take a variety of approaches, from archival exploration in quest of a real Robin Hood, to a political angle seeking the social meaning of the texts across time, to literary scholars concerned with origin, structures and generic variation, or moral and social significance; also included are considerations of theatre and film studies, and folklore and children's literature. Overall, the collection provides a valuable basis for further study.STEPHEN KNIGHTis Professor of English Literature at the University of Wales, Cardiff; he is well-known as an authority on the Robin Hood tradition, and has edited the recently-discovered Robin Hood Forresters Manuscript.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Ecology of the English Outlaw in Medieval Literature

The Ecology of the English Outlaw in Medieval Literature

seem consonant with much of the early modern Robin Hood material, which gentrifies ... but Knight and Ohlgren, Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, 169–71, ...

Author: Sarah Harlan-Haughey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317034698

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 220

View: 951

Arguing that outlaw narratives become particularly popular and poignant at moments of national ecological and political crisis, Sarah Harlan-Haughey examines the figure of the outlaw in Anglo-Saxon poetry and Old English exile lyrics such as Beowulf, works dealing with the life and actions of Hereward, the Anglo-Norman romance of Fulk Fitz Waryn, the Robin Hood ballads, and the Tale of Gamelyn. Although the outlaw's wilderness shelter changed dramatically from the menacing fens and forests of Anglo-Saxon England to the bright, known, and mapped greenwood of the late outlaw romances and ballads, Harlan-Haughey observes that the outlaw remained strongly animalistic, other, and liminal. His brutality points to a deep literary ambivalence towards wilderness and the animal, at the same time that figures such as the Anglo-Saxon resistance fighter Hereward, the brutal yet courtly Gamelyn, and Robin Hood often represent a lost England imagined as pristine and forested. In analyzing outlaw literature as a form of nature writing, Harlan-Haughey suggests that it often reveals more about medieval anxieties respecting humanity's place in nature than it does about the political realities of the period.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Early English Performance Medieval Plays and Robin Hood Games

Early English Performance  Medieval Plays and Robin Hood Games

2 For the three Scottish chronicles, the most accessible extracts in translation appear in Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, ed. by Stephen Knight and ...

Author: John Marshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429765018

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 769

Covering a period of nearly 40 years’ work by the author this collection of essays in the Shifting Paradigms in Early English Drama Studies series brings the perspective of a Drama academic and practitioner of early English plays to the understanding of how medieval plays and Robin Hood games of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were performed. It explores why, where, when, and how the plays happened, who took part, and who were the audiences. The insights are informed by a combination of research and the public presentation of surviving texts. The research included in the volume unites the early English experiences of religious and secular performance. This recognition challenges the dominant critical distinction of the past between the two and the consequent privileging of biblical and moral plays over secular entertainments. What further binds, rather than separates, the two is that the destination of funds raised by the different activities maintained the civic and parochial needs of the institutions upon which the people depended. This collection redefines the inclusive nature and common interests of the purposes that lay behind generically different undertakings. They shared an extraordinary investment of human and financial resources in the anticipation of a profit that was pious and practical.
Categories: History

Robin Hood in Popular Culture

Robin Hood in Popular Culture

Robin Hood's career as an outlaw also begins with the desire to seek ... Knight and Ohlgren , Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales , 149 . beginning of A ...

Author: Thomas G. Hahn

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 0859915646

Category: Fiction

Page: 278

View: 794

Studies of varied aspects of Robin Hood legends and associated topics: the greenwood, archery, outlawry, and 20c response to the legends.
Categories: Fiction