union with the god , embodied by the reigning monarch , she assured the fertility and well - being of the land and the people.53 Whether in public celebration or in the quiet privacy of her temple chamber , the sacred prostitute ...
Author: Nancy Qualls-Corbett
Publisher: Inner City Books
The disconnection between spirituality and passionate love leaves a broad sense of dissatisfaction and boredom in relationships. The author illustrates how our vitality and capacity for joy depend on restoring the soul of the sacred prostitute to its rightful place in consciousness.
The duties and roles of divine prostitute generally fell into two types of services towards the deity and nobility . In other words they provided stage and bodily pleasures . Owing to the degeneration of the caster norms as a whole ...
Of course, it is not necessary to believe that Alexander was requited for his choice in a divine beauty contest. ... 59 Mari (1997) argues that the possible connection between Locrian sacred prostitution (in Italian Locris) and the ...
Author: Morris Silver
Publisher: Ugarit-Verlag - Buch- und Medienhandel GmbH
This book does not intend to demonstrate that Greeks and other ancient Mediterranean peoples, men and women, married and unmarried, sought and participated in sex for its own sake. That is, it is taken as obvious, a given, that they were able to separate sex for pleasure from sex for reproduction. There never were human beings who concerned themselves only with “fertility”. Neither, does this study seek to demonstrate that some ancient Greeks were willing to provide sexual services to partners in return for the receipt of nonsexual benefits. Again, this is self-evident. Nor does this study intend to show that the ancient Mediterranean world was familiar with individuals and enterprises that regularly earned incomes by selling sexual services. Clearly, the ancient world knew prostitution as an occupation and as a form of enterprise. In an article published by Ugarit-Forschungen in 2008, Silver (2006a) challenged the view that temple/sacred prostitution did not exist in the ancient Near East. Contrary to such scholars as Julia Assante (1998, 2003), Martha T. Roth (2006) and Vinciane Pirenne-Delforge (2010), ample evidence indicates that it did. For the convenience of readers this article is included as a Supplement to the present volume. The original article has been reformatted to correct some typographical errors and to make it blend seamlessly into the present volume but otherwise it is unchanged. More recent materials from the ancient Near East are considered mostly in footnotes, however. The present study seeks to leap beyond this finding by showing that temple prostitution also flourished in the ancient Mediterranean. That it did is of course an “old” view, but the old supporting arguments often lack rigor and even clarity and the supporting evidence is fragmentary, contradictory and often facially absurd (e.g. Herodotus 1.199.1–5). Work of this kind has been discredited by scholars such as Fay Glinister (2000) and Stephanie Lynn Budin (2008).
apparently unambiguous in that they refer to women who sell their bodies for sex , who are either " sacred " or who hand over the money they earn to a deity . ... Thus , sacred prostitution seems to be intended .
Author: Melissa Hope Ditmore
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Category: Industrie pornographique
This major 2-volume set is the first to treat in an inclusive reference what is usually considered a societal failing and the underside of sexuality and economic survival.
Author: Christopher A. FaraonePublish On: 2008-03-14
This paper reconsiders the evidence for sacred prostitution in the classical corpus. It takes as a departure point the recent Near Eastern scholarship that shows that sacred prostitution never existed in the ancient Near East but rather ...
Author: Christopher A. Faraone
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
Prostitutes and Courtesans in the Ancient World explores the implications of sex-for-pay across a broad span of time, from ancient Mesopotamia to the early Christian period. In ancient times, although they were socially marginal, prostitutes connected with almost every aspect of daily life. They sat in brothels and walked the streets; they paid taxes and set up dedications in religious sanctuaries; they appeared as characters—sometimes admirable, sometimes despicable—on the comic stage and in the law courts; they lived lavishly, consorting with famous poets and politicians; and they participated in otherwise all-male banquets and drinking parties, where they aroused jealousy among their anxious lovers. The chapters in this volume examine a wide variety of genres and sources, from legal and religious tracts to the genres of lyric poetry, love elegy, and comic drama to the graffiti scrawled on the walls of ancient Pompeii. These essays reflect the variety and vitality of the debates engendered by the last three decades of research by confronting the ambiguous terms for prostitution in ancient languages, the difficulty of distinguishing the prostitute from the woman who is merely promiscuous or adulterous, the question of whether sacred or temple prostitution actually existed in the ancient Near East and Greece, and the political and social implications of literary representations of prostitutes and courtesans.
Both were understood as fertility rites.4 The chief difference was that Sacred Marriage could be located and defined. 5 Sacred prostitution, unlike Sacred Marriage, had no specific festival date, for instance, but was instead assumed to ...
Author: Martin Lindner
Publisher: Verlag Antike
Tempelprostitution scheint in der antiken Welt ein allgegenwartiges Phanomen zu sein. Ob in Griechenland oder in Italien, in Kleinasien, Agypten, Persien oder Indien uberall hat die Forschung Hinweise auf die Existenz einer solchen Einrichtung finden wollen. Ein erneutes Studium der Quellen und ein transkultureller Vergleich wecken jedoch Zweifel und lenken den Blick auf die methodische Komplexitat des Themas. Der vorliegende Band prasentiert die Ertrage der 2007 in Oldenburg abgehaltenen interdisziplinaren Konferenz Tempelprostitution zwischen griechischer Kultur und Vorderem Orient. Die Beitrage stellen jeweils Quellenlage, Forschungsstand und neueste Erkenntnisse zum Thema aus dem Blickwinkel der jeweiligen Fachkultur vor. Beteiligt sind Assyriologie, Agyptologie, Iranistik, Indologie und Theologie sowie die verschiedenen althistorischen und altphilologischen Teilbereiche. Die deutsch- und englischsprachigen Studien durchmessen dabei die antike Welt zeitlich und raumlich auf der Suche nach den tatsachlichen und vermeintlichen Spuren fur heilige Prostitution. Entsprechend reichen die Themen vom Alten Orient und Persien uber Israel und Agypten bis in den griechisch-romischen Bereich - von den fruhesten Schriftkulturen bis in die Spatantike. Ein Beitrag zur wirkungsmachtigen indischen Tempelprostitution rundet das Gesamtbild ab.
as a punishment they were commanded to prostitute themselves to all comers , a command which they obeyed with so much ... With their worship of Astarté or Venus , the Phoenicians introduced sacred prostitution into all their Colonies .
sacred slaves (hierodules).”7 Eva Cantarella, in her book Pandora's Daughters, asserts that cultic prostitutes lived a more sheltered life and enjoyed a higher social status than common prostitutes because sacred prostitution was more ...
Author: Martti Nissinen
Publisher: Penn State Press
The title of this volume, Sacred Marriages, consciously plays with the traditional concept of sacred marriage, but the plural form, “sacred marriages,” gives the reader an idea that something more is at stake here than a monomaniacal idea of manifestations deriving from a single prototype. Following the guidelines of one of the contributors, Ruben Zimmermann, the editors tentatively define “sacred marriage” as a “real or symbolic union of two complementary entities, imagined as gendered, in a religious context.” “Sacred marriages” (plural), then, refers to various expressions of this kind of union in different cultures that seek to overcome, to cite Zimmermann again, “the great dualism of human and cosmic existence.” The subtitle indicates that the contributors are primarily interested in different aspects of the divine-human sexual metaphor—that is, the imagining and reenactment of a gendered relationship between the human and divine worlds. This metaphor, which is essentially about relationship rather than sexual acts, can find textual, ritual, mythical, and social expressions in different times and places. Indeed, the sacred marriage ritual itself should be considered not a manifestation of the “sacralized power of sexuality experienced in sexual intercourse” but one way of objectifying the divine-human sexual metaphor.
In Chapter 5, the new body of data from the biblical world will be examined to see how it illumines the biblical texts, but first the data from classical antiquity on which the notion of sacred prostitution was constructed must be ...
Author: Phyllis A. Bird
Publisher: Penn State Press
Harlot or Holy Woman? presents an exhaustive study of qedešah, a Hebrew word meaning “consecrated woman” but rendered “prostitute” or “sacred prostitute” in Bible translations. Reexamining biblical and extrabiblical texts, Phyllis A. Bird questions how qedešah came to be associated with prostitution and offers an alternative explanation of the term, one that suggests a wider participation for women as religious specialists in Israel’s early cultic practice. Bird’s study reviews all the texts from classical antiquity cited as sources for an institution of “sacred prostitution,” alongside a comprehensive analysis of the cuneiform texts from Mesopotamia containing the cognate qadištu and Ugaritic texts containing the masculine cognate qdš. Through these texts, Bird presents a portrait of women dedicated to a deity, engaged in a variety of activities from cultic ritual to wet-nursing, and sharing a common generic name with the qedešah of ancient Israel. In the final chapter she returns to biblical texts, reexamining them in light of the new evidence from the ancient Near East. Considering alternative models for constructing women’s religious roles in ancient Israel, this wholly original study offers new interpretations of key texts and raises questions about the nature of Israelite religion as practiced outside the royal cult and central sanctuary.
[N]one of the key elements of the fertility cult thesis— popular Baal worship, the hieros gamos between Baal and the earth goddess, or the practice of sacred prostitution— can be substantiated by reference to the textual or ...
Author: Brad E. Kelle
Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit
"This study offers a distinctively political reading of Hosea 2 that explores the test as a metaphorical and theological commentary on the political and religious dynamics is Israel at the close of the Syro-Ephraimitic War (731-730 B.C.E.)."--BOOK JACKET.