Second Track citizens Diplomacy

Second Track citizens  Diplomacy

This book will be valuable to both academics and professionals involved in first or second track diplomacy, or interested in integrative methods of dispute resolution or conflict prevention, as well as to those working in development, peace ...

Author: John Davies

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847695522

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 771

Almost all current wars are primarily intra-state, involving complex societal conflicts with at least one party a non-state community. Second Track/ Citizens' Diplomacy is broadly defined as facilitated dialogue to address conflict issues between unofficial representatives or equivalent opinion leaders dfrom communities in conflict. It is an essential complement to official (first track) diplomacy for responding to the enormous challenge that these complex conflicts pose to building a sustainable and dynamic peace. In this volume, prominent contributors explain the development, theory and current practice of second track diplomacy. They examine the dynamics of modern complex conflicts, such as those in Sri Lanka, Israel/Palestine, Cyprus, or the Caucasus. Exploring innovative problem-solving methodologies, the book provides a detailed program for guiding 'Partners in Conflict' in the search for common ground and analyzes core issues that arise in the practice and evaluation of second track diplomacy. This book will be valuable to both academics and professionals involved in first or second track diplomacy, or interested in integrative methods of dispute resolution or conflict prevention, as well as to those working in development, peace-building or humanitarian programs at any phase of the conflict cycle.
Categories: Political Science

Governance Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution

Governance  Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution

... during and after official peace processes. References Azar, Edward E. 2003. 'Protracted Social Conflicts and Second Track Diplomacy'. In Second Track/Citizens' Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, eds.

Author: Cedric Hilburn Grant

Publisher: Ian Randle Publishers

ISBN: 9789766372590

Category: Conflict management

Page: 522

View: 171

Decades after our contemporary international system witnessed the end of the Second World War, the events that followed in its aftermath has fashioned an international system characterized by global conflict in the guise of the Cold War. Although wars were part of the struggle between the two rival super powers - the US and USSR - their main theatre was the Third World and hostilities during the Cold War era were global. It is against this backdrop that Governance, Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution addresses conflict in the Caribbean and elsewhere, exploring the linkages between conflict and development. The book is divided into eight sections and offers diverse views on conflict, conflict resolution and governance: Part 1 - Governance and Conflict Management in a Global Context; Part II - Management and resolution of Conflict in the Regional Context; Part III - Perspectives on Social Stratification, Political Rivalry and Ethnic Insecurities; Part IV - High Intensity Conflicts; Part V - The Management and Resolution of Territorial Conflicts; Part VI - Poverty, Economics and Conflict Management; Part VII - Advancing Conflict Resolution through Education; and Part VIII - Civil Society, Governance and Social Consensus.
Categories: Conflict management

Second Track Citizens Diplomacy

Second Track Citizens  Diplomacy

Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation John L. Davies, () (Edy) Kaufman. Second Track / Citizens ' Diplomacy “Despite hopes that the 21st century would be the age of maturity and peace, events since September 11, ...

Author: John L. Davies

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781461643302

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 330

Almost all current wars are primarily intra-state, involving complex societal conflicts with at least one party a non-state community. Second Track/ Citizens' Diplomacy is broadly defined as facilitated dialogue to address conflict issues between unofficial representatives or equivalent opinion leaders dfrom communities in conflict. It is an essential complement to official (first track) diplomacy for responding to the enormous challenge that these complex conflicts pose to building a sustainable and dynamic peace. In this volume, prominent contributors explain the development, theory and current practice of second track diplomacy. They examine the dynamics of modern complex conflicts, such as those in Sri Lanka, Israel/Palestine, Cyprus, or the Caucasus. Exploring innovative problem-solving methodologies, the book provides a detailed program for guiding 'Partners in Conflict' in the search for common ground and analyzes core issues that arise in the practice and evaluation of second track diplomacy. This book will be valuable to both academics and professionals involved in first or second track diplomacy, or interested in integrative methods of dispute resolution or conflict prevention, as well as to those working in development, peace-building or humanitarian programs at any phase of the conflict cycle.
Categories: Political Science

From Identity Based Conflict to Identity Based Cooperation

From Identity Based Conflict to Identity Based Cooperation

We continue to work with ARIA, as recently in preparing the ground for nonviolent democratic transition in Egypt through the Arab Spring, ... Second track/citizens' diplomacy: Concepts and techniques for conflict transformation.

Author: Jay Rothman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461436799

Category: Psychology

Page: 212

View: 943

Through proper engagement, identity-based conflict enhances and develops identity as a vehicle to promote creative collaboration between individuals, the groups they constitute and the systems they forge. This handbook describes the specific model that has been developed as well as various approaches and applications to identity-conflict used throughout the world.
Categories: Psychology

Track Two Diplomacy and Jerusalem

Track Two Diplomacy and Jerusalem

Kelman, H.C. 'Interactive Problem Solving as a Tool for Second Track Diplomacy'. In Second Track/Citizens' DiplomacyConcepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, edited by J. Davis and E. Kaufman, 81–106.

Author: Tom Najem

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317213338

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 688

‘Track Two Diplomacy and Jerusalem’ is the first in a series of three books which collectively present the work of the Jerusalem Old City Initiative, or JOCI, a major Canadian-led Track Two diplomatic effort, undertaken between 2003 and 2014. JOCI’s raison d’être was to find sustainable governance solutions for the Old City of Jerusalem, arguably the most sensitive and intractable of the final status issues dividing Palestinians and Israelis. ‘Track Two Diplomacy and Jerusalem’ includes a series of studies that place JOCI within its historical setting and explain the theoretical context of Track Two diplomacy. The book then proceeds to present the Initiative's culminating documents, which outline in detail its proposed Special Regime governance model. Until now, the proposals have remained unpublished and available only to a limited audience of key stakeholders. Presenting the information in an accessible format, this book will contribute positively to the wider conversation on Jerusalem, especially with respect to the longstanding conflict over control and governance of this holy city. It will therefore be of value to several audiences, from the policy-making community to the various traditions found in academia.
Categories: Political Science

Religion and Public Policy

Religion and Public Policy

27 See Glen Stassen, Just Peacemaking: Transforming Initiatives for Justice and Peace (Louisville, ... Diplomacy: an overview,” in Second Track/Citizen's Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, eds.

Author: Sumner B. Twiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107090361

Category: Law

Page: 413

View: 754

Examines human rights in relation to religion and the role of religion in perennial issues of war and peace.
Categories: Law

Track Two Diplomacy in Theory and Practice

Track Two Diplomacy in Theory and Practice

Saunders, H., et al., “Interactive Conflict Resolution: A View for Policy Makers on Making and Building Peace,” in Druckman and Stern, ... Second Track/Citizen's Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation (Lanham, ...

Author: Peter Jones

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804796323

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 863

Track Two diplomacy consists of informal dialogues among actors such as academics, religious leaders, retired senior officials, and NGO officials that can bring new ideas and new relationships to the official process of diplomacy. Sadly, those involved in official diplomacy often have little understanding of and appreciation for the complex and nuanced role that Track Two can play, or for its limitations. And many Track Two practitioners are often unaware of the realities and pressures of the policy and diplomatic worlds, and not particularly adept at framing their efforts to make them accessible to hard-pressed officials. At the same time, those interested in the academic study of Track Two sometimes fail to understand the realities faced by either set of practitioners. A need therefore exists for a work to bridge the divides between these constituencies and between the different types of Track Two practice—and this book crosses disciplines and traditions in order to do just that. It explores the various dimensions and guises of Track Two, the theory and practice of how they work, and how both practitioners and academics could more profitably assess Track Two. Overall, it provides a comprehensive picture of the range of activities pursued under this title, to provoke new thinking about how these activities relate to each other, to official diplomacy, and to academe.
Categories: Political Science

Ways Out of War

Ways Out of War

“ProtractedSocial Conflicts and Second TrackDiplomacy.” In Second Track/Citizen's Diplomacy:Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, edited by JohnL.Daviesand Edward Kaufman. Oxford: Roman and Littlefield Publishers, ...

Author: M. Fixdal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137030542

Category: Political Science

Page: 285

View: 852

An exploration of the individual work of ten diplomats who were charged with negotiating conclusions to intractable conflicts in the Middle East and Balkans, this book is the first study to combine the outlooks of practitioners and academics on new forms of war, especially asymmetrical warfare between state and non-state actors.
Categories: Political Science

Peace Corps and Citizen Diplomacy

Peace Corps and Citizen Diplomacy

18. State Department, n.d. 19. John Davies and Edy Kaufman, Second Track/Citizens' Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002). 20. Reena Bernards, “Women as Citizen-Diplomats.

Author: Stephen M. Magu

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498502412

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

View: 379

For over 50 years, more than 225,000 Peace Corps volunteers have been placed in over 140 countries around the world, with the goals of helping the recipient countries need for trained men and women, to promote a better understanding of Americans for the foreign nationals, and to promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of Americans. The Peace Corps program, proposed during a 2 a.m. campaign stop on October 14, 1960 by America's Camelot, was part idealism, part belief that the United States could help Global South countries becoming independent. At the height of the Cold War, the US and USSR were racing each other to the moon, missiles in Turkey and in Cuba and walls in Berlin consumed the archrivals; sending American graduates to remote villages seemed ill-informed. Kennedy's Kiddie Korps was derided as ineffectual, the volunteers accused of being CIA spies, and often, their work made no sense to locals. The program would fall victim to the vagaries of global geopolitics: in Peru, Yawar Malku (Blood of the Condor), depicting American activities in the country, led to volunteers being bundled out unceremoniously; in Tanzania, they were excluded over Tanzania’s objection to the Vietnam War. Despite these challenges, the Peace Corps program shaped newly independent countries in significant ways: in Ethiopia they constituted half the secondary school teachers in 1961, in Tanzania they helped survey and build roads, in Ghana and Nigeria they were integral in the education systems, alongside other programs. Even in the Philippines, formerly a U.S. colony, Peace Corps volunteers were welcomed. Aside from these outcomes, the program had a foreign policy component, advancing U.S. interests in the recipient countries. Data shows that countries receiving volunteers demonstrated congruence in foreign policy preferences with the U.S., shown by voting behavior at the United Nations, a forum where countries’ actions and preferences and signaling is evident. Volunteer-recipient countries particularly voted with the U.S. on Key Votes. Thus, Peace Corps volunteers who function as citizen diplomats, helped countries shape their foreign policy towards the U.S., demonstrating the viability of soft power in international relations.
Categories: Political Science

A Possible Peace Between Israel and Palestine

A Possible Peace Between Israel and Palestine

“Sharing the Experience of Citizens' Diplomacy with Partners in Conflict” and “Towards Innovative Solutions.” In John Davis and Edy Kaufman, eds., Second Track/Citizens' Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, ...

Author: Menachem Klein

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231511193

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 430

In 2003, after two years of negotiations, a group of prominent Israelis and Palestinians signed a model peace treaty. The document, popularly called the Geneva Initiative, contained detailed provisions resolving all outstanding issues between Israel and the Palestinian people, including drawing a border between Israel and Palestine, dividing Jerusalem, and determining the status of the Palestinian refugees. The negotiators presented this citizens' initiative to the Israeli and Palestinian peoples and urged them to accept it. One of the Israeli negotiators was Menachem Klein, a political scientist who has written extensively about the Jerusalem issue in the context of peace negotiations. Although the Geneva Initiative was not endorsed by the governments of either side, it became a fundamental term of reference for solving the Middle East conflict. In this firsthand account, Klein explains how and why these groups were able to achieve agreement. He directly addresses the formation of the Israeli and Palestinian teams, how they managed their negotiations, and their communications with both governments. He also discusses the role of third-party facilitators and the strategy behind marketing the Geneva Initiative to the public. A scholar and participant in the Geneva negotiations, Klein is able to provide both an inside perspective and an impartial analysis of the diplomatic efforts behind this historic compromise. He compares the negotiations to previous Israeli-Palestinian talks both formal and informal and the resolution of conflicts in South Africa and Algeria. Klein hopes that by treating the event as a case study we can learn a tremendous amount about the needs and approaches of both parties and the necessary shape peace must take between them.
Categories: History