Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

This book is designed to present a comprehensive and state-of the-art update that covers the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical presentation of the most frequently encountered STIs in adolescence and young adulthood.

Author: Sophia A. Hussen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030204914

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 193

This book is designed to present a comprehensive and state-of the-art update that covers the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical presentation of the most frequently encountered STIs in adolescence and young adulthood. The introductory sections discuss more general themes including approaches to obtaining a sexual history and exam, concerns of sexual minority youth, ethical and legal considerations, and health disparities in STIs in this population. Subsequent chapters are organized by pathogen such as herpes simplex virus, and human immunodeficiency virus, or clinical syndrome including pelvic inflammatory disease, and vaginitis. Each chapter begins with a case study to illustrate key characteristics of the disease process in question and includes rich illustrations, resources, and guidelines. Written by experts in the field, the text includes a review of epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, prevention, and adolescent-specific considerations that is vital to working with this important population. With its transdisciplinary perspective, Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescence and Young Adulthood is a unique text that is valuable to infectious disease specialists, adolescent medicine specialists, gynecologists, primary care physicians, advanced practice providers, medical administrative staff, school nurses, sexual health educators, social workers, and public health officials.
Categories: Medical

Patterns of Adolescent and Young Adult Sexual Behavior

Patterns of Adolescent and Young Adult Sexual Behavior

While risky sexual behavior can lead to negative consequences such as sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy, sexual behavior also is a healthy part of human development.

Author: Kari M. Gloppen

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:904832882

Category:

Page: 110

View: 368

While risky sexual behavior can lead to negative consequences such as sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy, sexual behavior also is a healthy part of human development. By understanding the social and cognitive processes that influence sexual behavior choices during adolescence and young adulthood, we will be better able to promote positive sexual health and reduce risky sexual behavior and its negative consequences, included sexually transmitted infection and unintended pregnancy. This dissertation examined three sets of questions related to sexual behavior during adolescence and young adulthood. The first study used structural equation modeling and found that the data supported many of the prosocial developmental paths described by the social development model, for example a positive family and school environment predicted prosocial norms and healthy beliefs, which in turn predicted a later age of sexual initiation. The second study used latent class analysis to identify five classes of sexual behavior from ages 19 to 23. The study showed that while young adult men and women exhibit similar patterns of sexual behavior, there were important differences in the levels of individual sexual risk behaviors within the behavior patterns and in the proportion of males and females estimated to be in the Higher Risky Sex class. This study also showed that risk and protective socialization processes during adolescence impact sexual behavior during young adulthood. The third study used the 5 identified latent classes of sexual behavior, and found that these classes differentially predict health and social outcomes at age 24. These studies have several implications, including providing support for enhancing prosocial environments at the family, school, and peer levels, providing insight into specific health messaging for young adults to improve their sexual health, and the importance of contextualizing sexual behavior as one component of overall health that is linked to other areas of a person's health.
Categories:

Romantic Relationships and Sexuality in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Romantic Relationships and Sexuality in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Although such an intercourse-focus fits with the risk-oriented approach of adolescent sexual activity–as intercourse can ... As a result, the reasons why adolescents and young adults engage in sexual behaviours or relationships (e.g., ...

Author: Daphne van de Bongardt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315456430

Category: Psychology

Page: 134

View: 209

Romantic relationship formation and the engagement in sexual behaviors are normative and salient developmental tasks for adolescents and young adults. These developmental tasks are increasingly viewed from an ecological perspective, thus as strongly embedded in different social contexts, including the proximal social domains of parents, peers, and partners. This volume brings together seven recent empirical studies on adolescents’ and young adults’ romantic relationships and sexuality in the context of relationships with parents, peers, and partners. In this editorial introduction, we describe two important recent changes in the theoretical perspectives on emerging romantic relationships and sexual activity: from risky behaviors to normative tasks, and from individual to contextualized processes. We then discuss recent advances in empirical research on romantic relationships and sexuality of adolescents and young adults. After that, we review the seven studies in this volume, and discuss the contributions of these studies to the existing literature. Finally, we discuss directions for future research regarding how to further incorporate the interrelational perspective in empirical research on these topics, and how to bridge the gap between the research fields on romantic relationships and sexuality. This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Journal of Developmental Psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Microbiology for the Healthcare Professional E Book

Microbiology for the Healthcare Professional   E Book

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases. ... MEDICAL HIGHLIGHTS HIV Infections in Adolescents and Young Adults The US Department of Health and Human Services expressed rising concern ...

Author: Karin C. VanMeter

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323834797

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 337

Microbiology for the Healthcare Professional, 3rd Edition offers an excellent foundation for understanding the spread, treatment, and prevention of infectious disease — critical knowledge for today’s healthcare professional. This straightforward introductory text makes microbiology approachable and easy to learn, presenting just the right level of information and detail to help you comprehend future course material and apply concepts to your new career. UNIQUE! Why You Need to Know and Life Application boxes make the content more relevant by putting material in a real-world context, helping you understand how concepts apply to everyday situations. UNIQUE! Medical Highlights boxes in each chapter provide anecdotal information about a pathological condition mentioned in the chapter, with illustrations and updates on new trends and information specific to the healthcare industry. UNIQUE! Health Care Application tables in each chapter provide quick access to focused information on pathogens as they relate to the subject matter of the chapter, including symptoms, causes, and treatments for a given condition/pathogen when applicable. Timesaving focus on just the necessary information provides the ideal level of introductory microbiology coverage. Chapter outlines and key terms for every chapter enable more efficient learning. Learning objectives clarify chapter goals and guide you through the content. Twenty review questions at the end of each chapter test your retention and help you identify areas requiring further study. NEW! The Bigger Picture section in each body system chapter identifies other body systems that might be affected by a particular microbial infection. NEW! Technology Boxes highlight new technology, such as artificial intelligence, that is becoming more essential to diagnosis and treatment in the healthcare field.
Categories: Medical

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender  Two Volume Set

Those diagnosed with HIV in young adulthood were frequently unknowingly infected in adolescence. Poor prophylactic practices, multiple sexual partners, other STD histories, and use of alcohol and drugs during sexual encounters are ...

Author: Judith Worell

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122272455

Category: Psychology

Page: 1256

View: 551

Covers the psychology of women, the psychology of men, and gender differences while discussing psychological differences in personality, cognition, and behavior, as well as biologically based differences and how those differences impact behavior.
Categories: Psychology

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Behavioral Interventions for Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

... that the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is disproportionately high among adolescents and young adults. The Hidden Epidemic, the 1997 seminal report of the Institute of Medicine, clearly identified adolescents as a ...

Author: Sevgi O. Aral

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387857688

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 846

Before AIDS, the role of behavioral interventions in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases was acknowledged in text books and journals but rarely promoted effectively in public health practice. This book addresses the complexities and social contexts of human behaviors which spread STDs, the cultural barriers to STD education, and the sociopolitical nuances surrounding treatment.
Categories: Medical

Developmental behavioral Pediatrics

Developmental behavioral Pediatrics

All adolescents are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases, and this risk is increased with unprotected sexual behaviors. Because sexual experimentation is ... Most young adults who develop AIDS were infected during their teens.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323040259

Category: Medical

Page: 975

View: 229

Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Primary Care: Child and Adolescent Version (DSM-PC), this state-of-the-art reference expertly guides you through normal and abnormal development and behavior for all pediatric age groups. See how neurobiological, environmental, and human relationship factors all contribute to developmental and behavioral disorders and know how to best diagnose and treat each patient you see. Accurately identify developmental and behavioral problems using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Primary Care criteria, and evidence-based guidelines. Gain a clear understanding of the "normal" boundaries and variations within specific disorders. Make informed therapeutic decisions with the integration of basic science and practical information and recommendations from the Society of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Avoid legal and ethical implications by consulting the Law, Policy, and Ethics chapter. Download the DSM PC criteria from the included CD, as well as tables and illustrations for use in electronic presentations.
Categories: Medical

Sexuality in Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood

Sexuality in Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood

High prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in preg- nant adolescent girls in Tanzania: A multicommunity cross-sectional study. ... Condom communication: Reports of sexually active young adults' recent messages with new partners.

Author: Raymond Montemayor

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462537167

Category: Medical

Page: 362

View: 857

Written in an engaging question-and-answer format, this accessible text synthesizes contemporary empirical research to provide a panoramic view of adolescent sexual development and behavior. The book examines sexuality as part of normative growth and development, in addition to addressing traditional problem areas such as sexual risk taking. Candid personal stories bring the theory and research to life. Topics include the precursors of adolescent sexuality in childhood; biological aspects of adolescent sexuality, including puberty and the adolescent brain; the influences of parents, peers, and the media; and gender and racial/ethnic differences in attitudes and behavior. Coverage also encompasses romantic relationships; the experiences of sexual- and gender-minority youth; sexually transmitted infections; contraception, pregnancy, and teen parenthood; cross-cultural and international research; and approaches to sex education. Pedagogical Features *Headings written as questions throughout the chapters--for example, "How common is hooking up?" and "Is coming out to parents always a good thing?" *"In Their Own Words" boxes with firsthand accounts from adolescents and young adults. *"Focus on Research" sidebars that discuss research methods, challenges, and controversies in the field. *End-of-chapter summaries and suggested readings.
Categories: Medical

Adolescent Romantic Relationships as Precursors of Healthy Adult Marriages

Adolescent Romantic Relationships as Precursors of Healthy Adult Marriages

Young age at first sexual intercourse and sexually transmitted infections in adolescents and young adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 161, 774–780. Kamper, C. R. (2004). Connections. Berkeley, Calif.: The Dibble Fund.

Author: Benjamin R. Karney

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833041784

Category: Education

Page: 124

View: 173

Policymakers are interested in promoting healthy marriages in adulthood by providing services to strengthen the adolescent precursors of healthy marriage, especially within low-income populations. But if programs and curricula targeting adolescent romantic relationships are to be effective, they must be grounded in an accurate understanding of how adolescent relationships function and the role that they play in the development of healthy adult marriages. This report evaluates the current landscape of theory, research, and interventions addressing the role of adolescent romantic relationships in the development of healthy adult marriages. Drawing on a thorough review of the existing theoretical and empirical literature in this area, as well as interviews with practitioners directly involved with developing or administering relationship education to adolescents, the authors bring together relevant research and theory from a wide range of disciplines that have examined these issues, and suggest future directions for research and intervention. In particular, they note that although research describing romantic relationships in low-income populations is sparse, there are already-existing nationally representative data sets that include data from substantial numbers of well-sampled low-income adolescents. Analyses of these data would have relatively low cost and a potentially high yield for informing policies that target low-income youth.
Categories: Education

Sexuality in Emerging Adulthood

Sexuality in Emerging Adulthood

In F. D. Fincham & M. Cui (Eds.), Romantic relationships in emerging adulthood (pp. 234–251). ... Patterns of adolescent sexual behavior predicting young adult sexually transmitted infections: A latent class analysis approach.

Author: Elizabeth M. Morgan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190057022

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 497

Sexuality in Emerging Adulthood provides a comprehensive overview of sexuality at the stage straddling adolescence and adulthood. The first section of the volume offers conceptualizations and foundational perspectives on sexuality in emerging adulthood, with topics including theory, developmental considerations, sexual behavior, sexual beliefs and attitudes, associations with romance, casual sex, and sexual orientation. The second section systematically examines contexts and socializing agents of sexual development, including parents, peers, media, and religion. The third section narrows in on the overarching theme of the series by addressing factors leading to flourishing and floundering in the area of sexuality during emerging adulthood, such as effects of early adversity, sexual health, sexual well-being, sexuality and mental health, and sexual assault. Accompanying seven of the chapters in the volume are brief scientific reports offering new related research. The volume also contains four method tutorials that discuss topics in sex research such as ethical considerations, recruitment and incentive strategies, and identity-affirming methods. Concluding with innovative new perspectives on the integration of sexual health promotion and sexual violence prevention, this volume is crucial reading for academic scholars and those working with and supporting emerging adults.
Categories: Psychology