Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170 c of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954

Cumulative List of Organizations Described in Section 170  c  of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954

SIDNEY 752 SIERRA Sidney Sternberger Scholarship Fund , Brownsville , Tn .
Siena Transitional Living Ctr Inc. , Until ... Sierra Challenge Athletic Assoc ,
Sparks , Nv . Sid Peterson Memorial Hospital , Kerrville , Tx . Sierra Chamber
Opera ...

Author: United States. Internal Revenue Service


ISBN: UCLA:L0078306370

Category: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations


View: 701

Categories: Charitable uses, trusts, and foundations

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

opportunity for people to challenge the names on the list of individuals they
believe should not be registered. The posters also announce the deadline by
which challenges must be brought to the attention of the revising officer. Within 7
days of ...

Author: Linda Edgeworth

Publisher: IFES

ISBN: 9781879720930

Category: Election law

Page: 118

View: 470

Categories: Election law

Challenges of Constructing Legitimacy in Peacebuilding

Challenges of Constructing Legitimacy in Peacebuilding

44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 59 60 61 62 63 Priscilla Hayner, “
Negotiating Peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the Justice Challenge,” report by
the International Center for Transitional Justice, Geneva, Switzerland, December

Author: Daisaku Higashi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317531784

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 106

Peacebuilding is a critical issue in world politics. Surprisingly, however, there has not been a full examination of concrete policies and implementation strategies to generate legitimacy in "host states" by either international relations (IR) theorists or practitioners. The objective of this book is to develop an understanding of the mechanisms for constructing—or eroding—the legitimacy of newly created governments in post-conflict peacebuilding environments. The book argues that although existing accounts in the literature contend that compliance with key political programs, and constructing legitimacy in peacebuilding, largely depend on the levels of force (guns) and resource distribution (money) aimed at people who are governed, there are other significant factors, such as inclusive governments reconciling with old enemies, and the substantial role of international organizations (IOs) as credible third parties to establish fairness and impartiality within the political process. Highashi focuses on an in-depth analysis of the challenges involved in creating a legitimate government in Afghanistan, focusing on disarmament programs with powerful warlords, and the reconciliation efforts with the insurgency, especially the Taliban. In the conclusion the book also examines three complimentary cases—Iraq, East Timor, and Sierra Leone—which consistently support the argument presented earlier This work will be of interest to students and scholars of peacebuilding and conflict resolution as well as international relations more broadly.
Categories: Political Science

Chico s Challenge

Chico s Challenge

“Whoa,” Sierra said softly. Chico stood, watching the herd. Then Sierra nodded to
the other riders, asking them to move forward. The cattle turned. Chico wanted to
step toward them, but Sierra asked him to stand still. The cattle divided, passed ...

Author: Jessie Haas

Publisher: Feiwel & Friends

ISBN: 9781466816060

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 128

View: 790

Set in Wyoming, Chico's Challenge follows a young buckskin quarter horse who is trade to Sierra, a teen who works her father's ranch and dreams of becoming a cutting horse champion. Chico seems to have the makings of a great cow horse, but...he has never seen a cow in his life! Can he and Sierra, both novices, learn to work together as a team?
Categories: Juvenile Fiction

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

The challenge of ending Sierra Leone's protracted agony and beginning its
reconstruction remain . With Foday Sankoh again in Pademba Road Prison ,
along with a number of his senior associates , the RUF has named Field
Commander ...

Author: John L. Hirsch

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1555876986

Category: History

Page: 175

View: 784

John Hirsch traces Sierra Leone's downward spiral in this book, drawing on his first-hand experience as US amabassador in Freetown in 1995-1998. Hirsch analyzes the historical, social and economic contexts of the ongoing struggle, as well as the impacts of regional and international powers.
Categories: History

Human Rights in Sierra Leone 1787 2016

Human Rights in Sierra Leone  1787 2016

The Commission's operational aspects presented a particular legal challenge for
the Parliament of Sierra Leone (Mahony and Sooka 2015). Had the Act spelled
out what the Commission was to do (in the field), it would have been seen by ...

Author: John Idriss Lahai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429887581

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 339

This book offers an up-to-date, comprehensive interdisciplinary analysis of the multifaceted and evolving experiences of human rights in Sierra Leone between the years 1787 and 2016. It provides a balanced coverage of the local and international conditions that frame the socio-cultural, political, and economic context of human rights: its rise and fall, and concerns for the broader engendered issues of the transatlantic slave trade, colonialism, women’s struggle for recognition, constitutional development, political independence, war, and transitional justice (as well as "contributive justice," which the author introduces to explain the consequences of the problems of the temporal nature of transitional justice, and the crisis of donor fatigue towards peacebuilding activities), local government, democracy, and constitutional reforms within Sierra Leone. While acknowledging the profound challenges associated with the promotion of human rights in an environment of uncertainty, political fragility, lawlessness, and deprivation, John Idriss Lahai sheds light on the often-constructive engagement of the people of Sierra Leone with a variety of societal conditions, adverse or otherwise, to influence constitutional change, the emergent post-coflict discourse on "contributive justice," and acceptable human rights practice. This book will be of interest to scholars in West African history, legal history, African studies, peace and conflict studies, human rights and transitional justice.
Categories: History

The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks Alaska

The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks  Alaska

113(5):343–351. Sierra Research. 1996. LowTemperature CO Emission Test
Results. Report No. SR96–06–04. Prepared for the Alaska Department of
Environmental Conservation, by Sierra Research, Inc., Sacramento, CA. Sierra

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309182751

Category: Nature

Page: 154

View: 611

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a toxic air pollutant produced largely from vehicle emissions. Breathing CO at high concentrations leads to reduced oxygen transport by hemoglobin, which has health effects that include impaired reaction timing, headaches, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, weakness, clouding of consciousness, coma, and, at high enough concentrations and long enough exposure, death. In recognition of those health effects, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as directed by the Clean Air Act, established the health-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for CO in 1971. Most areas that were previously designated as "nonattainment" areas have come into compliance with the NAAQS for CO, but some locations still have difficulty in attaining the CO standards. Those locations tend to have topographical or meteorological characteristics that exacerbate pollution. In view of the challenges posed for some areas to attain compliance with the NAAQS for CO, congress asked the National Research Council to investigate the problem of CO in areas with meteorological and topographical problems. This interim report deals specifically with Fairbanks, Alaska. Fairbanks was chosen as a case study because its meteorological and topographical characteristics make it susceptible to severe winter inversions that trap CO and other pollutants at ground level.
Categories: Nature

Report of the Sierra Leone National Consultation on Women and Men in Partnership for Post conflict Reconstruction Held in Freetown Sierra Leone 21 24 May 2001

Report of the Sierra Leone National Consultation on Women and Men in Partnership for Post conflict Reconstruction Held in Freetown  Sierra Leone  21 24 May 2001

This is a challenge for the women , men and young people of this country , and
for the friends of Sierra Leone . If you can think of peace - building as a project ,
then each person needs to be motivated to be part of this project . The question of

Author: Rawwida Baksh-Soodeen

Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat

ISBN: 0850927447

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 694

This report examines issues from a gender perspective relating to the Sierra Leone National Consultation on Women and Men in Partnership for Post-Conflict Reconstruction.
Categories: Social Science

Sons of the Sierra

Sons of the Sierra

... Sierra de Puebla created a new ''democratic patriarchy,'' where access to the
liberal state could be used to redefine male privilege within the community.32
Mallon emphasizes, however, that this generational challenge lasted for only a
brief ...

Author: Patrick J. McNamara

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469606729

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 300

The period following Mexico's war with the United States in 1847 was characterized by violent conflicts, as liberal and conservative factions battled for control of the national government. The civil strife was particularly bloody in south central Mexico, including the southern state of Oaxaca. In Sons of the Sierra, Patrick McNamara explores events in the Oaxaca district of Ixtlan, where Zapotec Indians supported the liberal cause and sought to exercise influence over statewide and national politics. Two Mexican presidents had direct ties to Ixtlan district: Benito Juarez, who served as Mexico's liberal president from 1858 to 1872, was born in the district, and Porfirio Diaz, president from 1876 to 1911, had led a National Guard battalion made up of Zapotec soldiers throughout the years of civil war. Paying close attention to the Zapotec people as they achieved greater influence, McNamara examines the political culture of Diaz's presidency and explores how Diaz, who became increasingly dictatorial over the course of his time in office, managed to stay in power for thirty-five years. McNamara reveals the weight of memory and storytelling as Ixtlan veterans and their families reminded government officials of their ties to both Juarez and Diaz. While Juarez remained a hero in their minds, Diaz came to represent the arrogance of Mexico City and the illegitimacy of the "Porfiriato" that ended with the 1910 revolution.
Categories: History

Governance and the Three Arms of Government in Sierra Leone

Governance and the Three Arms of Government in Sierra Leone

Since 2002 Sierra Leone has been conducting peaceful parliamentary and
presidential elections. ... Over the years and despite its challenges, the Sierra
Leone media has performed the role of an early warning system to successive ...

Author: Abubakar Hassan Kargbo

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781496994042

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 312

This book titled Governance and the Three Arms of Government in Sierra Leone seeks to critically analyse the three arms of government in Sierra Leone in terms of their adherence to democratic principles and best international practices since independence. The challenges governance institution have been facing are discussed and recommendation made . The book also emphasized that despite the fact that the three arms of government inherited by the state of Sierra Leone at independence, it could be argued that the state of Sierra Leone has enormous tasks to perform in all the facets of the body politic; especially in the area of putting the necessary structures and institutions not only to complement the three organs but to promote better governance of the state of Sierra Leone. . Perhaps any government of Sierra Leone cannot only rely on the fact that it was democratically elected but has to deliver services efficiently and effectively to the public. It is argued therefore that for this all important reason it is not only incumbent on government to put in place the necessary institutions and structures but also the formulation of policies that will help facilitate the governance process. These institutions and structures when established and policies implemented against the backdrop of adequate resources will contribute positively to laying down the foundation of democratic good governance in the country. It contains three main chapters on legislative, executive and judicial arms of government and a conclusion.
Categories: Political Science

Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia

Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia

Regionalrivalries alsobegan to develop in earnest asaresultof this challenge.
Sierra Leonean settlers, Liberated Africans andgovernors wereall chagrined at
the lackof success in suppressingtheslave trade. BlamingLiberia eased
someofthe ...

Author: B. Everill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137291813

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 305

Bronwen Everill offers a new perspective on African global history, applying a comparative approach to freed slave settlers in Sierra Leone and Liberia to understand their role in the anti-slavery colonization movements of Britain and America.
Categories: History

Ponderosa pine seeding trials in west side Sierra Nevada clearcuts

Ponderosa pine seeding trials in west side Sierra Nevada clearcuts

Seed can be sown any time during winter at the Challenge Experimental Forest .
Stratification should not be necessary if seed is sown before March 1 . U . S .
Forest Service research on the Challenge Experimental Forest , Yuba County ...

Author: Robert L. Neal


ISBN: MINN:31951D02995709V

Category: Ponderosa pine

Page: 8

View: 441

In direct-seeding trials on the Challenge Experimental Forest, Yuba County, California, 27 combinations of seeding rates, aspect, and site treatment were tested. The best results were obtained on northerly aspects on unburned mechanically disturbed seedbeds with a high proportion of exposed mineral soil when seed application rates were high. Sowing at least 1 pound of seed per acre (1.12 kg per ha) consistently resulted in 400 or more seedlings per acre (988 seedlings per ha). Baiting for rodent control and attempted seed covering by "dragging" did not improve results. If regeneration requirements will be met by 400 seedlings per acre, these procedures for operational testing are suggested: (1) prepare 100 percent of the site by piling and burning slash and residual vegetation; (2) use seed that has had the standard endrin-arasanaluminum- dust pest repellent treatment, or equivalent; and (3) apply at least 1.5 pounds of seed (10,000 to 12,000 viable seed) per acre (1.7 kg, or 24,710 to 29,650 seed, per ha).
Categories: Ponderosa pine

Education in Sierra Leone

Education in Sierra Leone

Compared to other low-income countries, Sierra Leone has slightly lower JSS,
SSS, and tertiary gross enrollment ratios. Universal primary education is still a
challenge, as around 25 percent of children aged 6–11 and 12–14 were out of ...


Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821368695

Category: Education

Page: 207

View: 248

After a decade-long civil war, Sierra Leone witnessed an unprecedented surge in school enrollments at the primary and then the secondary levels. Committed to the Education for All objectives, the government further encouraged greater access to school. The country must now negotiate the transition from postwar recovery to regular delivery of education services. The main tasks ahead include reaching the remaining out-of-school children and improving the quality of the learning environment and, ultimately, of learning outcomes. Success will depend on the unrelenting, strong commitment of the government, the capacity of providers to effectively deliver education services, and a sustainable financial framework.
Categories: Education



Coward , ” Sierra challenged softly . Ram paused but did not stop . " Lock the
door behind me , ” he threw over his shoulder , ignoring Sierra's challenge . The
soft click of the latch left a hollow feeling deep in the pit of her stomach . Bandying

Author: Connie Mason

Publisher: Dorchester Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 0843938153

Category: Fiction

Page: 441

View: 635

Believing rumors that her long-lost siblings are living in Denver, finishing school debutante Sierra Alden takes a chance with her reputation by asking Ramsey Hunter to guide her to them, despite the dual risk he places on her heart. Original.
Categories: Fiction

The challenge of hunger Global Hunger Index Facts determinants and trends

The challenge of hunger  Global Hunger Index  Facts  determinants  and trends

AFGHANISTAN AND SIERRA LEONE are two countries with a typical history of
being devastated by years of civil war where the GHI is consequently very high,
although due to the lack of data, the GHI in Afghanistan is not even calculable
any ...

Author: Doris Wiesmann, Lioba Weingärtner, Iris Schöninger

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Social Science


View: 102

Categories: Social Science

The Sierra Nevada

The Sierra Nevada

Report of the Sierra Summit Steering Committee. abuse of grazing " ... B. In the
arena of RESOURCE MANAGEMENT the underlying challenge is : Put forestry
practices in the hands of professional resource managers . F. In the arena of ...



ISBN: UCBK:C079547743

Category: Conservation of natural resources

Page: 54

View: 610

Recommendations of the Committee, on Sierra Nevada resource issues, based on the Sierra Summit conference held November 17-18, 1991, at Stanford Sierra Camp, Fallen Leaf Lake, South Lake Tahoe, Calif., and on five workshops held in 1992 at various locations in the Sierra.
Categories: Conservation of natural resources

Sierra Hotel flying Air Force fighters in the decade after Vietnam

Sierra Hotel   flying Air Force fighters in the decade after Vietnam

... a typical fighter pilot challenge. He might have said, “Can't you walk and chew
gum at the same time?” and it would have meant the same thing. He knew that
because I was a fighter pilot as well, I would not, could not, pass up the challenge


Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428990487



View: 632


Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations Sierra Leone

Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations  Sierra Leone

It presents multistakeholder perspectives – from the Government of Sierra Leone,
the international community, and the national and international civil society – on
a number of key issues, progress and challenges related to international ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264091610


Page: 47

View: 200

Based on stakeholder consultations and supported by data, this report reviews the implementation of the Fragile States Principles in Sierra Leone, and identifies priority areas to improve the impact of international engagement.

Sierra Club Bulletin

Sierra Club Bulletin

Sierra Club. Alaska Wilderness The 140 - million - acre Challenge PEGGY
WAYBURN Rollie Ostermick Mt. Katolinat across Naknek Lake , Katmai National
Monument , Alaska ; potential Wilderness classification . M any believe Alaska's
wilder ...

Author: Sierra Club


ISBN: MINN:31951D004068578

Category: Conservation of natural resources


View: 901

Categories: Conservation of natural resources