Simply Complexity

Simply Complexity

What do traffic jams, stock market crashes, and wars have in common?

Author: Neil Johnson

Publisher: Oneworld Publications Limited

ISBN: WISC:89115035271

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 662

"First published in hardcover by Oneworld Publications as Two's Company, Three is Complexity, 2007"--T.p. verso.
Categories: Mathematics

Sailing the Ocean of Complexity

Sailing the Ocean of Complexity

(1998) Self-organized criticality,emergent complex behaviour in physical and biological systems. In Cambridge Lecture Notes in Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 50. N. F. Johnson. (2017) Simply Complexity, a Clear Guide to ...

Author: Sauro Succi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192652720

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 253

"Both superb and essential... Succi, with clarity and wit, takes us from quarks and Boltzmann to soft matter - precisely the frontier of physics and life." Stuart Kauffman, MacArthur Fellow, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Gold Medal Accademia Lincea We live in a world of utmost complexity, outside and within us. There are thousand of billions of billions of stars out there in the Universe, a hundred times more molecules in a glass of water, and another hundred times more in our body, all working in sync to keep us alive and well. At face value, such numbers spell certain doom for our ability to make any sense at all of the world around and within us. And yet, they don't. Why, and how - this book endeavours to provide an answer to these questions with specific reference to a selected window of the physics-biology interface. The story unfolds over four main Parts. Part I provides an introduction to the main organizational principles which govern the functioning of complex systems in general, such as nonlinearity, nonlocality and ultra-dimensions. Part II deals with thermodynamics, the science of change, starting with its historical foundations laid down in the 19th century, and then moving on to its modern and still open developments in connection with biology and cosmology. Part III deals with the main character of this book, free energy, and the wondrous scenarios opened up by its merger with the modern tools of statistical physics. It also describes the basic facts about soft matter, the state of matter most relevant to biological organisms. Finally, Part IV discusses the connection between time and complexity, and its profound implications on the human condition, i.e. the one-sided nature of time and the awareness of human mortality. It concludes with a few personal considerations about the special place of emotions and humility in science.
Categories: Science

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Johnson, N. (2009), Simply Complexity: A Clear Guide to Complexity Theory, Oxford: Oneworld Publications. Kellert, S. (1993), In the Wake of Chaos: Unpredictable Order in Dynamical Systems, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782549529

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 831

'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK
Categories: Political Science

Shakespeare and Complexity Theory

Shakespeare and Complexity Theory

Simply Complexity: A Clear Guide to Complexity Theory. Oxford: Oneworld, 2009. Jonson, Ben. 'Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue.' In Ben Jonson: The Complete Masques, edited by Stephen Orgel. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ...

Author: Claire Hansen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351967426

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 222

View: 443

In this new monograph, Claire Hansen demonstrates how Shakespeare can be understood as a complex system, and how complexity theory can provide compelling and original readings of Shakespeare’s plays. The book utilises complexity theory to illuminate early modern theatrical practice, Shakespeare pedagogy, and the phenomenon of the Shakespeare ‘myth’. The monograph re-evaluates Shakespeare, his plays, early modern theatre, and modern classrooms as complex systems, illustrating how the lens of complexity offers an enlightening new perspective on diverse areas of Shakespeare scholarship. The book’s interdisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of Shakespeare and lays the foundation for complexity theory in Shakespeare studies and the humanities more broadly.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Grammar Of Complexity From Mathematics To A Sustainable World

Grammar Of Complexity  From Mathematics To A Sustainable World

... N.F., Simply Complexity: A Clear Guide to Complexity Theory, “Chapter 1: Two's company, three is complexity”, Oneworld Publications, UK (2009) [Johnson, 2014] Johnson, J., Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems, Vol.

Author: Volchenkov Dimitri

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813232518

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 597

The book is an introduction, for both graduate students and newcomers to the field of the modern theory of mesoscopic complex systems, time series, hypergraphs and graphs, scaled random walks, and modern information theory. As these are applied for the exploration and characterization of complex systems. Our self-consistent review provides the necessary basis for consistency. We discuss a number of applications such diverse as urban structures and musical compositions. Contents: Perplexity of ComplexityPreliminaries: Permutations, Partitions, Probabilities and InformationTheory of Extreme EventsStatistical Basis of Inequality and Discounting the Future and InequalityElements of Graph Theory. Adjacency, Walks, and EntropiesExploring Graph Structures by Random WalksWe Shape Our Buildings: Thereafter They Shape UsComplexity of Musical Harmony Readership: Graduate student in information theory, complex systems and mathematical modeling. Keywords: Complex Systems and Processes;Extreme Events;Discounting the Future and Inequality;Urban Environments;Complexity of Musical HarmonyReview: Key Features: The book provides the unique treatment of the modern theory of mesoscopic complex systems, time series, hypergraphs and graphs, scaled random walks, and modern information theory as applied for exploration and characterization of complex systemsThe book shows how the concepts of complexity theory is applicable to the problem fo survival, urban studies, income inequality, musical harmonyThe book might be used as recommended reading for a course
Categories: Mathematics

Ecological Complexity and Agroecology

Ecological Complexity and Agroecology

Simply complexity: a clear guide to complexity theory. London: Oneworld. Justus, J. (2005). Qualitative scientific modeling and loop analysis. Philosophy of Science, 72(5), 1272–1286. Kareiva, P. (1982). Experimental and mathematical ...

Author: John Vandermeer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315313672

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 237

This text reflects the immense current growth in interest in agroecology and changing approaches to it. While it is acknowledged that the science of ecology should be the basis of agroecological planning, many analysts have out-of-date ideas about contemporary ecology. Ecology has come a long way since the old days of "the balance of nature" and other romantic notions of how ecological systems function. In this context, the new science of complexity has become extremely important in the modern science of ecology. The problem is that it tends to be too mathematical and technical and thus off-putting for the average student of agroecology, especially those new to the subject. Therefore this book seeks to present ideas about ecological complexity with a minimum of formal mathematics. The book’s organization consists of an introductory chapter, and a second chapter providing some of the background to basic ecological topics as they are relevant to agroecosystrems (e.g., soil biology and pest control). The core of the book consists of seven chapters on key intersecting themes of ecological complexity, including issues such as spatial patterns, network theory and tipping points, illustrated by examples from agroecology and agricultural systems from around the world.
Categories: Science

Information And Complexity

Information And Complexity

In the present work, complexity will be analyzed as a combined qualification of information systems involving their selective ... traditions from the beginnings of humanity, more often the question actually asked was “What is simple?

Author: Burgin Mark

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813109049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 251

The book is a collection of papers of experts in the fields of information and complexity. Information is a basic structure of the world, while complexity is a fundamental property of systems and processes. There are intrinsic relations between information and complexity. The research in information theory, the theory of complexity and their interrelations is very active. The book will expand knowledge on information, complexity and their relations representing the most recent and advanced studies and achievements in this area. The goal of the book is to present the topic from different perspectives — mathematical, informational, philosophical, methodological, etc.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Coherence in the Midst of Complexity

Coherence in the Midst of Complexity

Both traditional management and complexity theory suggest there is some kind of interaction that can occur between coherence and intention. Traditional management tends to ... In thetraditional view, coherence can simply be intended.

Author: H. Letiche

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137001801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 297

View: 725

A discussion on the social complexity approach, where dialogue and stories allow for the degrees of freedom needed for the opportunities of emergence to take root. The authors focus on the experience of coherence and how such experiential lessons differ from the establishment and maintenance of categories and labels.
Categories: Business & Economics

Linguistic Complexity

Linguistic Complexity

The answer is simple (at least something is!). Linguistic complexity is important for both theoretical and practical reasons. To give one example of the former, McWhorter has used the linguistic complexity of creoles to challenge the ...

Author: Bernd Kortmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110229226

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 270

View: 131

Linguistic complexity is one of the currently most hotly debated notions in linguistics. The essays in this volume reflect the intricacies of thinking about the complexity of languages and language varieties (here: of English) in three major contact-related fields of (and schools in) linguistics: creolistics, indigenization and nativization studies (i.e. in the realm of English linguistics, the “World Englishes” community), and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research: How can we adequately assess linguistic complexity? Should we be interested in absolute complexity or rather relative complexity? What is the extent to which language contact and/or (adult) language learning might lead to morphosyntactic simplification? The authors in this volume are all leading linguists in different areas of specialization, and they were asked to elaborate on those facets of linguistic complexity which are most relevant in their area of specialization, and/or which strike them as being most intriguing. The result is a collection of papers that is unique in bringing together leading representatives of three often disjunct fields of linguistic scholarship in which linguistic complexity is seen as a dynamic and inherently variable parameter.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

Scholars have been attempting to understand the complexity of education and physical education curricula within diverse school ... influences and variables are identified, but unmeasured, while others admittedly are simply unrecognized.

Author: Alan Ovens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415507219

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 348

This title focuses on complexity thinking in the context of physical education, enabling fresh ways of thinking about research, teaching, curriculum and learning. Written by a team of leading international physical education scholars, the book highlights how the considerable theoretical promise of complexity can be reflected in the actual policies, pedagogies and practices of physical education.
Categories: Education