Taken together, this process sheds light on the underlying challenges of creating a functioning simulation.The contents of this book will be beneficial not only for exhibition designers and simulation developers, but also anyone interested ...
Author: Kutay Guler
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
The dynamics of the interplay between the visitor and the exhibition environment form complex circulation patterns. As an exhibition designer, developing an understanding of those dynamics is important for improving visitor satisfaction. However, an overwhelming number of variables may transform the exhibition design process into educated guesswork. Designing through trial and error is just not feasible. In addition, as a result of the nature of creating built environments, modifying decisions later in the design process results in significant costs. The designer has to rely on extensive experience to succeed. Accordingly, implementing a method for guidance into the design process should prove valuable for the designer.This book discusses the development stages of a simulation application for visitor circulation in exhibition environments, and presents the challenges of integrating a complex mathematical process into a visual and artistic process like exhibition design. Those issues include understanding the individual stages of development, building a theoretical foundation, creating a simulation framework, composing individual operations, and implementing the finalized simulation into the design process. Taken together, this process sheds light on the underlying challenges of creating a functioning simulation.The contents of this book will be beneficial not only for exhibition designers and simulation developers, but also anyone interested in visitor behavior and spatial design.
This study employs iRAS ( Intelligent Recreational Agent Simulator ) , a multi -
agent system developed at The University of Melbourne to examine complex
spatial patterns of visitor behavior in the Royal Botanic Gardens ( RBG ) in
Author: Howard Randal Gimblett
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
"Conventional methods used in the planning and management of human-landscape interactions fall far short of the needs of today s land management professionals. Monitoring, Simulation, and Management of Visitor Landscapes presents a growing body of applied research that provides decision makers with tools to maintain the ecological integrity of public places by evaluating the impacts of humans in various landscapes across space and time." "This will help land managers and policy makers construct strategies for evaluating interactions between humans and the environment and expand the model of land management to include social and geographic, as well as environmental, factors."--Jacket.
Visitors' Behavior in World Expo 2010 Shanghai: An Application of Discrete
Choice Models and Web-Based Survey De Wang, ... In this paper, we discuss a
case study of modeling and simulating visitor behavior for the Expo 2010 in
Author: H. J. P. Timmermans
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Studies of pedestrian behaviour have recently gained a lot of attention in a variety of disciplines, including urban planning, transportation, civil engineering, computer science/artificial intelligence and applied physics. Various kinds of models for simulating pedestrian behaviour have been suggested. Moreover, new technologies have been used to collect data about pedestrian movement patterns. The aim of this book is to document these new developments in research and modelling approaches. In this book, leading scholars representing different modelling approaches and fields of application have written chapters about the analysis and modelling of pedestrian movement patterns. Modelling approaches include cellular automata models, fluid dynamics, discrete choice models, rule-based models, multi-agent models and models of bounded rationality. The chapters illustrate that these model can be successfully used to simulate phenomena such as lane formation, crowding, activity-patterns, path decisions, micro-behaviour, impulse buying and store choice behaviour. Finally, the book contains some interesting application of this body of research. These chapters and paragraphs demonstrate the applied potential of models of pedestrian behaviour.
Visitor Characteristics Agents — The visitor simulation for Twelve Apostles
utilizes RBSim's capability of using autonomous intelligent agents to simulate
onsite visitor behavior . For both Scenario 1 and Scenario 2 , two agents were
defined to ...
The visitor agent make its decision on its behavior only in the idling state or in the
waiting state. ... Attraction agent: this agent simulates behaviors of attractions or
other facilities in an amusement park such as restaurants or gift shops.
Author: Paul Davidsson
This volume presents revised and extended versions of selected papers presented at the Joint Workshop on Multi-Agent and Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, a workshop federated with the 3rd International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2004), which was held in New York City, USA, July 19–23, 2004. The workshop was in part a continuation of the International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation (MABS) series. - vised versions of papers presented at the four previous MABS workshops have been published as volumes 1534, 1979, 2581, and 2927 in the Lecture Notes in Arti?cial Intelligence series. The aim of the workshop was to provide a forum for work in both appli- tions of multi-agent-based simulation and the technical challenges of simulating large multi-agent systems (MAS). There has been considerable recent progress in modelling and analyzing multi-agent systems, and in techniques that apply MAS models to complex real-world systems such as social systems and organi- tions. Simulation is an increasingly important strand that weaves together this work. In high-risk, high-cost situations, simulations provide critical cost/bene?t leverage, and make possible explorations that cannot be carried out in situ: – Multi-agentapproachestosimulatingcomplexsystemsarekeytoolsinint- disciplinary studies of social systems. Agent-based social simulation (ABSS) researchsimulatesandsynthesizessocialbehaviorinordertounderstandreal social systems with properties of self-organization, scalability, robustness, and openness. – IntheMAScommunity,simulationhasbeenappliedtoawiderangeofMAS research and design problems, from models of complex individual agents - ploying sophisticated internal mechanisms to models of large-scale societies of relatively simple agents which focus more on the interactions between agents.
However, all of these kinds of behavior, and the routes of travel that result from
them, are reflected inthe observed visitor behavior on which the simulated routes
are based. Thus, the simulated routes, even though they arechosen in their ...
Author: Mordechai Schechter
First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
... but graphical output was not part of the model . Gimblett et al . ( 2000 )
combined objectoriented technology with geo - referenced temporal data to
dynamically simulate visitor behavior in a heavily used natural setting in Sedona ,
Travel simulation models have huge potential as tools for facilitating the planning
and management of visitor use ... their efforts to development of a special
purpose simulator ( RBSim ) , designed specifically to model recreation behavior
109 Modelling of Visitor Behavior ** Stated Preference & Choice Models – A
Versatile Alternative to Traditional Recreation Research . Wolfgang Haider 115 ...
Anja Simma , R. Schlich and KW Axhausen 143 150 Modelling and Simulation ...
A Simulation Analysis of Shop-around Behavior in a Commercial District as an
Intelligent Agent Approach -A Case Study of Osu District of Nagoya ... Research
Background and Objectives In large modern cities, the behavior patterns of visitors ...
Author: Takao Terano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
Agent-based modeling/simulation is an emergent approach to the analysis of social and economic systems. It provides a bottom-up experimental method to be applied to social sciences such as economics, management, sociology, and politics as well as some engineering fields dealing with social activities. This book includes selected papers presented at the Fifth International Workshop on Agent-Based Approaches in Economic and Social Complex Systems held in Tokyo in 2007. It contains two invited papers given as the plenary and invited talks in the workshop and 21 papers presented in the six regular sessions: Organization and Management; Fundamentals of Agent-Based and Evolutionary Approaches; Production, Services and Urban Systems; Agent-Based Approaches to Social Systems; and Market and Economics I and II. The research presented here shows the state of the art in this rapidly growing field.
Ogden, Utah: Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1980. Lucas,
R. C., & Shechter, M. A recreational visitor travel simulation model as an aid to
management planning. Simulations and Games, 1977, 8,375–384. Lucas, R. C. ...
Author: Irwin Altman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The theme of the present volume concerns people' s response to the natural environment, considered at scales varying from that of a house hold plant to that of vast wilderness areas. Our decision to focus on this particular segment of the physical environment was prompted in part by the intrinsic interest in this subject on the part of a diverse group of sodal scientists and professionals-and of laypersons, for that matter and in part by the relative neglect of this topic in standard treatments of the environment-behavior field. It also serves to bring out once again the interdisdplinary nature of that field, and we are pleased to have been able to inc1ude representatives from geography, sodology, soda! ecology, and natural recreation among our contributors. We believe that this volume will serve a useful purpose in helping to integrate the find ings and concepts in this presently somewhat fragmented field, scat tered as they are over a very diverse array of publications representing a similarly varied group of spedalties. It is hoped that the result will be to stimulate future development of this area and to add a measure of in creased coherence to it. Volume 7 of our series will be devoted to the theme of elderly people and the environment, with M. Powell Lawton joining us as guest co-editor. The titles of the papers comprising Volume 7 are shown on page v. Irwin Altman J oachim F. Wohlwill ix Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The visitor agent make its decision on its behavior only in the idling state or in the
waiting state . ... Attraction agent : this agent simulates behaviors of attractions or
other facilities in an amusement park such as restaurants or gift shops .
Author: Reginald G. GolledgePublish On: 1999-01-14
Choice Process of the FirstTime Visitor The same routes used to simulate the
route choice process of the daily commuter are used for the firsttime visitor (figure
4.10). There are, however, several differences between the two scenarios.
Author: Reginald G. Golledge
Publisher: JHU Press
The metaphor of a "cognitive map"has attracted wide interest since it was first proposed in the late 1940s. Researchers from fields as diverse as psychology, geography, and urban planning have explored how humans process and use spatial information, often with the view of explaining why people make wayfinding errors or what makes one person a better navigator than another. Cognitive psychologists have broken navigation down into its component steps and shown it to be an interplay of neurocognitive functions, such as "spatial updating"and "reference frames"or "perception-action couplings."But there has also been an intense debate among biologists over whether animals have cognitive maps or have other forms of internal spatial representations that allow them to behave as if they did. Yet until now, little has been done to relate research on human and non-human subjects in this area. In Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes Reginald Golledge brings together a distinguished group of scholars to offer a unique and comprehensive survey of current research in these diverse fields. Among the common themes they discover is the psychologists' "black box"approach, in which the internal mechanisms of spatial perception and route planning are modeled or constructed, like metaphors, based on the behavioral evidence. Cognitive neuroscientists, on the other hand, have attempted to discover the neurocognitive basis for spatial behavior. (They have shown, for example, that damage in the hippocampus system invariably impairs the ability of animals and humans to learn about, remember, and navigate through environments, and studies in humans show that neurons in this system code for location, direction, and distance, thereby providing the elements needed for a mapping system.) Artificial intelligence and robotics theorists attempt to construct intelligent mapping systems using computer technology. In these areas, there is growing evidence that, as in human wayfinding processes, useful representations cannot be achieved without sacrificing completeness and precision. Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes offers not only state-of-the-art knowledge about "wayfinding, "but also represents a point of departure for future interdisciplinary studies. "The more we know," concludes volume editor Reginald Golledge, "about how humans or other species can navigate, wayfind, sense, record and use spatial information, the more effective will be the building of future guidance systems, and the more natural it will be for human beings to understand and control those systems."
Computer simulation models have been proposed as one tool to resolve this
complex problem of encounters in ... to undertake simulation of discrete visitor
movement and associated behaviors along trails or rivers and fails to provide any
In order to remain undetected, professional inflators need to closely simulate real visitor behavior and visit parameters. They know the number of page views their
clicks generate is among the first things to be evaluated. The good news is if you
Author: Bruce C. Brown
Publisher: Atlantic Publishing Company
Google is the largest internet company in the world. In the 2006 fiscal year, they managed to generate more than $6 billion in profit and more than 90% of that income is generated through the use of their advertising program AdWords, a program that paid out more than $3 billion in the same year to advertising partners. The opportunity to make money with Google is so great that entire companies have been built around working with the search and advertising giant and if you are properly situated, you can tap into that market and start generating your own massive profits. There are dozens of ways to start making money with Google and because of its digital nature, anyone can do it from anywhere in the world. This book leaves absolutely no stone unturned in cataloging for you every possible method through which you can generate and maintain steady income streams through the world s largest search engine. Starting with a fundamental discussion of why your online business is different from any form of business ever run in history, you will learn everything you need to know to use Google to create and run your business online. Google s ample supply of tools in the form of Google Base will allow you to list, promote, and sell products that will provide you the foundation of a solid business and this book will walk you through the process of utilizing that service. You will learn how to utilize Google Base to list a single item at a time, or to create an entire store front. You will learn how to tap into Google s API and create your own high quality, customized storefront that is unlike anything you have worked with before. Learn how to use your own XML and spreadsheet files for quick product descriptions and a streamlined interface while taking advantage of Google s dozens of different posting categories such as Housing, Vehicles, Services, Jobs, and Vacation Rentals. You will learn how craft a winning listing, utilizing the right balance of carefully selected information, well placed imagery, and the right target audience. You will learn how to optimize your postings to work in tandem with your websites and to rank highly in Google''s most up to date search algorithm. You will also learn how to start implementing Google''s swarm of services such as YouTube, Blogger, Orkut, and Gmail to promote and build your business across multiple social and interactive web platforms, drawing traffic and attention from every corner of the web. With the help of web and business experts and many in-depth interviews, we have compiled chapter after chapter of advice that will guide you through the process of understanding the inner workings of Google''s business and advertising opportunities, as well as how you can best market your business within those tools. A special chapter is included to guide you through the tricky labyrinth of mistakes that can actually hurt you when selling and marketing through Google, ensuring that you consistently make the most of your postings and marketing efforts. For any business, new or old, looking to the Internet as a tool, this book is an essential resource to help you make money, take advantage of Google''s countless resources, and stay on top of the multi-billion dollar Ecommerce industry. Atlantic Publishing is a small, independent publishing company based in Ocala, Florida. Founded over twenty years ago in the company presidentâe(tm)s garage, Atlantic Publishing has grown to become a renowned resource for non-fiction books. Today, over 450 titles are in print covering subjects such as small business, healthy living, management, finance, careers, and real estate. Atlantic Publishing prides itself on producing award winning, high-quality manuals that give readers up-to-date, pertinent information, real-world examples, and case studies with expert advice. Every book has resources, contact information, and web sites of the products or companies discussed.
( a ) “ Knowing the entire environment in advance to help make basic decision of
what to do and how to behave , much like a frequent visitor has good knowledge
of the space . The virtual users enter the plaza with knowledge of all the design ...
Author: do Prado, Hercules AntonioPublish On: 2007-10-31
Simulation No of visitors that arrive the interesting pages (∆t = 160 seg.;
Throughput Total No of visitors = 32) Category 1 Category 2 1a 6 ... Simulation of
the system with AntWeb, Case of α = 1, β = 0, ρ = 0.1 Simulation (∆t = 160 seg.;
Total No of visitors = 32) No of visitors that ... AntWeb—Web Search Based on Ant Behavior.
Author: do Prado, Hercules Antonio
Publisher: IGI Global
"This book provides the most recent technical information related to the computational models of the text mining process, discussing techniques within the realms of classification, association analysis, information extraction, and clustering. Offering an innovative approach to the utilization of textual information mining to maximize competitive advantage, it will provide libraries with the defining reference on this topic"--Provided by publisher.
When the model is built and tested, Vensim enables ways to explore the behavior
of the model (Ventana, 2006). ... The model was developed to simulate visitor
dynamics in response to different environmental changes and investment ...
Author: Gottschalk, Petter
Publisher: IGI Global
Focuses on the integration of new technologies into digital government, generating new insights into e-government interoperability.
3409B Mesoscale convective complex Evolution of balanced flow in a simulated
mesoscale convective complex . ... 3283B Messages The effects of persuasive
communication messages on backcountry visitor behavior in occupied grizzly
The model is coded in the IBM-originated language GPSS (General Purpose Simulation System), Version V. The model to date has been successfully
operated on IBM's 360 and 370 series of computers as well as ... use and visitor behavior.