Slavery in the Arab World

Slavery in the Arab World

...a comprehensive portrait of slavery in the Islamic world from earliest times until today...D>--Arab Book World

Author: Murray Gordon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780941533300

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 745

...a comprehensive portrait of slavery in the Islamic world from earliest times until today...D>--Arab Book World
Categories: Social Science

The East African Slave Trade

The East African Slave Trade

*Includes pictures *Includes contemporary accounts of the slave trade *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading "It is certain that large numbers of slaves were exported from eastern Africa; the best evidence for ...

Author: Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548394025

Category:

Page: 42

View: 389

*Includes pictures *Includes contemporary accounts of the slave trade *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading "It is certain that large numbers of slaves were exported from eastern Africa; the best evidence for this is the magnitude of the Zanj revolt in Iraq in the 9th century, though not all of the slaves involved were Zanj. There is little evidence of what part of eastern Africa the Zanj came from, for the name is here evidently used in its general sense, rather than to designate the particular stretch of the coast, from about 3N. to 5S., to which the name was also applied." - Ghada Hashem Talhami "The Zanj Rebellion Reconsidered." The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 10 (3): 443-461. (1977). It has often been said that the greatest invention of all time was the sail, which facilitated the internationalization of the globe and thus ushered in the modern era. Columbus' contact with the New World, alongside European maritime contact with the Far East, transformed human history, and in particular the history of Africa. It was the sail that linked the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, and thus it was also the sail that facilitated the greatest involuntary human migration of all time. The Transatlantic Slave Trade was founded by the Portuguese in the 15th century for the specific purpose of supplying the New World colonies with African slave labor. It was soon joined by all the major trading powers of Europe, and it reached its peak in the 18th century with the founding and development of plantation economies that ran from the South American mainland through the Caribbean and into the southern states of the United States. Toward the end of the 18th century, it began to fall into decline, and by the beginning of the 19th century, various abolition movements heralded its eventual outlawing. It was, throughout its existence, however, a purely commercial phenomenon, supplying agricultural power to vast plantations on an industrial scale. In every respect, it was unaffected and uninfluenced by history, sentimentality, tradition, or common law. Slaves transported across the Atlantic Ocean remained a commodity with a codified value, like a horse or a steam engine, existing often within an equation of obsolescence and replacement that was cheaper than nurturing and maintenance. The East African Slave Trade on the other hand, or the Indian Ocean Slave Trade as it was also known, was a far more complex and nuanced phenomenon, far older, significantly more widespread, rooted in ancient traditions, and governed by rules very different to those in the western hemisphere. It is also often referred to as the Arab Slave Trade, although this, specifically, might perhaps be more accurately applied to the more ancient variant of organized African slavery, affecting North Africa, and undertaken prior to the advent of Islam and certainly prior to the spread of the institution south as far as the south/east African coast. It also involved the slavery of non-African races and was, therefore, more general in scope. The African slave trade is a complex and deeply divisive subject that has had a tendency to evolve according the political requirements of any given age, and is often touchable only with the correct distribution of culpability. It has for many years, therefore, been deemed singularly unpalatable to implicate Africans themselves in the perpetration of the institution, and only in recent years has the large-scale African involvement in both the Atlantic and Indian Ocean Slave Trades come to be an accepted fact. There can, however, be no doubt that even though large numbers of indigenous Africans were liable, it was European ingenuity and greed that fundamentally drove the industrialization of the Transatlantic slave trade in response to massive new market demands created by their equally ruthless exploitation of the Americas.
Categories:

Slavery in the Islamic World

Slavery in the Islamic World

This edited volume determines where slavery in the Islamic world fits within the global history of slavery and the various models that have been developed to analyze it.

Author: Mary Ann Fay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137597557

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 480

This edited volume determines where slavery in the Islamic world fits within the global history of slavery and the various models that have been developed to analyze it. To that end, the authors focus on a question about Islamic slavery that has frequently been asked but not answered satisfactorily, namely, what is Islamic about slavery in the Islamic world. Through the fields of history, sociology, literature, women's studies, African studies, and comparative slavery studies, this book is an important contribution to the scholarly research on slavery in the Islamic lands, which continues to be understudied and under-represented in global slavery studies.
Categories: Political Science

Race and Slavery in the Middle East

Race and Slavery in the Middle East

This book explores these questions. The research presented in this book was first undertaken as part of a group project on tolerance and intolerance in human societies.

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195053265

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 216

From the time of Moses up to the 1960s, slavery was a fact of life in the Middle East. But if the Middle East was the last region to renounce slavery, how do we account for its -- and especially Islam's -- image of racial harmony? This book explores these questions. The research presented in this book was first undertaken as part of a group project on tolerance and intolerance in human societies. The group project was never completed but the material gathered for the project on Islam stimulated the book's study of race and slavery in the Middle East, a subject that appears to have so far encouraged scant study. -- Publisher description.
Categories: History

Arab Muslim World

Arab Muslim World

I wrote this book to enlighten people of the historic role the Arab-Muslim world has played and continues to play in slavery.

Author: Jean Marie Dia

Publisher: Aardvark Global Publishing Company

ISBN: 1427653046

Category: History

Page: 104

View: 240

I wrote this book to enlighten people of the historic role the Arab-Muslim world has played and continues to play in slavery. Much of the population believes the white man started slavery in Africa a few centuries ago. I reject this assertion because the historical facts do not support it.
Categories: History

Reflections on Arab led Slavery of Africans

Reflections on Arab led Slavery of Africans

Author: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society

Publisher: Advanced Studies of African Society (Casas)

ISBN: UOM:39015063372372

Category: Arabes - Afrique - Histoire

Page: 233

View: 203

Categories: Arabes - Afrique - Histoire

Islam and Slavery

Islam and Slavery

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 1230574301

Category:

Page: 42

View: 778

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 40. Chapters: Slaves of the Muslim world, Mamluk, Arab slave trade, Shajar al-Durr, Al-Khazini, Ma malakat aymanukum, Zanj Rebellion, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, Roxelana, Mukataba, Narjis, Muhammad and slavery, Ammar ibn Yasir, Ammaar Bin Yassir Al-Ansi, Ma malakat aymanukum and sex, Maria al-Qibtiyya, Yaqut al-Hamawi, Saqaliba, Salim Mawla Abu-Hudhayfah, Race and Slavery in the Middle East, Tidiane N'Diaye, Anushtigin Gharchai, Sumayyah bint Khayyat, Murad Bey, Masoud, Al-Nahdiah, Harithah bint al-Muammil, Al-Khayzuran, Sirin, Lubaynah, Umm Ubays, Abu Fuhayra, Khawand Toghay. Excerpt: Islamic views on slavery first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia. During the wars between different states/tribes in various parts of the world, the prisoners/captives were either killed or made slaves. The Islamic prophet Muhammad and many of his companions reformed the already existing system of slavery by giving the captives / POWs in private custody of Muslim soldiers instead of public/state custody as prevalent in the modern world for there had been no official prisons available in the newly created Muslim state in Madina headed by Muhammad. In Islamic law the topic of slavery is covered at great length. The Qur'an (the holy book) and the hadith (the sayings of Muhammad) see slavery as an exceptional condition that can be entered into under certain limited circumstances. Only children of slaves or non-Muslim prisoners of war could become slaves, never a freeborn Muslim. They also consider manumission of a slave to be one of many meritorious deeds available for the expiation of sins. According to Sharia, slaves are considered human beings and possessed of some rights on the basis of their humanity. In addition, a Muslim slave is equal to a Muslim freeman in religious issues and superior to the free non-Muslim. In practice, ..
Categories:

The Trans Saharan Slave Trade

The Trans Saharan Slave Trade

This compelling text sheds light on the important but under studied trans-Saharan slave trade.

Author: John Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134179879

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 664

This compelling text sheds light on the important but under studied trans-Saharan slave trade. The author uncovers and surveys this, the least-noticed of the slave trades out of Africa, which from the seventh to the twentieth centuries quielty delievered almost as many black Africans into foreign servitude as did the far busier, but much briefer Atlantic and East African trades. Illuminating for the first time a significant, but ignored subject, the book supports and widens current scholarly examination of Africans' essential role in the enslavement of fellow-Africans and their delivery to internal, Atlantic or trans-Saharan markets.
Categories: History

Slavery the State and Islam

Slavery  the State  and Islam

The dominant stereotypes and traditions of equality as promoted by Islam, of its leniency toward slaves, is questioned. This original, pioneering book overturns the mythical view of caliphal power in Islam.

Author: Mohammed Ennaji

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521119627

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 709

Slavery, the State, and Islam looks at slavery as the foundation of power and the state in the Muslim world. Closely examining major theological and literary Islamic texts, it challenges traditional approaches to the subject. Servitude was a foundation for the construction of the new state on the Arabian peninsula. It constituted the essence of a relationship of authority as found in the Koran. The dominant stereotypes and traditions of equality as promoted by Islam, of its leniency toward slaves, is questioned. This original, pioneering book overturns the mythical view of caliphal power in Islam. It examines authority as it functions in the Arab world today and helps to explain the difficulty of attempting to instill freedom and democracy there.
Categories: History

Possessed by the Right Hand

Possessed by the Right Hand

In Possessed by the Right Hand, Bernard K. Freamon offers a comprehensive legal history of slavery and slave-trading in Islam, considering the impact of Western abolitionism, its failure, and the implications of the rise of ISIS and Boko ...

Author: Bernard K. Freamon

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004398795

Category: Political Science

Page: 586

View: 900

In Possessed by the Right Hand, Bernard K. Freamon offers a comprehensive legal history of slavery and slave-trading in Islam, considering the impact of Western abolitionism, its failure, and the implications of the rise of ISIS and Boko Haram.
Categories: Political Science

The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery

The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery

In the early centuries, Muslim merchants obtained slaves ... As was typical in the Islamic world, women and children were preferred for slave export.

Author: Junius P. Rodriguez

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780874368857

Category: Reference

Page: 805

View: 142

Looks at historical arguments made for slavery and abolition, slavery systems in various countries, related legal cases, slave rebellions, slave biographies, the history of the slave trade, and the teachings of various religions concerning slavery
Categories: Reference

Arabs in History

Arabs in History

Today, with the Arab world facing profound social and political challenges, it constitutes an essential introduction to the Arabs and their history.

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191647161

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 948

`Whoever lives in our country, speaks our language, is brought up in our culture and takes pride in our glory is one of us.' Thus ran a declaration of modern leaders of Arab states. But what exactly is an Arab, and what has been their place in the course of human history? In this well-established classic, Professor Lewis examines the key issues of Arab development - their identity, the national revival which cemented the creation of the Islamic state, and the social and economic pressures that destroyed the Arab kingdom and created the Islamic empire. He analyses the forces which contributed to that empire's eventual decline, and the effects of growing Western influence. Today, with the Arab world facing profound social and political challenges, it constitutes an essential introduction to the Arabs and their history.
Categories: History

The Arab World

The Arab World

There exists a perception that women in the Arab world have been ... Slavery held an important and , in many ways , unusual position in the Muslim world .

Author: Kirk H. Sowell

Publisher: Hippocrene Books

ISBN: 0781809908

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 793

This account presents the panoramic experience of the Arab peoples, whose world has expanded from the Arabian Peninsula to include North Africa, the Levant, and the Persian Gulf. The narrative depicts the rise of Islam, the life of the Prophet Muhammad, and the empire founded by his successors, which encompassed the Middle East, North Africa, and Spain. Following this empire's fragmentation circa AD 900, Central Asian rulers controlled the Arab world. Ultimately, the age of European dominance produced the modern Middle Eastern and North American states. The author concludes with an analysis of present-day challenges facing the Arab nations.
Categories: History

Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World

Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World

The work of historians and anthropologists offers an important insight into the significance of slavery in the region, which not only explains the ...

Author: Will Kymlicka

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191662621

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 238

Since the Arab Spring, Arab states have become the new front line in the struggle for democratization and for open societies. As the experience of other regions has shown, one of the most significant challenges facing democratization relates to minority rights. This book explores how minority claims are framed and debated in the region, and in particular, how political actors draw upon, re-interpret, or resist both the new global discourses of minority rights and more local traditions and practices of co-existence. The contributors examine a range of pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial factors that shape contemporary minority politics in the Arab world, and that encumber the reception of international norms of multiculturalism. These factors include the contested legacies of Islamic doctrines of the `dhimmi' and the Ottoman millet system, colonial-era divide and rule strategies, and post-colonial Arab nation-building. While these legacies complicate struggles for minority rights, they do not entail an `Arab exceptionalism' to global trends to multiculturalism. This volume explores a number of openings for new more pluralistic conceptions of nationhood and citizenship, and suggests that minority politics at its best can serve as a vehicle for a more general transformative politics, supporting a broader culture of democracy and human rights, and challenging older authoritarian, clientalistic, or patriarchal political tendencies. The chapters include both broad theoretical and historical perspectives as well as more focused case studies (including Western Sahara/Morocco, Algeria, Israel/Palestine; Sudan; United Arab Emirates, and Iraq).
Categories: Political Science

Christian Slaves Muslim Masters

Christian Slaves  Muslim Masters

This is a study that digs deeply into this 'other' slavery, the bondage of Europeans by North-African Muslims that flourished during the same centuries as the heyday of the trans-Atlantic trade from sub-Saharan Africa to the Americas.

Author: R. Davis

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1403945519

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 784

This is a study that digs deeply into this 'other' slavery, the bondage of Europeans by North-African Muslims that flourished during the same centuries as the heyday of the trans-Atlantic trade from sub-Saharan Africa to the Americas. Here are explored the actual extent of Barbary Coast slavery, the dynamic relationship between master and slave, and the effects of this slaving on Italy, one of the slave takers' primary targets and victims.
Categories: History

The Arabs and Africa

The Arabs and Africa

Author: Lawrence Danlami Walu

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122303576

Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Page: 43

View: 561

Categories: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Sexuality in the Arab World

Sexuality in the Arab World

Ennaji, Mohammed, Serving the Master: Slavery and Society in ... Lewis, Bernard, Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Inquiry, ...

Author: Samir Khalaf

Publisher: Saqi

ISBN: 9780863564871

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 283

Arab cultural discourse has been slow to respond to changing sexual behaviour. The contributors to this collection pick up the slack, ranging across such disciplines as literature, history, sociology and psychology. Is Damascus the 'chastity capital' of the Middle East, where perceptions of wealth and class fuel female rivalries? How do gay men cruise in Beirut? How do young women in Tunis cope with both social pressures to become thin and family pressures to gain weight? What do Lebanese creative-writing students write about sexual practices versus public behaviour? The fresh, compelling research topi covered include masculinity and migration; colonialism and sexual health; fantasy and violence; and domestic workers and sexual tensions. 'Other people's sex lives have always been a source of fascination, and nowhere more so than in the Middle East ... Ground-breaking.' New Statesman
Categories: Social Science

Slavery

Slavery

This book has been re-published to coincide the occasion of the third World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia, and intolerance, held in Durban, South Africa, 2001.

Author: Sayyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi

Publisher: Ahlul Bait (a.s.) Foundation of South Africa

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 650

This book has been re-published to coincide the occasion of the third World Conference against Racism, Xenophobia, and intolerance, held in Durban, South Africa, 2001. The prevailing opinion is that slavery has been committed to the dustbins of history, yet the effect of this odious barbarism primarily against the African people manifest itself well into the 21st century. Since it's formal abolition in 1863, it has assumed a more devious face, in the form of "refurbished" slavery. Globalisation through the domination of the forces of production by Multi National cartels is a new form of slavery. Allamah Rizvi re-visits this contentious issue of the slave and defines it within its rightful context.
Categories: Social Science

The Forgotten Slave Trade

The Forgotten Slave Trade

This is the forgotten slave trade; one which saw over a million Christians forced into captivity in the Muslim world.

Author: Simon Webb

Publisher: Pen and Sword History

ISBN: 9781526769275

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 165

Everybody knows about the transatlantic slave trade, which saw black Africans snatched from their homes, taken across the Atlantic Ocean and then sold into slavery. However, a century before Britain became involved in this terrible business, whole villages and towns in England, Ireland, Italy, Spain and other European countries were being depopulated by slavers, who transported the men, women and children to Africa where they were sold to the highest bidder. This is the forgotten slave trade; one which saw over a million Christians forced into captivity in the Muslim world. Starting with the practice of slavery in the ancient world, Simon Webb traces the history of slavery in Europe, showing that the numbers involved were vast and that the victims were often treated far more cruelly than black slaves in America and the Caribbean. Castration, used very occasionally against black slaves taken across the Atlantic, was routinely carried out on an industrial scale on European boys who were exported to Africa and the Middle East. Most people are aware that the English city of Bristol was a major center for the transatlantic slave trade in the eighteenth century, but hardly anyone knows that 1,000 years earlier it had been an important staging-post for the transfer of English slaves to Africa. Reading this book will forever change how you view the slave trade and show that many commonly held beliefs about this controversial subject are almost wholly inaccurate and mistaken.
Categories: History

Transatlantic Slave Networks

Transatlantic Slave Networks

Several trade routes throughout history included the trafficking of slaves.

Author: Pamela Toler

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781502626967

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 639

Several trade routes throughout history included the trafficking of slaves. Yet perhaps no routes have had such a profound impact on the lives of as many people as Trans-Atlantic slave networks. Just the journey alone from Africa to Europe, North America, and South America resulted in the deaths of more than a million enslaved Africans. Trans-Atlantic Slave Networks investigates the reasons for the so-called triangular trade, what happened to the slaves themselves and those who traded them, and the lasting consequences of the trade routes.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction