Species Diversity of Animals in Japan

Species Diversity of Animals in Japan

This book summarizes the status quo of the knowledge about the biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine animals that live in Japan.

Author: Masaharu Motokawa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9784431564324

Category: Science

Page: 721

View: 136

This book summarizes the status quo of the knowledge about the biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine animals that live in Japan. Consisting of some 6,800 islands that are arrayed for approximately 3,500 km from north to south, the Japanese archipelago has a complex history in a paleogeographic formation process over time and harbors rich flora and fauna. This work will contribute to establishing a general biogeographic theory in archipelagoes around continental shelves. Facing the ongoing extinction crisis, one of the most important tasks for our generation is to bequeath this precious natural heritage to future generations. As the first step toward this goal, a species list has been compiled through solid, steady alpha-taxonomic work in each taxon. Furthermore, the phylogeography and population genetic structure for each species is elucidated for deeper understanding of the local fauna, the scientific results of which should be the basis for establishing conservation policies and strategies. Also the problem of alien or introduced species is investigated as another threat to the native fauna.Each of the 27 chapters is written by the most active specialist leading the field, thus readers can acquire up-to-date knowledge of the animal species diversity and their formation process of Japanese animals in the most comprehensive form available. This book is recommended for researchers and students who are interested in species diversity, biogeography, and phylogeography.
Categories: Science

Recent Advances in Freshwater Crustacean Biodiversity and Conservation

Recent Advances in Freshwater Crustacean Biodiversity and Conservation

Scientific Reports of the Hokkaido Fish Hatchery 5:1–96 (in Japanese). ... Species composition and structure of summer zooplankton in the lagoon-type Lake Izmenchivoye. ... In Species Diversity of Animals in Japan, eds.

Author: Tadashi Kawai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000336184

Category: Nature

Page: 508

View: 724

Recent Advances in Freshwater Crustacean Biodiversity and Conservation focuses on minor crustacean groups and regionally endemic groups, all from freshwaters. Chapters in this book cover crustaceans such as Maxillopods, Mysids, Cumaceans, Isopods, Amphipods, Branchiopods, Copepods, and Decapods. Each looks at global or regional fauna and discusses conservation issues for that group. The majority of the chapters are based on papers presented at symposia organized by the editors at two international scientific meetings held in Barcelona and Washington DC. The contributors are world-renowned experts on their groups, as well as on freshwater crustacean conservation and biodiversity at global levels. It has previously been difficult for conservation managers, NGOs, and university professors and students who may not have access to comprehensive journal subscriptions to find relevant information on diversity and conservation of freshwater crustaceans. This book meets that need, addressing crustacean groups not previously treated and providing additional information beyond any presented in existing books. As the editors write in their introduction: we cannot conserve and we cannot protect what we do not know exists. This is a reliable, cutting-edge reference for anybody involved in crustacean research: students, researchers, agencies, and NGOs, as well as science educators, conservationists, and government conservation policymakers. The book will also be useful for those working in aquaculture and fisheries, given that many of the taxa discussed are economically important.
Categories: Nature

Systematics and Diversity of Annelids

Systematics and Diversity of Annelids

Part. II Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 2013, 86–87, 140–147. [CrossRef] 75. Nishikawa, T. Some comments on the taxonomy of the peanut worms (Annelida: Sipuncula) in Japanese waters toward a future revision. In Species Diversity of Animals ...

Author: Maria Capa

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036513904

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 934

In this Special Issue, we address the state of the art of the systematics of the main annelid groups and the improvements in the diversity they hold, with special emphasis on the latest discoveries in well-studied areas, expeditions to unsurveyed areas or environments, or the use of novel techniques that allow for the improvement of biodiversity knowledge. We are hoping that this Special Issue will provide a platform facilitating a review of current knowledge on the subject, identifying current research problems, as well as indicating directions and research trends for the future.
Categories: Science

Reproduction and Development in Minor Phyla

Reproduction and Development in Minor Phyla

Mar Biol, 151: 2099–2107. Iseto, T. 2017. Review of the studies of Japanese entoprocts (Entoprocta). In: Species Diversity of Animals in Japan. Diversity and Commonality in Animals. (eds) Motokawa, M. and Kajihara, H., Springer, Tokyo, ...

Author: T J Pandian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000284584

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 426

The 26 recognized minor phyla comprise aberrant clades, as most of them terminate as blind offshoots. Untied from the discussion on their phylogenesis of minor phyla, this book is largely devoted, for the first time, to aspects of reproduction and development in minor phyletics. The minor phyla are not as speciose (1,795 species/phylum) as the major phyla (157,066 species/phylum) are. The accumulation of deleterious genes causes inbreeding depression among progenies arising from parthenogenesis, clonal multiplication and selfing hermaphrodites. The reason for the limited species diversity in minor phyla is traced to (i) eutelism in 65.7% of minor phyletics and (ii) existence of 21.6% clonals, (iii) 6.4% parthenogens and (iv) 1.2% selfing hermaphroditism. Gonochorism obligately requires motility to search for a mate. The combination of low motility and gonochorism from Placozoa to hemocoelomatic minor phyla has limited diversity to
Categories: Science

Japan

Japan

Linking Spaceborne and Ground Observations of Autumn 2016. The Geology of Japan. Geological Society; London. Motokawa, M. & Kajihara, H. (eds) 2017. Species Foliage Senescence in Southern Québec, Canada. Diversity of Animals in Japan.

Author: Mark Brazil

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691175065

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 813

A comprehensive, richly illustrated guide to Japan’s astonishing animals and plants—and the natural forces that have shaped them This richly illustrated guide is the first comprehensive and accessible introduction to the extraordinary natural history of the Japanese archipelago. It explains how Japan’s geology, geography, climate, seas and currents have forged conditions supporting a diverse range of species—from cranes, bears, eagles and monkeys to plants, butterflies, dragonflies, frogs and snakes—many of which are found nowhere else in the world. Engaging and authoritative, this book is a must-have for anyone who wants to explore or learn about Japan’s natural wonders, from the Japanese Macaque—the famous snow monkeys—to the magnificent Steller’s Eagle. Features more than 878 colour photographs, illustrations and maps Provides a lavishly illustrated introduction to many of Japan’s common and iconic mammals and birds Takes readers on a naturalist’s journey to the key areas of Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Nansei Shoto, as well as the Izu, Ogasawara and Iwo islands Introduces Japan’s geology, geography, topography, climate, habitats, biodiversity and much more Explains where and how to watch and photograph wildlife in Japan, including whales
Categories: Science

Geophysical Approach to Marine Coastal Ecology

Geophysical Approach to Marine Coastal Ecology

The Case of Iriomote Island, Japan Shinya Shimokawa, Tomokazu Murakami, Hiroyoshi Kohno. Nature Conservation Bureau (1999) ... In: Motokawa M, Kajihara H (eds) Species diversity of animals in Japan. Springer, Tokyo, Japan, pp 135–168 ...

Author: Shinya Shimokawa

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811511295

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 834

This book presents recent results of collaborative studies in geophysics and ecology, focusing on the relationship between the physical environment and the distribution of the marine coastal ecosystems. The study area, the Sakiyamawan–Amitoriwan nature conservation area in Iriomote Island of Japan, is the only oceanic nature conservation area in the country. The area has no access roads, and the bay perimeter is uninhabited; therefore, it preserves the natural environment with very little human impact. In addition, it has various environmental gradients such as topography and inflows from rivers with mangrove forests which affect the distribution of marine coastal ecosystems such as those containing reef-building corals, sea grasses, and hermit crabs. For these reasons, the area is one of the best places for the study of the relationship between the physical environment and the distribution of the marine coastal ecosystems, a relationship that is important for their conservation but has not been investigated fully. This book is aimed at students and researchers in the fields of oceanography and marine coastal ecology as well as general readers who are interested in coral reefs, diving, and nature conservation.
Categories: Science

Miscellaneous Invertebrates

Miscellaneous Invertebrates

Species Divers 11:33–43. Iseto, T. (2017): Review of the studies of Japanese Entoprocts (Entoprocta). In: Motokawa, M., Kajihara, H. (Eds.) Species Diversity of Animals in Japan, pp. 445–467. Springer, Japan ...

Author: Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110489279

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 101

This volume of the Handbook of Zoology summarizes "small" groups of animals across the animal kingdom. Dicyemida and Orthonectida are enigmatic parasites, formerly united as "Mesozoa" and their position among the multicellular animals is still not known with certainty. Placozoa are small, flat marine animals which provide important information on metazoan evolution. Comb jellies (Ctenophora) are esthetically fascinating animals which cause considerable discussion about their phylogenetic position. Seisonida are closely related to rotifers and acanthocephalans. Cycliophora were discovered and described as one of the last higher taxa and surprise by their complex life cycle. Kamptozoa (= Entoprocta) are small sessile animals in the sea and sometimes also in freshwater. Arrow worms (Chaetognatha) play an important role as predators in the plankton, but they also include benthic forms. Pterobranchia and acorn worms (Enteropneusta) belong to the deuterostomia and are related to echinoderms. In particular enteropneusts play an important role in understanding deuterostome evolution. These chapters provide up to date reviews of these exiting groups with reference to the important literature and therefore serves as an important source of information.
Categories: Science

Phylum Bryozoa

Phylum Bryozoa

In: Motokawa, M. & Kajihara, H. (eds.) Species Diversity of Animals in Japan. Springer, Japan: 629–649. → Hirose, M. &, Mawatari, S.F. (2007): Freshwater Bryozoa of Tonle Sap, Cambodia. Zoolog Sci 24: 630–641.

Author: Thomas Schwaha

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110585681

Category: Nature

Page: 458

View: 371

With an account of over 6.000 recent and 15.000 fossil species, phylum Bryozoa represents a quite large and important phylum of colonial filter feeders. This volume of the series Handbook of Zoology contains new findings on phylogeny, morphology and evolution that have significantly improved our knowledge and understanding of this phylum. It is a comprehensive book that will be a standard for many specialists but also newcomers to the field of bryozoology.
Categories: Nature

Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Human – Wildlife Conflicts in Europe. Fisheries and Fish-eating ... Factors affecting the distribution of the Japanese Weasel Mustela itatsi and the Siberian Weasel M. sibirica in Japan. ... Species Diversity of Animals in Japan.

Author: David W. Macdonald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191077944

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 109

The musteloids are the most diverse super-family among carnivores, ranging from little known, exotic, and highly-endangered species to the popular and familiar, and include a large number of introduced invasives. They feature terrestrial, fossorial, arboreal, and aquatic members, ranging from tenacious predators to frugivorous omnivores, span weights from a 100g weasel to 30kg giant otters, and express a range of social behaviours from the highly gregarious to the fiercely solitary. Musteloids are the subjects of extensive cutting-edge research from phylogenetics to the evolution of sociality and through to the practical implications of disease epidemiology, introduced species management, and climate change. Their diversity and extensive biogeography inform a wide spectrum of ecological theory and conservation practice. The editors of this book have used their combined 90 years of experience working on the behaviour and ecology of wild musteloids to draw together a unique network of the world's most successful and knowledgeable experts. The book begins with nine review chapters covering hot topics in musteloid biology including evolution, disease, social communication, and management. These are followed by twenty extensive case studies providing a range of comprehensive geographic and taxonomic coverage. The final chapter synthesises what has been discussed in the book, and reflects on the different and diverse conservation needs of musteloids and the wealth of conservation lessons they offer. Biology and Conservation of Musteloids provides a conceptual framework for future research and applied conservation management that is suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers in musteloid and carnivore ecology and conservation biology. It will also be of relevance and use to conservationists and wildlife managers.
Categories: Science

Annelida

Annelida

Embleton, A.L. (1901): Goidelia japonica—a new entozoic copepod from Japan, associated with an infusorian (Trichodina). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, ... Species Diversity of Animals in Japan. Springer, Berlin: 513–542.

Author: Günter Purschke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110291681

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 214

This book is the second volume in a series of 4 volumes in the Handbook of Zoology series treating morphology, anatomy, reproduction, development, ecology, phylogeny, systematics and taxonomy of polychaetous Annelida. In this volume a comprehensive review of a few more derived higher taxa within Sedentaria are given, namely Sabellida, Opheliida/Capitellida as well as Hrabeiellidae. The former comprise annelids possessing a body divided into two more or less distinct regions or tagmata called thorax and abdomen. Here two groups of families are united, the spioniform and sabelliform polychaetes. Especially Spionidae and Sabellidae are speciose families within this group and represent two of the largest annelid families. These animals live in various types of burrows or tubes and all possess so-called feeding palps. In one group these appendages are differentiated as grooved feeding palps, whereas in the other they may form highly elaborated circular tentacular crowns comprising a number of radioles mostly giving off numerous filamentous pinnulae. Often additionally colourful, the latter are also received the common names "feather-duster worms", "flowers of the sea", "Christmas-tree worms". Opheliida/Capitellida including five families of truly worm-like annelids without appendages represents the contrary. Their members burrow in soft bottom substrates and may be classified as non-selective deposit feeders. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have shown that Echiura or spoon worms, formerly regarded to represent a separate phylum, are members of this group. Last not least Hrabeiellidae is one out of only two families of oligochaete-like terrestrial polychaetes and for this reason received strong scientific interest.
Categories: Science