Stateless Commerce

Stateless Commerce

Barak Richman draws on insider interviews to show why relational exchange based on familiarity, trust, and community enforcement succeeds and what it reveals about the modern state’s limitations in governing the economy.

Author: Barak D. Richman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674977273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 406

How does Manhattan’s 47th Street diamond district thrive as an ethnic marketplace without lawyers, courts, and state coercion? Barak Richman draws on insider interviews to show why relational exchange based on familiarity, trust, and community enforcement succeeds and what it reveals about the modern state’s limitations in governing the economy.
Categories: Business & Economics

Stateless Commerce

Stateless Commerce

Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1.

Author: Barak Richman

Publisher:

ISBN: 0674977262

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 237

View: 662

Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- 1. Statelessness in Context -- 2. A Case Study in Statelessness: Diamonds, the Diamond Network, and Diamontaires -- 3. The Mechanics of Statelessness -- 4. A Theory of Statelessness -- 5. The Costs of Statelessness: Cartel Behavior and Resistance to Change -- 6. Lessons from Statelessness: Economic History, Ethnic Networks, and Development Policy -- 7. Governing Statelessness -- 8. The Limits of Statelessness and an Autopsy of Cooperation -- Notes -- References -- Index
Categories: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Stewart Macaulay Selected Works

Stewart Macaulay  Selected Works

The book in question is Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange (2017). It is the latest addition to a rather sizeable literature on “stateless commerce,” that is, “pockets of modern commerce” ...

Author: David Campbell

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030339302

Category: Law

Page: 551

View: 548

This book represents a unique resource about Stewart Macaulay one of the common law world’s leading scholars of the law of contract and of the law in action approach to the study of law. Since 1959, he has published over 50 articles in leading journals, a number of working papers, (with colleagues at the University of Wisconsin Law School) a pathbreaking casebook for the teaching of the law of contract, and (with other colleagues) equally pathbreaking collections of materials for the teaching of the law in action or law in context approach to the study of law. In this work Macaulay has established himself as one of the postwar world’s leading scholars of the law of contract and of the sociology of law. His work is an absolute reference point in both disciplines, and it has attracted great attention elsewhere, most notably in economic sociology, where his concept of non-contractual economic relationships is regarded as an important theoretical innovation. Macaulay’s work has become an object of commentary in its own right, and the proposed book is intended to assist further such commentary by making hitherto difficult to obtain works readily accessible. Most of Macaulay’s work is now, when the leading journals are generally available in electronic form, readily accessible to students and researchers in universities. There are, however, a number of interesting and in most cases important works published in less accessible journals or works which were not published in an electronic form, which are difficult to obtain. This book will make them readily available, and in so doing will make it possible in future for scholars to have Macaulay’s complete oeuvre readily to hand. Although Macaulay’s work has provoked very considerable discussion, there previously have been no overall accounts of that work as opposed to critical engagements with aspects of it. In this book, two additional essays by leading commentators give accounts of Macaulay’s work and provide an introduction to, exegesis of and general evaluation of Macaulay’s work as a whole which is not to be found in the existing literature.
Categories: Law

The Limits of Private Governance

The Limits of Private Governance

See L Bernstein, 'Private Commercial Law in the Cotton Industry: Creating Cooperation through Rules, Norms, ... 21 BD Richman, Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange (Cambridge, MA, ...

Author: Florian Grisel

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509938155

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 204

Is there a future for the law? In this book, Florian Grisel addresses one of the most fascinating questions raised by social scientists in the past few decades. Since the 1980s, socio-legal scholars have argued that governance based on social norms (or “private governance”) can offer an alternative to regulation by the law. On this account, private governance could be socially efficient and even optimal compared with other modes of governance. The Limits of Private Governance supplements this optimistic analysis of private governance by assessing the long-term evolution of a private order in the fishery of Marseille. In the last eight centuries, the fishers of Marseille have regulated their community without apparent means of legal support from the French state. In the early 15th century, they even created an organisation called the Prud'homie de Pêche in order to regulate their fishery. Based on archival evidence, interviews and ethnographic data, Grisel examines the evolution of the Prud'homie de Pêche and argues that the strong social norms in which it is embedded are not only powerful tools of governance, but also forces of inertia that have constrained its regulatory action. The lessons drawn from this book will appeal to academics, policy-makers and members of the general public who have an interest in the governance of our modern societies.
Categories: Law

The Oxford Handbook of Global Legal Pluralism

The Oxford Handbook of Global Legal Pluralism

26.1 A Brief History of Commercial Institutions Any economic transaction more complex than the immediate exchange of goods of ... 1992): 115–57; Barak D. Richman, Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational ...

Author: Paul Schiff Berman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197516751

Category: Law

Page: 944

View: 141

Over the past two decades Global Legal Pluralism has become one of the leading analytical frameworks for understanding and conceptualizing law in the 21st century. Wherever one looks, there is conflict among multiple legal regimes. Some of these regimes are state-based, some are built and maintained by non-state actors, some fall within the purview of local authorities and jurisdictional entities, and some involve international courts, tribunals, and arbitral bodies, and regulatory organizations. Global Legal Pluralism has provided, first and foremost, a set of useful analytical tools for describing this conflict among legal and quasi-legal systems. At the same time, some pluralists have also ventured in a more normative direction, suggesting that legal systems might sometimes purposely create legal procedures, institutions, and practices that encourage interaction among multiple communities. These scholars argue that pluralist approaches can help foster more shared participation in the practices of law, more dialogue across difference, and more respect for diversity without requiring assimilation and uniformity. Despite the veritable explosion of scholarly work on legal pluralism, conflicts of law, soft law, global constitutionalism, the relationships among relative authorities, transnational migration, and the fragmentation and reinforcement of territorial boundaries, no single work has sought to bring together these various scholarly strands, place them into dialogue with each other, or connect them with the foundational legal pluralism research produced by historians, anthropologists, and political theorists. Paul Schiff Berman, one of the world's leading theorists of Global Legal Pluralism, has gathered over 40 diverse authors from multiple countries and multiple scholarly disciplines to touch on nearly every area of legal pluralism research, offering defenses, critiques, and applications of legal pluralism to 21st-century legal analysis. Berman also provides introductions to every part of the book, helping to frame the various approaches and perspectives. The result is the first comprehensive review of Global Legal Pluralism scholarship ever produced. This book will be a must-have for scholars and students seeking to understand the insights of legal pluralism to contemporary debates about law. At the same time, this volume will help energize and engage the field of Global Legal Pluralism and push this scholarly trajectory forward into another two decades of innovation.
Categories: Law

Stateless Core A Scalable Approach for Quality of Service in the Internet

Stateless Core  A Scalable Approach for Quality of Service in the Internet

As the Internet evolves into a global communication infrastructure that is expected to support a plethora of new applications such as IP telephony, interactive TV, and e-commerce, the existing best effort service will no longer be ...

Author: Ion Stoica

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540219606

Category: Computers

Page: 219

View: 870

This book is a revised version of the author's PhD thesis, which was selected as the winning thesis of the 2001 ACM Doctoral Dissertation Competition. Ion Stoica did his PhD work at Carnegie Mellon University with Hui Zhang as thesis adviser. The author addresses the most pressing and difficult problem facing the Internet community today: how to enhance the Internet to support rich functionalities, such as QoS and traffic management, while still maintaining the scalability and robustness properties embodied in the original Internet architecture. The monograph presents complete solutions including architectures, algorithms, and implementations dealing with fundamental problems of today's Internet: providing guaranteed services, differentiated services, and flow protection. Compared to existing solutions, Ion Stoica's solution eliminates the complex operations on both data and control paths in the network core. All in all, the research results presented in this monograph constitute one of the most important contributions to networking research in the past ten years.
Categories: Computers

The Routledge Handbook of Anarchy and Anarchist Thought

The Routledge Handbook of Anarchy and Anarchist Thought

37 Peter T. Leeson, “Better Off Stateless: Somalia before and after Government Collapse,” Journal of Comparative Economics ... Barak Richman, Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange (Cambridge, ...

Author: Gary Chartier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351733588

Category: Philosophy

Page: 460

View: 348

This Handbook offers an authoritative, up-to-date introduction to the rich scholarly conversation about anarchy—about the possibility, dynamics, and appeal of social order without the state. Drawing on resources from philosophy, economics, law, history, politics, and religious studies, it is designed to deepen understanding of anarchy and the development of anarchist ideas at a time when those ideas have attracted increasing attention. The popular identification of anarchy with chaos makes sophisticated interpretations—which recognize anarchy as a kind of social order rather than an alternative to it—especially interesting. Strong, centralized governments have struggled to quell popular frustration even as doubts have continued to percolate about their legitimacy and long-term financial stability. Since the emergence of the modern state, concerns like these have driven scholars to wonder whether societies could flourish while abandoning monopolistic governance entirely. Standard treatments of political philosophy frequently assume the justifiability and desirability of states, focusing on such questions as, What is the best kind of state? and What laws and policies should states adopt?, without considering whether it is just or prudent for states to do anything at all. This Handbook encourages engagement with a provocative alternative that casts more conventional views in stark relief. Its 30 chapters, written specifically for this volume by an international team of leading scholars, are organized into four main parts: I. Concept and Significance II. Figures and Traditions III. Legitimacy and Order IV. Critique and Alternatives In addition, a comprehensive index makes the volume easy to navigate and an annotated bibliography points readers to the most promising avenues of future research.
Categories: Philosophy

Research Handbook on International Commercial Contracts

Research Handbook on International Commercial Contracts

Boris Kozolchyk, Comparative Commercial Contracts: Law, Culture and Economic Development (West Academic Publishing 2014) 783–809. See also the analysis of networks of diamond dealers in Barak Richman, Stateless Commerce (HUP 2017).

Author: Andrew Hutchison

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788971065

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 476

This comprehensive Research Handbook examines the continuum between private ordering and state regulation in the lex mercatoria, highlighting constancy and change in this dynamic and evolving system in order to offer an in-depth discussion of international commercial contract law. International scholars from a range of jurisdictions and legal cultures across Africa, North America and Europe, dissect a plethora of contract types, including sale, insurance, shipping, credit, negotiable instruments and agency against the backdrop of key legal regimes commonly chosen in international agreements.
Categories: Law

Exploring the Political Economy and Social Philosophy of Vincent and Elinor Ostrom

Exploring the Political Economy and Social Philosophy of Vincent and Elinor Ostrom

Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Schoon, Sonia. 2014. “Three Olds: Experimental Urban Restructuring with Chinese Characteristics, Guangzhou and ...

Author: Peter J. Boettke

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781786614360

Category: Political Science

Page: 380

View: 981

This definitive book examines and engages with the work of Vincent and Elinor Ostrom, along with the Bloomington School of Political Economy more generally. The contributors emphasize the continuing relevance of the Ostroms’ work on collective action, self-governance, and institutional diversity for interdisciplinary research in the social sciences and humanities. This book’s wide array of topics and approaches will be a valuable resource to readers in a variety of fields, including: political science, economics, philosophy, sociology, public administration, environmental studies, and political economy.
Categories: Political Science

The Puzzle of Prison Order

The Puzzle of Prison Order

Stateless commerce: The diamond network and the persistence of relational exchange. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Rierden, A. (1997). The farm: Life inside a women's prison. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Author: David Skarbek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190672515

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 199

Many people think prisons are all the same-rows of cells filled with violent men who officials rule with an iron fist. Yet, life behind bars varies in incredible ways. In some facilities, prison officials govern with care and attention to prisoners' needs. In others, officials have remarkably little influence on the everyday life of prisoners, sometimes not even providing necessities like food and clean water. Why does prison social order around the world look so remarkably different? In The Puzzle of Prison Order, David Skarbek develops a theory of why prisons and prison life vary so much. He finds that how they're governed-sometimes by the state, and sometimes by the prisoners-matters the most. He investigates life in a wide array of prisons-in Brazil, Bolivia, Norway, a prisoner of war camp, England and Wales, women's prisons in California, and a gay and transgender housing unit in the Los Angeles County Jail-to understand the hierarchy of life on the inside. Drawing on economics and a vast empirical literature on legal systems, Skarbek offers a framework to not only understand why life on the inside varies in such fascinating and novel ways, but also how social order evolves and takes root behind bars.
Categories: Political Science

A Moral Political Economy

A Moral Political Economy

Stateless Commerce: The Diamond Network and the Persistence of Relational Exchange. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Riker, William H. 1962. The Theory of Political Coalitions. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Author: Federica Carugati

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108873420

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 999

Economies - and the government institutions that support them - reflect a moral and political choice, a choice we can make and remake. Since the dawn of industrialization and democratization in the late eighteenth century, there has been a succession of political economic frameworks, reflecting changes in technology, knowledge, trade, global connections, political power, and the expansion of citizenship. The challenges of today reveal the need for a new moral political economy that recognizes the politics in political economy. It also requires the redesign of our social, economic, and governing institutions based on assumptions about humans as social beings rather than narrow self-serving individualists. This Element makes some progress toward building a new moral political economy by offering both a theory of change and some principles for institutional (re)design.
Categories: Political Science

British Discovery Literature and the Rise of Global Commerce

British Discovery Literature and the Rise of Global Commerce

Thus, when Defoe's protagonists become stateless or semi-stateless nomads they sacrifice the basis upon which they can 'legitimately' accumulate wealth in the wider world. Defoe belongs to the school of seventeenth-century English ...

Author: A. Neill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230629226

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 229

View: 554

British Discovery Literature and the Rise of Global Commerce examines how, between 1680 and 1800, British maritime travellers became both friends and foes of the commercial state. These nomadic characters report on remote parts of the globe in the twin contexts of an increasingly powerful imperial state and an emerging world economy. Examining voyage narratives by William Dampler, Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, Tobias Smollett, Samuel Johnson, James Cook, and William Bligh, Neill demonstrates how the transformation of travellers from nomadic outlaws into civil subjects , and vice versa, takes place against the political-economic backdrop of commercial expansion.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Conflict and Commerce in Maritime East Asia

Conflict and Commerce in Maritime East Asia

... and his descendants came closest to achieving sustained political control over the zone of their commercial activities. ... stateless zone, while the Chinese merchants and junks roaming its sea lanes constituted a stateless people.

Author: Xing Hang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316453841

Category: History

Page:

View: 980

The Zheng family of merchants and militarists emerged from the tumultuous seventeenth century amid a severe economic depression, a harrowing dynastic transition from the ethnic Chinese Ming to the Manchu Qing, and the first wave of European expansion into East Asia. Under four generations of leaders over six decades, the Zheng had come to dominate trade across the China Seas. Their average annual earnings matched, and at times exceeded, those of their fiercest rivals: the Dutch East India Company. Although nominally loyal to the Ming in its doomed struggle against the Manchus, the Zheng eventually forged an autonomous territorial state based on Taiwan with the potential to encompass the family's entire economic sphere of influence. Through the story of the Zheng, Xing Hang provides a fresh perspective on the economic divergence of early modern China from western Europe, its twenty-first-century resurgence, and the meaning of a Chinese identity outside China.
Categories: History

Law and Commerce in Pre Industrial Societies

Law and Commerce in Pre Industrial Societies

At the risk of oversimplification, the strongest version views the law merchantas an autonomous (stateless) body of uniform substantive rules created by a merchant community with little to no participation of lawyers.325 History clearly ...

Author: Barry Hawk

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004306226

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 496

Legal and informal institutions were developed to secure persons and property, resolve commercial disputes, raise capital and share risk, promote fair dealing, regulate agents and gather market information. Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies examines commerce, its participants and these institutions through the lens of nine pre-industrial societies from hunter/gatherers to 18th century Qing merchants.
Categories: Law

COM and the Battle for the Middle Tier

COM  and the Battle for the Middle Tier

... 329 Stateful variant , 321 Stateless commerce components , 175 Stateless component , 174 , 196 , 216 implementation , 190 Stateless implementation , 213 Stateless instance , 213 , 218 Stateless management , 286 Stateless model .

Author: Roger Sessions

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39076002013774

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 121

COM+, the next generation of COM, DCOM, and MTS, is here! Now best-selling author Roger Sessions offers an unbiased introduction to COM+ and the fascinating world of Component-Oriented Middleware (COMWare). In this book, you'll learn the new features of COM+ and how it fits in with other Microsoft technologies, how COM+ compares to CORBA 3.0 and Enterprise JavaBeans, and how to plan your future N-tier enterprise applications. To demonstrate how Microsoft's middle-tier technologies are being utilized in some of today's largest applications, Sessions then presents three case studies from Dell, Silknet, and Acentris-complete with business requirements, architectural overviews, system benchmarks, and lessons learned. Whether you're an IT executive planning your company's middle-tier strategy, a programmer trying to understand the new features of COM+, or an analyst interested in the differences between COM+, EJB, and CORBA 3.0, this book is for you. Advance praise for Roger Sessions's new book: "Roger has a gift for relating the somewhat esoteric topic of distributed computing to the everyday world. COM+ and the Battle for the Middle Tier provides a fine introduction to the problems addressed by the middle tier and the solutions offered by Microsoft's COM+."- MARY KIRTLAND Program Manager, Microsoft Corp. "Although I often don't agree with Roger Sessions's opinions and conclusions, I always enjoy reading his work. This book on COM+ is no exception. Roger uses simple real-world scenarios to explain very complex concepts about distributed computing,components, and scalable transaction processing, and his frequent play on words had me laughing out loud. For those who are true believers of the Microsoft way, this book may become your bible. It certainly will provide you with plenty of arguments to defend your technology choice. For those who believe in CORBA and EJB, this book will help you understand the strong appeal that Windows NT and COM+ have. (But keep the faith and don't be swayed.)"- ANNE THOMAS Senior Analyst, Patricia Seybold Group Visit our Web site at www.wiley.com/compbooks/
Categories: Computers

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

In stateless areas of presentday southern Tanzania, smallscale, stateless societies suffered similarly during the Nguni expansion.26 What little research has been conducted on the effects of the rise of legitimate commerce on stateless ...

Author: John Parker

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191667558

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 544

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.
Categories: History

Nationality and Statelessness in International Law

Nationality and Statelessness in International Law

The Contracting States shall accord to stateless persons lawfully staying in their territory treatment as favourable as possible and , in any ... industry , handicrafts and commerce and to establish commercial and industrial companies .

Author: Paul Weis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9028603298

Category: Law

Page: 337

View: 919

This second revised edition takes into account the decision of the International Court of Justice in the "Nottebohm Case" which was published just as the first edition was going to press and therefore received only cursory treatment. It also, of course, includes an analysis of international legislation adopted since 1955, including the 1961 UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, the 1957 UN Convention on the Nationality of Married Women, and the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The decisions of international tribunals and, in particular, of the Italian Conciliation Commissions are analysed. Finally, the author presents legislative, judicial and governmental practice during the twenty-two years. After beginning with a clear definition of terms, the author analyses the functions of nationality in international law, the relationship between municipal and international law and then the public international law of nationality. In this latter part, he examines international conventions, international custom and the principles of law generally recognized with regard to nationality. The book ends with a summary and conclusions dealing with the existing law and future developments.
Categories: Law

Migrants Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia

Migrants  Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia

Before 1937 when Myanmar was part of the British Indian empire, there were about 900,000 Indians in the country holding important commercial and professional positions.10 After Myanmar's independence in January 1948, the citizenship ...

Author: Partha S. Ghosh

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 9789351508533

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 209

A comprehensive assessment of the economic, social and cultural impacts of migration within South Asia This book addresses the concept of migration with the aim of building theory as well as drawing from existing theories to understand South Asian realities. It highlights the less-explored cultural dimensions of migration—music, literature, cinema and art—thereby extending migration research into the realms of security discourse. The author explores how ideas migrate along with people, and the extent to which the process of transformation and adaptation of these ideas is necessitated by social interactions in the adopted society. Since South Asia is culturally diverse, most migrants need to adapt themselves to unfamiliar social milieus, and this juxtaposition finds expression in rich and diverse cultural forms. The book will be indispensable to researchers and scholars of migration studies, South Asia studies, social anthropology and international relations.
Categories: Social Science

Commerce with the Universe

Commerce with the Universe

If Neogy's statelessness was symptomatic of what would later happen to a number of other Asians under Idi Amin's regime, he was unwittingly caught in a different global struggle between the superpowers. Without his own knowledge, ...

Author: Gaurav Desai

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231535595

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

View: 656

Reading the life narratives and literary texts of South Asians writing in and about East Africa, Gaurav Desai builds a surprising, alternative history of Africa's experience with slavery, migration, colonialism, nationalism, and globalization. Consulting Afrasian texts that are literary and nonfictional, political and private, he broadens the scope of African and South Asian scholarship and inspires a more nuanced understanding of the Indian Ocean's fertile routes of exchange. Desai shows how the Indian Ocean engendered a number of syncretic identities and shaped the medieval trade routes of the Islamicate empire, the early independence movements galvanized in part by Gandhi's southern African experiences, the invention of new ethnic nationalisms, and the rise of plural, multiethnic African nations. Calling attention to lives and literatures long neglected by traditional scholars, Desai introduces rich, interdisciplinary ways of thinking not only about this specific region but also about the very nature of ethnic history and identity. Traveling from the twelfth century to today, he concludes with a look at contemporary Asian populations in East Africa and their struggle to decide how best to participate in the development and modernization of their postcolonial nations without sacrificing their political autonomy.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Familiarity of Strangers

The Familiarity of Strangers

... pirates and corsairs, who navigated that sea and glutted its coastal markets.3 Braudel's intuition, however, was not corroborated by figures documenting the economic contribution of stateless diasporas in the Mediterranean commerce.

Author: Francesca Trivellato

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300156201

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 633

Taking a new approach to the study of cross-cultural trade, this book blends archival research with historical narrative and economic analysis to understand how the Sephardic Jews of Livorno, Tuscany, traded in regions near and far in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Francesca Trivellato tests assumptions about ethnic and religious trading diasporas and networks of exchange and trust. Her extensive research in international archives--including a vast cache of merchants' letters written between 1704 and 1746--reveals a more nuanced view of the business relations between Jews and non-Jews across the Mediterranean, Atlantic Europe, and the Indian Ocean than ever before. The book argues that cross-cultural trade was predicated on and generated familiarity among strangers, but could coexist easily with religious prejudice. It analyzes instances in which business cooperation among coreligionists and between strangers relied on language, customary norms, and social networks more than the progressive rise of state and legal institutions.
Categories: History