hapter ture on privately 1 details the rich, diverse, and interdisciplinary
literaordered transactions, or what I am calling stateless commerce. The literature
includes a wealth of case studies on how merchants, spanning centuries and
Author: Barak D. Richman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Business & Economics
How does Manhattan’s 47th Street diamond district thrive as an ethnic marketplace without lawyers, courts, and state coercion? Barak Richman draws on insider interviews to show why relational exchange based on familiarity, trust, and community enforcement succeeds and what it reveals about the modern state’s limitations in governing the economy.
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related AgenciesPublish On: 1981
Subcommittee on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the
Judiciary, and Related Agencies ... Proposed now RFE / RL Pension p ... ; Sex
Country of Residence Date of Birth Nacionality M Stateless M US England USA
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies
The implementation of online shopping cart is not as simple as explained above.
In fact, online shopping cart script is hard to create. Because, first, the design of
Web is stateless, namely all Web servers process URL request in the same way,
Author: Zheng Qin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Introduction to E-commerce discusses the foundations and key aspects of E-commerce while focusing on the latest developments in the E-commerce industry. Practical case studies offer a useful reference for dealing with various issues in E-commerce such as latest applications, management techniques, or psychological methods. Dr. Zheng Qin is currently Director of the E-Commerce Institute of Xi’an Jiaotong University.
En 1971, UNIDROIT a pris la décision officielle d'intégrer dans son programme
de travail un essai d'unification du droit général des contrats en vue de la
codification progressive du droit du commerce international. L'idée, bien que non
Author: Helge Dedek
This volume offers a critical analysis and illustration of the challenges and promises of ’stateless’ law thought, pedagogy and approaches to governance - that is, understanding and conceptualizing law in a post-national condition. From common, civil and international law perspectives, the collection focuses on the definition and role of law as an academic discipline, and hybridity in the practice and production of law. With contributions by a diverse and international group of scholars, the collection includes fourteen chapters written in English and three in French. Confronting the ’transnational challenge’ posed to the traditional theoretical and institutional structures that underlie the teaching and study of law in the university, the seventeen authors of Stateless Law: Evolving Boundaries of a Discipline bring new insight to the ongoing and crucial conversation about the future shape of legal scholarship, education and practice that is emblematic of the early twenty-first century. This collection is essential reading for academics, institutions and others involved in determining the future roles, responsibilities and education of jurists, as well as for academics interested in Law, Sociology, Political Science and Education.
One of the most important reasons behind the overwhelming success of the
Internet is the stateless nature of its ... expected to support a plethora of new
applications such as IP telephony, interactive TV, and e-commerce, the existing
best effort ...
Author: Ion Stoica
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book is a revised version of the author's PhD thesis, which was selected as the winning thesis of the 2001 ACM Doctoral Dissertation Competition. Ion Stoica did his PhD work at Carnegie Mellon University with Hui Zhang as thesis adviser. The author addresses the most pressing and difficult problem facing the Internet community today: how to enhance the Internet to support rich functionalities, such as QoS and traffic management, while still maintaining the scalability and robustness properties embodied in the original Internet architecture. The monograph presents complete solutions including architectures, algorithms, and implementations dealing with fundamental problems of today's Internet: providing guaranteed services, differentiated services, and flow protection. Compared to existing solutions, Ion Stoica's solution eliminates the complex operations on both data and control paths in the network core. All in all, the research results presented in this monograph constitute one of the most important contributions to networking research in the past ten years.
There are two major approaches to implement the scale - out strategy in the
middle layer : the stateless component approach and the stateful component
approach . Each approach is good for one type of systems . Some variations of
these two ...
In stateless areas of presentday southern Tanzania, smallscale, stateless
societies suffered similarly during the Nguni expansion.26 What little research
has been conducted on the effects of the rise of legitimate commerce on stateless
Author: John Parker
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.
COM+, the next generation of COM, DCOM, and MTS, is here! Now best-selling author Roger Sessions offers an unbiased introduction to COM+ and the fascinating world of Component-Oriented Middleware (COMWare). In this book, you'll learn the new features of COM+ and how it fits in with other Microsoft technologies, how COM+ compares to CORBA 3.0 and Enterprise JavaBeans, and how to plan your future N-tier enterprise applications. To demonstrate how Microsoft's middle-tier technologies are being utilized in some of today's largest applications, Sessions then presents three case studies from Dell, Silknet, and Acentris-complete with business requirements, architectural overviews, system benchmarks, and lessons learned. Whether you're an IT executive planning your company's middle-tier strategy, a programmer trying to understand the new features of COM+, or an analyst interested in the differences between COM+, EJB, and CORBA 3.0, this book is for you. Advance praise for Roger Sessions's new book: "Roger has a gift for relating the somewhat esoteric topic of distributed computing to the everyday world. COM+ and the Battle for the Middle Tier provides a fine introduction to the problems addressed by the middle tier and the solutions offered by Microsoft's COM+."- MARY KIRTLAND Program Manager, Microsoft Corp. "Although I often don't agree with Roger Sessions's opinions and conclusions, I always enjoy reading his work. This book on COM+ is no exception. Roger uses simple real-world scenarios to explain very complex concepts about distributed computing,components, and scalable transaction processing, and his frequent play on words had me laughing out loud. For those who are true believers of the Microsoft way, this book may become your bible. It certainly will provide you with plenty of arguments to defend your technology choice. For those who believe in CORBA and EJB, this book will help you understand the strong appeal that Windows NT and COM+ have. (But keep the faith and don't be swayed.)"- ANNE THOMAS Senior Analyst, Patricia Seybold Group Visit our Web site at www.wiley.com/compbooks/
In 1918, hoping to have moreinfluencefrom the center,heaccepted anoffer from
the conservativeAntonio Maura, repeatedly prime minister, tojoin his
governmentas ministerof publicworks, agriculture and commerce. Although
hedisplayed his ...
Author: J. Friend
Category: Political Science
Why are regional nationalisms threatening the old nations? This book explores examples such as why Scotland might become independent, why Wales wants more autonomy, and why Catalonia emphasizes its distinctive language and institutions but does not want separation from Spain. Stateless Nations explores the historical roots of modern nationalisms.
It was actually alienated from the bourgeois culture of professions and commerce
, and even tended to despise that culture. This was the general situation that
existed in many German cities where, on a small scale, the influence of the
Author: Paul Kapteyn
Category: Political Science
This book offers a broad view of the tension between state and market in the political evolution of the European Union. Contemporary developments and issues are set within the historical context of state formation. Paul Kapteyn argues that states are invariably formed by violent conquest, or by fusion in the face of an external threat; and that markets can emerge only only when the state has been established. He points out that while the histories of France, Britain, The Netherlands and Germany conform to these rules, the European Union does not; and he goes on to explore the reasons why this is not so, and its implications. The second section of the book is based on empirical research. Paul Kapteyn underpins his theoretical and historical argument with an analysis of official documents, newspaper articles and interviews with Eurocrats form the various member states. He concentrates especially on two case studies, of the Treaty of Schengen on judicial cooperation and harmonization, and of the problem of EU fraud. He also looks closely at eh consquences of the Maastricht Treaty. The Stateless Marlet is a thought-provoking text, ideally suited to students on European studies, politics, international relations and sociology courses. it will also be of great interest to those professionally concerned with European integration.
If Neogy's statelessness was symptomatic of what would later happen to a
number of other Asians under Idi Amin's regime, ... Rendered stateless and
vulnerable to further arrests and detentions, Neogy left Uganda a broken man,
and, after ...
Author: Gaurav Desai
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Reading the life narratives and literary texts of South Asians writing in and about East Africa, Gaurav Desai builds a surprising, alternative history of Africa's experience with slavery, migration, colonialism, nationalism, and globalization. Consulting Afrasian texts that are literary and nonfictional, political and private, he broadens the scope of African and South Asian scholarship and inspires a more nuanced understanding of the Indian Ocean's fertile routes of exchange. Desai shows how the Indian Ocean engendered a number of syncretic identities and shaped the medieval trade routes of the Islamicate empire, the early independence movements galvanized in part by Gandhi's southern African experiences, the invention of new ethnic nationalisms, and the rise of plural, multiethnic African nations. Calling attention to lives and literatures long neglected by traditional scholars, Desai introduces rich, interdisciplinary ways of thinking not only about this specific region but also about the very nature of ethnic history and identity. Traveling from the twelfth century to today, he concludes with a look at contemporary Asian populations in East Africa and their struggle to decide how best to participate in the development and modernization of their postcolonial nations without sacrificing their political autonomy.
We illustrate the use of the IFG for : ( 1 ) content - based publish / subscribe ; ( 2 ) stateless event transformations that consolidate events from diverse sources ;
and ( 3 ) stateful event interpretation functions for deriving trends , summaries ,
Author: Wei Sun
Contains papers from workshops at a spring 1999 conference. Topics include high performance internet computing with massive Java applets, efficient dissemination of mobile agents, consistency maintenance in web-based real-time group editors, and processes in electronic commerce. Other subjects inclu
... complex functionalities that are still best accomplished through the client/server
design model. Examples include database query tasks, atomic and stateless
operations (i.e. operations that do not persist data from one invocation to the next
Author: Hadi Nahari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A top-level security guru for both eBay and PayPal and a best-selling information systems security author show how to design and develop secure Web commerce systems. Whether it's online banking or ordering merchandise using your cell phone, the world of online commerce requires a high degree of security to protect you during transactions. This book not only explores all critical security issues associated with both e-commerce and mobile commerce (m-commerce), it is also a technical manual for how to create a secure system. Covering all the technical bases, this book provides the detail that developers, system architects, and system integrators need to design and implement secure, user-friendly, online commerce systems. Co-authored by Hadi Nahari, one of the world’s most renowned experts in Web commerce security; he is currently the Principal Security, Mobile and DevicesArchitect at eBay, focusing on the architecture and implementation of eBay and PayPal mobile Co-authored by Dr. Ronald Krutz; information system security lecturer and co-author of the best-selling Wiley CISSP Prep Guide Series Shows how to architect and implement user-friendly security for e-commerce and especially, mobile commerce Covers the fundamentals of designing infrastructures with high availability, large transactional capacity, and scalability Includes topics such as understanding payment technologies and how to identify weak security, and how to augment it. Get the essential information you need on Web commerce security—as well as actual design techniques—in this expert guide.
persons and exploitation of prostitutes , “ stateless persons , 46 refugees , 46 the
nationality of married women , “ 7 political rights of women , 48 minimum age of
marriage and consent to marriage , 49 and the freedom of associations and of ...
Author: Raisinghani, Mahesh S.Publish On: 2001-07-01
E*Trade expands marketing and commerce agreement with Yahoo! Company
Press Release, August 6. E*Trade. (1998h). E*Trade launches new destination
Web site and Stateless Architecture (SM) to empowerindividual investors.
Author: Raisinghani, Mahesh S.
Publisher: IGI Global
Category: Business & Economics
Cases on Worldwide E-Commerce: Theory in Action provides detailed case studies of opportunities and challenges in worldwide e-commerce as the Internet economy and globalization trends erase the traditional IT and geographical boundaries. The cases, based on real life experience in e-commerce will demonstrate situations and challenges for a world in which IT is no longer restricted by corporate walls.
For UDP (commonly DNS), you'll probably have to start using reflexive access
lists. Because UDP is stateless, there is no “established” indicator to check for.
What you do in this situation is allow the connec- tion out via a reflexive access
From the authors of the bestselling Hack Proofing Your Network! Yahoo!, E-Bay, Amazon. Three of the most popular, well-established, and lavishly funded Web sites in existence, yet hackers managed to penetrate their security systems and cripple these and many other Web giants for almost 24 hours. E-Commerce giants, previously thought to be impenetrable are now being exposed as incredibly vulnerable. This book will give e-commerce architects and engineers insight into the tools and techniques used by hackers to compromise their sites. The security of e-commerce sites is even more imperative than non-commerce sites, because the site has the added responsibility of maintaining the security of their customer's personal and financial information. Hack Proofing Your E-Commerce Site will provide computer architects and engineers all of the information they need to design and implement security measures. * Heightened media awareness of malicious attacks against "secure" sites guarantees a wide audience * Uses forensics-based analysis to give the reader insight to the mind of a hacker. This understanding is crucial for security professionals to defend against attacks
As the Web has come to be used as the foundation for complex applications ( for commerce and other areas ) , cookies and other technologies have been
developed to maintain persistent application state on top of the stateless protocol
Author: G. Winfield Treese
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Written by two of the most experienced practitioners in this burgeoning field, Designing Systems for Internet Commerce will guide you through the business and technical considerations of building fully functioning, secure, and financially successful Internet commerce systems. Both comprehensive and practical, this book explains the fundamental principles of system design, reveals best design practices, and offers reality-based advice on implementation. It explores the common issues and critical questions to ask when planning a system for Internet commerce. In addition, it describes the key technologies relevant to electronic commerce and explains how to apply the using numerous examples. In addition, the authors walk you through a full-fledged Internet commerce system design to illustrate all of these strategies, technologies, and functions in action. Moreover, the book demonstrates how to separate content from transactions, and offers an example of a scalable transaction engine.
Author: Rosemary Gail RayfusePublish On: 2004-01-01
For example, Article 92(2) of the LOSC provides that a ship becomes stateless
where it sails under the flags of two or more ... Law and the UN High Seas
Fisheries Conference' 25(4)Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 531 (1994)
Author: Rosemary Gail Rayfuse
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
This book is the first comprehensive examination of state practice relating to enforcement by non-flag states of the high seas conservation and management measures adopted by Regional Fisheries Organisations. It demonstrates that an exception is emerging in customary international law to the rule of the primacy of flag state jurisdiction in the high seas fisheries context.
Because the Web is stateless, some mechanism for maintaining state must be
added to the standard protocols. Cookies One way to maintain state is to store a
cookie on the client's hard disk. Created by the server, a cookie is a small text file
Author: William S. Davis
Publisher: Prentice Hall
In E-Commerce Basics, the authors introduce the basic technological infastructure and basic business issues to understand when analyzing the feasibility of e-commerce initiatives. The book uses a layered approach that first presents the basic web technology that supports all e-business, then presents the e-commerce business issues, and then revisits the technology to discuss the challenges in bringing businesses on to the web. Since the web wasn't created for business purposes, the issues of combining business applications in a technical environment are examined. This layered approach gives the reader an Understanding of the underlying infrastructure and how traditional business issues should be considered when considering e-commerce, and thus, makes it easier to grasp the strengths, limitations, and implications of various e-commerce solutions. When discussing the business of ecommerce the layered approach reflects on traditional business models used to measure successes, such as profit and return on investment. - Layered Approach - Takes a layered approach that stresses the technology infrastructure and the business issues surrounding the integration of business and technology. -