States of Nature

States of Nature

Traces the history of the intersections between nature, economy, and nation in the Spanish Caribbean through a history of the agricultural and botanical sciences.

Author: Stuart George McCook

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292752571

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 700

Traces the history of the intersections between nature, economy, and nation in the Spanish Caribbean through a history of the agricultural and botanical sciences.
Categories: Science

States of Nature

States of Nature

Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 1760-1940 Stuart George McCook. American scientists at the same institutions had been trained in the United States. The United States was the primary market for most of the ...

Author: Stuart George McCook

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292788183

Category: Nature

Page: 216

View: 907

The process of nation-building in Latin America transformed the relations between the state, the economy, and nature. Between 1760 and 1940, the economies of most countries in the Spanish Caribbean came to depend heavily on the export of plant products, such as coffee, tobacco, and sugar. After the mid-nineteenth century, this model of export-led economic growth also became a central tenet of liberal projects of nation-building. As international competition grew and commodity prices fell over this period, Latin American growers strove to remain competitive by increasing agricultural production. By the turn of the twentieth century, their pursuit of export-led growth had generated severe environmental problems, including soil exhaustion, erosion, and epidemic outbreaks of crop diseases and pests. This book traces the history of the intersections between nature, economy, and nation in the Spanish Caribbean through a history of the agricultural and botanical sciences. Growers and governments in Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Colombia, and Costa Rica turned to scientists to help them establish practical and ideological control over nature. They hoped to use science to alleviate the pressing environmental and economic stresses, without having to give up their commitment to export-led growth. Starting from an overview of the relationship among science, nature, and development throughout the export boom of 1760 to 1930, Stuart McCook examines such topics as the relationship between scientific plant surveys and nation-building, the development of a "creole science" to address the problems of tropical agriculture, the ecological rationalization of the sugar industry, and the growth of technocratic ideologies of science and progress. He concludes with a look at how the Great Depression of the 1930s changed the paradigms of economic and political development and the role of science and nature in these paradigms.
Categories: Nature

Empire and Science in the Making

Empire and Science in the Making

Dutch Colonial Scholarship in Comparative Global Perspective, 1760-1830 P. Boomgaard. 41. 42. 43. ... States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002).

Author: P. Boomgaard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137334022

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 288

Drawing on extensive new research, and bringing much new scholarship before English readers for the first time, this wide-ranging volume examines how knowledge was created and circulated throughout the Dutch Empire, and how these processes compared with those of the Imperial Britain, Spain, and Russia.
Categories: History

The Science of Useful Nature in Central America

The Science of Useful Nature in Central America

States of Nature. Science, Agriculture and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2002. McCreery, David. Rural Guatemala, 17601940. Stanford University Press ...

Author: Sophie Brockmann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108369336

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 977

In this ambitious new study, Sophie Brockmann argues that interactions with landscape and environment were central to the construction of Central American identities in the Age of Enlightenment. She argues that new intellectual connections and novel ways of understanding landscapes had a transformative impact on political culture, as patriotic reformers sought to improve the region's fortunes by applying scientific and 'useful' knowledge gathered from local and global networks to the land. These reformers established networks that extended into the countryside and far beyond Central America's borders. Tracing these networks and following the bureaucrats, priests, labourers, merchants and scholars within them, Brockmann shows how they made a lasting impact by defining a new place for the natural world in narratives of nation and progress.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Frontiers of Science

Frontiers of Science

Imperialism and Natural Knowledge in the Gulf South Borderlands, 1500-1850 Cameron B. Strang ... N.C., 2006); Stuart McCook, States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940 (Austin,Tex., ...

Author: Cameron B. Strang

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469640488

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 906

Cameron Strang takes American scientific thought and discoveries away from the learned societies, museums, and teaching halls of the Northeast and puts the production of knowledge about the natural world in the context of competing empires and an expanding republic in the Gulf South. People often dismissed by starched northeasterners as nonintellectuals--Indian sages, African slaves, Spanish officials, Irishmen on the make, clearers of land and drivers of men--were also scientific observers, gatherers, organizers, and reporters. Skulls and stems, birds and bugs, rocks and maps, tall tales and fertile hypotheses came from them. They collected, described, and sent the objects that scientists gazed on and interpreted in polite Philadelphia. They made knowledge. Frontiers of Science offers a new framework for approaching American intellectual history, one that transcends political and cultural boundaries and reveals persistence across the colonial and national eras. The pursuit of knowledge in the United States did not cohere around democratic politics or the influence of liberty. It was, as in other empires, divided by multiple loyalties and identities, organized through contested hierarchies of ethnicity and place, and reliant on violence. By discovering the lost intellectual history of one region, Strang shows us how to recover a continent for science.
Categories: History

Coffee Is Not Forever

Coffee Is Not Forever

The Devourer of Dreams -- Coffee Rust Contained -- The Epicenter: Ceylon -- Arabica Graveyards: Asia and the Pacific -- Robusta to the Rescue -- The "Malaria of Coffee": Africa -- Coffee, Cold War, and Colonial Modernization -- A Plague ...

Author: Stuart McCook

Publisher:

ISBN: 082142386X

Category:

Page: 272

View: 179

Coffee Is Not Forever assesses the global spread of a dire existential threat--coffee rust--to a crop consumers take for granted. In departing from commodity histories' usual emphasis on the social and economic, and instead putting ecology at the forefront, Stuart McCook offers the first truly global environmental history of coffee.
Categories:

Itineraries of Expertise

Itineraries of Expertise

Science, Technology, and the Environment in Latin America Andra Chastain, Timothy Lorek ... Stuart McCook, States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940 (Austin: University of Texas Press, ...

Author: Andra Chastain

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822987321

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 818

Itineraries of Expertise contends that experts and expertise played fundamental roles in the Latin American Cold War. While traditional Cold War histories of the region have examined diplomatic, intelligence, and military operations and more recent studies have probed the cultural dimensions of the conflict, the experts who constitute the focus of this volume escaped these categories. Although they often portrayed themselves as removed from politics, their work contributed to the key geopolitical agendas of the day. The paths traveled by the experts in this volume not only traversed Latin America and connected Latin America to the Global North, they also stretch traditional chronologies of the Latin American Cold War to show how local experts in the early twentieth century laid the foundation for post–World War II development projects, and how Cold War knowledge of science, technology, and the environment continues to impact our world today. These essays unite environmental history and the history of science and technology to argue for the importance of expertise in the Latin American Cold War.
Categories: History

Sea of Storms

Sea of Storms

A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina Stuart B. Schwartz. Martínez de Carrera, Teresita. ... States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940.

Author: Stuart B. Schwartz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691173603

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 442

A panoramic social history of hurricanes in the Caribbean The diverse cultures of the Caribbean have been shaped as much by hurricanes as they have by diplomacy, commerce, or the legacy of colonial rule. In this panoramic work of social history, Stuart Schwartz examines how Caribbean societies have responded to the dangers of hurricanes, and how these destructive storms have influenced the region's history, from the rise of plantations, to slavery and its abolition, to migrations, racial conflict, and war. Taking readers from the voyages of Columbus to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina, Schwartz looks at the ethical, political, and economic challenges that hurricanes posed to the Caribbean’s indigenous populations and the different European peoples who ventured to the New World to exploit its riches. He describes how the United States provided the model for responding to environmental threats when it emerged as a major power and began to exert its influence over the Caribbean in the nineteenth century, and how the region’s governments came to assume greater responsibilities for prevention and relief, efforts that by the end of the twentieth century were being questioned by free-market neoliberals. Schwartz sheds light on catastrophes like Katrina by framing them within a long and contentious history of human interaction with the natural world. Spanning more than five centuries and drawing on extensive archival research in Europe and the Americas, Sea of Storms emphasizes the continuing role of race, social inequality, and economic ideology in the shaping of our responses to natural disaster.
Categories: History

Birds of empire birds of nation a history of science economy and conservation in United States Colombia relations

Birds of empire  birds of nation   a history of science  economy  and conservation in United States Colombia relations

McCook, States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 1760-1940, 5. 50. For general references on the period see: Victor Bulmer-Thomas, “The Latin American Economies, 1929-1939,” in ...

Author: Quintero Toro, Camilo

Publisher: Ediciones Uniandes-Universidad de los Andes

ISBN: 9789586957960

Category: Nature

Page: 200

View: 651

This book reveals the history behind the trade of Colombian birds as a means of comprehending the scientific, economic and environmental relations between the United States and Colombia from the 1880s to the 1960s. Through the study of the feather trade, scientific expeditions, scientific communities and nature conservation, the author brings to light how international relations and national agendas shaped the study and perception of nature in both countries during those years.
Categories: Nature

Banana Cultures

Banana Cultures

Agriculture, Consumption, and Environmental Change in Honduras and the United States John Soluri. Magee, C. J. “Banana Leaf Spot: Spraying ... States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 17601940.

Author: John Soluri

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477322826

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 818

Bananas, the most frequently consumed fresh fruit in the United States, have been linked to Miss Chiquita and Carmen Miranda, "banana republics," and Banana Republic clothing stores—everything from exotic kitsch, to Third World dictatorships, to middle-class fashion. But how did the rise in banana consumption in the United States affect the banana-growing regions of Central America? In this lively, interdisciplinary study, John Soluri integrates agroecology, anthropology, political economy, and history to trace the symbiotic growth of the export banana industry in Honduras and the consumer mass market in the United States. Beginning in the 1870s when bananas first appeared in the U.S. marketplace, Soluri examines the tensions between the small-scale growers, who dominated the trade in the early years, and the shippers. He then shows how rising demand led to changes in production that resulted in the formation of major agribusinesses, spawned international migrations, and transformed great swaths of the Honduran environment into monocultures susceptible to plant disease epidemics that in turn changed Central American livelihoods. Soluri also looks at labor practices and workers' lives, changing gender roles on the banana plantations, the effects of pesticides on the Honduran environment and people, and the mass marketing of bananas to consumers in the United States. His multifaceted account of a century of banana production and consumption adds an important chapter to the history of Honduras, as well as to the larger history of globalization and its effects on rural peoples, local economies, and biodiversity.
Categories: History