Strategic Pragmatism

Strategic Pragmatism

foreword by Lester Thurow Strategic Pragmatism THE CULTURE OF SINGAPORE'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD Pfro er capita income in Singapore has gone from $ 500 to more than $ 20,000 in a little over twenty - five years .

Author: Edgar H. Schein

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026226448X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 798

foreword by Lester Thurow Per capita income in Singapore has gone from $500 to more than $20,000 in a little over twenty-five years. Edgar Schein, a social psychologist with a long and celebrated research interest in organizational studies, examines the cultural history of the key intstitution that spawned this economic miracle. Through interviews and full access to Singapore's Economic Development Board (EDB), Schein shows how economic development was successfully promoted. He delves into the individual relationships and the overall structure that contributed to the EDB's effectiveness in propelling Singapore, one of Asia's "little dragons" into the modern era. In his foreword, Lester Thurrow locates Schein's organizational and case-specific account within a larger economic and comparative framework. Over a period of two years, Schein studied how the EDB was created, the kind of leadership it provided, the management structure it used, the human resource policies it pursued, and how it influenced other organizations within the Singapore government. Schein sat in on EDB meetings and extensively interviewed current and former members of the board, Singapore's leaders who created the board, and businesspeople who have dealt with the board. His book intertwines the perspective of the board's members and its investor clients in an analysis that uses both organization and cross-cultural theory. Although there are currently studies of comparable Japanese and Korean organizations, this is the first detailed analysis of the internal structure and functioning of the economic development body of Singapore, a key player in the Asian and world markets.
Categories: Business & Economics

Towards Strategic Pragmatism in Foreign Policy

Towards Strategic Pragmatism in Foreign Policy

ere is some overlap between pragmatism and principled pragmatism, with both lying in the middle ground between strategic pragmatism and non-pragmatism. Moreover, it can o en be difficult to distinguish between principles and mere ...

Author: Charles Chao Rong Phua

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000471083

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 743

What is pragmatism? Is it a means to an end, or an end in itself? Is it antithetical to ideology or morality? Arguing that pragmatism is a skill much more than an attribute, Phua examines how viewing it in this way can help achieve better foreign policy outcomes. He examines and contrasts the ways in which the United States, China and Singapore have incorporated pragmatism into their approaches to foreign policy. In doing so he debunks dualistic myths around pragmatism and ideology and promotes the view of pragmatism as a skill that can be developed. An essential primer for students, analysts and policymakers, with a fresh and practical approach to pragmatism.
Categories: Political Science

Strategic Pragmatism

Strategic Pragmatism

... budget deficits had developed, a counter-movement inspired by the old normative prescription began 42 Strategic Pragmatism Tradition.

Author: Michèle Schmiegelow

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: STANFORD:36105038561770

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 797

This powerful study suggests that strategic pragmatism has enabled Japan to use Western theories and doctrines more comprehensively and thoroughly than the West. The authors contend that Japan's success depends, in part, upon three factors: the ability to recognize a need for action; the ability to respond to such a need even under less than optimal technological conditions, cutting across theoretical and ideological lines; and the ability to adjust or correct action as soon as failure is recognized. By comparing Japan's policies and structure to patterns prevailing in major Western countries, Japan's `secret' can be translated into concepts familiar to the West. This brilliant and provocative book...is a tour de force that argues that Japanese-type economic policies can be duplicated in other capitalist states and that it is a mistake to believe that such policies can only evolve in the unique environment of Japanese culture and society. Foreign Affairs Japan's rise to economic power has been the focus of much attention and speculation in the West. This powerful study suggests that strategic pragmatism has enabled Japan to use Western theories and doctrines more comprehensively and thoroughly than the West. The authors contend that Japan's success depends, in part, upon three factors. The first is the ability to recognize a need for action. Next, the Japanese are able to respond to such a need even under less than optimal technological conditions and can cut across theoretical and ideological lines. Finally, they are ready to adjust or correct action as soon as failure is recognized. Western countries should look at the global significance of Japan's economic performance and learn from their model of action. By comparing Japan's policies and structure to patterns prevailing in major Western countries, Japan's 'secret' can be translated into concepts familiar to the West. Economists, government officials, and business policy makers will find this new approach to Japan's success a worthwhile study. Strategic Pragmatism opens with an explanation for Japan's economic performance. The book then presents the interesting way in which Japan makes functional cuts across doctrines. There is a chapter addressing adaptation and how Western economic concepts are incorporated into Japanese policy. Goal attainment includes such topics as neo-classical infant industry protection and mercantilist aspects in the policy of industrial development. Pattern maintenance is followed by integration, and then the relation of structure and action. Finally the authors develop a model demonstrating how Japan derives a sense of direction from the nature of the changing problems to be solved--the heart of strategic pragmatism.
Categories: Business & Economics

Pragmatic Strategy

Pragmatic Strategy

Reinventing strategic management: new theory and practice for competence-based competition. European Management journal 15: 303-317 Scarbrough, H. 1998. Path(ological) dependency? Core competence from an organizational perspective.

Author: Ikujiro Nonaka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107001848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 520

View: 996

Presents a unique pragmatic framework for shaping and solving strategic problems in a practical, creative and ethical manner.
Categories: Business & Economics

Strategic Coupling

Strategic Coupling

Strategic Pragmatism: The Culture of Singapore's Economic Development Board. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Schmitz, Hubert, ed. 2004. Local Enterprises in the Global Economy. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Schneider, Ben Ross. 2010.

Author: Henry Wai-chung Yeung

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501704277

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 505

In Strategic Coupling, Henry Wai-chung Yeung examines economic development and state-firm relations in East Asia, focusing in particular on South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore. As a result of the massive changes of the last twenty-five years, new explanations must be found for the economic success and industrial transformation in the region. State-assisted startups and incubator firms in East Asia have become major players in the manufacture of products with a global reach: Taiwan's Hon Hai Precision has assembled more than 500 million iPhones, for instance, and South Korea’s Samsung provides the iPhone’s semiconductor chips and retina displays. Drawing on extensive interviews with top executives and senior government officials, Yeung argues that since the late 1980s, many East Asian firms have outgrown their home states, and are no longer dependent on state support; as a result the developmental state has lost much of its capacity to steer and direct industrialization. We cannot read the performance of national firms as a direct outcome of state action. Yeung calls for a thorough renovation of the still-dominant view that states are the primary engine of industrial transformation. He stresses action by national firms and traces various global production networks to incorporate both firm-specific activities and the international political economy. He identifies two sets of dynamics in these national-global articulations known as strategic coupling: coevolution in the confluence of state, firm, and global production networks, and the various strategies pursued by East Asian firms to attain competitive positions in the global marketplace.
Categories: Political Science

Pragmatic Strategies and Power Relations in Disagreement

Pragmatic Strategies and Power Relations in Disagreement

( 2 ) Why to facilitate pragmatic competence Observation of language learners shows there is a demonstrated need for teaching ... The research in the current study provides evidence that pragmatic strategies are affected by power .

Author: Si Liu

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581125208

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 902

This study explores pragmatic strategies in disagreement affected by power relations in Mandarin Chinese with data collected in the People's Republic of China. This study first investigates in what ways power relations in Chinese university settings influence pragmatic strategies in disagreement. The study then shows with natural data that a new cultural orientation characterized by new features has emerged among the Chinese people. Thirdly, the author probes the controversial issue of pragmatics and power, and proves that the maxim of Relevance can be taken as a supermaxim of CP, which dominates the analyses of the relationship between language use and social parameters. Si Liu has successfully initiated a combination of statistical analysis and ethnographic approach in pragmatic research. Her findings in the study are valuable contributions to the research both in Chinese culture and in empirical pragmatics.
Categories: Education

Sudan s Southern Problem

Sudan   s    Southern Problem

SSLM military significant role in narrative battle (1960s), 179 negotiated 1972 Addis Ababa Peace Agreement, 179 SSU publications, 142 Strategic countries in Africa See also Ghana; Kenya Strategic pragmatism, 205 Student strikes (1962), ...

Author: Sebabatso C. Manoeli

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030287719

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 867

The book offers a history of the discourses and diplomacies of Sudan’s civil wars. It explores the battle for legitimacy between the Sudanese state and Southern rebels. In particular, it examines how racial thought and rhetoric were used in international debates about the political destiny of the South. By placing the state and rebels within the same frame, the book uncovers the competition for Sudan’s reputation. It reveals the discursive techniques both sides employed to elicit support from diverse audiences, amidst the intellectual ferment of Pan-Africanism, the Cold War, and Black liberation politics. It maintains that the interplay of silences and articulations in both the rebels' and the state’s texts concealed and complicated aspects of the country’s political conflict. In sum, the book demonstrates that the war of words waged abroad represents a strategic, but often overlooked, aspect of the Sudanese civil wars.
Categories: History

East Asia and Latin America

East Asia and Latin America

ply identify some strategies that have been usefully employed in East Asia , but not in Latin America . As we shall see , these strategies — rather ... 4 Strategic pragmatism comprised a key element in Asia's rapid economic growth .

Author: Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UCSD:31822032095994

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 119

Focuses on two broad themes: economic and political connections between East Asia and Latin America, and similarities and differences in developmental paths and public policies.
Categories: Political Science

Pragmatic Strategy

Pragmatic Strategy

How can pragmatic strategies help businesses to succeed? This innovative book presents a pragmatic framework for shaping and solving strategic problems in a practical, creative, ethical and finely balanced manner.

Author: Ikujiro Nonaka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107377837

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 332

Pragmatism is enjoying a renaissance in management studies and the social sciences. Once written off as amoral, relativist and opposed to the ideals of Truth, Reason and Progress, it is now regaining influence in public policy, international relations and business strategy. But what can pragmatism teach us about strategy? How can pragmatic strategies help businesses to succeed? This innovative book presents a pragmatic framework for shaping and solving strategic problems in a practical, creative, ethical and finely balanced manner. To achieve this, the authors draw from Confucian teaching, American pragmatism and Aristotelian practical wisdom, as well as business cases across industries and nations, particularly from emerging economies. With significant theoretical depth, direct practical implication and profound cultural sensitivity, the book is useful for executive managers, public administrators, strategy researchers and advanced students in the search for pragmatic strategies in an interconnected, fast-moving world.
Categories: Business & Economics

Social Policy

Social Policy

Social Exclusion Unit (1998) Bringing Britain Together: A National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal, The Stationery Office, London. Stephens, M. and Quilgars, D. (2006) 'Strategic pragmatism? The state of housing policy', in L. Bauld, ...

Author: Hugh Bochel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317818960

Category: Political Science

Page: 650

View: 538

This thoroughly updated new edition provides a comprehensive introduction to contemporary social policy, and addresses its historical, theoretical and contextual foundations. Divided into four sections, it opens with a survey of the socio-economic, political and governmental contexts within which social policy operates, before moving on to look at the historical development of the subject. The third section examines contemporary aspects of providing welfare, whilst the final part covers European and wider international developments. The text explores the major topics and areas in contemporary social policy, including: work and welfare education adult health and social care children and families crime and criminal justice health housing race disability Issues are addressed throughout in a lively and accessible style, and examples are richly illustrated to encourage the student to engage with theory and content, and to help highlight the relevance of social policy in our understanding of modern society. It is packed with features including, ‘Spotlight’ ‘Discussion and review’ and ‘Controversy and debate’ boxes, as well as further readings and recommended websites. A comprehensive glossary also provides explanations of key terms and abbreviations. Social Policy is an essential textbook for undergraduate students taking courses in social policy and related courses such as criminology, health studies, politics, sociology, nursing, youth and social work.
Categories: Political Science