Yet, as M. Taylor Fravel shows in Strong Borders, Secure Nation, concerns that China might be prone to violent conflict over territory are overstated.
Author: M. Taylor Fravel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Political Science
As China emerges as an international economic and military power, the world waits to see how the nation will assert itself globally. Yet, as M. Taylor Fravel shows in Strong Borders, Secure Nation, concerns that China might be prone to violent conflict over territory are overstated. The first comprehensive study of China's territorial disputes, Strong Borders, Secure Nation contends that China over the past sixty years has been more likely to compromise in these conflicts with its Asian neighbors and less likely to use force than many scholars or analysts might expect. By developing theories of cooperation and escalation in territorial disputes, Fravel explains China's willingness to either compromise or use force. When faced with internal threats to regime security, especially ethnic rebellion, China has been willing to offer concessions in exchange for assistance that strengthens the state's control over its territory and people. By contrast, China has used force to halt or reverse decline in its bargaining power in disputes with its militarily most powerful neighbors or in disputes where it has controlled none of the land being contested. Drawing on a rich array of previously unexamined Chinese language sources, Strong Borders, Secure Nation offers a compelling account of China's foreign policy on one of the most volatile issues in international relations.
56. Fravel , Strong Borders , Secure Nation , p . 276 ; and Encyclopedia
Britannica , undated , “ Paracel Islands , " available from www . britannica.com/
EBchecked/topic/442423/Paracel-Islands . 57. Fravel , Strong Borders , Secure Nation , pp .
Author: Clarence J. Bouchat
Publisher: Department of the Army
The Paracel Islands and South China Sea disputes require better understanding by U.S. policymakers in order to address the regions challenges. To attain that needed understanding, legal aspects of customary and modern laws are explored in this monograph to analyze the differences between competing maritime and territorial claims, and why and how China and Vietnam stake rival claims or maritime legal rights. Throughout, U.S. policies are examined through U.S. conflicted interests in the region. Recommendations for how the United States should engage these issues, a more appropriate task than trying to solve the disputes outright, are then offered.
As noted, China settled all its border disputes with the post-Soviet states, but this
took considerable time and effort to ... These include Turkey, India, and the
United "See, for example, Fravel, Strong Borders, Secure Nation: Cooperation
Author: Andrew Scobell
China has always felt vulnerable, and, in the 1990s, it began forming agreements with other nations, eventually culminating in the Belt and Road Initiative. The authors analyze China's engagement with the Developing World.
Dreyer, June T. China's Forty Millions: Minority Nationalities and National
Integration in the People's Republic of China. Cambridge: Harvard ... Fravel, M.
Taylor. Strong Borders, Secure Nation: Cooperation and Conflict 154154
Author: John M. Friend
Publisher: Potomac Books
Category: Political Science
Han-centrism, a virulent form of Chinese nationalism, asserts that the Han Chinese are superior to other peoples and have a legitimate right to advance Chinese interests at the expense of other countries. Han nationalists have called for policies that will allow China to reclaim the prosperity stolen by foreign powers during the “Century of Humiliation.” The growth of Chinese capabilities and Han-centrism suggests that the United States, its allies, and other countries in Asia will face an increasingly assertive China—one that thinks it possesses a right to dominate international politics. John M. Friend and Bradley A. Thayer explore the roots of the growing Han nationalist group and the implications of Chinese hypernationalism for minorities within China and for international relations. The deeply rooted chauvinism and social Darwinism underlying Han-centrism, along with China’s rapid growth, threaten the current stability of international politics, making national and international competition and conflict over security more likely. Western thinkers have yet to consider the adverse implications of a hypernationalistic China, as opposed to the policies of a pragmatic China, were it to become the world’s dominant state.
In addition to informing readers about cross - border crime in greater China , Lo's
book shows the imperative for ... In Strong Borders , Secure Nation : Cooperation
and Conflict in China's Territorial Disputes ( Princeton University Press , 2008 ) ...
What changes in China’s modern defense policy reveal about military organizations and strategy Active Defense offers the first systematic look at China’s military strategy from the mid-twentieth century to today.
Author: M. Taylor Fravel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
What changes in China’s modern defense policy reveal about military organizations and strategy Active Defense offers the first systematic look at China’s military strategy from the mid-twentieth century to today. Exploring the range and intensity of threats that China has faced, M. Taylor Fravel illuminates the nation’s past and present military goals, and offers a rich set of cases for deepening the study of how and why states alter their defense policies.
A state - owned Chinese periodical interprets the phrase " great sea nation ” to
mean that China has massive maritime ... 169 - 70 ; M . Taylor Fravel , Strong Borders , Secure Nation : Cooperation and Conflict in China ' s Territorial
Author: Andrew S. Erickson
Publisher: Naval Inst Press
China's turn toward the sea is evident in its stunning rise in global shipbuilding markets, its expanding merchant marine, its wide reach of offshore energy exploration, its growing fishing fleet, and its increasingly modern navy. This comprehensive assessment of China's potential as a genuine maritime power is both unbiased and apolitical. Unlike other works that view China in isolation, it places China in a larger world historical context. The authors, all authorities on their historical eras, examine cases of attempted maritime transformation through the ages, from the Persian Empire to the Soviet Union, and determine the reasons for success or failure.
Despite China's fixation with sovereignty and a large number of territorial
disputes , the use of force in such conflicts has been limited . As Taylor Fravel
showed in his 2008 book Strong Borders , Secure Nations , internal challenges
have often ...
Author: Jonathan Holslag
Emboldened by economic strength and growing military power, China is emerging as a challenger to US dominance in the Pacific. But its promised peaceful rise has done little to convince regional powers that it will not use force to press longstanding territorial claims or attempt sea-denial operations in Asia's lucrative trade routes. Uncertainty about Beijing's intentions could thus beget a new, unpredictable arms race as states scramble to protect their interests. For the short term, however, governments are weighing up the question of how far their interests may be served by cooperating with China and trying to usher it into the role of a responsible global power, while hedging their bets with traditional alliances and military modernisation. This issue analyses China's inexorable rise from peasant society to economic powerhouse. In charting the line that Beijing has walked in building up its forces alongside its network of trading links to Asia and the US, it reveals the challenge that lies ahead for policymakers: namely, to follow China's development ever more closely, to determine whether it could come to see the costs of military conflict as outweighing the benefits of peaceful trade and economic growth.
342 Although armed clashes have abated , diplomatic imbroglios over the border
issue and scenarios for fostering Tibet ... M. Taylor Fravel , Strong Borders , Secure Nation : Cooperation and Conflict in China's Territorial Disputes (
00e ISBN 9781843765165 Strong Borders , Secure Nation : Cooperation and
Conflict in China ' s Territorial Disputes , by M . Taylor Fravel . Princeton , Oct .
2008 . $ 70 . 00 ISBN 9780691136080 ; $ 27 . 95 pbk ISBN 9780691136097
... Marc Trachtenberg RECENT TITLES The Struggle for Power in Early Modern
Europe : Religious Conflict , Dynastic Empires , and International Change by
Daniel H . Nexon Strong Borders , Secure Nation : Cooperation and Conflict in
Author: Daniel H. Nexon
Looks at the pivotal events of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries - including the Schmalkaldic War, the Dutch Revolt, and the Thirty Years' War. This book argues that early modern 'composite' political communities had more in common with empires than with modern states.
Fravel, Taylor M., Strong Borders, Secure Nation: Cooperation and Conflict in
China's Territorial Disputes, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2009, p. 106
. Gauhar, Ayub Khan, p. 235. Fravel, Strong Borders, p. 116. Ibid. pp. 118–19. 2.
Author: Andrew Small
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
The Beijing-Islamabad axis plays a central role in Asia's geopolitics, from India's rise to the prospects for a post-American Afghanistan, from the threat of nuclear terrorism to the continent's new map of mines, ports and pipelines. China is Pakistan's great economic hope and its most trusted military partner; Pakistan is the battleground for China's encounters with Islamic militancy and the heart of its efforts to counter-balance the emerging US-India partnership. For decades, each country has been the other's only 'all-weather' friend. Yet the relationship is still little understood. The wildest claims about it are widely believed, while many of its most dramatic developments are hid- den from the public eye. This book sets out the recent history of Sino-Pakistani ties and their ramifications for the West, for India, for Afghanistan, and for Asia as a whole. It tells the stories behind some of its most sensitive aspects, including Beijing's support for Pakistan's nuclear program, China's dealings with the Taliban, and the Chinese military's planning for crises in Pakistan. It describes a relationship increasingly shaped by Pakistan's internal strife, and the dilemmas China faces between the need for regional stability and the imperative for strategic competition with India and the USA.
A strong border - security commitment , followed by reform of existing legal
immigration programs , will lead to a workable guest - worker program that
actually helps solve the problems we are seeking to address . ” " We must secure
Territorial Disputes Because of those historical reasons mentioned before , China
lacks secure and recognized borders . It inherited many border problems from its
modern history , including islets , rocks and reefs in the South China Sea with ...
For Krishna Menon , the dictates of our national interest were supreme and he
asserted that ' we cannot be neutral in our ... role in the world only if her Armed
Forces were strong , her borders secure and her dependence on others minimum
On the life and work of Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon, 1897-1974, Indian statesman; contributed lectures and speeches of Krishna Menon memorial lecture, a lecture series instituted by Bal Hitkari Samiti, Kota, India, to perpatuate his memory.
Author: United Nations Centre for Regional DevelopmentPublish On: 1981
International Perspectives United Nations Centre for Regional Development Akin
L. Mabogunje, R. P. Misra. also became ... There apparently were few countries
which like Papua New Guinea initiated a policy of decentralization of political
power as an instrument to secure national unity . ... For purposes of external
defense in possible border disputes a strong central power was considered
Author: United Nations Centre for Regional Development
A National Defense Risk : The Imperative for National Security New Thrust
Manuscripts Query First ! ... on the merits of strength versus weakness – given the
choice , all would want a strong , secure nation . ... reformer ) , decided to weld
the semi - dependent states of Prussia into a strong nation or alliance of states
that should , by force of arms , expand its borders and its sphere of political
Border Guards Communist - style border security is new and unusual only to
central Europe . ... to " secure the national borders against violators and
untrustworthy individuals , to maintain their unviolability through decisive action ,
to hinder illegal border crossings and the spread of ... East Germany has erected
especially strong " technical barriers " along the demarcation line between the
two Germanys ...