Author: Debades BandyopadhyayPublish On: 2022-03-28
10 10 t bounce t =0.31s t bounce t =0.31s pb pb 8 8 t =0.51s t =0.51s pb pb t pb =0.81s t =0.81s pb 0 3 )mc/ g 6 s23WH07 HShen ΛEoS 6 s23WH07 BHBΛφ EoS d 41 0 1 ( y tisne 4 0 4 2 2 0 0 5 15 20 5 15 20 10 radius (km) 10 radius (km) Fig.
Author: Debades Bandyopadhyay
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book deals with the interdisciplinary areas of nuclear physics, supernovae and neutron star physics. It addresses the physics and astrophysics of the spectacular supernova explosions, starting with the collapse of massive stars and ending with the birth of neutron stars or black holes. Recent progress in the understanding of core collapse supernova (CCSN) and observational aspects of future detections of neutrinos from CCSN explosions are discussed. The other main focus in this text is the novel phases of dense nuclear matter, its compositions and equation of state (EoS) from low to very high baryon density relevant to supernovae and neutron stars. The multi-messenger astrophysics of binary neutron star merger GW170817 and its relation to EoS through tidal deformability are also presented in detail. The synthesis of elements heavier than iron in the supernova and neutron star environment by the rapid (r)-process are treated here with special emphasis on the nucleosynthesis in the ejected material from GW170817. This monograph is written for graduate students and researchers in the field of nuclear astrophysics.
( 5.97 ) Using our previous value of Sy / NAK , Pb = 8 x 10-67,3 , ( 5.98 ) SO f ( T ) ~ 1,92 exp ( -34.75 + 25.81 / T , ) . ( 5.99 ) The exponential is small for T , > 0.75 , so that ...
Author: David Arnett
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This book investigates the question of how matter has evolved since its origin in the Big Bang, from the cosmological synthesis of hydrogen and helium to the generation of the complex set of nuclei that comprise our world and our selves. A central theme is the evolution of gravitationally contained thermonuclear reactors, otherwise known as stars. Our current understanding is presented systematically and quantitatively, by combining simple analytic models with new state-of-the-art computer simulations. The narrative begins with the clues (primarily the solar system abundance pattern), the constraining physics (primarily nuclear and particle physics), and the thermonuclear burning in the Big Bang itself. It continues with a step-by-step description of how stars evolve by nuclear reactions, a critical investigation of supernova explosion mechanisms and the formation of neutron stars and of black holes, and an analysis of how such explosions appear to astronomers (illustrated by comparison with recent observations). It concludes with a synthesis of these ideas for galactic evolution, with implications for nucleosynthesis in the first generation of stars and for the solar system abundance pattern. Emphasis is given to questions that remain open, and to active research areas that bridge the disciplines of astronomy, cosmochemistry, physics, and planetary and space science. Extensive references are given.
Author: Maurice H. P. M. van PuttenPublish On: 2005-12-15
Apart from work applied to the fluid against hydrostatic pressure, a change dA in surface area performs work against magnetic pressure PB = B2/8 which alters the magnetic field-energy. When this process is conservative, the change in ...
Author: Maurice H. P. M. van Putten
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Black holes and gravitational radiation are two of the most dramatic predictions of general relativity. The quest for rotating black holes - discovered by Roy P. Kerr as exact solutions to the Einstein equations - is one of the most exciting challenges facing physicists and astronomers. Gravitational Radiation, Luminous Black Holes and Gamma-Ray Burst Supernovae takes the reader through the theory of gravitational radiation and rotating black holes, and the phenomenology of GRB-supernovae. Topics covered include Kerr black holes and the frame-dragging of spacetime, luminous black holes, compact tori around black holes, and black-hole spin interactions. It concludes with a discussion of prospects for gravitational-wave detections of a long-duration burst in gravitational-waves as a method of choice for identifying Kerr black holes in the Universe. This book is ideal for a special topics graduate course on gravitational-wave astronomy and as an introduction to those interested in this contemporary development in physics.
with (T, o] = (8 MeV, 0) or (6.26 MeV, 3) has a long tail beyond E = 50 MeV. ... study the effects of the spreading of the GT strength in *Pb(ve, e-)*Bi for ve's with (E) = 25 MeV produced by oscillations of v, and v, from supernovae.
Balbus, S. A. k Hawley, J. F. 1998, Review of Modern Physics, 70, 1 8. Bhattacharya, K. k Pal, P. B. 2003, hep-ph/0209053 9. Blackman E. G. k Brandenburg, A. 2002, ApJ, 579, 359 10. Blackman, E. G. k Field, G. B. 2000, ApJ, 534, 984 11.
Author: Anthony Mezzacappa
Publisher: World Scientific
Efforts to uncover the explosion mechanism of core collapse supernovae and to understand all of their associated phenomena have been ongoing for nearly four decades. Despite this, our theoretical understanding of these cosmic events remains limited; two- and three-dimensional modeling of these events is in its infancy. Most of the modeling efforts over the past four decades have, by necessity, been constrained to spherical symmetry, with the first two-dimensional, albeit simplified, models appearing only during the last decade. Simulations to understand the complex interplay between the turbulent stellar core fluid flow, its magnetic fields, the neutrinos produced in and emanating from the proto-neutron star, the stellar core rotation, and the strong gravitational fields have yet to be performed. Only subsets of these fundamental ingredients have been included in the models thus far, often with approximation.The purpose of this volume is to identify the outstanding issues that remain in order to come to a complete understanding of these important astrophysical events. As the book focuses on open issues rather than the current state of the art in the field ? although the latter will certainly be discussed ? it will remain relevant for some time.
... are studying the feasibility of observing "I(v,e-)”Xe , *Pb(w,xnv')*Pb , *Pb(v, v'ny)”Pb , and *Pb(v,e-)”Bi . ... calculations and can calibrate SNO for the observation of the neutronization- v, pulse from a supernova.
Author: John N. Bahcall
Publisher: World Scientific
Neutrinos play a key role in many areas of particle physics, nuclear physics and astrophysics. The recent discovery of neutrino oscillation has given the first hint of new physics beyond the standard model. Clearly, it is extremely important to study further the oscillation and other fundamental properties of neutrinos. It is also important to improve our knowledge of neutrino-nucleus reactions, which are crucial for understanding a large class of astrophysical phenomena. These and many other interesting questions can be investigated at stopped pion neutrino facilities like the one planned for the Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The purpose of the Carolina Symposium was twofold: (1) to explore and exchange ideas on the latest developments in general frontiers of neutrino physics and related fields; (2) to address specific issues pertaining to the above-mentioned stopped pion neutrino facility. Among the topics covered in the proceedings are: cosmology and neutrino; standard,model tests with neutrinos; neutrino oscillation, experiments and theories; dark matter search; double beta-decay; rare events detection techniques; the solar neutrino problem; supernova explosion; nucleosynthesis; and the ORLaND project.
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( 1 ) a2 3 36 Here a ( t ) is the scale factor at cosmic time t , and P = PB + Py + PDM , with PB and p ... some of the recent combined data from the High - z Supernova Search Team [ 7,8 ] and the Supernova Cosmology Project [ 9 ] .
Te SUPERNOVAE PBD ( PBTECH a ( M ! IN ( AC tor IN P ta 1 solar age TE SUBJECT INDEX Plasticaling behavior of solid ... Hazards : A public policy assessment ( PB - 297361 / 8 ] Oil mining : A technical and economic feasibility study of ...