Survival of the Nicest

Survival of the Nicest

But Stefan Klein, author of the #1 international bestseller The Science of Happiness, makes the startling assertion that altruism is the key to lasting personal and societal success.

Author: Stefan Klein

Publisher: The Experiment

ISBN: 9781615191819

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 495

A Publishers Weekly Best Book of 2014 This revelatory tour de force by an acclaimed and internationally bestselling science writer upends our understanding of “survival of the fittest”—and invites us all to think and act more altruistically The phrase “survival of the fittest” conjures an image of the most cutthroat individuals rising to the top. But Stefan Klein, author of the #1 international bestseller The Science of Happiness, makes the startling assertion that altruism is the key to lasting personal and societal success. In fact, altruism defines us: Natural selection favored those early humans who cooperated in groups, and with survival more assured, our altruistic ancestors were free to devote brainpower to developing intelligence, language, and culture—our very humanity. Klein’s groundbreaking findings lead him to a vexing question: If we’re really hard-wired to act for one another’s benefit, why aren’t we all getting along? He believes we’ve learned to mistrust our instincts because success is so often attributed to selfish ambition, and with an extraordinary array of material—current research on genetics and the brain, economics, social psychology, behavioral and anthropological experiments, history, and modern culture—he makes the case that generosity for its own sake remains the best way to thrive.
Categories: Science

Jane Austen and Altruism

Jane Austen and Altruism

See Stefan Klein, Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along, trans. David Dollenmayer (New York: The Experiment, 2014), 123. 59 Klein, Survival of the Fittest, 124. 60 Klein, Survival of the Fittest ...

Author: Magdalen Ki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000650617

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 306

View: 900

Jane Austen and Altruism identifies a compelling theme, namely, the view that Jane Austen propounds a rigorous, boundary-sensitive model of altruism that counters the human propensity to selfishness and promotes the culture of cooperation. In her days, altruism was commonly known as "benevolence", "charity," or "philanthropy", and these concepts overlap with Auguste Comte’s later definition of altruism as "otherism". This volume argues that Austen’s thinking co-opts the evolutionary idea that altruism is seldom truly pure, egoism cannot be eradicated, and boundless group altruism is not sustainable. However, given that she comes from a naval and clergy family, she witnesses the power of wartime patriotism, the Evangelical revival, the Regency culture of politeness, and the sentimental novels. In her novels, she locates human relationships along an altruism continuum that ranges from enlightened selfishness to pathological altruism. Unconditional love is hard to find, but empathy, kin altruism, reciprocal exchange, and group altruism are key to the formation of self-identity, family, community and the nation state.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Mind Shift

Mind Shift

M. Riddle , “ Survival of the Nicest : How Altruism Made Us Human & Why It Pays to Get Along ' , Psych Central ( 17 May 2016 ) , https://psychcentral.com/lib/survival-of-the-nicesthow - altruism - made - us - human - why - it - pays ...

Author: John Parrington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198801634

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 529

What makes human consciousness unique? John Parrington draws on early Russian ideas and the latest neuroscience to argue that humans went through a 'mind shift' when we developed language, and words and the shared cultural world they enabled altered our brains, and have shaped them ever since.
Categories: Psychology

Educating for Purposeful Living

Educating for Purposeful Living

... book Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human, and Why It Pays to Get Along. Klein noted how many people, including Richard Dawkins, have argued that evolution has made us all competitors in the struggle for the 'survival ...

Author: Philip Hughes

Publisher: Christian Research Associati

ISBN: 9781875223855

Category: Christian education of young people

Page: 209

View: 968

This book contains a simple argument. Young people who develop a sense of purpose around contributing to the lives of others and the society will find great personal fulfilment in life and will do more than other young people in creating a better world for all people. Living purposefully contributes to better physical and mental health, and to resilience, as well as to pro-social behaviour. However, surveys of 9,500 secondary school students in non-government schools showed that only a little over a third of them (36%) definitely had a sense of purpose. More needs to be done to help students develop patterns of purposeful living.
Categories: Christian education of young people

Bronislaw Malinowski s Concept of Law

Bronislaw Malinowski s Concept of Law

Unable to pay child support, poor parents land behind bars. http://www.nbcnews. ... In Foundations of human sociality, ed. J. Henrich, R. Boyd, ... Survival of the nicest: How altruism made us human and why it pays to get along.

Author: Mateusz Stępień

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319420257

Category: Law

Page: 106

View: 283

This book discusses the legal thought of Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942), undoubtedly one of the titans of social sciences who greatly influenced not only the shape of modern cultural anthropology but also the social sciences as a whole. This is the first comprehensive work to focus on his legal conceptions: while much has been written about his views on language, magic, religion, and culture, his views on law have not been fairly reconstructed or recapitulated. A glance at the existing literature illustrates how little has been written about Malinowski’s understanding of law, especially in the legal sciences. This becomes even more evident given the fact that Malinowski devoted much of his scholarly work to studying law, especially in the last period of his life, during which he conducted broad research on law and “primitive jurisprudence”. The main aim of this book is to address this gap and to present in detail Malinowski’s thoughts on law. The book is divided into two parts. Part I focuses largely on the impact that works of two distinguished professors from his alma mater (L. Dargun and S. Estreicher) had on Malinowski’s legal thoughts, while Part II reconstructs Malinowski’s inclusive, broad and multidimensional understanding of law and provides new readings of his legal conceptions mainly from the perspective of reciprocity. The book offers a fresh look at his views on law, paving the way for further studies on legal issues inspired by his methodological and theoretical achievements. Malinowski’s understanding of law provides a wealth of fodder from which to formulate interesting research questions and a solid foundation for developing theories that more accurately describe and explain how law functions, based on new findings in the social and natural sciences.
Categories: Law

Stealth Altruism

Stealth Altruism

In comparison with contemporaries many now enjoy better physical and mental health, along with more interesting, ... Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along (translated by David Dollenmayer), ...

Author: Arthur B. Shostak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351627771

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 928

Though it has been nearly seventy years since the Holocaust, the human capacity for evil displayed by its perpetrators is still shocking and haunting. But the story of the Nazi attempt to annihilate European Jewry is not all we should remember. Stealth Altruism tells of secret, non-militant, high-risk efforts by “Carers,” those victims who tried to reduce suffering and improve everyone’s chances of survival. Their empowering acts of altruism remind us of our inherent longing to do good even in situations of extraordinary brutality. Arthur B. Shostak explores forbidden acts of kindness, such as sharing scarce clothing and food rations, holding up weakened fellow prisoners during roll call, secretly replacing an ailing friend in an exhausting work detail, and much more. He explores the motivation behind this dangerous behavior, how it differed when in or out of sight, who provided or undermined forbidden care, the differing experiences of men and women, how and why gentiles provided aid, and, most importantly, how might the costly obscurity of stealth altruism soon be corrected. To date, memorialization has emphasized what was done to victims and sidelined what victims tried to do for one another. “Carers” provide an inspiring model and their perilous efforts should be recognized and taught alongside the horrors of the Holocaust. Humanity needs such inspiration.
Categories: History

The Child In You

The Child In You

Instead, humans are hardwired to live in groups and cooperate with one another. In his book Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along, renowned science writer Stefan Klein argues that altruism can ...

Author: Stefanie Stahl

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241990810

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 292

"Fantastic... Stefanie's practical, informative, inspiring and highly-accessible approach to addressing psychological phenomena makes this book a hit" -- Vex King, bestselling author of Good Vibes, Good Life "I adored this book! Both mind-expanding and easy to digest, it is extremely helpful to me as a person, partner, mother and writer and my life is definitely better -- brighter, more enjoyable, less dominated by fear -- for having read it" -- Cathy Rentzenbrink, author of The Last Act of Love The breakthrough million-copy international bestseller about how to find happiness by befriending your inner child Everyone longs to be accepted and loved. Ideally, during childhood, we develop the self-confidence and sense of trust that will help us through life as adults. But the traumas that we experience in childhood also unconsciously shape and determine our entire approach to life as adults. In The Child In You, bestselling author and psychologist Stefanie Stahl shares her proven approach for working with - and befriending - our inner child. Powerful, imaginative and practical - with clever exercises, from the three positions of perception to over-writing old memories - she shows how by renouncing our 'shadow child' and embracing our 'sun child,' we can learn to resolve conflicts, form better relationships, and find the answer to (almost) any problem. "I thoroughly recommend The Child In You, which will help anyone who wants to improve their mental wellbeing. We should all know our inner child, and Stefanie Stahl shows how we can get to do so, exploring this concept with warmth and accessibility" -- Julia Samuel, author of Grief Works and This Too Shall Pass
Categories: Self-Help

Creatures of Cain

Creatures of Cain

Basic Books, 2012); John Horgan, The End of War (San Francisco, CA: McSweeny's Books, 2012); Stefan Klein, Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along, trans. David Dollenmayer (New York: Experiment, ...

Author: Erika Lorraine Milam

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691210438

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 984

After World War II, the question of how to define a universal human nature took on new urgency. Creatures of Cain charts the rise and precipitous fall in Cold War America of a theory that attributed man’s evolutionary success to his unique capacity for murder. Drawing on a wealth of archival materials and in-depth interviews, Erika Lorraine Milam reveals how the scientists who advanced this “killer ape” theory capitalized on an expanding postwar market in intellectual paperbacks and widespread faith in the power of science to solve humanity’s problems, even to answer the most fundamental questions of human identity. The killer ape theory spread quickly from colloquial science publications to late-night television, classrooms, political debates, and Hollywood films. Behind the scenes, however, scientists were sharply divided, their disagreements centering squarely on questions of race and gender. Then, in the 1970s, the theory unraveled altogether when primatologists discovered that chimpanzees also kill members of their own species. While the discovery brought an end to definitions of human exceptionalism delineated by violence, Milam shows how some evolutionists began to argue for a shared chimpanzee-human history of aggression even as other scientists discredited such theories as sloppy popularizations. A wide-ranging account of a compelling episode in American science, Creatures of Cain argues that the legacy of the killer ape persists today in the conviction that science can resolve the essential dilemmas of human nature.
Categories: History

UnSelfie

UnSelfie

Why Empathetic Kids Succeed in Our All-About-Me World Michele Borba ... May 15, 1919, described by Stefan Klein, Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along, (New York: The Experiment, 2014), pp.

Author: Michele Borba

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781501110108

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 288

View: 946

Hailed as “an absolute must-read” (Jean Twenge) and a book that “will change your kids’ lives” (Jack Canfield), UnSelfie by Dr. Michele Borba explains what parents and educators MUST do to combat the growing empathy crisis among children today—including a 9-step empathy-building program with tips to guide kids from birth through college, and beyond. Teens today are forty percent less empathetic than they were thirty years ago. Why is a lack of empathy—which goes hand-in-hand with the self-absorption epidemic Dr. Michele Borba calls the Selfie Syndrome—so dangerous? First, it hurts kids’ academic performance and leads to bullying behaviors. Also, it correlates with more cheating and less resilience. And once children grow up, a lack of empathy hampers their ability to collaborate, innovate, and problem-solve—all must-have skills for the global economy. In UnSelfie Dr. Borba pinpoints the forces causing the empathy crisis and shares a revolutionary, researched-based, nine-step plan for reversing it. The good news? Empathy is a trait that can be taught and nurtured. Dr. Borba offers a framework for parenting that yields the results we all want: successful, happy kids who also are kind, moral, courageous, and resilient. UnSelfie is a blueprint for parents and educators who want to kids shift their focus from I, me, and mine…to we, us, and ours.
Categories: Family & Relationships

Creating an Ecological Society

Creating an Ecological Society

Blake Edgar, “Powers of Two,” Scientific American 311(3):62–67 (September, 2014). 7. Stefan Klein, Survival of the Nicest: How Altruism Made Us Human and Why It Pays to Get Along (New York: The Experiment, 2010), 115. 8.

Author: Fred Magdoff

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781583676301

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 299

Sickened by the contamination of their water, their air, of the Earth itself, more and more people are coming to realize that it is capitalism that is, quite literally, killing them. It is now clearer than ever that capitalism is also degrading the Earth’s ability to support other forms of life. Capitalism’s imperative—to make profit at all costs and expand without end—is destabilizing Earth’s climate, while increasing human misery and inequality on a planetary scale. Already, hundreds of millions of people are facing poverty in the midst of untold wealth, perpetual war, growing racism, and gender oppression. The need to organize for social and environmental reforms has never been greater. But crucial as reforms are, they cannot solve our intertwined ecological and social crises. Creating an Ecological Society reveals an overwhelmingly simple truth: Fighting for reforms is vital, but revolution is essential. Because it aims squarely at replacing capitalism with an ecologically sound and socially just society, Creating an Ecological Society is filled with revolutionary hope. Fred Magdoff and Chris Williams, who have devoted their lives to activism, Marxist analysis, and ecological science, provide informed, fascinating accounts of how a new world can be created from the ashes of the old. Their book shows that it is possible to envision and create a society that is genuinely democratic, equitable, and ecologically sustainable. And possible—not one moment too soon—for society to change fundamentally and be brought into harmony with nature.
Categories: Political Science