Switch Reference and Discourse Representation

Switch Reference and Discourse Representation

This book argues that types of anaphoric linkage across clause boundaries cannot be adequately accounted for by Binding Theory, proposing instead an account for them which is formalised in Discourse Representation Theory.

Author: Lesley Stirling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521402293

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 372

View: 987

This book argues that types of anaphoric linkage across clause boundaries cannot be adequately accounted for by Binding Theory, proposing instead an account for them which is formalised in Discourse Representation Theory.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Switch Reference 2 0

Switch Reference 2 0

1992. Types of logophoric marking in African languages. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 13:163–182. doi:10.1515/jall.1992.13.2.163 Stirling, Lesley. 1993. Switch-reference and Discourse Representation [Cambridge Studies in ...

Author: Rik van Gijn

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 503

View: 690

Switch reference is a grammatical process that marks a referential relationship between arguments of two (or more) verbs. Typically it has been characterized as an inflection pattern on the verb itself, encoding identity or non-identity between subject arguments separately from traditional person or number marking. In the 50 years since William Jacobsen’s coinage of the term, switch reference has evolved from an exotic phenomenon found in a handful of lesser-known languages to a widespread feature found in geographically and linguistically unconnected parts of the world. The growing body of information on the topic raises new theoretical and empirical questions about the development, functions, and nature of switch reference, as well as the internal variation between different switch-reference systems. The contributions to this volume discuss these and other questions for a wide variety of languages from all over the world, and endevaour to demonstrate the full functional and morphosyntactic range of the phenomenon.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Reference in Discourse

Reference in Discourse

Switch-reference and discourse representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. —— (1996). 'Metonymy and anaphora'. In: Walter de Mulder and Liliane Tasmowski (eds.), Coherence and anaphora. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 69–88. —— (2001).

Author: A. A. Kibrik

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199215805

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 683

View: 271

This is the first full study of how people refer to entities in natural discourse. It contributes to the understanding of both linguistic diversity and the cognitive underpinnings of language and it provides a framework for further research in both fields. Andrej Kibrik focuses on the way specific entities are mentioned in natural discourse, during which about every third word usually depends on referential choice. He considers reference as an overt representation of underlying cognitive processes and combines a theoretically-oriented cognitive approach with empirically-based cross-linguistic analysis. He begins by introducing the cognitive approach to discourse analysis and by examining the relationship between discourse studies and linguistic typology. He discusses reference as a linguistic phenomenon, in connection with the traditional notions of deixis, anaphora, givenness, and topicality, and describes the way his theoretical approach is centered on notions of referent activation in working memory. He argues that the speaker is responsible for the shape of discourse and that referential expressions should be understood as choices made by speakers rather than as puzzles to be solved by addressees. Kibrik examines the cross-linguistic aspects of reference and the typology of referential devices, including referring expressions per se, such as free and bound pronouns, and referential aids that help to tell apart the concurrently activated entities. This discussion is based on the data from about 200 languages from around the world. He then proposes a comprehensive model of referential choice, in which he draws on concepts from cognitive linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology, and cognitive neuroscience, and applies this to Russian and English. He also draws together his empirical analyses in order to examine what light his analysis of discourse can shed on the way information is processed in working memory. In the final part of the book Andrej Kibrik offers a wider perspective, including deixis, referential aspects of gesticulation and signed languages. This pioneering work will interest linguists and cognitive scientists interested in discourse, reference, typology, and the operations of working memory in linguistic communication.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences

Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences

Switch reference in two Quechua languages. In Haiman & Munro (eds), 1–15. ... Switch Reference in Whitesands: Theoretical Issues and Experimental Evidence. ... Switch-reference and Logophoricity in Discourse Representation Theory.

Author: Rik van Gijn

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270757

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 409

View: 674

This volume is dedicated to exploring the crossroads where complex sentences and information management – more specifically information structure and reference tracking – come together. Complex sentences are a highly relevant but understudied domain for studying notions of IS and RT. On the one hand, a complex sentence can be studied as a mini-unit of discourse consisting of two or more elements describing events, situations, or processes, with its own internal information-structural and referential organization. On the other hand, complex sentences can be studied as parts of larger discourse structures, such as narratives or conversations, in terms of how their information-structural characteristics relate to this wider context. The book offers new perspectives for the study of the interaction between complex sentences and information management, and moreover adds typological breadth by focusing on lesser studied languages from several parts of the world.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Finer D. The formal grammar of switch-reference. New York: Garland, 1985. ... Givón T. Topic continuity in discourse: the functional domain of switch-reference. ... Stirling L. Switch-reference and discourse representation.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080547848

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 26924

View: 360

The first edition of ELL (1993, Ron Asher, Editor) was hailed as "the field's standard reference work for a generation". Now the all-new second edition matches ELL's comprehensiveness and high quality, expanded for a new generation, while being the first encyclopedia to really exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics. * The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field * An entirely new work, with new editors, new authors, new topics and newly commissioned articles with a handful of classic articles * The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics through the online edition * Ground-breaking and International in scope and approach * Alphabetically arranged with extensive cross-referencing * Available in print and online, priced separately. The online version will include updates as subjects develop ELL2 includes: * c. 7,500,000 words * c. 11,000 pages * c. 3,000 articles * c. 1,500 figures: 130 halftones and 150 colour * Supplementary audio, video and text files online * c. 3,500 glossary definitions * c. 39,000 references * Extensive list of commonly used abbreviations * List of languages of the world (including information on no. of speakers, language family, etc.) * Approximately 700 biographical entries (now includes contemporary linguists) * 200 language maps in print and online Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics Ground-breaking in scope - wider than any predecessor An invaluable resource for researchers, academics, students and professionals in the fields of: linguistics, anthropology, education, psychology, language acquisition, language pathology, cognitive science, sociology, the law, the media, medicine & computer science. The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies in African Linguistic Typology

Studies in African Linguistic Typology

If a language has an extensive agreement system, agreement codes coreference and pronouns code switch reference. If a language does not have an agreement ... Switch-reference and Discourse Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University ...

Author: F. K. Erhard Voeltz

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027293572

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 426

View: 221

The twenty-one papers that make up this volume reflect the broad perspective of African linguistic typology studies today. Where previous volumes would present language material from a very restricted area and perspective, the present contributions reflect the global interest and orientation of current African linguistic studies. The studies are nearly all implicational in nature. Based upon a detailed survey of a particular linguistic phenomenon in a given language or language area conclusions are drawn about the general nature about this phenomenon in the languages of Africa and beyond. They represent as such a first step that may ultimately lead to a more thorough understanding of African linguistic structures. This approach is well justified. Taking the other road, attempting to pick out linguistic details from often fairly superficially documented languages runs the risk that the data and its implications for the structure investigated might be misunderstood. Consequentially only very few studies of this nature giving the very broad perspective, the overview of a particular structure type covering the whole African continent are represented here.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics

Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics

=itScandinavian switch reference 1 Grammatical coding in subordinate or paratactical clauses (=§ subordinate ... The latter case is termed switch reference in a narrower sense; of. ... Switch reference and discourse representation.

Author: Hadumod Bussmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134630387

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 560

View: 115

The Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics is a unique reference work for students and teachers of linguistics. The highly regarded second edition of the Lexikon der Sprachwissenschaft by Hadumod Bussmann has been specifically adapted by a team of over thirty specialist linguists to form the most comprehensive and up-to-date work of its kind in the English language. In over 2,500 entries, the Dictionary provides an exhaustive survey of the key terminology and languages of more than 30 subdisciplines of linguistics. With its term-based approach and emphasis on clear analysis, it complements perfectly Routledge's established range of reference material in the field of linguistics.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

Switchreference and universal grammar, 223–243. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Muysken, Pieter. 1977. ... Switch-reference in Papuan languages: A syntactic or extrasyntactic device? ... Switch-reference and discourse representation.

Author: Daniel Siddiqi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351810272

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 598

View: 879

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Uncommon Variants in Switch-Reference Systems In some languages (e.g. Pima), switch-reference markers are not verbal affixes, but independent particles. ... Switch-reference and discourse representation theory.

Author: Philipp Strazny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135455224

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1275

View: 739

Utilizing a historical and international approach, this valuable two-volume resource makes even the more complex linguistic issues understandable for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically arranged entries and an expansive glossary by a team of international scholars, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the varied perspectives, figures, and methodologies that make up the field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phonological Representations

Phonological Representations

... study with special reference to German 61 ANJUM P. Saleemi : Universal grammar and language learnability 62 STEPHEN R. ANDERSON : A - Morphous morphology 63 LESLEY STIRLING : Switch reference and discourse representation 64 HENK J.

Author: John Coleman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521023505

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 746

Rewriting rules, derivations and underlying representations is an enduring characteristic of generative phonology. In this book, John Coleman argues that this is unnecessary. The expressive resources of context-free Unification grammars are sufficient to characterize phonological structures and alternations. According to this view, all phonological forms and constraints are partial descriptions of surface representations. This framework, now called Declarative Phonology, is based on a detailed examination of the formalisms of feature-theory, syllable theory and the leading varieties of nonlinear phonology. Dr Coleman illustrates this with two extensive analyses of the phonological structure of words in English and Japanese. As Declarative Phonology is surface-based and highly restrictive, it is consistent with cognitive psychology and amenable to straightforward computational implementation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines