The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community Population biology of the Japanese lizard Takydromus tachydromoides Schlegel Lacertidae

The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community  Population biology of the Japanese lizard Takydromus tachydromoides  Schlegel   Lacertidae

... 1 terminology component parasite community , as equivalent to parasitocenosis , 4 infrapopulations , as comprising the ... 97 wooded ridges as barriers between demes of kanahebi at Hanno , 7 124 The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community.

Author: Sam Rountree Telford

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038611292

Category: Nature

Page: 148

View: 970

This work is part of a two-volume set describing the population biology of a Japanese lizard integrated with the separate biologies of 20 symbiotic species. The growth, reproduction, seasonal activity, food habits, community interactions and interpopulation variations are considered in detail.
Categories: Nature

The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community The component symbiote community of the Japanese lizard Takydromus tachydromoides Schlegel Lacertidae

The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community  The component symbiote community of the Japanese lizard Takydromus tachydromoides  Schlegel   Lacertidae

... 8 The Ecology of a Symbiotic Community.

Author: Sam Rountree Telford

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038611300

Category: Nature

Page: 180

View: 353

This work is part of a two-volume set describing the population biology of a Japanese lizard integrated with the separate biologies of 20 symbiotic species. The growth, reproduction, seasonal activity, food habits, community interactions and interpopulation variations are considered in detail.
Categories: Nature

Symbiotic Microbiomes of Coral Reefs Sponges and Corals

Symbiotic Microbiomes of Coral Reefs Sponges and Corals

No differences in microbial community composition or sponge health were detected in treatments between 27 and 31 °C. Once the temperature increased up to 33 °C, sponges underwent a complete decline of the symbionts which led to cellular ...

Author: Zhiyong Li

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789402416121

Category: Science

Page: 570

View: 203

This book focuses on the symbiotic microbiomes of invertebrates in coral reefs, especially sponges and corals. It provides in-depth and up-to-date reviews on the microbial structure and diversity, metabolism and function, symbiosis and coevolution, environment and adaption, and bioactive potentials. Meanwhile, the future perspectives will be discussed according to the existing problems and the development trend. This book will be of particular interest to the professionals in marine ecology, marine biotechnology, as well as medicinal chemists and molecular biologists.
Categories: Science

In Search of Symbiotic Community

In Search of Symbiotic Community

Clearly , the importance of symbiosis and dialectical concepts cannot be understated in the context of the structure of evolution . Later in the study , further references will be made to symbiosis in design and planning ; for now one ...

Author: John Edward Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924001589484

Category: Community organization

Page: 582

View: 750

Categories: Community organization

Symbiosis

Symbiosis

Now that the symbiotic community within the termite gut has been shown to be highly structured, many aspects of the interactions between the host and the symbionts and among the symbionts should be studied further.

Author: Joseph Seckbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306481734

Category: Science

Page: 796

View: 180

Symbiosis is the fourth volume in the series Cellular Origin and Life in Extreme Habitats (COLE). Fifty experts, from over a dozen countries, review their current studies on different approaches to these phenomena. The chapters present various aspects of symbiosis from gene transfer, morphological features, and biodiversity to individual organisms sharing mutual cellular habitats. The origin of the eukaryotic phase is discussed with emphasis on cyanelles, H syntrophy, N2 fixation, and S-based symbiosis (as well as the origin of mitochondrion, chloroplast, and nucleus). All members of the three domains of life are presented for sharing symbiotic associations. This volume brings the concept of living together as `One plus One (plus One) equals One.' The purpose of this book is to introduce the teacher, researcher, scholar, and student as well as the open-minded and science-oriented reader to the global importance of this association.
Categories: Science

Epigenetics as a Deep Intimate Dialogue between Host and Symbionts

Epigenetics as a Deep Intimate Dialogue between Host and Symbionts

For not only is the eukaryotic body being reproduced, but so also are the bodies of its symbiotic microbes and so is the ... symbionts might cause some of the characteristics of pregnancy and prepare a symbiotic community for transfer; ...

Author: Ilaria Negri

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889198757

Category: Genetics

Page: 100

View: 857

Symbiosis is an intimate relationship between different living entities and is widespread in virtually all organisms. It was critical for the origin and diversification of Eukaryotes and represents a major driving force in evolution. Indeed, symbiosis may support a wide range of biological processes, including those underlying the physiology, development, reproduction, health, behavior, ecology and evolution of the organisms involved in the relationship. Although often confused with mutualism, when both organisms benefit from the association, symbiosis actually encompasses several and variable relationships. Among them is parasitism, when one organism benefits but the other is harmed, and commensalism, when one organism benefits and the other remains unaffected. Even if many symbiotic lifestyles do exist in nature, in many cases the intimacy between the partners is so deep that the “symbiont” (sensu strictu) resides into the tissues and/or cells of the other partner. Since the partners frequently belong to different kingdoms, e.g. bacteria, fungi, protists and viruses living in association with animal and plant hosts, their shared “language” should be a basic and ancient form of communication able to effectively blur the boundaries between extremely different living entities. In recent years studies on the role of epigenetics in shaping host-symbiont interactions have been flourishing. Epigenetic changes include, but are not limited to, DNA methylation, remodelling of chromatin structure through histone chemical modifications and RNA interference. In this E-book we present a series of papers exploring the fascinating developmental and evolutionary relationship between symbionts and hosts, by focusing on the mediating epigenetic processes that enable the communication to be effective and robust at both the individual, the ecological and the evolutionary time scales. In particular, the papers consider the role of epigenetic factors and mechanisms in the interactions among different species, comprising the holobiont and host-parasite relationships. On the whole, since epigenetics is fast-acting and reversible, enabling dynamic developmental communication between hosts and symbionts at several different time scale, we argue that it could account for the enormous plasticity that characterizes the interactions between all the organisms living symbiotically on our planet.
Categories: Genetics

Symbiotic Relationships as Shapers of Biodiversity

Symbiotic Relationships as Shapers of Biodiversity

... insight into the linkages between aboveground canopy composition and the community structure of symbiotic ectomycorrhizal and free-living saprotrophic fungi. DNA-based communities provided little ecological insight at this scale.

Author: Carlos Prada

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889748655

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 538

Categories: Science

The Symbiotic Habit

The Symbiotic Habit

The coral-crab symbiosis transforms the local conditions, forming the basis for a dramatic change in the wider community. The impact of symbiosis on competition is more subtle where the competing organisms are all symbiotic but vary in ...

Author: Angela E Douglas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835430

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 836

Throughout the natural world, organisms have responded to predators, inadequate resources, or inclement conditions by forming ongoing mutually beneficial partnerships--or symbioses--with different species. Symbiosis is the foundation for major evolutionary events, such as the emergence of eukaryotes and plant eating among vertebrates, and is also a crucial factor in shaping many ecological communities. The Symbiotic Habit provides an accessible and authoritative introduction to symbiosis, describing how symbioses are established, function, and persist in evolutionary and ecological time. Angela Douglas explains the evolutionary origins and development of symbiosis, and illustrates the principles of symbiosis using a variety of examples of symbiotic relationships as well as nonsymbiotic ones, such as parasitic or fleeting mutualistic associations. Although the reciprocal exchange of benefit is the key feature of symbioses, the benefits are often costly to provide, causing conflict among the partners. Douglas shows how these conflicts can be managed by a single controlling organism that may selectively reward cooperative partners, control partner transmission, and employ recognition mechanisms that discriminate between beneficial and potentially harmful or ineffective partners. The Symbiotic Habit reveals the broad uniformity of symbiotic process across many different symbioses among organisms with diverse evolutionary histories, and demonstrates how symbioses can be used to manage ecosystems, enhance food production, and promote human health.
Categories: Science

Symbiosis in a Changing Environment

Symbiosis in a Changing Environment

In this case, stressors may affect not only the host but also its symbiotic community (i.e., parasites, commensals, or mutualists), and the relationship between partners. A canonical example is the negative impact of global warming on ...

Author: Anne Duplouy

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889714735

Category: Science

Page: 121

View: 385

Categories: Science

Between Separation and Symbiosis

Between Separation and Symbiosis

Today on the territory of the Macedonian Prespa, apparently, a symbiotic community is formed by a population of bilingual Macedonian-Albanian villages, where the language of Albanian Muslims – isolated from representatives of other ...

Author: Andrey N. Sobolev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501509254

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 340

View: 473

The book deals in detail with previously understudied language contact settings in the Balkans (South East Europe) that present a continuum between ethnic and linguistic separation and symbiosis among groups of people. The studies in this volume achieve several aims: they critically assess the Balkan Sprachbund theory; they analyse general contact theories against the background of new, original, representative field and historical Greek, Albanian, Romance, Slavic and Judesmo data; they employ and contribute to recent methods of research on linguistic convergence in bilingual societies; they propose new general assessments of extra- and intralinguistic factors of Balkanization over the centuries; and they outline prospects for future research. The factors relevant to contact scenarios and linguistic change in the Balkans are identified and typologized through models such as those related to a balanced or unbalanced (socio)linguistic situation.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines