Teaching Clinical Reasoning

Teaching Clinical Reasoning

Chapter topics include: Clinical Reasoning and Diagnostic Error Theoretical Concepts to Consider in Providing Clinical Reasoning Instruction Developing a Curriculum in Clinical Reasoning Educational Approaches to Common Cognitive Errors ...

Author: Robert L. Trowbridge

Publisher: American College

ISBN: 1938921054

Category: Clinical medicine

Page: 270

View: 870

Chapter topics include: Clinical Reasoning and Diagnostic Error Theoretical Concepts to Consider in Providing Clinical Reasoning Instruction Developing a Curriculum in Clinical Reasoning Educational Approaches to Common Cognitive Errors General Teaching Techniques Assessment of Clinical Reasoning Faculty Development and Dissemination Lifelong Learning in Clinical Reasoning Remediation of Clinical Reasoning Novel Approaches and Future Directions Teaching Clinical Reasoning: Where do we go from here?
Categories: Clinical medicine

ABC of Clinical Reasoning

ABC of Clinical Reasoning

This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors.

Author: Nicola Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119059127

Category: Medical

Page: 64

View: 675

Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge – how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors. The ABC of Clinical Reasoning covers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice – from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, the ABC covers: Evidence-based history and examination Use and interpretation of diagnostic tests How doctors think – models of clinical reasoning Cognitive and affective biases Metacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategies Patient-centred evidence based medicine Teaching clinical reasoning From an international team of authors, the ABC of Clinical Reasoning is essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Barrows H S, Feltovich P J 1987 The clinical reasoning process. Medical
Education 21:86–91 Boshuizen H P A, Schmidt H G 1992 On the role of
biomedical knowledge in clinical reasoning by experts, intermediates and
novices. Cognitive ...

Author: Joy Higgs

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780750688857

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 866

Clinical reasoning is the foundation of professional clinical practice. Totally revised and updated, this book continues to provide the essential text on the theoretical basis of clinical reasoning in the health professions and examines strategies for assisting learners, scholars and clinicians develop their reasoning expertise. key chapters revised and updated nature of clinical reasoning sections have been expanded increase in emphasis on collaborative reasoning core model of clinical reasoning has been revised and updated
Categories: Medical

Principles and Practice of Case based Clinical Reasoning Education

Principles and Practice of Case based Clinical Reasoning Education

Ericsson, K. A., et al. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of
expert performance. Psychological Review, 100(3), 363–406. Eva, K. W. (2005).
What every teacher needs to know about clinical reasoning. Medical Education ...

Author: Olle ten Cate

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319648286

Category: Education

Page: 207

View: 444

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume describes and explains the educational method of Case-Based Clinical Reasoning (CBCR) used successfully in medical schools to prepare students to think like doctors before they enter the clinical arena and become engaged in patient care. Although this approach poses the paradoxical problem of a lack of clinical experience that is so essential for building proficiency in clinical reasoning, CBCR is built on the premise that solving clinical problems involves the ability to reason about disease processes. This requires knowledge of anatomy and the working and pathology of organ systems, as well as the ability to regard patient problems as patterns and compare them with instances of illness scripts of patients the clinician has seen in the past and stored in memory. CBCR stimulates the development of early, rudimentary illness scripts through elaboration and systematic discussion of the courses of action from the initial presentation of the patient to the final steps of clinical management. The book combines general backgrounds of clinical reasoning education and assessment with a detailed elaboration of the CBCR method for application in any medical curriculum, either as a mandatory or as an elective course. It consists of three parts: a general introduction to clinical reasoning education, application of the CBCR method, and cases that can used by educators to try out this method.
Categories: Education

ABC of Clinical Reasoning

ABC of Clinical Reasoning

2Swansea University Medical School, Swansea, UK OVerVIeW • Sound clinical
reasoning is directly linked to patient safety and quality of care • A shared
vocabulary and understanding of key concepts is a starting point for teaching and
 ...

Author: Nicola Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119059103

Category: Medical

Page: 64

View: 941

Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge – how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors. The ABC of Clinical Reasoning covers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice – from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, the ABC covers: Evidence-based history and examination Use and interpretation of diagnostic tests How doctors think – models of clinical reasoning Cognitive and affective biases Metacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategies Patient-centred evidence based medicine Teaching clinical reasoning From an international team of authors, the ABC of Clinical Reasoning is essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions E Book

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions E Book

The case for use of entrustable professional activities in undergraduate medical
education. Acad. Med. 90, 431–436. Christensen, N., Jones, M., Edwards, I., et al.
, 2008. Helping physiotherapy students develop clinical reasoning capability.

Author: Joy Higgs

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702065057

Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 491

Clinical reasoning lies at the core of health care practice and education. Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions, therefore, occupies a central place in the education of health professionals, the enhancement of professional decision making of individuals and groups of practitioners with their clients, and research into optimal practice reasoning. All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators.
Categories: Medical

Learning Clinical Reasoning

Learning Clinical Reasoning

This edition has thirty new cases from theNew England Journal of Medicine and other sources and expanded discussions of evidence-based medicine, clinical practice guidelines, and cognitive errors.

Author: Jerome P. Kassirer

Publisher: LWW

ISBN: UCSD:31822037477890

Category: Medical

Page: 329

View: 311

Learning Clinical Reasoning uses a case-based approach to teach students the basics of clinical reasoning. The first section explains the chief components of the clinical reasoning process, such as generating and refining diagnostic hypotheses, using and interpreting diagnostic tests, assembling a working diagnosis, therapeutic decision-making, and examining and applying evidence, and also includes a discussion of cognitive errors. The second section contains 69 cases in which clinicians "think out loud" about diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas, and the authors critique these clinicians' reasoning. This edition has thirty new cases from theNew England Journal of Medicine and other sources and expanded discussions of evidence-based medicine, clinical practice guidelines, and cognitive errors.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

These aim to promote effective clinical reasoning in practice, creative and successful clinical reasoning learning programs, and directions for future research. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Author: Joy Higgs

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015033970917

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 347

View: 807

A multidisciplinary text for the health professions, with relevance across the various health disciplines. International scholars, researchers, and teachers contribute their ideas, research findings, and experiences to promote discussion on the nature and teaching of clinical reasoning. Models, guidelines, and strategies are presented. These aim to promote effective clinical reasoning in practice, creative and successful clinical reasoning learning programs, and directions for future research. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Categories: Health & Fitness

A Descriptive Analysis of the Clinical Reasoning of College Chemistry Teaching Assistants in a Tutorial Setting

A Descriptive Analysis of the Clinical Reasoning of College Chemistry Teaching Assistants in a Tutorial Setting

A specific application of this paradigm , a model of medical diagnostic reasoning ,
and its relationship to tutorial instruction , is elucidated next . A Model of Medical
Diagnosis and Its Applicability to Tutorial Reasoning Until recently , very few ...

Author: Philip S. Heller

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293030851236

Category: Teachers' assistants

Page: 570

View: 476

Categories: Teachers' assistants

The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses Using the Outcome Present State Test Model for Reflective Practice

The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses  Using the Outcome Present State Test Model for Reflective Practice

In The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses, authors RuthAnne Kuiper, Sandra O’Donnell, Daniel Pesut, and Stephanie Turrise provide a model that supports learning and teaching clinical reasoning, development of reflective and ...

Author: RuthAnne Kuiper

Publisher: Sigma Theta Tau

ISBN: 9781945157097

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 399

In today’s healthcare environment of scarce resources and challenges related to safety and quality, nurses must make decision after decision to ensure timely, accurate, and efficient provision of care. Solid decision-making, or lack thereof, can significantly affect patient care and outcomes. Clinical reasoning – how a nurse processes information and chooses what action to take – is a skill vital to nursing practice and split-second decisions. And yet, developing the clinical reasoning to make good decisions takes time, education, experience, patience, and reflection. Along the way, nurses can benefit from a successful, practical model that demystifies and advances clinical reasoning skills. In The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses, authors RuthAnne Kuiper, Sandra O’Donnell, Daniel Pesut, and Stephanie Turrise provide a model that supports learning and teaching clinical reasoning, development of reflective and complex thinking, clinical supervision, and care planning through scenarios, diagnostic cues, case webs, and more.
Categories: Medical

Handbook of Clinical Teaching

Handbook of Clinical Teaching

Targeting the practical needs of clinical teachers who do not have extensive time to undergo additional training, this book provides an accessible, on-the-spot resource to bolster teaching skills and optimize the education of trainees.

Author: Somnath Mookherjee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319331935

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 460

Targeting the practical needs of clinical teachers who do not have extensive time to undergo additional training, this book provides an accessible, on-the-spot resource to bolster teaching skills and optimize the education of trainees. A massive transformation takes place every summer in the United States: thousands of trainees in graduate medical education are appointed as attending physicians responsible for effectively teaching the next generation of medical students and residents. This handbook includes only the most relevant topics for new clinical teachers, and covers the basics of clinical teaching, teaching in specific situations, teaching different audiences, and best practices for handling challenging situations. The format is conducive to “just in time” learning, perfect for quick reference before meeting with learners or engaging in specific teaching situations, such as in an ambulatory clinic or at the bedside. Key points are emphasized with frequent use of tables and boxed practical content. Applicable to all teaching attendings regardless of specialty, the Handbook of Clinical Teaching is a valuable aid for individuals who wish to improve their teaching, and serves as a practical guide for faculty development in clinical teaching.
Categories: Medical

Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing E Book

Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing   E Book

The 7th edition features a new concept-based organization, an enhanced focus on interprofessional collaboration and QSEN, 20 all-new case studies, and updated content throughout to reflect the most current standards of clinical practice.

Author: Mariann M. Harding

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323525121

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 812

Hone your ability to make sound clinical nursing judgment via a conceptual approach to teaching and learning with Harding & Snyder’s Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing, 7th Edition. This time-tested case study approach is highly regarded for its clinically relevant and thought-provoking cases. With each adoption, you’ll be able to tap into 150 unique case studies covering all four clinical practice areas: medical-surgical, pediatric, OB/maternity, and psychiatric nursing, all newly organized to facilitate a conceptual approach to teaching and learning. Each case covers a common patient problem, drawn from actual clinical experiences and written by nurses who are clinical experts. Cases include integrated content on pharmacology, nutrition, and diagnostic/laboratory tests to encourage you to think critically about all aspects of patient care. The 7th edition features a new concept-based organization, an enhanced focus on interprofessional collaboration and QSEN, 20 all-new case studies, and updated content throughout to reflect the most current standards of clinical practice. Awarded second place in the 2019 AJN Book of the Year Awards in Medical-Surgical category. Comprehensive assortment of 150 case studies draws from actual clinical experiences in medical-surgical, pediatric, OB/maternity, and psychiatric clinical areas to help you think critically, prioritize, and deliver proactive nursing care. Critical thinking approach helps you learn to identify changes, anticipate possible complications, and initiate therapeutic interventions. Progressive case complexity builds on previous learning to help you gradually develop more and more expertise. NEW & UNIQUE! Concept-based organization mirrors the growing use of concept-based curricula and conceptual approaches to teaching and learning in nursing education. NEW! 20 all-new cases and four extensively-revised cases that address important contemporary healthcare issues and allow for better coordination with Giddens, HESI, and other exemplar lists. NEW! Updated content throughout reflects the latest evidence-based clinical practice, including national and international treatment guidelines. NEW! Enhanced focus on interprofessional collaboration identifies opportunities for interprofessional collaboration are discussed. NEW! Greater consistency with the NCLEX Exam includes revisions like the elimination of most drug trade names and the inclusion of Canadian lab values. Enhanced QSEN safety emphasis is highlighted with a "target" icon to communicate "caution" or "safety." NEW! Increased emphasis on sepsis and antibiotic resistance throughout that addresses the growing problem of sepsis (a new Joint Commission "core measure") and antibiotic resistance where appropriate throughout. NEW! Improved answer spacing ensures that space left for answers reflects what is actually needed.
Categories: Medical

Residents Teaching Skills

Residents        Teaching Skills

I commend this volume to the attention of medical educators everywhere, and residency program directors in particular." --from the Foreword by Jordon J. Cohen, MD, President, Association of American Medical Colleges This book provides ...

Author: Janine C. Edward, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826115691

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 924

"The editors have collected an impressive array of practical material that will guide any academic medical center in the development of a more focused approach to "teaching the teachers." From learning theory and program development to teaching performance evaluation and specialty-specific materials, Residents' Teaching Skills covers all the bases. I commend this volume to the attention of medical educators everywhere, and residency program directors in particular." --from the Foreword by Jordon J. Cohen, MD, President, Association of American Medical Colleges This book provides practical guidance to plan, organize, and run a teaching skills program for medical residents. Readers will find that Part Two offers exact materials for course use, including modules for use with pediatric residents, teaching clinical procedures, works rounds, and role play, plus evaluation forms that can be used as written or customized to fit a particular program.
Categories: Medical

Teaching Professional Attitudes and Basic Clinical Skills to Medical Students

Teaching Professional Attitudes and Basic Clinical Skills to Medical Students

This concise, easy to read title is designed for clinical teachers looking to refine their approach to teaching professional attitudes and basic skills to medical students.

Author: Jochanan Benbassat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319200897

Category: Medical

Page: 143

View: 820

This concise, easy to read title is designed for clinical teachers looking to refine their approach to teaching professional attitudes and basic skills to medical students. Doctors differ in values, training and practice setting, and eventually they adopt diverse approaches to patient interviewing, data collection and problem-solving. As a result, medical students may encounter significant differences in the clinical methods of their tutors. For example, some doctors encourage patients’ narratives by using open-ended questions while others favor closed-questions; and hospital- and community-based doctors may disagree on the value of the physical examination. Medical students may be puzzled by these differences and by controversies about issues, such as doctor-patient relations and the approaches to clinical reasoning. This handy title is intended to help tutors address many of these issues, and to provide an approach not only to teaching patient interviewing and the physical examination but to teaching some clinically relevant topics of the behavioral and social sciences that are so vital to developing an effective, well-rounded physician.
Categories: Medical

Evaluation of Clinical Reasoning Methods Used by Junior Doctors in Approaching Patients with Leg Pain

Evaluation of Clinical Reasoning Methods Used by Junior Doctors in Approaching Patients with Leg Pain

It is agreed that diagnosis is at the heart of medicine. To make a diagnosis, health practitioners need a proper clinical reasoning approach and this is particularly complex in medical problems where chronic pain features.

Author: Dr Husam Al-Anbari

Publisher: Independently Published

ISBN: 9798680577288

Category:

Page: 64

View: 554

It is agreed that diagnosis is at the heart of medicine. To make a diagnosis, health practitioners need a proper clinical reasoning approach and this is particularly complex in medical problems where chronic pain features. In general practice, junior practitioners face challenges such as time constraints, lack of experience, and dealing with a variety of medical problems. Pain is invisible and presents a challenging clinical reasoning and diagnostic problem. Although there is a large clinical reasoning education literature, less has been written about how to effectively teach clinical reasoning in general practice settings. I tried to explore how junior general practitioners clinically reason when treating patients with leg pain.and to critically analyse, my own method of teaching clinical reasoning especially when I used my own way of clinical thinking which is "Think Anatomy Think Red Flags"
Categories:

Clinical Reasoning

Clinical Reasoning

This unique book provides a series of authentic, engaging and meaningful scenarios that will guide you through the clinical reasoning process while challenging you to think critically and creatively about the nursing care you provide.

Author: Tracy Levett-Jones

Publisher:

ISBN: 1442556625

Category: Medical logic

Page: 294

View: 242

A nurse's clinical reasoning ability is a key factor in the provision of quality care and the prevention of adverse patient outcomes. This unique book provides a series of authentic, engaging and meaningful scenarios that will guide you through the clinical reasoning process while challenging you to think critically and creatively about the nursing care you provide. It will promote deep learning and opportunities for you to rehearse how you will respond to real clinical situations in ways that are both person-centred and clinically astute.
Categories: Medical logic

Teaching Clinical Reasoning

Teaching Clinical Reasoning

Author: Robert L. Trowbridge (Jr.)

Publisher:

ISBN: 1938921062

Category: Clinical medicine

Page: 270

View: 715

Categories: Clinical medicine