Terrestrial Cetartiodactyla

Terrestrial Cetartiodactyla

Today, only even-toed ungulates (Cetartiodactyla) remain in Europe (not counting feral horses), and it is these that this volume covers. The somewhat awkward title “Terrestrial Cetartiodactyla”is due to one of the most interesting ...

Author: Luca Corlatti

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030244750

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 192

This volume provides comprehensive overviews of each terrestrial cetartiodactyl species’ biology including palaeontology, physiology, genetics, reproduction and development, ecology, habitat and diet. Their economic significance and management, as well as future challenges for research and conservation are also addressed. Each chapter includes a distribution map, a photograph of the animal and key literature. This authoritative volume of the Handbook of the Mammals of Europe is a timely and detailed compilation of all European terrestrial cetartiodactyls and will appeal to academics and students in mammal research, as well as to professionals dealing with mammal management, including control, use and conservation.
Categories: Science

Mammals of Ohio

Mammals of Ohio

Cetartiodactyla. Whales and even-toed ungulates were formerly placed ... By all measures, Cetartiodactyla is one of the most important of all the 27 orders of mammals. ... Terrestrial members of Cetartiodactyla reflect the evolution of ...

Author: John D. Harder

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 9780821447499

Category: Nature

Page: 460

View: 280

An updated, informative review of the status and biology of the fifty-five species of mammals living wild in Ohio, richly illustrated with photographs, maps, drawings, and original artwork. This comprehensive reference illustrates how species within each of the seven orders of mammals in Ohio share modes of reproduction, locomotion, and nutrition, providing a framework for understanding the fascinating world of mammalian biology. Presentations of natural history in each account of the various species are enhanced with descriptions of intriguing adaptations for avoiding demise from predators, food shortages, and the frigid conditions of Ohio winters. The book is richly illustrated with range maps, exquisite skull drawings, beautiful photography, and engaging artwork. Challenges to wildlife conservation are considerable in Ohio, with its vast industrialized urban centers distributed across a largely agricultural landscape. With frequent citations of scientific reports and conservation efforts of the Ohio Division of Wildlife and of other public and private entities, this book instills an appreciation for the rich mammalian fauna of Ohio, as well as knowledge on how to join efforts to protect it. Covering all of the state’s mammals, from tiny, obscure shrews to the magnificent white-tailed deer, Mammals of Ohio is a definitive resource for professional biologists and students. The narrative style throughout the book is accessible, providing the general reader with an appreciation for the full scope of the rich mammalian diversity in the state.
Categories: Nature

Anatomy of Dolphins

Anatomy of Dolphins

The rostral-most limit of the diaphragm during expiration may be placed at the 3rd intercostal space, again a very rostral limitif compared to terrestrial Cetartiodactyla and primates. The flipper covers the heart region only in part, ...

Author: Bruno Cozzi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124076556

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 911

The Anatomy of Dolphins: Insights into Body Structure and Function is a precise, detailed, fully illustrated, descriptive, and functionally oriented text on the anatomy and morphology of dolphins. It focuses on a number of delphinid species, with keynotes on important dolphin-like genera, such as the harbor porpoise. It also serves as a useful complement for expanding trends and emphases in molecular biology and genetics. The authors share their life-long expertise on marine mammals in various disciplines. Written as a team rather than being prepared as a collection of separate contributions, the result is a uniform and comprehensive style, giving each of the different topics appropriate space. Many color figures, which use the authors’ access to wide collections of unique dolphin and whale material, round out this exceptional offering to the field. Includes high-quality illustrations, drawings, halftone artwork, photographic documentations, microphotos, and tables detailing dolphin anatomy, function, and morphology Facilitates education and training of students of all basic research and applied sciences dedicated to marine biology and the medical care of marine mammals Brings together the current knowledge and information on this topic, including those in obscure past or non-English publications, or scattered in short chapters in volumes Covers a number of delphinid species and serves as a useful complement for expanding trends in molecular biology and genetics
Categories: Science

Mammalian Sexuality

Mammalian Sexuality

For the placental mammals, sufficient information is available (Appendix 2) to compare genera belonging to the Order Carnivora with herbivorous members of the terrestrial Cetartiodactyla. Intromission durations are indeed significantly ...

Author: Alan F. Dixson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108426183

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 185

The first detailed account of post-copulatory sexual selection and the evolution of reproduction in mammals.
Categories: Medical

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals

Comparative Immunology of Marine Mammals

On the left, cattle class II MHC region is depicted as an outgroup and model of the terrestrial Cetartiodactyla genome organization. Dashed lines represent regions of the scaffolds excluded for clarity purposes, which are not to scale.

Author: Giovanni Di Guardo

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889632039

Category:

Page: 101

View: 546

Marine mammals (MMs) are regarded as valuable bioindicators with tremendous potential for public health. However, many aspects of their immune system remain poorly understood. Monitoring immune responses of MMs is pivotal for the health assessment of both individuals and populations, as well as providing the scientific basis for analyzing the anthropogenic environmental impact on marine ecosystems and marine-terrestrial interphases. For instance, the increasing susceptibility of Mediterranean whale and dolphin populations to various diseases has been linked to a possible negative influence of multiple environmental factors on the immune system of MMs. The currently limited knowledge on MM immunology has mainly centered on: (i) lymphocyte transformation assays; (ii) natural killer cell activity; (iii) phagocytic activity and respiratory burst; (iv) humoral immune responses; (v) cytokines and (vi) acute phase immune responses. Therefore, further research is essential for deepening our understanding of the specificity of the host immune response in MMs, with a particular emphasis on the genesis and dynamics of (i) cytokine ‘networks’ or ‘signatures’; (ii) transcriptional regulation of immune cells and (iii) major immunomodulators. High-throughput molecular techniques, such as transcriptomic analysis and RNA sequencing, may enable the characterization of immune gene responses at the transcriptomic level. This integrative and holistic approach requires sophisticated tools and methods capable of unveiling the diversity of immune cells and immunologically relevant molecules that orchestrate environmental adaptation and immune protection against pathogens in MMs. This Research Topic aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of MM immunology with a particular emphasis on structural and functional studies at the protein and cellular level. We wish to encourage and coordinate studies and investigations in order to fill gaps of knowledge in this field. This article collection aims to help gain more data regarding: a) The characterization of the immune system in several species of MMs, i.e. cetaceans, pinnipeds and sirenians; b) The interplay between the host immune system and the most relevant pathogens, e.g., Morbillivirus, Brucella, Toxoplasma gondii and c) The possible interplay between the immune system and contaminants.
Categories:

Mammalogy

Mammalogy

Cetartiodactyla. CHAPTER. 19. Perissodactyla Morphology Fossil History Economics and Conservation Families The perissodactyls and cetartiodactyls include the modern ungulates, which historically have encompassed hoofed, terrestrial ...

Author: George A. Feldhamer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421436531

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 456

The fifth edition includes• for the first time, stunning color photographs throughout• chapters rearranged and grouped to best reflect phylogenetic relationships, with updated numbers of genera and species for each family• updated mammalian structural and functional adaptations, as well as ordinal fossil histories• recent advances in mammalian phylogeny, biogeography, social behavior, and ecology, with 12 new or revised cladograms reflecting current research findings• new breakout boxes on novel or unique aspects of mammals; new work on female post-copulatory mate choice, cooperative behaviors, group defense, and the role of the vomeronasal system• discussions of the current implications of climate change and other anthropogenic factors for mammalsMaintaining the accessible, readable style for which Feldhamer and his coauthors are well known, this new edition of Mammalogy is the authoritative textbook on this amazingly diverse class of vertebrates.
Categories: Science

Atlas of the Anatomy of Dolphins and Whales

Atlas of the Anatomy of Dolphins and Whales

The male genital system is relatively similar among the different cetacean species and, on the whole, corresponds to that of ruminants and other closely related terrestrial Cetartiodactyla.

Author: Stefan Huggenberger

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128026366

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 314

Atlas of the Anatomy of Dolphins and Whales is a detailed, fully illustrated atlas on the anatomy and morphology of toothed and whalebone whales. The book provides basic knowledge on anatomical structures, in particular, soft tissues, and functions as a standalone reference work for dissecting rooms and labs, and for those sampling stranded and by-caught dolphins in the field. As a companion and supplement to Anatomy of Dolphins: Insights into Body Structure and Function, this atlas will be of great interest to the scientific community, including veterinarians and biologists, as a book of reference. With a modern approach to dolphin anatomy and morphology, this atlas provides the extensive knowledge necessary to practitioners and theoretical scientists such as evolutionary biologists. The conceptual clarity, precision, and comprehensive and updated display of the topographical anatomy of the body of cetaceans in the atlas support and illustrate the authors’ related work, serving as a comprehensive reference for those who are more specifically interested in the details of the anatomy and morphology of porpoises, dolphins and whales. Offers a single reference source and useful teaching tool for visualizing the integrated body and its components Functions as a helpful method for demonstrating the animal’s anatomy prior to dissection, and for teaching topographic and comparative anatomy Provides a unique and authoritative resource that explicitly relates the gross and microscopic anatomy of cetacean organs and tissues The prenatal development of dolphins is largely achieved
Categories: Science

Mammals of Africa

Mammals of Africa

Cetartiodactyla, of which 98 terrestrial species occur in Africa, are commonly referred to as the 'even-toed ungulates' or Artiodactyla.This placental order contains pigs (suborder Suiformes), camelids (suborder Tylopoda; ...

Author: Jonathan Kingdon

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781408189962

Category: Nature

Page: 3500

View: 719

Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first time that such extensive coverage has ever been attempted, and the volumes incorporate the very latest information and detailed discussion of the morphology, distribution, biology and evolution (including reference to fossil and molecular data) of Africa's mammals. With 1,160 species and 16 orders, Africa has the greatest diversity and abundance of mammals in the world. The reasons for this and the mechanisms behind their evolution are given special attention in the series. Each volume follows the same format, with detailed profiles of every species and higher taxa. The series includes some 660 colour illustrations by Jonathan Kingdon and his many drawings highlight details of morphology and behaviour of the species concerned. Diagrams, schematic details and line drawings of skulls and jaws are by Jonathan Kingdon and Meredith Happold. Every species also includes a detailed distribution map. Extensive references alert readers to more detailed information. Volume I: Introductory Chapters and Afrotheria (352 pages) Volume II: Primates (560 pages) Volume III: Rodents, Hares and Rabbits (784 pages) Volume IV: Hedgehogs, Shrews and Bats (800 pages) Volume V: Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses (560 pages) Volume VI: Pigs, Hippopotamuses, Chevrotain, Giraffes, Deer and Bovids (704 pages)
Categories: Nature

Mammals of Africa Volume VI

Mammals of Africa  Volume VI

Cetartiodactyla, of which 98 terrestrial species occur in Africa, are commonly referred to as the 'even-toed ungulates' or Artiodactyla.This placental order contains pigs (suborder Suiformes), camelids (suborder Tylopoda; ...

Author: Jonathan Kingdon

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781408189955

Category: Nature

Page: 704

View: 395

Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first time that such extensive coverage has ever been attempted, and the volumes incorporate the very latest information and detailed discussion of the morphology, distribution, biology and evolution (including reference to fossil and molecular data) of Africa's mammals. With more than 1,160 species and 16-18 orders, Africa has the greatest diversity and abundance of mammals in the world. The reasons for this and the mechanisms behind their evolution are given special attention in the series. Each volume follows the same format, with detailed profiles of every species and higher taxa. The series includes hundreds of colour illustrations and pencil drawings by Jonathan Kingdon highlighting the morphology and behaviour of the species concerned, as well as line drawings of skulls and jaws by Jonathan Kingdon and Meredith Happold. Every species also includes a detailed distribution map. Edited by Jonathan Kingdon, David Happold, Tom Butynski, Mike Hoffmann, Meredith Happold and Jan Kalina, and written by more than 350 authors, all experts in their fields, Mammals of Africa is as comprehensive a compendium of current knowledge as is possible. Extensive references alert readers to more detailed information. Volume VI, edited by Jonathan Kingdon and Michael Hoffmann, comprises a single order, currently subdivided into three suborders, containing the hippopotamuses, pigs, chevrotains, deer, Giraffe, Okapi, buffalos, spiral-horned antelopes, dwarf antelopes, duikers, grysboks, Beira, dik-diks, gazelles, Klipspringer, Oribi, reduncines, Impala, alcelaphines, horse-like antelopes, sheep and goats; the volume contains 98 species profiles.
Categories: Nature

Sexual Segregation in Ungulates

Sexual Segregation in Ungulates

3), only 8 orders have publications indicating the sexes segregate: Cetartiodactyla (artiodactyls, whales, and dolphins), Chiroptera (bats), Carnivora (seals and terrestrial carnivores), Primates (primates, including humans), ...

Author: R. Terry Bowyer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421445069

Category: Nature

Page: 201

View: 925

"This book is about the differing spatial distribution of males and females in species of hooved mammals. This behavior, wherein males and females live separately for long periods of time, has been observed in many species, but the causes of it remain uncertain"--
Categories: Nature