texts and studies Fuat Sezgin, Thābit ibn Qurrah al-Ḥarrānī. 2. eine Begründung der Theorie der Wage bezw. des ungleich- annigen materiellen Hebels enthält. Herr Geheimrat Dr. E. Wiedemann in Erlangen machte mich darauf aufmerksam, ...
Dans ce texte, on vient de le voir, Thäbit ibn Qurra a recours à la notion de mouvement comme notion primitive de la géométrie et aux axiomes d'Archimède et de Pasch ; la combinaison de ces éléments distingue l'exposé de Thäbit ibn ...
Author: Roshdi Rashed
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Thabit ibn Qurra (826-901) war einer der originellsten Köpfe aller Zeiten, bewandert in den schwierigsten Forschungsgebieten seiner Zeit: Geometrie, Zahlentheorie und Astronomie ebenso wie Ontologie, Physik und Metaphysik. Rund ein Dutzend seiner kleinen mathematischen und philosophischen Schriften werden in diesem Band kritisch ediert, übersetzt und kommentiert. Die Beiträger zeigen dabei, wie Thabit Ibn Qurra das wissenschaftliche Erbe der Griechen in allen Wissensgebieten weiter entwickelt bzw. neu formuliert hat.
Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018 N. Sidoli, Y. Isahaya, Thābit ibn Qurra's Restoration of Euclid's Data, Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, ...
Author: Nathan Sidoli
This book provides a critical edition, translation, and study of the version of Euclid’s treatise made by Thābit ibn Qurra, which is the earliest Arabic version that we have in its entirety. This monograph study examines the conceptual differences between the Greek and Arabic versions of the treatise, beginning with a discussion of the concept of "given" as it was developed by Greek mathematicians. This is followed by a short account of the various medieval versions of the text and a discussion of the manuscripts used in this volume. Finally, the Arabic text and an English translation are provided, followed by a critical commentary.
Thâbit ibn Qurra finally undertakes - as al-Hasan ibn Müsâ before (Rashed 1995: chap. I) - in a treatise on The Sections of a Cylinder and their Surface the study of different kinds of plane sections of a straight cylinder and an ...
Author: Roshdi Rashed
The Arabic contribution is fundamental to the history of science, mathematics and technology, but until now no single publication has offered an up-to-date synthesis of knowledge in this area. In three fully-illustrated volumes the Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science documents the history and philosophy of Arabic science from the earliest times to the present day. The set as a whole covers seven centuries. Thirty chapters, written by an international team of specialists from Europe, America, the Middle East and Russia cover such areas as astronomy, mathematics, music, engineering, nautical science and scientific institutions.
322 Ursula Weisser, “Die hippocratische Lehre von den Sieben-monatskindern bei Galen und Thabit ibn Qurra,” Sudhoffs Archiv, LXIII, 209-238, 1979. 323 See: Hermann Schöne, “Galeno's Schrift über die Sibenmonatskinder,” Quell. Stud.
Among the first Arabic texts to capture Adelard's imagination was a classic work on tilasm, or the art of ``talismans''Ðelaborate charms thought to invoke celestial influenceÐhoroscopes, and astrological images by Thabit ibn Qurra, ...
Author: Jonathan Lyons
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Traces the scientific and philosophical achievements of medieval Arab scholars, exploring such topics as the advances of a group of minds from the royal library of Baghdad and the invaluable contributions they made to Western culture and the Renaissance era.
Thabit Ibn Qurra made important mathematical discoveries such in algebra and geometry as well as astronomy. In astronomy Thabit was one of the first reformers of the Ptolemaic system, and in mechanics he was a founder of statics.
Author: Audun Holme
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is a revised edition of the ?rst printing which appeared in 2002. The book is based on lectures at the University of Bergen, Norway.Over the years these lectures have covered many different aspects and facets of the wonderful ?eld of geometry. Consequently it has never been possible to give a full and ?nal account of geometry as such, at an undergraduatelevel: A carefully consideredselection has always been necessary. The present book constitutes the main central themes of these selections. One of the groups I am aiming at, is future teachers of mathematics. All too oftenthe textsdealingwith geometrywhichgo intothe syllabusforteacher-students present the material in ways which appear pedantic and formalistic, suppressing the very powerful and dynamic character of this old ?eld, which at the same time so young. Geometry is a ?eld of mathematical insight, research, history and source of artistic inspiration. And not least important, an integral part of our common cultural heritage.
THĀBIT IBN QURRA'S FIRST TREATISE Let us now return to the treatises that Thābit ibn Qurra devoted to the fifth postulate, beginning with If One Draws Two Straight Lines According to Two Angles Less than Two Rights, They Meet.
Author: Roshdi Rashed
This book follows the development of classical mathematics and the relation between work done in the Arab and Islamic worlds and that undertaken by the likes of Descartes and Fermat. ‘Early modern,’ mathematics is a term widely used to refer to the mathematics which developed in the West during the sixteenth and seventeenth century. For many historians and philosophers this is the watershed which marks a radical departure from ‘classical mathematics,’ to more modern mathematics; heralding the arrival of algebra, geometrical algebra, and the mathematics of the continuous. In this book, Roshdi Rashed demonstrates that ‘early modern,’ mathematics is actually far more composite than previously assumed, with each branch having different traceable origins which span the millennium. Going back to the beginning of these parts, the aim of this book is to identify the concepts and practices of key figures in their development, thereby presenting a fuller reality of these mathematics. This book will be of interest to students and scholars specialising in Islamic science and mathematics, as well as to those with an interest in the more general history of science and mathematics and the transmission of ideas and culture.