The Acceleration of Cultural Change

The Acceleration of Cultural Change

Foreword -- Preface: in the middleton theater -- Traditional minds -- Change is not norman -- Check the transmission -- Cultural trees -- Bayesians -- Traditions and horizons -- Networks -- Hindsighted -- Moore is better?

Author: R. Alexander Bentley

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262036955

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 234

How culture evolves through algorithms rather than knowledge inherited from ancestors.
Categories: Psychology

I ll Have What She s Having

I ll Have What She s Having

I'll Have What She's Having shows us how we use the brains of others to think for us and as storage space for knowledge about the world. The story zooms out from the individual to small groups to the complexities of populations.

Author: R. Alexander Bentley

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262297981

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 738

How we learn from those around us: an essential guide to understanding how people behave. Humans are, first and foremost, social creatures. And this, according to the authors of I'll Have What She's Having, shapes—and explains—most of our choices. We're not just blindly driven by hard-wired instincts to hunt or gather or reproduce; our decisions are based on more than “nudges” exploiting individual cognitive quirks. I'll Have What She's Having shows us how we use the brains of others to think for us and as storage space for knowledge about the world. The story zooms out from the individual to small groups to the complexities of populations. It describes, among other things, how buzzwords propagate and how ideas spread; how the swine flu scare became an epidemic; and how focused social learning by a few gets amplified as copying by the masses. It describes how ideas, behavior, and culture spread through the simple means of doing what others do. It is notoriously difficult to change behavior. For every “Yes We Can” political slogan, there are thousands of “Just Say No” buttons. I'll Have What She's Having offers a practical map to help us navigate the complex world of social behavior, an essential guide for anyone who wants to understand how people behave and how to begin to change things.
Categories: Psychology

Accelerating Organisation Culture Change

Accelerating Organisation Culture Change

This book introduces an innovative new digital approach to speed up cultural change in organisations and reduce failure rates through use of the Culture Acceleration Tool and Methodology (CATM).

Author: Jaclyn Lee

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781789739671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 772

This book introduces an innovative new digital approach to speed up cultural change in organisations and reduce failure rates through use of the Culture Acceleration Tool and Methodology (CATM). Including real life case studies, the book demonstrates the possibility of a higher success rate with organisational culture change management.
Categories: Business & Economics

Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age

Therefore, we would expect, for domains characterized mainly by individual
reconstruction, that cultural complexity ... Alex Bentley and Mike O'Brien describe
the acceleration of cultural change,” produced by the fact that cultural
transmission ...

Author: Alberto Acerbi

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198835943

Category: Information society

Page: 272

View: 914

From emails to social media, from instant messaging to political memes, the way we produce and transmit culture is radically changing. Understanding the consequences of the massive diffusion of digital media is of the utmost importance, both from the intellectual and the social point of view. 'Cultural Evolution in the Digital Age' proposes that a specific discipline - cultural evolution - provides an excellent framework to analyse our digital age. Cultural evolution is a vibrant, interdisciplinary, and increasingly productive scientific framework that aims to provide a naturalistic and quantitative explanation of culture. In the book the author shows how cultural evolution offers both a sophisticated view of human behaviour, grounded in cognitive science and evolutionary theory, and a strong quantitative and experimental methodology. The book examines in depth various topics that directly originate from the application of cultural evolution research to digital media. Is online social influence radically different from previous forms of social influence? Do digital media amplify the effects of popularity and celebrity influence? What are the psychological forces that favour the spread of online misinformation? What are the effects of the hyper-availability of information online on cultural cumulation? The cultural evolutionary perspective provides novel insights, and a relatively encouraging take on the overall effects of our online activities on our culture. Cultural Evolution is an area of rapidly growing interest, and this timely book will be important reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the media.
Categories: Information society

Society and the Internet

Society and the Internet

How Networks of Information and Communication Are Changing Our Lives Mark
Graham, William H. Dutton. patterns and politics. It is easy to ... The Acceleration
of Cultural Change : From Ancestors to Algorithms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Author: Mark Graham

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198843498

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 267

This second edition of Society and the Internet provides key readings for students, scholars, and those interested in understanding the interactions of the Internet and society, introducing new and original contributions examining the escalating concerns around social media, disinformation, big data, and privacy. The chapters are grouped into five focused sections: The Internet in Everyday Life; Digital Rights and Human Rights; Networked Ideas, Politics,and Governance; Networked Businesses, Industries, and Economics; and Technological and Regulatory Histories and Futures. This book will be a valuable resource not only for students and researchers, but foranyone seeking a critical examination of the economic, social, and political factors shaping the Internet and its impact on society.
Categories: Business & Economics

Intellectual Realism and Culture Change

Intellectual Realism and Culture Change

Culture , toddling for millenia , is barely on its feet . We are about ready to go
places and do things . A more minute examination of the specific factors behind
this acceleration of culture down through time shows four major factors playing
an ...

Author: James Wroten Woodard

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89094659026

Category: Change

Page: 198

View: 662

Categories: Change

Authority Participation and Cultural Change in China

Authority Participation and Cultural Change in China

Put briefly and schematically , we had evidence arising from periodic changes of
policy to suggest the following : 1 . Land reform . Controversies during the
formation of land reform policy have already been alluded to . The two poles of
opinion ...

Author: Stuart R. Schram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521202965

Category: History

Page: 357

View: 762

This 1973 volume is a fascinating collection of original studies on the immediate consequences and the likely long-term effects of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, the enormous social and political upheaval initiated by Mao Tse-Tung in 1966. The authors discuss a series of connected problems, all intimately related to the central theme of leadership and participation in the Chinese pattern of economic development and social change. The collection is edited by Stuart Schram, who also provides a long introduction; he puts the Cultural Revolution in the broad historical perspective of the Chinese revolution as it has taken shape since the end of the nineteenth century.
Categories: History

The Explanation of Culture Change Models in Prehistory

The Explanation of Culture Change  Models in Prehistory

Elimination by natural selection of individuals , families or communities which
deviate ' unadaptively ' from culture tradition . BI Factors causing ... The first great
acceleration in culture change had evidently already occurred . During the last 25
 ...

Author: Colin Renfrew

Publisher: [Pittsburgh] : University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: UOM:39015066070775

Category: Antiquities, Prehistoric

Page: 788

View: 169

Categories: Antiquities, Prehistoric

The Importance of Small Decisions

The Importance of Small Decisions

In this trailblazing book, they examine different kinds of decisions and map the outcomes, both short- and long-term. Drawing on this, they introduce a map of social behavior that captures the essential elements of human decision-making.

Author: Michael J. O'Brien

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262352543

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 501

How people make decisions in an era of too much information and fake news. Humans originally evolved in a world of few choices. Prehistoric, preindustrial, and predigital eras required fewer decisions than today's all-access, always-on world of too much information. Economists have largely discarded the idea that agents act rationally and the market follows suit. It seems that no matter how small or innocuous a decision might seem, there's almost no way to guess the effect it might have. The authors of The Importance of Small Decisions view decisions and their outcomes from a different perspective: as key elements in the evolution of culture. In this trailblazing book, they examine different kinds of decisions and map the outcomes, both short- and long-term. Drawing on this, they introduce a map of social behavior that captures the essential elements of human decision-making. The authors look at the New England Patriots' decision in 2000 to draft an underachieving college quarterback named Tom Brady; they consider Warren Buffett's investment strategy; and they chart the “dancing landscape” of a college applicant's decision-making environment. Finally, they show that decisions can be ranked according to transparency of choice and social influence. When fake news seems indistinguishable from real news and when the internet offers a cacophony of voices, they warn, we can't afford to crowdsource our decisions.
Categories: Business & Economics

Development and Cultural Change

Development and Cultural Change

The acceleration raises the question of why development was slow before the
mid - 1960s and fast afterward . Possible reasons are examined in the following
section , which suggests that although policy changes were needed for more
rapid ...

Author: Ilpyong J. Kim

Publisher: New York : Paragon House

ISBN: STANFORD:36105040086808

Category: Economic development

Page: 255

View: 383

Categories: Economic development

Cultural Psychology

Cultural Psychology

Jacob Robert Kantor. Institutions of dress and manners offer an abundance of
illustrative conditions influencing the acceleration of cultural changes . The field
of fashion in complex societies is completely dominated by institutions of change
.

Author: Jacob Robert Kantor

Publisher: University of Akron Press

ISBN: UCSC:32106006566977

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 592

This book is concerned with the processes whereby human organisms develop their cultural traits as part of their general psychological personalities. Basically, cultural processes consist of the interbehavior of developing organisms with the many institutions that mark a particular community or civilization. Cultural personality consists of the enhancements of biological nature. The contents of this volume mark a radical departure from the many varied systems that have been historically developed by sociologists, psychologists, and philosophers under the term social Psychology. Separate chapters of this volume are devoted to perspectives of biology, anthropology, as well as psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Catalysts to Complexity

Catalysts to Complexity

Changing with the times , archaeologists have proposed a number of scenarios
for why such cultural complexity developed . ... This acceleration of cultural
change , along with the lack of detailed knowledge about the timing of certain key
 ...

Author: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA.

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: UOM:39076002672835

Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 517

When the Spanish colonized it in AD 1769, the California Coast was inhabited by speakers of no fewer than 16 distinct languages and an untold number of small, autonomous Native communities. These societies all survived by foraging, and ethnohistoric records show a wide range of adaptations emphasizing a host of different marine and terrestrial foods. Many groups exhibited signs of cultural complexity including sedentism, high population density, permanent social inequality, and sophisticated maritime technologies. The ethnographic era was preceded by an archaeological past that extends back to the terminal Pleistocene. Essays in this volume explore the last three and one half millennia of this long history, focusing on the archaeological signatures of emergent cultural complexity. Organized geographically, they provide an intricate mosaic of archaeological, historic, and ethnographic findings that illuminate cultural changes over time. To explain these Late Holocene cultural developments, the authors address issues ranging from culture history, paleoenvironments, settlement, subsistence, exchange, ritual, power, and division of labor, and employ both ecological and post-modern perspectives. Complex cultural expressions, most highly developed in the Santa Barbara Channel and the North Coast, are viewed alternatively as fairly recent and abrupt responses to environmental flux or the end-product of gradual progressions that began earlier in the Holocene.
Categories: Social Science

The Igbo Family Life and Cultural Change

The Igbo Family Life and Cultural Change

Bearing this in mind , the economic product for colonial development helped in
the acceleration of culture change with its effects on kinship and family structures
. When compared with other peoples of West and North of Nigeria , it is observed
 ...

Author: Starling E. Nlemchukwu Anyanwu

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2703472

Category: Blacks, families

Page: 388

View: 989

Categories: Blacks, families

Convergent Evolution in Stone Tool Technology

Convergent Evolution in Stone Tool Technology

This book examines convergence in stone tool-making, cases in which functional or developmental constraints result in similar forms in independent lineages.

Author: Michael J. O'Brien

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262346177

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 403

Scholars from a variety of disciplines consider cases of convergence in lithic technology, when functional or developmental constraints result in similar forms in independent lineages. Hominins began using stone tools at least 2.6 million years ago, perhaps even 3.4 million years ago. Given the nearly ubiquitous use of stone tools by humans and their ancestors, the study of lithic technology offers an important line of inquiry into questions of evolution and behavior. This book examines convergence in stone tool-making, cases in which functional or developmental constraints result in similar forms in independent lineages. Identifying examples of convergence, and distinguishing convergence from divergence, refutes hypotheses that suggest physical or cultural connection between far-flung prehistoric toolmakers. Employing phylogenetic analysis and stone-tool replication, the contributors show that similarity of tools can be caused by such common constraints as the fracture properties of stone or adaptive challenges rather than such unlikely phenomena as migration of toolmakers over an Arctic ice shelf. Contributors R. Alexander Bentley, Briggs Buchanan, Marcelo Cardillo, Mathieu Charbonneau, Judith Charlin, Chris Clarkson, Loren G. Davis, Metin I. Eren, Peter Hiscock, Thomas A. Jennings, Steven L. Kuhn, Daniel E. Lieberman, George R. McGhee, Alex Mackay, Michael J. O'Brien, Charlotte D. Pevny, Ceri Shipton, Ashley M. Smallwood, Heather Smith, Jayne Wilkins, Samuel C. Willis, Nicolas Zayns
Categories: Science

A New Kind of Sugar

A New Kind of Sugar

... a Cook Islands culture based on the old cultural forms , traditions , or customs
but modified and adapted to enable the ... of cultural insulation among the island
communities , is an important attribute of the acceleration in cultural change or ...

Author: Ben R. Finney

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822007704786

Category: Developing countries

Page: 262

View: 409

Categories: Developing countries

The Florida Anthropologist

The Florida Anthropologist

Also , the importance of trade , migration and the contact of alien cultures is
treated , and the acceleration of culture change upon the infusion of acceptable
foreign elements into the receiving culture is dealt with . Hale G . Smith Florida
Park ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89058388216

Category: Anthropology

Page:

View: 635

Contains papers of the Annual Conference on Historic Site Archeology.
Categories: Anthropology

H E Bates

H E  Bates

But the young man to whom Peter becomes attracted displays some of Bates ' s
bitterness at the changing face of England . ... 2 War ' s role in the acceleration of
cultural change is seen in purest terms in the title story , “ Colonel Julian .

Author: Dennis P. Vannatta

Publisher: Boston : Twayne Publishers

ISBN: UOM:39015001616344

Category: English literature

Page: 147

View: 396

Categories: English literature

Essays on economic development and cultural change

Essays on economic development and cultural change

Cultural barriers to mobility, such as those posed by Flemish reluctance to move
to French Belgium, had intensified ... The extent of imbalance in the labor market
was strongly affected by the acceleration of population growth that had occurred
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 645

Categories:

The Journal of Southern History

The Journal of Southern History

the effect of the acceleration of cultural change upon the processes of
government in general without reference to section ? Had not these changes so
far outstripped the capacity of political machinery to adjust to them that a smash
could not ...

Author: Wendell Holmes Stephenson

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015005747640

Category: Electronic journals

Page:

View: 841

Includes section "Book reviews."
Categories: Electronic journals

Rural Socio cultural Change in Poland

Rural Socio cultural Change in Poland

... and subjective ones as well to obstruct the acceleration of cooperation
processes in farming in enquiry questionnaires of February 1974 . They included
shortage of machines , great number of existing small farms. 7 - Rural socio -
cultural .

Author: Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii (Polska Akademia Nauk)

Publisher: Wroclaw : "Ossolineum", 1977 (Wroc : WDN)

ISBN: STANFORD:36105037255044

Category: Industrialization

Page: 225

View: 379

Categories: Industrialization