For despite its manifold advantages, wood seems to have rapidly fallen out of favor with ruling elites. There are some practical reasons for this: wood is less ... This 2P_Ennos_AgeOfWood_CV_HHC.indd 140 8/5/21 10:30 AM THE AGE OF WOOD.
Author: Roland Ennos
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
A “smart and surprising” (Booklist) “expansive history” (Publishers Weekly) detailing the role that wood and trees have played in our global ecosystem—including human evolution and the rise and fall of empires—in the bestselling tradition of Yuval Harari’s Sapiens and Mark Kurlansky’s Salt. As the dominant species on Earth, humans have made astonishing progress since our ancestors came down from the trees. But how did the descendants of small primates manage to walk upright, become top predators, and populate the world? How were humans able to develop civilizations and produce a globalized economy? Now, in The Age of Wood, Roland Ennos shows for the first time that the key to our success has been our relationship with wood. “A lively history of biology, mechanics, and culture that stretches back 60 million years” (Nature) The Age of Wood reinterprets human history and shows how our ability to exploit wood’s unique properties has profoundly shaped our bodies and minds, societies, and lives. Ennos takes us on a sweeping journey from Southeast Asia and West Africa where great apes swing among the trees, build nests, and fashion tools; to East Africa where hunter gatherers collected their food; to the structural design of wooden temples in China and Japan; and to Northern England, where archaeologists trace how coal enabled humans to build an industrial world. Addressing the effects of industrialization—including the use of fossil fuels and other energy-intensive materials to replace timber—The Age of Wood not only shows the essential role that trees play in the history and evolution of human existence, but also argues that for the benefit of our planet we must return to more traditional ways of growing, using, and understanding trees. A brilliant blend of recent research and existing scientific knowledge, this is an “excellent, thorough history in an age of our increasingly fraught relationships with natural resources” (Kirkus Reviews, starred review).
An interesting detail on the garner is a series of notches cut into the wooden hoop. They suggest a tally of some kind, but what? Bushels of wheat? Days worked? Years? During the age of wooden ships, houses, vehicles, tools, ...
Author: Kenneth Clarke
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
The old tools and wooden objects illustrated in this book are homely reminders of a time when the majestic forests of the frontier were the source not only of the pioneer's house, barn, and fences, but of his children's toys, his wife's egg basket, and a hundred other necessities and pleasures. More than fifty delicate line drawings by Ira Kohn and the clear, nontechnical discussion by Kenneth Clarke of the making and uses of these humble objects—many of them unfamiliar to the eyes of the current generation of Kentuckians—give the reader new insight into the life of the pioneer.
In the bestselling tradition of Harari's Sapiens, this unique history of humanity tells the story of our evolution, our civilisations and our future through the lens of the material that made us. We are products of the Wood Age.
(2003), for example, identified the wood-decaying fungi Trametes versicolor, Trametes hirsuta, Trametes pubescens and others in this way. 7.3.3 Diagnosing the age of wood 126.96.36.199 14C wood analysis The basis of this method is the natural ...
Author: Ladislav Reinprecht
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
Wood Deterioration, Protection and Maintenance provides an up to date discussion of the natural durability of wood, wood degradation processes, and methods of structural and chemical protection of wood. Modern active substances in wood preservatives and the relationships between preservative properties, the anatomical structure and moisture content of wood and protective processes involving pressure and/or diffusion driving forces are fully illustrated.
Many wood decaying fungi require certain size and age of wood for fruiting. Relationships between CWD size and the number of fungal species might to some extent be dependent on the age of the part of the tree concerned, ...
Author: R. Sundararaj
Publisher: Springer Nature
This edited book covers all aspects of wood degradation from its formation and growing in trees to its end usages when it is put into human usage. Wood is an age-old traditional fascinating material with a sensory-rich immersive experience that kindles aesthetics and creativity. The utility, durability, and functionality of wood render it a cosmopolitan material. It constitutes an integral part of human lives from ancient times to modern societies being used by various sectors viz., construction, furniture, panel products, paper and pulp, sports goods, agricultural implements, etc., Wood, being a biological material, is susceptible to degradation both by physical and biological means, and the need to protect the wood and prevent heavy economic losses constitutes a major challenge. Also, wood formed by the trees is the major sinks of carbon and the carbon remains locked-up for the life of the wood, thereby serving as important tool to mitigate the climate change. But the carbon stored in wood returns to the atmosphere when it degrades and will have positive effect on climate change. Hence, wood protection aiming for extending the service life of wood plays a key role in locking the carbon for a longer period in the wood and also substantially reduce the demand and depletion of forest resources. The book focuses on wood as an important natural bio-resource, inventory of wood protection, usage, utilization, preservatives, protection technologies and wood protection from all forms of degradation. Special focus is given on the eco-friendly way of protecting wood and its importance in mitigating climate change. The book is useful for Indian and international readers, who are working in wood domains. It is of interest to wood technologists, teachers, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders, and policymakers. It is of immense importance as a guide and study material to the graduate and postgraduate students of wood science in various universities of India and abroad.
Wood has played a vital part in mankind's doings from the simple rugged life of self - contained stone - age villages of long ago to our complex and industrialized society of today . Mankind has grown up with wood ; and as an industrial ...
At the Museum of the Wood Age woodlanders use a variety of simple, occasionally improvised devices based on levers, wedges, springs and cordage. Simple trestles can be fashioned from three roundwood poles lashed together to form a ...
Author: Max Adams
Publisher: Head of Zeus Ltd
Category: Crafts & Hobbies
From tools and devices to construction and artistic expression, Max Adams explores wood – the material that shaped human history.
Throughout the age of wood, shipyards remained small personal ventures, without any large organization; changes in location to take advantage of nearness to timber stands were not unheard of. In a distinct category were the large U.S. ...
Author: Charles R. Geisst
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Category: Business enterprises
Presents an alphabetically-arranged reference to the history of business and industry in the United States. Includes selected primary source documents.
In spite of wood's centuries of service , we may expect in the years immediately ahead such an advance in the use of materials from trees that we will have a New Age of Wood . Can you think of any other substance that can serve us in so ...