The Ambiguities of Experience

The Ambiguities of Experience

This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive.

Author: James G. March

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801457777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 254

The first component of intelligence involves effective adaptation to an environment. In order to adapt effectively, organizations require resources, capabilities at using them, knowledge about the worlds in which they exist, good fortune, and good decisions. They typically face competition for resources and uncertainties about the future. Many, but possibly not all, of the factors determining their fates are outside their control. Populations of organizations and individual organizations survive, in part, presumably because they possess adaptive intelligence; but survival is by no means assured. The second component of intelligence involves the elegance of interpretations of the experiences of life. Such interpretations encompass both theories of history and philosophies of meaning, but they go beyond such things to comprehend the grubby details of daily existence. Interpretations decorate human existence. They make a claim to significance that is independent of their contribution to effective action. Such intelligence glories in the contemplation, comprehension, and appreciation of life, not just the control of it.—from The Ambiguities of Experience In The Ambiguities of Experience, James G. March asks a deceptively simple question: What is, or should be, the role of experience in creating intelligence, particularly in organizations? Folk wisdom both trumpets the significance of experience and warns of its inadequacies. On one hand, experience is described as the best teacher. On the other hand, experience is described as the teacher of fools, of those unable or unwilling to learn from accumulated knowledge or the teaching of experts. The disagreement between those folk aphorisms reflects profound questions about the human pursuit of intelligence through learning from experience that have long confronted philosophers and social scientists. This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive. While acknowledging the power of learning from experience and the extensive use of experience as a basis for adaptation and for constructing stories and models of history, this book examines the problems with such learning. March argues that although individuals and organizations are eager to derive intelligence from experience, the inferences stemming from that eagerness are often misguided. The problems lie partly in errors in how people think, but even more so in properties of experience that confound learning from it. "Experience," March concludes, "may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher."
Categories: Business & Economics

The Enemies of Leadership

The Enemies of Leadership

The Ambiguity of Experience . Leaders learn from experience , just as we all do .
What we learn affects how we deal with subsequent situations . But experience
can also be blinding , causing a leader to make unwarranted inferences from
past ...

Author: Ernest Grady Bogue

Publisher: Phi Delta Kappa International Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105032928876

Category: Education

Page: 151

View: 754

Categories: Education

Organization Governance in Higher Education

Organization   Governance in Higher Education

The second is the ambiguity of power . How powerful is the president ? What can
he accomplish ? The third is the ambiguity of experience . What is to be learned
from the events of the presidency ? How does the president make inferences ...

Author: M. Christopher Brown

Publisher: Pearson Learning Solutions

ISBN: UOM:39015061439165

Category: Education

Page: 608

View: 319

Organization and Governance in Higher Education is one of the primary teaching and research references in the study and practice of post secondary education. Research in higher education has provided new insights and recommendations for the management of postsecondary institutions. In addition to maintaining the strength and integrity of prior readers by continuing the coverage of classical theories and traditional models, the Fifth Edition provides updated reading to broaden the scope of the reader. New selections include current perspective on campus governance and institutional change. Because of the complex nature of the postsecondary institution, this reader creates eight subject area lenses. Each lens allows the reader to engage the specific paradigms and phenomena related to that aspect of higher education. The areas are arranged in the following order: classic organization theory, traditional administrative and governance models, campus climate and culture, leadership analysis, management principles, institutional change and assessment, perspectives on race and gender, and critical approaches to organizational governance. Features include: New sections on organization change, diversity, and postmodern critique Blends traditional "core" readings with numerous contemporary readings. Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Readings aid in understanding the multiple nuances of how colleges are organized, governed and administered Serves as a single-volume resource on higher education governance for both students and practitioners
Categories: Education

The Dynamics of Organizational Change in Education

The Dynamics of Organizational Change in Education

The second is the ambiguity of power . How powerful is the president ? What can
he accomplish ? The third is the ambiguity of experience . What is to be learned
from the events of the presidency ? How does the president make inferences ...

Author: J. Victor Baldridge

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105032724960

Category: Education

Page: 490

View: 258

Categories: Education

Localism Landscape and the Ambiguities of Place

Localism  Landscape  and the Ambiguities of Place

These essays do not assume the primacy of national allegiance. Instead, by using the 'sense of place' as a prism to look at German identity in new ways, they examine a sense of 'Germanness' that was neither self-evident nor unchanging.

Author: Coolidge Professor of History and Director of Graduate Studies in History David Blackbourn

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015074076848

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 501

What makes a person call a particular place 'home'? Does it follow simply from being born there? Is it the result of a language shared with neighbours or attachment to a familiar landscape? Perhaps it is a piece of music, or a painting, or even a travelogue that captures the essence of home. And what about the sense of belonging that inspires nationalist or local autonomy movements? Each of these can be a marker of identity, but all are ambiguous. Where you were born has a different meaning if, like so many modern Germans, you have moved on and now live elsewhere. Representing the 'national interest' in parliament becomes more difficult when voters demand attention to local and regional issues or when ethnic tensions erupt. In all these situations the landscape of 'home' takes on a more elusive meaning. Localism, Landscape, and the Ambiguities of Place is about the German nation state and the German-speaking lands beyond it, from the 1860s to the 1930s. The authors explore a wide range of subjects: music and art, elections and political festivities, local landscape and nature conservation, tourism and language struggles in the family and the school. Yet they share an interest in the ambiguities of German identity in an age of extraordinarily rapid socio-economic change. These essays do not assume the primacy of national allegiance. Instead, by using the 'sense of place' as a prism to look at German identity in new ways, they examine a sense of 'Germanness' that was neither self-evident nor unchanging.
Categories: History

Marxism Today

Marxism Today

stead of imagining the experience of them , his writing will be reduced to a
document . The credibility of words involves a strange dialectic . It is the writer's
openness to the ambiguity and uncertainty of any experience ( even the
experience of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435067398974

Category: Communism

Page:

View: 361

Categories: Communism

Theories of Educational Management

Theories of Educational Management

Decisions emerge from a complex process of interaction. Leaders are
participants in the process but their 'solutions' may not emerge as the preferred
outcomes of the organisation. 3. There is an ambiguity of experience because in
conditions ...

Author: Tony Bush

Publisher: Harpercollins College Division

ISBN: UOM:39015011358622

Category: Educational institutions - Management - Theories

Page: 143

View: 143

Categories: Educational institutions - Management - Theories

American Journal of Theology Philosophy

American Journal of Theology   Philosophy

Historical reality is located in the ambiguous experience of harmony and intensity
of feeling with its accompanying loss and perishing . Ambiguity is the result of
perpetual perishing . In Christ in a Pluralistic Age , Cobb explains : Reflection on
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105016622412

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 419

Categories: Philosophy

The Ambiguities of Desistance

The Ambiguities of Desistance

This book explores the ongoing and individual desistance journeys of ex-offenders during re-integration into society.

Author: David Honeywell

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781839827860

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 768

This book explores the ongoing and individual desistance journeys of ex-offenders during re-integration into society. It introduces nuanced and rich data around the growing interest in desistance, examines the reasons why individuals move away from crime, and highlights the importance of Higher Education as a conduit for change and rehabilitation.
Categories: Social Science

The Thomist

The Thomist

model of religion described by Dupré is a passive form of experience
characterized by feeling and a direct encounter with ... In this model of religious
assent , aptly called “ faith , ” the believer “ reflects upon certain ambiguous
experiences and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B784480

Category: Neo-Scholasticism

Page:

View: 324

A speculative quarterly review.
Categories: Neo-Scholasticism

The Mexico Quarterly Review

The Mexico Quarterly Review

The experience of the Other , a word that Paz employs many times to designate
that " other shore ” that is sacred , is an ambiguous experience . “ Astonished ,
stupefied , joyous , the gamut of sensations before the other is very large . ” After
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173017552630

Category:

Page:

View: 360

Categories:

The Theatrical Response

The Theatrical Response

They cannot be understood , except as ambiguities , or “ resonances ” as they
have been called : the possible applications of certain ideas , or elements of them
, to aspects of experience . That they are not universally exact or completely ...

Author: Kenneth M. Cameron

Publisher: [New York] : Macmillan

ISBN: UCAL:B4353515

Category: Drama

Page: 429

View: 215

Categories: Drama

The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa

The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa

While the different practices of colonial rule in the various colonies and republics
of South Africa in the nineteenth century continued to influence local institutions
into the twentieth century , in important ways the experience of migrant workers ...

Author: Shula Marks

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015011302513

Category: History

Page: 171

View: 224

Categories: History

Industrial and Labor Relations Review

Industrial and Labor Relations Review

Workplace Flexibility A SHAMEFUL BUSINESS WHEN CHICKEN SOUP ISNT
ENOUGH AMBIGUITIES EXPERIENCE WORKING FOR JUSTICE THE LA
MODEL OF ORGANIZING AND ADVOCACY CORO JAMES G. MARCH JAMESA
GOS ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015083820426

Category: Industrial relations

Page:

View: 562

Categories: Industrial relations

A Concordance to Herman Melville s Pierre Or The Ambiguities

A Concordance to Herman Melville s Pierre  Or  The Ambiguities

and most strange coincidences which that day's experience had brought to
110.28 alive to a feeling of elderly protectingness over her ; not only did he
experience 140.11 deride all its nobleness as mere eccentricity , which further
wisdom and ...

Author: Larry Edward Wegener

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015012847441

Category:

Page: 1561

View: 614

Categories:

The Ambiguity of Peru s Third Way

The Ambiguity of Peru s Third Way

However , it might be counterargued that the Yugoslav experience has entailed
many of the ambiguities , changes , and contradictions of the Peruvian and
survived quite well . The character of Yugoslav self - management has changed ...

Author: Cynthia McClintock

Publisher:

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173017964058

Category: Peru

Page: 33

View: 573

Categories: Peru

Adult Leadership

Adult Leadership

with social experience . There are two others : to withdraw from it and to adapt to
it . The withdrawal strategy is most often applied to those aspects of social
experience which are frightening , ambiguous or conflicted . Fear , ambiguity and
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015035871873

Category: Leadership

Page:

View: 167

Categories: Leadership

Kant s Metaphysic of Experience

Kant s Metaphysic of Experience

so , this is a new point in the first edition , though it appears to be made in the
argument added in the second edition.1 Fortunately the ambiguities of Kant's
statement do not here affect seriously the nature of the argument . It is otherwise
when ...

Author: Herbert James Paton

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822005973185

Category:

Page:

View: 628

Categories:

When the Bird Flies

When the Bird Flies

One means by which the shamanic complex has incorporated the experience of
otherness , is by transforming the ambiguity of otherness into the image of the
spirit . In Sakai discourse , the world is made up of two parts , the spirit dimension
 ...

Author: Nathan Porath

Publisher: Leiden University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015057656152

Category: Senoi (Southeast Asian people)

Page: 258

View: 422

Categories: Senoi (Southeast Asian people)

The Jesus Debate

The Jesus Debate

While the tradition witnesses to great depths of human and religious experience ,
it also witnesses to depths of human depravity and evil . Albert Schweitzer ,
among others , pointed out this ambiguity of the Christian tradition some time ago
 ...

Author: William M. Thompson

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000114983764

Category: Religion

Page: 437

View: 968

Categories: Religion