Two fled into exile, while the other six were tried and executed. In The Battle of Arginusae, historian Debra Hamel describes the violent battle and its horrible aftermath.
Author: Debra Hamel
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
An Athenian triumph against Sparta end in disaster and infamy in this naval history of Ancient Greece in the 5th century B.C. Toward the end of the Peloponnesian War, nearly three hundred Athenian and Spartan ships fought a pivotal skirmish in the Arginusae Islands. Larger than any previous naval battle between warring Greeks, the Battle of Arginusae was a crucial win for Athens. Its aftermath, however, was a major disaster for its people. Due to numerous factors, the Athenian commanders abandoned the crews of twenty-five disabled ships. Thousands of soldiers were left clinging to wreckage and awaiting help that never came. When the failure was discovered back home, the eight generals in charge were deposed. Two fled into exile, while the other six were tried and executed. In The Battle of Arginusae, historian Debra Hamel describes the violent battle and its horrible aftermath. Hamel introduces readers to Athens and Sparta, the two thriving superpowers of the fifth century B.C. She provides a summary of the events that caused the long war and discusses the tactical intricacies of Greek naval warfare. Recreating the claustrophobic, unhygienic conditions in which the ships’ crews operated, Hamel unfolds the process that turned this naval victory into one of the most infamous chapters in the city-state’s history.
The Battle of Arginusae The new board of generals elected in March of 406 excluded both Thrasybulus and Theramenes as well as any other close associates of Alcibiades . Its members were Conon , Diomedon , Leon , Pericles , Erasinides ...
Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
An overview of history in ancient Athens, beginning with the ill-fated Sicilian expedition of 413 B.C. and ends with the surrender of Athens to Sparta in 404 B.C.
potential of money made itself manifest , the use of slaves to help fight a state's wars . Although Xenophon rather than Thucydides relates the battle of Arginusae , the subject of slaves in the Athenian navy requires its discussion ...
Author: Peter Hunt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book challenges conventional opinion by arguing that slaves and Helots played an important part in classical Greek warfare. Although rival city-states often used these classes in their own forces or tried to incite their enemies' slaves to rebellion or desertion, such recruitment was ideologically awkward: slaves or Helots, despised and oppressed classes, should have had no part in the military service so closely linked with citizenship, with rule, and even with an individual's basic worth. Consequently, their participation has tended to drop out of the historical record. Focusing on Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon, this study attempts to demonstrate the actual role played by slaves and Helots in warfare, the systematic neglect of the subject by these historians, and the ideologies motivating this reticence.
Paches , and Anytus were tried by a dikastērion ; 249 the cases of Alcibiades and of the Arginusae generals were tried ... 21.7-8 , 14.38 ) ; and The eight generals who had failed to rescue the shipwrecked after the battle at Arginusae ...
Author: Martin Ostwald
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Analyzing the "democratic" features and institutions of the Athenian democracy in the fifth century B.C., Martin Ostwald traces their development from Solon's judicial reforms to the flowering of popular sovereignty, when the people assumed the right both to enact all legislation and to hold magistrates accountable for implementing what had been enacted.
Author: André Geraque KifferPublish On: 2019-11-22
The simulation, trying to test the hypothesis outlined, will be that unlike a forward single advance with a disadvantageous frontal shock to the Spartans, because they did not have a second line, will try to maneuver and approach both ...
Author: André Geraque Kiffer
Publisher: Clube de Autores
Category: Social Science
The simulation, trying to test the hypothesis outlined, will be that unlike a forward single advance with a disadvantageous frontal shock to the Spartans, because they did not have a second line, will try to maneuver and approach both Athenian flanks, pushing them towards the center and land ground.
Thucydides of Athens wrote an account of the great conflagration of his age, the Peloponnesian War, which began when the Spartans invaded Athenian territory in the summer of 431 BC and ended with the Athenians' surrender in early 404. Thucydides served as one of Athens' generals in 424 but was exiled from the city afterwards for a period of twenty years, during which time he researched and wrote his unfinished masterwork, History of the Peloponnesian War. Debra Hamel spent more than four years posting an abbreviated version of Herodotus' History of the Persian Wars to the Twitter account @iHerodotus. The project, begun in 2010, was concluded in early 2015. Hamel then started again, this time tweeting Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War to the Twitter account @iThucydides. Each of the 917 sections in Thucydides' text was ultimately summarized in a single tweet of 140 characters or less, with one tweet posted per day. The project took just over two and a half years to complete. The final tweet was posted on August 5, 2017. This book contains the entire tweeted History. It is the author's hope that this abbreviated version of the History will attract readers to Thucydides who might otherwise not read him at all.
For the model see D Hamel, The Battle of Arginusae: Victory at Sea and its Tragic Aftermath in the Final Years of the Peloponnesian War (Baltimore, 2015), pp 47-50. Xenophon only describes them as being in single file, ...
Author: Owen Rees
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
Naval warfare is the unsung hero of ancient Greek military history, often overshadowed by the more glorified land battles. Owen Rees looks to redress the balance, giving naval battles their due attention. This book presents a selection of thirteen naval battles that span a defining century in ancient Greek history, from the Ionian Revolt and Persian Invasion to the rise of external naval powers in the Mediterranean Sea, such as the Carthaginians.Each battle is set in context. The background, wider military campaigns, and the opposing forces are discussed, followed by a narrative and analysis of the fighting. Finally, the aftermath of the battles are dealt with, looking at the strategic implications of the outcome for both the victor and the defeated. The battle narratives are supported by maps and tactical diagrams, showing the deployment of the fleets and the wider geographical factors involved in battle. Written in an accessible tone, this book successfully shows that Greek naval warfare did not start and end at the battle of Salamis.
18 17 THE TRIAL OF THE GENERALS The battle of Arginusae has been made famous by the trial of the generals who won the battle for Athens but were held accountable for the loss of life that occurred afterward . The trial took place more ...
Author: Mark H. Munn
Publisher: Univ of California Press
History, political philosophy, and constitutional law were born in Athens in the space of a single generation--the generation that lived through the Peloponnesian War (431-404 b.c.e.). This remarkable age produced such luminaries as Socrates, Herodotus, Thucydides, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and the sophists, and set the stage for the education and early careers of Plato and Xenophon, among others. The School of History provides the fullest and most detailed intellectual and political history available of Athens during the late fifth century b.c.e., as it examines the background, the context, and the decisive events shaping this society in the throes of war. This expansive, readable narrative ultimately leads to a new understanding of Athenian democratic culture, showing why and how it yielded such extraordinary intellectual productivity. As both a source and a subject, Thucydides' history of the Peloponnesian War is the central text around which the narrative and thematic issues of the book revolve. Munn re-evaluates the formation of the Greek historiographical tradition itself as he identifies the conditions that prompted Thucydides to write--specifically the historian's desire to guide the Athenian democracy as it struggled to comprehend its future. The School of History fully encompasses recent scholarship in history, literature, and archaeology. Munn's impressive mastery of the huge number of sources and publications informs his substantial contributions to our understanding of this democracy transformed by war. Immersing us fully in the intellectual foment of Athenian society, The School of History traces the history of Athens at the peak of its influence, both as a political and military power in its own time and as a source of intellectual inspiration for the centuries to come. A Main Selection of the History Book Club
But the seers on each side play an important supporting role in his account of the battle of Arginusae , which was fought between the Athenian and Peloponnesian fleets in 406 B.C. 32 In this passage too one suspects that divination is ...
Author: Michael Flower
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The seer (mantis), an expert in the art of divination, operated in ancient Greek society through a combination of charismatic inspiration and diverse skills ranging from examining the livers of sacrificed animals to spirit possession. Unlike the palm readers and mediums who exist on the fringe of modern society, many seers were highly paid, well respected, educated members of the elite who played an essential role in the conduct of daily life, political decisions, and military campaigns. Armies, for example, never went anywhere without one. This engaging book, the only comprehensive study of this fascinating figure, enters into the socioreligious world of ancient Greece to explore what seers did, why they were so widely employed, and how their craft served as a viable and useful social practice.
At Arginusae, the Athenians had won even when using inexperienced crews that included liberated slaves. ... Aristotle, however, is unmistakably clear in connecting this proposal for peace with the battle of Arginusae.
Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
A New History of the Peloponnesian War is an ebook-only omnibus edition that includes all four volumes of Donald Kagan's acclaimed account of the war between Athens and Sparta (431–404 B.C.): The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, The Archidamian War, The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, and The Fall of the Athenian Empire. Reviewing the four-volume set in The New Yorker, George Steiner wrote, "The temptation to acclaim Kagan's four volumes as the foremost work of history produced in North America in the twentieth century is vivid. . . . Here is an achievement that not only honors the criteria of dispassion and of unstinting scruple which mark the best of modern historicism but honors its readers." All four volumes are also sold separately as both print books and ebooks.
Author: Aristophanes AristophanesPublish On: 2019-01-26
About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.
Author: Aristophanes Aristophanes
Publisher: Forgotten Books
Excerpt from The Frogs, Vol. 1 IN the month of September me. 406, the Athenian ﬂeet de feated Callicratidas in the battle of Arginusae; the greatest naval engagement in the entire course of the Peloponnesian war. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
THE BATTLE OF ARGINUSAE In 406 BCE Sparta and its Peloponnesian allies assembled a large fleet of triremes. Under the command of the Spartan navarch Callicratidas, it caught up with the Athenian general Conon near harbour, ...
Author: R.G. Grant
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
A visual journey through 3,000 years of naval warfare From the clash of galleys in Ancient Greece to deadly encounters between nuclear-powered submarines in the 20th century, explore every aspect of the story of naval warfare on, under and above the sea. Visit every major naval conflict in time through detailed vital statistics of the combatants and outcomes. Examine the changing face of life aboard a vessel, from punishment and discipline to food and recreation. Take a look at crews and their roles through the ages exploring hierarchies and organisation. Packed with photographs, maps, 3D battle plans and eyewitness accounts this is the ultimate guide to the evolution of naval conflict.
Author: Clinton DeBevoise Corcoran Publish On: 2016-11-15
A year later (405 BCE) at the battle of Aigospotami, Athens's navy suffers a catastrophic defeat. ... sense can be made of Socrates's assertion that by winning at Arginusae, Athens won the Peloponnesian War?41 His explanation was “that ...
Author: Clinton DeBevoise Corcoran
Publisher: SUNY Press
A literary and historical analysis of the structure and meaning of recurrent symbols, images, and actions employed in Plato’s dialogues. In this book, Clinton DeBevoise Corcoran examines the use of place in Plato’s dialogues. Corcoran argues that spatial representations, such as walls, caves, and roads, as well as the creation of eternal patterns and chaotic images in the particular spaces, times, characterizations, and actions of the dialogues, provide clues to Plato’s philosophic project. Throughout the dialogues, the Good serves as an overarching ordering principle for the construction of place and the proper limit of spaces, whether they be here in the world, deep in the underworld, or in the nonspatial ideal realm of the Forms. The Good, since it escapes the limits of space and time, equips Plato with a powerful mythopoetic tool to create settings, frames, and arguments that superimpose different dimensions of reality, allowing worlds to overlap that would otherwise be incommensurable. The Good also serves as a powerful ethical tool for evaluating the order of different spaces. Corcoran explores how Plato uses wrestling and war as metaphors for the mixing of the nonspatial, eternal forms in the world and history, and how he uses spatial images throughout the dialogues to critique Athens’s tragic overreach in the Peloponnesian War. Far from merely an incidental backdrop in the dialogues, place etches the tragic intersection of the mortal and the immortal, good and evil, and Athens’s past, present, and future.
In the Battle of Arginusae, however, an Athenian fleet commanded by eight generals defeats a Spartan fleet under Callicratidas. Battle of Aegospotami and siege of Athens. Athens surrenders, and the Second Peloponnesian War ends.
Author: Lee L. Brice
This book brings together reference material and primary source documents concerning the most important people, places, events, and technologies of Classical Greek warfare in one easy-to-use volume—an invaluable resource for students, educators, and general readers interested in this compelling subject. • Charts present at-a-glance statistical information • Maps depict important battles and the political delineation of Greece at different time periods • Numerous illustrations of important people, events, and technologies help bring history to life
Arginusae. trial. The trial assessing how responsible the generals of the fleet were for the costly outcome of the battle of Arginusae was conducted in the ecclesia in late-summer to autumn 406, a few months before the production of ...
Author: Luigi Barzini
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Literary Criticism
This new comparative reading of Euripides' Bacchae and Aristophanes' Frogs sets the two plays squarely in their contemporary social and political context and explores their impact on the audiences of the time. Both were composed during a crucial period of Athenian political life following the oligarchic seizure of power in 411 BC and the restoration of democracy in 410 BC, and were in all likelihood produced nearly simultaneously a few months before the rise of the Thirty Tyrants and the ensuing civil war. They also demonstrate significant similarities that are particularly notable among extant Attic theatre productions, including the role of the god Dionysos as protagonist and architect of religious and political action, and the presence of Demetrian and Dionysiac mystic choruses as proponents of the appeasement of civil discord as the cure for Athens' ills. Focusing on the mystic, civic and political content of both Bacchae and Frogs, this volume offers not only a new reading of the plays, but also an interdisciplinary perspective on the special characteristics of mystery cults in Athens in their political context and the nature of theatrical audiences and their reaction to mystic themes. Its illumination of the function of each play at a pivotal moment in fifth-century Athenian politics will be of value to scholars and students of ancient Greek drama, religion and history.
After the battle of Arginusae , as well as after the battle of Cyzicus , the Spartans made an attempt to obtain peace on the basis of the status quo ; the Athenians , however , on Cleophon's advice , once more declined the proposal .
14 Thrasyllus , together with Erasinides ( below ) , was among the six generals executed after the battle of Arginusae in the summer of 406 ( cf. 12.36n ) . 15 Comparison of three passages in Xenophon's account of the battle of ...
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This is the second volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece series. Planned for publication over several years, the series will present all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C. in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today's undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public. Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few. This volume contains all the complete works and eleven of the largest fragments attributed to Lysias, the leading speechwriter of the generation (403-380 B.C.) after the Peloponnesian War, who was also one of the finest and most deceptive storytellers of all time. As a noncitizen resident in Athens, Lysias could take no direct part in politics, but his speeches, written for clients to deliver in court, paint vivid pictures of various private and public disputes: one speaker defends himself on a charge of murdering his wife's lover, while another is accused of having caused the deaths of democratic activists under the short-lived oligarchy of the Thirty (404/3), despite his claim to be protected by the amnesty that accompanied the restoration of democracy in 403.
This was the battle of Arginusae ( south of Lesbos ) in 406 B.C. , the last Athenian victory of the war . A violent storm prevented the Athenian generals from rescuing their survivors . For this they were tried in Athens and sentenced ...
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
This third edition of 'The Trial and Death of Socrates' presents G. M. A. Grube's distinguished translations, as revised by John Cooper for 'Plato, Complete Works'. A number of new or expanded footnotes are also included along with a Select Bibliography. John M. Cooper is Stuart Professor of Philosophy, Princeton University.
In the sixth year after the overthrow of the 400 , in the archonship of Callias Angelethen , after the naval battle at Arginusae took place , first it came about that the ten generals who won in the battle were all judged by a single ...