a claim of Carnap and Salmon that the concept of confirmation or confirming evidence is ambiguous.' Here is a passage from Salmon: As Carnap pointed out in Logical Foundations of Probability, the concept of confirmation is radically ...
Author: Peter Achinstein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this fascinating, elegantly written work, distinguished philosopher of science Peter Achinstein explores this question, rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence. He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want--a good reason to believe--and, in some cases, they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori. Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, defines three of them by reference to "potential" evidence, and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability. The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues. Solutions are provided to the "grue," "ravens," "lottery," and "old-evidence" paradoxes, and to a series of questions. These include whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight, whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support, what counts as a scientific discovery, and what sort of evidence is required for it. The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non-circular evidence for the existence of molecules, what type of evidence J. J. Thomson offered for the existence of the electron, and whether, as is usually supposed, he really discovered the electron. Achinstein proposes answers in terms of the concepts of evidence introduced. As the premier book in the fabulous new series Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science, this volume is essential for philosophers of science and historians of science, as well as for statisticians, scientists with philosophical interests, and anyone curious about scientific reasoning.
The focal point of this book is the legal process of the trials and execution of Jesus. over the years i have read and studied numerous books on the ... A Book of Evidence is unique in that it is written from a Jewish legal standpoint.
Author: Nancy L. Kuehl
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Jesus was a Jew, living in a Jewish culture and under Jewish laws, laws that governed the people of Israel at a time of conflict with their Roman overlords. A Book of Evidence takes into consideration the history of first-century Jerusalem and is a unique presentation of the passion event, written from a Jewish legal standpoint. Find out why and how Jesus came to trial, how the politics of the age and a corrupt government played a role in bringing him to death. An examination of the numerous crimes of which Jesus was accused results in a reasonable explanation of the real blasphemy that caused him to be executed, and an investigation into "crucifixion" as it was known during first-century Jewish law. Was the Jewish trial legal? Was it a trial at all? Was there a Roman trial or a simple hearing? Where was the real execution site and burial tomb? All these questions are answered in this gripping book. Follow, step by step, along the path of Jesus during the Passover, from the Garden of Gethsemane, through the trials, to the brutality of the execution, and on to the garden tomb at Bethphage from which he was resurrected!
Scholarly interest in this phenomenon has reached an all-time high in the last thirty years.33 The present section will review the historical evidence von Weissenberg, “The Book of Malachi, Manuscript 4Q76 (4QXIIa), and the Formation of ...
Author: Michael Shepherd
Publisher: Kregel Academic
The books of the twelve Minor Prophets are some of the least studied by Christians today, but they contain some of the great themes of Scripture, such as God's mercy and judgment, His covenant with Israel, the day of the Lord, and the coming of the Messiah. Arguing for a canonical unity that recognizes the Minor Prophets as one cohesive composition, Michael Shepherd explains the historical meaning of each verse of the twelve books and also provides guidance for application and preaching. Pastors, teachers, and serious students of Scripture will find a wealth of insights for understanding the Minor Prophets.
We have only one form of the book, and nothing like direct evidence for the variety of text-forms the theory calls for. Moreover, we have no evidence for the existence of the groups of tradents supposed to be involved, or the worship ...
Author: Kenneth H. Cuffey
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
The Literary Coherence of the Book of Micah puts forth a framework to understand the nature of literary coherence. This enables an analysis of the sources and dimensions of the coherence found in the book of Micah by the primary scholarly proposals for understanding the structure and connectedness of the whole book. Each of these proposals ultimately fails to account for all the features found in the text. The author then explains a new reading of the final form of the text of Micah, based on the placement of the references concerning the remnant. A brief exposition of the text as a canonical whole indicates the flow and development in the final form of the book. The framework formulated earlier provides a basis to evaluate the coherence that this understanding of the book of Micah uncovers and to show that this means of reading the canonical book best accounts for the greatest number of features in the text.
After much careful study, I can assert with absolute confidence that the edition of the Book of Mormon published in 1920 was ... since the Church made sure to insert evidence at the top of the title page verso in every copy of the book ...
Author: Richard L. Saunders
Publisher: Greg Kofford Books
Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints tend to see the Book of Mormon through the lens of personal use, as a single textual and scriptural monolith—the Book of Mormon. That is somewhat natural, since we tend to have at hand and in-use, only the copy or version in our language needed to study it for inspiration. In the process, the point tends to get overlooked that while we may accept the text as inspired, the physical embodiment of that text—the Book of Mormon—is a mortal reality. The Book of Mormon, while it has a “spirit,” also has a mortal “body” (or rather, bodies) existing in space and time. As such, it has a history—and because it comes to us in the form of a book, it also has a book history. This study is divided into three parts. The first part is a straightforward history of the edition’s editing, production, and manufacturing processes. It examines key points in the reprint history of the book, following important factors in the subsequent impressions of the work across nearly thirty years of re-impressions, corrections, transfers, and one new format. The narrative crowded into chapters one through four together leave Part II to catalogue the bibliographic minutia that is the beating heart of analytic book history and which provides entertainment for true-blooded bibliophiles. The details contained in the production and manufacturing contracts and coupled to the typographical evidence explained in Part III, together resolve once and for all the question of what constitutes the 1920 edition and what does not.
Nonetheless the Book of the Twelve forms a de facto literary context. Is this context significant? Barry A. Jones noted that “it remains the case that the only evidence for reading the book of Habakkuk as bearing a relationship to ...
Author: Heiko Wenzel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Past decades have witnessed an increasing interest in the Book of the Twelve. James Nogalski and Paul House had been at the forefront of research in this regard in presenting approaches that account for the book as a whole. Meanwhile others like Ehud Ben Zvi have some reservations. This collection of essays discusses the hermeneutical, exegetical and theological significance of these opposing perspectives and explores venues for future research. The impact on reading and reflecting on individual books is of particular interest to the various essays. Die Entstehung des Dodekapropheton wird seit einigen Jahren engagiert diskutiert. Alternativen stehen sich teilweise unversöhnlich gegenüber. Einerseits werden die einzelnen Prophetenbücher klar voneinander abgegrenzt, andererseits liegen verbindende Elemente vor. Auch die Auslegungsgeschichte geht immer wieder von einem Buch aus. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes lenken die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Frage, welchen Unterschied die verschiedenen Entstehungsszenarien für die Auslegung der einzelnen Bücher und des gesamten Korpus haben. Diese Fragestellung, die bisher wenig Beachtung fand, wird aus hermeneutischer, exegetischer und theologischer Perspektive diskutiert.
The main issues of fact therefore , to be decided at such a trial would be these ( 1 ) Was the Book of Daniel in ... And further ; if the advocates of the pseud - epigraph theory of Daniel were versed in the science of evidence ...
Author: John Phillips
Publisher: Kregel Academic
"John Phillips writes with enthusiasm and clarity, . . . cutting through the confusion and heretical dangers associated with Bible interpretation." --Moody Magazine
Entry in the usual course of prufes . sional business . proved to be dead , and the Court of K. B. , on a trial at bar , admitted the book so referred to , not only as to the six , but likewise as to the other two in the hands of Sir ...
It is easier to appeal to some internal feeling beyond the understanding , than to establish plain declarations on palpable evidence . The unity of the book of Genesis , and of its author , is shown from the uniform and steady progress ...
northern prophetic movement, in such matters as the latter's concern for the ancient ideology of war. ... (b) There is also evidence that might suggest a southern provenance of the book, (i) The discovery of Deuteronomy during Josiah's ...
Author: Peter C. Craigie
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Craigie's study on the Book of Deuteronomy is part of The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Like its companion series on the New Testament, this commentary devotes considerable care to achieving a balance between technical information and homiletic-devotional interpretation.