The Dark Side of the Landscape

The Dark Side of the Landscape

His discussion focuses on the work of three painters: Thomas Gainsborough, George Morland and John Constable. Throughout the book, Barrell draws illuminating comparisons with the literature of rural life and with the work of other painters.

Author: John Barrell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521276551

Category: Art

Page: 192

View: 683

The eighteenth-century saw a radical change in the depiction of country life in English painting: feeling less constrained by the conventions of classical or theatrical pastoral, landscape painters attempted to offer a portrayal of what life was really like, or was thought to be like, in England; and this inevitably involved a distinct approach to the depiction of the rural poor. John Barrell's influential 1980 study shows why the poor began to be of such interest to painters, and examines the ways in which they could be represented so as to be an acceptable part of the décor of the salons of the rich. His discussion focuses on the work of three painters: Thomas Gainsborough, George Morland and John Constable. Throughout the book, Barrell draws illuminating comparisons with the literature of rural life and with the work of other painters. His terse and vigourous account has provided a landmark for social historians and literary critics, as well as historians of art.
Categories: Art

Landscape and Ideology

Landscape and Ideology

devices , the compacted spaces of the landscapes , or the focus on incidental , naturalistic detail in the foreground . ... create an ideal of rural life that balances productivity with pleasure ( Dark Side of the Landscape , pp .

Author: Ann Bermingham

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520066235

Category: Art

Page: 254

View: 311

00 In this interdisciplinary study, Ann Bermingham explores the complex, ambiguous, and often contradictory relationship between English landscape painting and the socio-economic changes that accompanied enclosure and the Industrial Revolution. In this interdisciplinary study, Ann Bermingham explores the complex, ambiguous, and often contradictory relationship between English landscape painting and the socio-economic changes that accompanied enclosure and the Industrial Revolution.
Categories: Art

Gendering Landscape Art

Gendering Landscape Art

... have also provided new frameworks to understand landscape art.25 Writing in The Dark Side of the Landscape of 1980 , John Barrell , for example , examines English landscape painting between 1730 and 1840 from the vantage point of ...

Author: Steven Adams

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719056284

Category: Gender identity in art

Page: 230

View: 711

While gender has been the subject of extensive critical inquiry, the debate has focused primarily on the human, particularly the female, body. The spaces bodies occupy and the ways in which those spaces are depicted in landscape art has not, however, been subject to investigation. This book is the first sustained attempt to fill this gap in art history.
Categories: Gender identity in art

Landscapes

Landscapes

Also in 1972, the academic John Barrell published The Idea of Landscape and the Sense of Place. In 1980 he followed it with The Dark Side of the Landscape, in which he asked whether, when looking at the works of Gainsborough, ...

Author: John Berger

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 9781784785857

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 963

A major new work from the world's leading writer on art Landscapes, the companion volume to John Berger's highly acclaimed Portraits, explores what art tells us about ourselves. "Berger's work is an invitation to reimagine; to see in different ways," writes Tom Overton in the introduction to this volume. As a master storyteller and thinker John Berger challenges readers to rethink their every assumption about the role of creativity in our lives. In this brilliant collection of diverse pieces--essays, short stories, poems, translations--which spans a lifetime's engagement with art, John Berger reveals how he came to his own unique way of seeing. He pays homage to the writers and thinkers who infuenced him, such as Walter Benjamin, Rosa Luxemburg and Bertolt Brecht. His expansive perspective takes in artistic movements and individual artists--from the Renaissance to the present--while never neglecting the social and political context of their creation. Berger pushes at the limits of art writing, demonstrating beautifully how his artist's eye makes him a storyteller in these essays, rather than a critic. With "landscape" as an animating, liberating metaphor rather than a rigid defnition, this collection surveys the aesthetic landscapes that have informed, challenged and nourished John Berger's understanding of the world. Landscapes--alongside Portraits--completes a tour through the history of art that will be an intellectual benchmark for many years to come.
Categories: Art

Dark Tourism

Dark Tourism

C. Brants, “Guilty Landscapes: Collective Guilt and International Criminal Law,” in Cosmopolitan Justice and Its ... J. Barrell, The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting 1730–1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge ...

Author: Glenn Hooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317154754

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 655

Dark Tourism, as well as other terms such as Thanatourism and Grief Tourism, has been much discussed in the past two decades. This volume provides a comprehensive exploration of the subject from the point of view of both practice - how Dark Tourism is performed, what practical and physical considerations exist on site - and interpretation - how Dark Tourism is understood, including issues pertaining to ethics, community involvement and motivation. It showcases a wide range of examples, drawing on the expertise of academics with management and consultancy experience, as well as those from within the social sciences and humanities. Contributors discuss the historical development of Dark Tourism, including its earlier incarnations across Europe, but they also consider its future as a strand within academic discourse, as well as its role within tourism development. Case studies include holocaust sites in Germany, as well as analysis of the legacy of war in places such as the Channel Islands and Malta. Ethical and myriad marketing considerations are also discussed in relation to Ireland, Brazil, Rwanda, Romania, U.K., Nepal and Bosnia-Herzegovina. This book covers issues that are of interest to students and staff across a spectrum of disciplines, from management to the arts and humanities, including conservation and heritage, site management, marketing and community participation.
Categories: Science

An Introduction to Landscape

An Introduction to Landscape

As might be expected, the attitudes to landscape of real people do not follow simple theoretical models, and indeed are often confused. People can often see all sides of an argument, and may change their minds. Krauss«s description of ...

Author: Peter J. Howard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351958783

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 978

Inspiring deep emotion, landscape carries many meanings. This book follows the development of several threads of the concept of landscape as they have evolved across disciplines and across countries, leading to the European Landscape Convention and the designation of cultural landscapes as World Heritage Sites. The book introduces the key notions of landscape, such as landscape as meaning, as picture, as scale, as scenery and as place. It also considers the various factors which influence the way in which landscape is perceived now and in the past, with all of the senses. Finally, it looks of the various ways of protecting, managing and enhancing the landscape, taking into account a future of climate change. Beautifully illustrated and including 'capsules' in each section which provide fascinating insights into subjects from reading pictures, to mapping and GIS, through a discussion of the range of types of landscape to issues such as eco-museums, this book provides an excellent introductory overview for any students with an interest in the landscape around us.
Categories: Social Science

Landscape and Western Art

Landscape and Western Art

Solkin , David H. , Richard Wilson : The Landscape of Reaction ( London : Tate Gallery , 1982 ) , p . 26 . 25. Particularly fruitful and influential have been the following works : John Barrell , The Dark Side of the Landscape ...

Author: Malcolm (Professor of Victorian and Visual Studies Andrews, Professor of Victorian and Visual Studies University of Kent Canterbury)

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0192842331

Category: Art

Page: 248

View: 287

This book explores many issues raised by the range of ideas and images of the natural world in Western art since the Renaissance. The whole concept of landscape is examined as a representation of the relationship between the human and natural worlds. Featured artists include Claude, Freidrich, Turner, Cole and Ruisdael, and many different forms of landscape art are addressed, such as land art, painting, photography, garden design, panorama and cartography.
Categories: Art

The Land Question in Britain 1750 1950

The Land Question in Britain  1750 1950

this trend in the scholarship with The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting, 1730–1840 (Cambridge, 1980). This book argued that no landscape or figure in a landscape can ever be neutral, and must therefore be ...

Author: M. Cragoe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230248472

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 929

The 'Land Question' occupied a central place in political and cultural debates in Britain for nearly two centuries. From parliamentary enclosure in the mid-eighteenth century to the fierce Labour party debate concerning the nationalization of land after World War Two, the fate of the land held the power to galvanize the attention of the nation.
Categories: History

The Non Representation of the Agricultural Labourers in 18th and 19th Century English Paintings

The Non Representation of the Agricultural Labourers in 18th and 19th Century English Paintings

9 John Barrell, The dark side of the landscape (Cambridge: Cambridge Press, 2006), 25. 10 Neil McKendrick, John Brewer and J.H. Plumb, The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-century England (London: Europa ...

Author: Penelope McElwee

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443888745

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 780

The life of the poor rural worker appears to have been one of unmitigated toil within an unequal society, a reality seldom endorsed in paintings of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The contemporary viewer, who constituted less than three per cent of the population, wished to see visions of the idyllic golden landscapes of Merrie England peopled by happy contented workers, or, alternatively, images of the Big House, a feature and phenomenon now marching over the countryside, fed by a new building frenzy. This particular element would soon evolve into an all-consuming preoccupation for the wealthy throughout the period. Members of the upper echelons of society, with their families all attired in fine silks and satins, look out at their audience from ornately framed canvases as individuals. Yet the rural poor, the rabble at the gates, the unseen workforce, who toiled at the behest of the Master, are virtually unknown. They have left few records. Enclosure came at a price. The Poorhouse beckoned. And still the agricultural labourer did virtually nothing, for most of the eighteenth century, to protest or rebel against the inequalities of his downtrodden existence. Only the dreaded behemoth of the nineteenth century, the threshing machine, would stir him into action. How would it end?
Categories: History

Eighteenth Century English Literature

Eighteenth Century English Literature

E John Barrell, The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting 1730-1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980), p. 57. E Crabbe's poem has been called an anti-pastoral. E See John Sekora, Luxury: The Concept ...

Author: Charlotte Sussman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745637204

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 837

This engaging book introduces new readers of eighteenth-century texts to some of the major works, authors, and debates of a key period of literary history. Rather than simply providing a chronological survey of the era, this book analyzes the impact of significant cultural developments on literary themes and forms - including urbanization, colonial, and mercantile expansion, the emergence of the "public sphere," and changes in sex and gender roles. In eighteenth-century Britain, many of the things we take for granted about modern life were shockingly new: women appeared for the first time on stage; the novel began to dominate the literary marketplace; people entertained the possibility that all human beings were created equal, and tentatively proposed that reason could triumph over superstition; ministers became more powerful than kings, and the consumer emerged as a political force. Eighteenth-Century English Literature: 1660-1789 explores these issues in relation to well-known works by such authors as Defoe, Swift, Pope, Richardson, Gray, and Sterne, while also bringing attention to less familiar figures, such as Charlotte Smith, Mary Leapor, and Olaudah Equiano. It offers both an ideal introduction for students and a fresh approach for those with research interests in the period.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Landscapes of Defence

Landscapes of Defence

We might think of individual 'landscapes' as being compromised, partial, contested and only provisionally stable as modes of ordering the world and our engagement with it. ... Barrell referred to the 'dark side to the landscape'.

Author: John R. Gold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317877523

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 590

This is a key text on the very topical themes of power, defence and space. Landscapes of Defence is an exciting collection of theoretical and empirical material from very well known contributors, desiged to help students understand how landscapes of defence fit in with some of the broader concepts of space, power and place to which they are introduced in the 1st year. The book is split into four sections, and each section contains an introduction placing the subsequent chapters in context. There is also a comprehensive introduction and afterword to tie the book's broad themes together. 2nd and 3rd year undergraduates in urban and cultural geography will be the key market for this title, as well as strong secondary market in departments of Sociology, Anthropology, Law and Planning.
Categories: Political Science

The Iconography of Landscape

The Iconography of Landscape

2 John Barrell , The dark side of the landscape : the rural poor in English painting 1730-1840 ( Cambridge , 1980 ) . 3 Nicky Gregson , ' Conference report : iconography in historical geography ' , Journal of Historical Geography ...

Author: Denis Cosgrove

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521389151

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 848

This book, first published in 1988, draws together fourteen scholars from diverse disciplines to explicate the status of landscape as a cultural image.
Categories: History

The Dark Side of Vesuvius

The Dark Side of Vesuvius

Author: Girolamo F. De Simone

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:945114293

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 383

View: 867

Categories: Excavations (Archaeology)

Open Houses

Open Houses

John Barrell's study, The Dark Side of the Landscape, addresses this question of how darkness works in relation to landscape painting. In visual art, the viewer does not want to see the harsh realities of the laboring poor; as Barrell's ...

Author: Barbara Leckie

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812250299

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 312

View: 877

Barbara Leckie's Open Houses addresses nineteenth-century documentary and print culture dedicated to convincing the reader of the wretchedness of housing of the poor and its urgent need for reform. It illustrates the ways in which "looking into" these houses animated new models for social critique in tandem with new forms for the novel.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Cultured Landscape

The Cultured Landscape

Armstrong , H. ( 1999 ) ' Design studios as research : an emerging paradigm for landscape architecture ' , Landscape Review 5 , 2 : 5-25 . Barrell , J. ( 1980 ) The Dark Side of the Landscape : the rural poor in English painting ...

Author: Sheila Harvey

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0419250409

Category: Architecture

Page: 176

View: 809

A team of eminent practitioners and writers contribute to an assessment of the philosophy of landscape, and collectively form a new approach to creative design.
Categories: Architecture

Picture World

Picture World

76 Contemporary scholarship has pursued a Marxist critique of the picturesque , following Raymond Williams and John Barrell , observing what Barrell calls “ the dark side of the landscape . ” 77 Landscape aesthetics emerges , for modern ...

Author: Rachel Teukolsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192603579

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 464

View: 206

The modern media world came into being in the nineteenth century, when machines were harnessed to produce texts and images in unprecedented numbers. In the visual realm, new industrial techniques generated a deluge of affordable pictorial items, mass-printed photographs, posters, cartoons, and illustrations. These alluring objects of the Victorian parlor were miniaturized spectacles that served as portals onto phantasmagoric versions of 'the world.' Although new kinds of pictures transformed everyday life, these ephemeral items have received remarkably little scholarly attention. Picture World shines a welcome new light onto these critically neglected yet fascinating visual objects. They serve as entryways into the nineteenth century's key aesthetic concepts. Each chapter pairs a new type of picture with a foundational keyword in Victorian aesthetics, a familiar term reconceived through the lens of new media. 'Character' appears differently when considered with caricature, in the new comics and cartoons appearing in the mass press in the 1830s; likewise, the book approaches 'realism' through pictorial journalism; 'illustration' via illustrated Bibles; 'sensation' through carte-de-visite portrait photographs; 'the picturesque' by way of stereoscopic views; and 'decadence' through advertising posters. Picture World studies the aesthetic effects of the nineteenth century's media revolution: it uses the relics of a previous era's cultural life to interrogate the Victorian world's most deeply-held values, arriving at insights still relevant in our own media age.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Representations of the Gypsy in the Romantic Period

Representations of the Gypsy in the Romantic Period

... and we cannot see on the dark side of the landscape an image evocative of any very Happy Britannia. That deformed and struggling labourer blights the landscape, and points to a way of apprehending the relations between rich and poor ...

Author: Sarah Houghton-Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198719472

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 545

In the Romantic period, a range of social, cultural, and political changes and events coalesce in such a way as to produce a sudden and significant amount of pressure on general ideas of what a gypsy might be, and thus on representations of gypsies in literature and art. Because of the very particular situation in which Romantic-period gypsies find themselves, for approximately fifty years the figure of the gypsy becomes a peculiarly effective means through whichanxieties about these changes and events might be articulated. This book examines the way in which writers and artists from the Romantic period depict gypsies, showing how various aspects of thecontemporary context influence those depictions, and highlighting the opportunities offered by the figure of the gypsy for the exploration of a range of hopes and fears.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Education of the Eye

The Education of the Eye

Painting, Landscape, and Architecture in Eighteenth-century Britain Peter De Bolla ... 1987 ) ; John Barrell , The Dark Side of the Landscape ( Cambridge , 1980 ) ; and Ann Bermingham , Landscape and Ideology ( Berkeley , 1986 ) . 6.

Author: Peter De Bolla

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804748004

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 273

The Education of the Eye examines the origins of visual culture in eighteenth-century Britain, setting out to reclaim visual culture for the democracy of the eye and to explain how aesthetic contemplation may, once more, be open to all who have eyes to look.
Categories: Social Science

Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape

Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape

It is the enemies of the king and of the order he represents who are associated with disorder or the dark side of the landscape , with craggy peaks , precipices and blasted heathland . It is perhaps fitting in a literary sense that the ...

Author: Denis E. Cosgrove

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 0299155145

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 145

Hailed as a landmark in its field since its first publication in 1984, Denis E. Cosgrove’s Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape has been influential well beyond geography. It has continued to spark lively debate among historians, geographers, art historians, social theorists, landscape architects, and others interested in the social and cultural politics of landscape.
Categories: Social Science