The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing

The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing

This book provides a history of the interpretation of Maya hieroglyphs.

Author: Stephen D. Houston

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806132043

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 551

View: 309

The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing is an important story of intellectual discovery and a tale of code breaking comparable to the interpreting of Egyptian hieroglyphs and the decoding of cuneiform. This book provides a history of the interpretation of Maya hieroglyphs. Introductory essays offer the historical context and describe the personalities and theories of the many authors who contributed to the understanding of these ancient glyphs.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Reading the Maya Glyphs Second Edition

Reading the Maya Glyphs  Second Edition

In this practical guide, first published in 2001, Michael D. Coe, the noted Mayanist, and Mark Van Stone, an accomplished calligrapher, have made the difficult, often mysterious script accessible to the nonspecialist.

Author: Michael D. Coe

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500773338

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 662

The breaking of the Maya code has completely changed our knowledge of this ancient civilization, and has revealed the Maya people's long and vivid history. Decipherment of Maya hieroglyphic writing has progressed to the point where most Maya written texts—whether inscribed on monuments, written in the codices, or painted or incised on ceramics—can now be read with confidence. In this practical guide, first published in 2001, Michael D. Coe, the noted Mayanist, and Mark Van Stone, an accomplished calligrapher, have made the difficult, often mysterious script accessible to the nonspecialist. They decipher real Maya texts, and the transcriptions include a picture of the glyph, the pronunciation, the Maya words in Roman type, and the translation into English. For the second edition, the authors have taken the latest research and breakthroughs into account, adding glyphs, updating captions, and reinterpreting or expanding upon earlier decipherments. After an introductory discussion of Maya culture and history and the nature of the Maya script, the authors introduce the glyphs in a series of chapters that elaborate on topics such as the intricate calendar, warfare, royal lives and rituals, politics, dynastic names, ceramics, relationships, and the supernatural world. The book includes illustrations of historic texts, a syllabary, a lexicon, and translation exercises.
Categories: Social Science

Ancient Maya Politics

Ancient Maya Politics

... Stephen D., Oswaldo Chinchilla, and David Stuart (eds.) 2001 The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing. University of Okla- homa Press, Norman.

Author: Simon Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108623476

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 304

The Classic Maya have long presented scholars with vexing problems. One of the longest running and most contested of these, and the source of deeply polarized interpretations, has been their political organization. Using recently deciphered inscriptions and fresh archaeological finds, Simon Martin argues that this particular debate can be laid to rest. He offers a comprehensive re-analysis of the issue in an effort to answer a simple question: how did a multitude of small kingdoms survive for some six hundred years without being subsumed within larger states or empires? Using previously unexploited comparative and theoretical approaches, Martin suggests mechanisms that maintained a 'dynamic equilibrium' within a system best understood not as an array of individual polities but an interactive whole. With its rebirth as text-backed historical archaeology, Maya studies has entered a new phase, one capable of building a political anthropology as robust as any other we have for the ancient world.
Categories: Social Science

How to Read Maya Hieroglyphs

How to Read Maya Hieroglyphs

This comprehensive guide to deciphering Maya hieroglyphs contains a complete outline of the writing, presenting individual signs and their meanings, the script's grammatical structure and content, and explanations of the sophisticated Maya ...

Author: John Montgomery

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000056290837

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 360

View: 886

This comprehensive guide to deciphering Maya hieroglyphs contains a complete outline of the writing, presenting individual signs and their meanings, the script's grammatical structure and content, and explanations of the sophisticated Maya calendrical and mathematical systems.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Ancient Maya

The Ancient Maya

The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of this standard work on the Maya people.

Author: Robert J. Sharer

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804748179

Category: Social Science

Page: 931

View: 564

The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of this standard work on the Maya people. New field discoveries, new technical advances, new successes in the decipherment of Maya writing, and new theoretical perspectives on the Maya past have made this new edition necessary.
Categories: Social Science

The Order of Days

The Order of Days

According to many of these alarmingly titled books, the ancient Maya not only had a keen insight into the mystical workings of our planet and the cosmos, but they were also able to predict that the world will end in the year 2012.

Author: David Stuart

Publisher: Crown Archetype

ISBN: 9780307720818

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 628

The world's foremost expert on Maya culture looks at 2012 hysteria and explains the truth about what the Maya meant and what we want to believe. Apocalypse 2012: An Investigation into Civilizations End. The World Cataclysm in 2012. 2012: The return of Quetzalcoatl. According to many of these alarmingly titled books, the ancient Maya not only had a keen insight into the mystical workings of our planet and the cosmos, but they were also able to predict that the world will end in the year 2012. David Stuart, the foremost scholar of the Maya and recipient of numerous awards for his work, takes a hard look at the frenzy over 2012 and offers a fascination (and accurate) trip through Mayan culture and belief. Stuart shows how the idea that the "end of the Mayan calendar," which supposedly heralds the end of our own existence, says far more about our culture than about the ancient Maya. The Order of Days explores how the real intellectual achievement of ancient Maya timekeeping and worldview is far more impressive and remarkable than any of the popular, and often outrageous, claims about this advanced civilization. As someone who has studied the Maya for nearly all of his life and who specializes in reading their ancient texts, Stuart sees the 2012 hubbub as the most recent in a long chain of related ideas about Mesoamericans, the Maya in particular, that depicts them as somehow oddball, not "of this world," or as having some strong mystical link to other realms. Because the year 2012 has no prominent role in anything the ancient Maya ever actually wrote, Stuart takes a wider look at the Maya concepts of time and their underlying philosophy as we can best understand them. The ancient Maya, Stuart contends, were worthy of study and admiration not because they were strange but because they were altogether human, and they developed a compelling vision of time unlike any other civilization before or since.
Categories: History

The Technology of Maya Civilization

The Technology of Maya Civilization

The volume presents case studies of archaeological sites in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras.

Author: Zachary X. Hruby

Publisher: Acumen Pub Limited

ISBN: 1845535081

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 423

The ancient Maya shaped their world with stone tools. Lithic artifacts helped create the cityscape and were central to warfare and hunting, craft activities, cooking, and ritual performance. 'The Technology of Maya Civilization' examines Maya lithic artefacts made of chert, obsidian, silicified limestone, and jade to explore the relationship between ancient civilizations and natural resources. The volume presents case studies of archaeological sites in Guatemala, Mexico, Belize, and Honduras. The analysis draws on innovative anthropological theory to argue that stone artefacts were not merely cultural products but tools that reproduced, modified, and created the fabric of society.
Categories: History

The Linguistics of Maya Writing

The Linguistics of Maya Writing

The Linguistics of Maya Writing catches that "second great wave in Maya epigraphy, " bringing together the work of some of the most prominent scholars in the field and perhaps providing the foundation for the next generation of ...

Author: Søren Wichmann

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015059109606

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 452

View: 368

Deciphering Maya hieroglyphics SCHOLARS FIRST BEGAN to unravel the ancient Maya "script" during the 1980s, based primarily on phonetic decipherment of individual signs with reference to recorded languages. But to move beyond simple interpretation to a deeper, grammatical understanding required the application of historical linguistic techniques. From the late 1990s to the present, the understanding of the phonology and grammar of Maya inscriptions has undergone a further revolution. The Linguistics of Maya Writing catches that "second great wave in Maya epigraphy, " bringing together the work of some of the most prominent scholars in the field and perhaps providing the foundation for the next generation of breakthroughs in Maya hieroglyphic decipherment.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Breaking the Maya Code Third Edition

Breaking the Maya Code  Third Edition

The third edition of this classic book takes up the thorny question of when and where the Maya script first appeared in the archaeological record, and describes efforts to decipher its meaning on the extremely early murals of San Bartolo.

Author: Michael D. Coe

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500770610

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 610

The inside story of one of the great intellectual breakthroughs of our time—the first great decipherment of an ancient script—now revised and updated. In the past dozen years, Maya decipherment has made great strides, in part due to the Internet, which has made possible the truly international scope of hieroglyphic scholarship: glyphic experts can be found not only in North America, Mexico, Guatemala, and western Europe but also in Russia and the countries of eastern Europe. The third edition of this classic book takes up the thorny question of when and where the Maya script first appeared in the archaeological record, and describes efforts to decipher its meaning on the extremely early murals of San Bartolo. It includes iconographic and epigraphic investigations into how the Classic Maya perceived and recorded the human senses, a previously unknown realm of ancient Maya thought and perception. There is now compelling documentary and historical evidence bearing on the question of why and how the “breaking of the Maya code” was the achievement of Yuri V. Knorosov—a Soviet citizen totally isolated behind the Iron Curtain—and not of the leading Maya scholar of his day, Sir Eric Thompson. What does it take to make such a breakthrough, with a script of such complexity as the Maya? We now have some answers, as Michael Coe demonstrates here.
Categories: History

Philosophy of the Ancient Maya

Philosophy of the Ancient Maya

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Houston, Stephen, Oswalkdo Mazariegos, and David Stuart, eds. The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing.

Author: Alexus McLeod

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498531399

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 666

This book investigates some of the central topics of metaphysics in the philosophical thought of the Maya people of Mesoamerica, particularly from the Preclassic through Postclassic periods. This book covers the topics of time, change, identity, and truth, through comparative investigation integrating Maya texts and practices—such as Classic Period stelae, Postclassic Codices, and Colonial-era texts such as the Popol Vuh and the books of Chilam Balam—and early Chinese philosophy.
Categories: Philosophy

Art and Myth of the Ancient Maya

Art and Myth of the Ancient Maya

In The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing, edited by Stephen D. Houston, Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos, and David Stuart, 285–90.

Author: Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300207170

Category: Art

Page: 304

View: 465

Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Note on Translations and Orthography -- Introduction -- 1 Image and Text -- 2 Pictorial and Textual Sources -- 3 Mesoamerican Cosmogony -- 4 The Maiden -- 5 The Grandmother -- 6 The Sun's Opponents -- 7 The Sun -- 8 The Perfect Youth -- 9 The Father -- Epilogue -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Illustration Credits -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z
Categories: Art

A Forest of Kings

A Forest of Kings

In this book, two of the first central figures in the massive effort to decode the glyphs, Linda Schele and David Freidel, make this history available in all its detail.

Author: David Freidel

Publisher: William Morrow Paperbacks

ISBN: 0688112048

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 165

The recent interpretation of Maya hieroglyphs has given us the first written history of the New World as it existed before the European invasion. In this book, two of the first central figures in the massive effort to decode the glyphs, Linda Schele and David Freidel, make this history available in all its detail. A Forest of Kings is the story of Maya kingship, from the beginning of its institution and the first great pyramid builders two thousand years ago to the decline of Maya civilization and its destruction by the Spanish. Here the great historic rulers of pre-Columbian civilization come to life again with the decipherment of their writing. At its height, Maya civilization flourished under great kings like Shield-Jaguar, who ruled for more than sixty years, expanding his kingdom and building some of the most impressive works of architecture in the ancient world. Long placed on a mist-shrouded pedestal as austere, peaceful stargazers, the Maya elites are now known to have been the rulers of populous, aggressive city-states. Hailed as "a Rosetta stone of Maya civilization" (Brian M. Fagan, author of People of the Earth), A Forest of Kings is "a must for interested readers," says Evon Vogt, professor of anthropology at Harvard University.
Categories: History

Understanding Maya Inscriptions

Understanding Maya Inscriptions

This second edition includes revised and updated versions of three earlier publications: Understanding Maya Inscriptions: A Hieroglyph Handbook; New and Recent Maya Hieroglyph Readings; and A Resource Bibliography for the Decipherment of ...

Author: John F. Harris

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 0924171413

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 247

View: 781

This second edition includes revised and updated versions of three earlier publications: Understanding Maya Inscriptions: A Hieroglyph Handbook; New and Recent Maya Hieroglyph Readings; and A Resource Bibliography for the Decipherment of Maya Hieroglyphs and New Maya Hieroglyph Readings. This volume is designed to function as a self-teaching tool to help the neophyte, and yet be of value to scholars. It introduces the latest methods of analysis, illustrates techniques for computing Maya calendrics, uses the currently accepted orthography, provides syllabary and syntax, suggests new glyph readings, and presents various interpretations.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Cosmology Calendars and Horizon Based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica

Cosmology  Calendars  and Horizon Based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica

The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Houston, Stephen, and Simon Martin. 2012. “Mythic Prototypes and Maya ...

Author: Anne S. Dowd

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781457193750

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 953

Cosmology, Calendars, and Horizon-Based Astronomy in Ancient Mesoamerica is an interdisciplinary tour de force that establishes the critical role astronomy played in the religious and civic lives of the ancient peoples of Mesoamerica. Providing extraordinary examples of how Precolumbian peoples merged ideas about the cosmos with those concerning calendar and astronomy, the volume showcases the value of detailed examinations of astronomical data for understanding ancient cultures. The volume is divided into three sections: investigations into Mesoamerican horizon-based astronomy, the cosmological principles expressed in Mesoamerican religious imagery and rituals related to astronomy, and the aspects of Mesoamerican calendars related to archaeoastronomy. It also provides cutting-edge research on diverse topics such as records of calendar and horizon-based astronomical observation (like the Dresden and Borgia codices), iconography of burial assemblages, architectural alignment studies, urban planning, and counting or measuring devices. Contributors—who are among the most respected in their fields— explore new dimensions in Mesoamerican timekeeping and skywatching in the Olmec, Maya, Teotihuacano, Zapotec, and Aztec cultures. It will be of great interest to students and scholars of anthropology, archaeology, art history, and astronomy.
Categories: Social Science

The Writing Revolution

The Writing Revolution

The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. A collection of primary sources in the history of the Maya decipherment.

Author: Amalia E. Gnanadesikan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444359855

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 576

In a world of rapid technological advancements, it can be easy to forget that writing is the original Information Technology, created to transcend the limitations of human memory and to defy time and space. The Writing Revolution picks apart the development of this communication tool to show how it has conquered the world. Explores how writing has liberated the world, making possible everything from complex bureaucracy, literature, and science, to instruction manuals and love letters Draws on an engaging range of examples, from the first cuneiform clay tablet, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Japanese syllabaries, to the printing press and the text messaging Weaves together ideas from a number of fields, including history, cultural studies and archaeology, as well as linguistics and literature, to create an interdisciplinary volume Traces the origins of each of the world’s major written traditions, along with their applications, adaptations, and cultural influences
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Maya Imagery Architecture and Activity

Maya Imagery  Architecture  and Activity

Houston, Stephen, Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos, and David Stuart (editors) 2001 The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writing. University of Oklahoma Press, ...

Author: Kaylee R. Spencer

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826355805

Category: Art

Page: 432

View: 832

Maya Imagery, Architecture, and Activity privileges art historical perspectives in addressing the ways the ancient Maya organized, manipulated, created, interacted with, and conceived of the world around them. The Maya provide a particularly strong example of the ways in which the built and imaged environment are intentionally oriented relative to political, religious, economic, and other spatial constructs. In examining space, the contributors of this volume demonstrate the core interrelationships inherent in a wide variety of places and spaces, both concrete and abstract. They explore the links between spatial order and cosmic order and the possibility that such connections have sociopolitical consequences. This book will prove useful not just to Mayanists but to art historians in other fields and scholars from a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, archaeology, geography, and landscape architecture.
Categories: Art

Translating Maya Hieroglyphs

Translating Maya Hieroglyphs

The study of Maya glyphs has long been an arcane subject known only to a few specialists. This book will change that.

Author: Scott A.J. Johnson

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806189406

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 190

Maya hieroglyphic writing may seem impossibly opaque to beginning students, but scholar Scott A. J. Johnson presents it as a regular and comprehensible system in this engaging, easy-to-follow textbook. The only comprehensive introduction designed specifically for those new to the study, Translating Maya Hieroglyphs uses a hands-on approach to teach learners the current state of Maya epigraphy. Johnson shows readers step by step how to translate ancient Maya glyphs. He begins by describing how to break down a Mayan text into individual glyphs in the correct reading order, and then explains the different types of glyphs and how they function in the script. Finally, he shows how to systematically convert a Mayan inscription into modern English. Not simply a reference volume, Translating Maya Hieroglyphs is pedagogically arranged so that it functions as an introductory foreign-language textbook. Chapters cover key topics, including spelling, dates and numbers, basic grammar, and verbs. Formal linguistic information is accessibly explained, while worksheets and exercises complement and reinforce the material covered in the text. Glyph blocks and phrases drawn from actual monuments illustrate the variety and scribal virtuosity of Maya writing. The Maya writing system has not been fully deciphered. Throughout the text, Johnson outlines and explains the outstanding disputes among Mayanists. At the end of each chapter, he offers sources for further reading. Helpful appendices provide quick reference to vocabulary, glyph meanings, and calendrical data for students undertaking a translation. The study of Maya glyphs has long been an arcane subject known only to a few specialists. This book will change that. Taking advantage of the great strides scholars have made in deciphering hieroglyphs in the past four decades, Translating Maya Hieroglyphs brings this knowledge to a broader audience, including archaeologists and budding epigraphers.
Categories: History