The Dream of Reason A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

The Dream of Reason  A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

And his use of supporting examples and illustrative descriptions puts him firmly in the camp of the reasoners rather than the inventive poets. In fact, he explicitly warns against trusting the testimony of poets when it comes to 'things ...

Author: Anthony Gottlieb

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393339635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 241

"His book...supplant[s] all others, even the immensely successful History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell."—A. C. Grayling Already a classic in its first year of publication, this landmark study of Western thought takes a fresh look at the writings of the great thinkers of classic philosophy and questions many pieces of conventional wisdom. The book invites comparison with Bertrand Russell's monumental History of Western Philosophy, "but Gottlieb's book is less idiosyncratic and based on more recent scholarship" (Colin McGinn, Los Angeles Times). A New York Times Notable Book, a Los Angeles Times Best Book, and a Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2001.
Categories: Philosophy

European Constitutionalism Beyond the State

European Constitutionalism Beyond the State

Epilogue Europe and the dream of reason PHILIP ALLOTT The sleep of reason produces monsters . F. Goya , Los Caprichos ( 1799 ) Ideal self - constituting What we need is a metaphysics of Europe's self - constituting .

Author: J. H. H. Weiler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521796717

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 499

Leading scholars of European constitutionalism highlight different facets of the constitutional discussion.
Categories: Law

The Dream of Enlightenment

The Dream of Enlightenment

The Dream of Enlightenment illuminates their lives, arguments and legacy, and tells the story of the birth of modern philosophy.

Author: Anthony Gottlieb

Publisher:

ISBN: 014100066X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 651

The author of the celebrated The Dream of Reason vividly explains the rise of modern thought from Descartes to Rousseau In a short period - from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution - Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark on Western thought. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity - and what is government actually for? Their questions remain our questions, and it is tempting to think these philosophers speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy. Gottlieb creates a sweeping account of what they amounted to, and why we are still in their debt.
Categories: Philosophy

Fin de Si cle Social Theory

Fin de Si  cle Social Theory

Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason Jeffrey C. Alexander ... The Dream of Reason The reality of this vision of the twentieth century is underscored by the fact that it has produced a line of intellectual reasoning , a line ...

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859840914

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 804

In four closely interwoven studies, Jeffrey Alexander identifies the central dilemma that provokes contemporary social theory and proposes a new way to resolve it. The dream of reason that marked the previous fin de siècle foundered in the face of the cataclysms of the twentieth century, when war, revolution, and totalitarianism came to be seen as themselves products of reason. In response there emerged the profound skepticism about rationality that has so starkly defined the present fin de siècle. From Wittgenstein through Rorty and postmodernism, relativism rejects the very possibility of universal standards, while for both positivism and neo-Marxists like Bourdieu, reductionism claims that ideas simply reflect their social base. In a readable and spirited argument, Alexander develops the alternative of a "neo-modernist" position that defends reason from within a culturally centered perspective while remaining committed to the goal of explaining, not merely interpreting, contemporary social life. On the basis of a sweeping reinterpretation of postwar society and its intellectuals, he suggests that both antimodernist radicalism and postmodernist resignation are now in decline; a more democratic, less ethnocentric and more historically contingent universalizing social theory may thus emerge. Developing in his first two studies a historical approach to the problem of "absent reason," Alexander moves via a critique of Richard Rorty to construct his case for "present reason." Finally, focusing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu, he provokes the most sustained critical reflection yet on this influential thinker. Fin de Siecle Social Theory is a tonic intervention in contemporary debates, showing how social and cultural theory can properly take the measure of the extraordinary times in which we live.
Categories: Social Science

The Dream of Reason A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

The Dream of Reason  A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

The author re-examines the basic assumptions of philosophical thought from the pre-Socratic philosophers to Erasmus.

Author: Anthony Gottlieb

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393323658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 893

The author re-examines the basic assumptions of philosophical thought from the pre-Socratic philosophers to Erasmus.
Categories: Philosophy

The Dark Side of Modernity

The Dark Side of Modernity

The reality of this social interpretation of the twentieth century is underscored by the fact that it has produced a line of intellectual reasoning, of social theory, that goes along with it. I will call this the dream of reason.

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745665061

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 814

In this book, one of the world’s leading social theorists presents a critical, alarmed, but also nuanced understanding of the post-traditional world we inhabit today. Jeffrey Alexander writes about modernity as historical time and social condition, but also as ideology and utopia. The idea of modernity embodies the Enlightenment’s noble hopes for progress and rationality, but its reality brings great suffering and exposes the destructive impulses that continue to motivate humankind. Alexander examines how twentieth-century theorists struggled to comprehend the Janus-faced character of modernity, which looks backward and forward at the same time. Weber linked the triumph of worldly asceticism to liberating autonomy but also ruthless domination, describing flights from rationalization as systemic and dangerous. Simmel pointed to the otherness haunting modernity, even as he normalized the stranger. Eisenstadt celebrated Axial Age transcendence, but acknowledged its increasing capacity for barbarity. Parsons heralded American community, but ignored modernity’s fragmentations. Rather than seeking to resolve modernity’s contradictions, Alexander argues that social theory should accept its Janus-faced character. It is a dangerous delusion to think that modernity can eliminate evil. Civil inclusion and anti-civil exclusion are intertwined. Alexander enumerates dangerous frictions endemic to modernity, but he also suggests new lines of social amelioration and emotional repair.
Categories: Social Science

Bureaucratic Fanatics

Bureaucratic Fanatics

Dream. of. Reason. produces. Monsters. Francisco Goya's Los Caprichos (1799), a series of eighty etchings, present an archive of all-too-human caprices and depravities from the mundane to the metaphysical. In the middle of the series, ...

Author: Benjamin Lewis Robinson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110606041

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 284

View: 426

Is justice only achievable by means of bureaucratization or might it first arrive with the end of bureaucracy? Bureaucratic Fanatics shows how this ever more contentious question in contemporary politics belongs to the political-theological underpinnings of bureaucratization itself. At the end of the 18th century, a new and paradoxical kind of fanaticism emerged - rational fanaticism - that propelled the intensive biopolitical management of everyday life in Europe and North America as well as the extensive colonial exploitation of the earth and its peoples. These excesses of bureaucratization incited in turn increasingly fanatical forms of resistance. And they inspired literary production that provocatively presented the outrageous contours of rationalization. Combining political theory with readings of Kleist, Melville, Conrad, and Kafka, this genealogy of bureaucratic fanaticism relates two extreme figures: fanatical bureaucrats driven to the ends of the earth and to the limits of humanity by the rationality of the apparatuses they serve; and peculiar fanatics who passionately, albeit seemingly passively, resist the encroachments of bureaucratization.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Age of Minerva Volume 2

The Age of Minerva  Volume 2

Needless to say , the Universal Language invoked by Goya's dream was the final gesture of this belief.10 The Quarles emblem is Goya's ancestral antithesis . Goya's Capricho emblemizes the dream of Reason in its dual condition : the ...

Author: Paul Ilie

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9781512803334

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 968

The second volume of a trilogy about aberrant reason and the cognitive fault lines that expose the discontinuities underlying empirical reality, fault lines that are embedded in the discourses of literature, art, social analysis, biology, and philosophy.
Categories: History

Awakening through Literature and Film

Awakening through Literature and Film

However, in fact, it is correct to say that although reason often gives thinkers “fruitful inspiration,” “the attempt to push rational inquiry obstinately to its limits is bound often to fail, and then the dream of reason which ...

Author: Jae-seong Lee

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527568433

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 164

View: 140

In order to deeply understand a work of literature or film, one requires the emotional and spiritual experience of the sublime aesthetic power, through which one may glimpse the ultimate reality, as well as the thematic approach. This book, mainly from the perspective of literary criticism of postmodern ethics and kongan (koan)/hwadu Ch’an, Seon, and Zen Buddhism, guides the reader to not simply follow the conventional thematic approach, but to catch nondual, spiritual feelings while appreciating a given work. Through a meditative state, the reading or watching of such work would ultimately be a way of questing for spiritual enlightenment.
Categories: Performing Arts

On the Shoulders of Medicine s Giants

On the Shoulders of Medicine s Giants

Power and the Dream of Reason The dream of reason did not take power into account. The dream was that reason, in the form of the arts and sciences, would liberate humanity from scarcity and the caprices of nature, ignorance and ...

Author: Robert B. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493913350

Category: Medical

Page: 251

View: 921

Medical history offers us many wise thoughts, a few misguided notions, and a host of intriguing back-stories. On the Shoulders of Medicine’s Giants presents a selection of these, and tells how the words of medicine’s “giants”—such as Hippocrates, Sir William Osler, Francis Weld Peabody, and Elizabeth Kübler-Ross—are relevant to medical science and practice in the 21st century. Which physician was the inspiration for the fictional character Sherlock Holmes, and what did he identify as "the real essential factor in all successful medical diagnosis"? What did Sigmund Freud describe as his “tyrant,” and what might this mean for doctors today? Do you know the attributed source of the well-known aphorism about horses and zebras, and what we believe this physician actually said? This book answers these questions and more, while also providing fascinating tales about each individual quoted. On the Shoulders of Medicine’s Giants is recommended for practicing physicians, students, and residents, as well as nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and anyone involved in patient care who wants to understand the historical and epistemological foundations of what we do each day in practice. To see Dr. Taylor lecture on the history of medicine, go here: https://youtu.be/Zx4yaUyaPRA
Categories: Medical