The Ecologies of the Building Envelope

The Ecologies of the Building Envelope

Recognition of RCR’s work in France with an exhibition including a selection of 7 projects, ranging from the first competition they won at the Punta Aldea Lighthouse to the last works still to be built in Paris, Île Seguin and the Vide ...

Author: Alejandro Zaera-Polo

Publisher: Actar

ISBN: 1948765187

Category: Architecture

Page: 464

View: 196

The Ecologies of the Envelope theorizes the building envelope as a literal embodiment of the social, political, technological, and economic contingencies which have become embedded within it over the last century, analyzing the historical lineages, heroes and villains that helped define the complex material ecologies we see within the envelope today. While the façade is one of the most thoroughly theorized elements of architecture, it is also one of the most questioned since the end of the 19th century. Within the discipline of architecture, the traditional understanding of the façade focuses primarily on semiotic and compositional operations (such as proportional laws and linguistic codes) which are deployed on the building's surface. Rather than producing a stylistic analysis of the façade, we investigate the historical lineages of the performances, components, assembly types, and material entanglements that constitute the contemporary building envelope.
Categories: Architecture

The Ecologies of the Building Envelope

The Ecologies of the Building Envelope

Envelopes : A Material and Environmental Ontology believe that the casuistic of contemporary buildings can no longer be ... What we are aiming here is the re - evaluation of the building envelope as a study of the processes , ecologies ...

Author: Alejandro Zaera-Polo

Publisher: Actar D, Inc.

ISBN: 9781638409489

Category: Architecture

Page: 380

View: 446

The Ecologies of the Envelope theorizes the building envelope as a literal embodiment of the social, political, technological, and economic contingencies which have become embedded within it over the last century, analyzing the historical lineages, heroes and villains that helped define the complex material ecologies we see within the envelope today. While the façade is one of the most thoroughly theorized elements of architecture, it is also one of the most questioned since the end of the 19th century. Within the discipline of architecture, the traditional understanding of the façade focuses primarily on semiotic and compositional operations (such as proportional laws and linguistic codes), which are deployed on the building's surface. In contrast to this, our material and environmental theory of the envelope proposes that the exponential development of building technologies since the mid-19th century, coupled with new techniques of management and regulation, have diminished the compositional and ornamental capacities of the envelope in favor of material, quantitative, and technical performances. Rather than producing a stylistic analysis of the façade, we investigate the historical lineages of the performances, components, assembly types, and material entanglements that constitute the contemporary building envelope.
Categories: Architecture

The Ecologies of the Envelope

The Ecologies of the Envelope

Bridging the gap between architectural technology, history and theory, this is a work that provides a cutting-edge overview of building envelope innovations as well as a provocative theoretical argument – in which the contemporary façade ...

Author: Alejandro Zaera-Polo

Publisher: Bloomsbury Visual Arts

ISBN: 1350050342

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 285

In The Ecologies of the Envelope, award-winning architect and renowned theorist Alejandro Zaera-Polo provides a new material and environmental theory of the façade. Bridging the gap between architectural technology, history and theory, this is a work that provides a cutting-edge overview of building envelope innovations as well as a provocative theoretical argument – in which the contemporary façade is revealed to be a complex embodiment of the social, political, technological, and economic contingencies of the 20th and 21st centuries. The Ecologies of the Envelope will appeal not only to theorists and architectural historians, but will also stimulate new ways of conceptualizing building envelope design, inspiring students and professional architectural designers alike.
Categories: Architecture

Design Ecologies

Design Ecologies

Max Regenerative Landscapes—Remediating Places Anneliese Latz of Latz + Partner Studio 804 Dan Rockhill and Jenny Kenne Kivett of Studio 804 Dongtan Eco City Arup Toward an Ecological Building Envelope: Research, Design, and Innovation ...

Author: Lisa Tilder

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 9781568989549

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 506

Contemporary architects are under increasing pressure to offer a sustainable future. But with all the focus on green building there has been little investigation into the meaningful connections between architectural design, ecological systems, and environmentalism. A new generation of architects, landscape architects, designers, and engineers aims to recalibrate what humans do in the world according to how the world works as a biophysical system. Design in this sense is a larger concept having to do as much with politics and ethics as with aesthetics and technology. This recasting of the green movement for the twenty-first century transforms design into a positive agent balancing societal values with environmental needs. Design Ecologies is a ground-breaking collection of never-before-published essays and case studies by today's most innovative designers and critics. Their design strategies—social, material, and biological—run the gamut from the intuitive to the highly technological. One essay likens window-unit air conditioners in New York City to weeds in order to spearhead the development of potential design solutions. Latz + Partner's Landscape Park integrates vegetation and industry in an urban park built amongst the monumental ruins of a former steelworks in Duisburg Nord, Germany. The engineering firm Arup presents its thirty-three-square-mile masterplan for Dongtan Eco City, an energy-independent city that China hopes will house half a million people by 2050. An essay by designer Bruce Mau leads off a stellar list of emerging designers, including Jane Amidon, Blaine Brownell, David Gissen, Gross.Max, Robert Sumrell and Kazys Varnelis, Stephen Kieran and James Timberlake, R&Sie(n), Studio 804, and WORKac.
Categories: Architecture

Design and Construction of High performance Homes

Design and Construction of High performance Homes

This book is essential reading for students and professionals in design, architecture, engineering (civil, mechanical and electrical), construction and energy management.

Author: Franca Trubiano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415615280

Category: Architecture

Page: 298

View: 992

Both professionals and students are increasingly committed to achieving high-performance metrics in the design, construction and operation of residential buildings. This book responds to this demand by offering a comprehensive guide which features: architectural innovations in building skin technologies which make lighter more transparent buildings high performing energy-free architectural design principles and advances in building-integrated photovoltaics essential engineering principles, controls and approaches to simulation for achieving net zero the advantages of integrated design in residential construction and the challenges and opportunities it engenders detailed case studies of innovative homes which have incorporated low-energy design solutions, new materials, alternative building assemblies, digital fabrication, integrated engineering systems and operational controls. Divided into four parts, the book discusses the requisite AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) knowledge needed when building a high-performance home. It also communicates this information across four case studies, which provide the reader with a thorough overview of all aspects to be considered in the design and construction of sustainable homes. With contributions from experts in the field, the book provides a well-rounded and multi-faceted approach. This book is essential reading for students and professionals in design, architecture, engineering (civil, mechanical and electrical), construction and energy management.
Categories: Architecture

Matter Material Processes in Architectural Production

Matter  Material Processes in Architectural Production

... the way we conceived buildings in the first half of the twentieth century.7,8 And to fully understand the problem, ... and kinetic distribution of material at the interface of the built and natural ecologies: the building envelope.

Author: Gail Peter Borden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136798436

Category: Architecture

Page: 520

View: 570

Combining essays from both practice and academia, this book includes some of the most significant projects and thoughts on materiality from the last decade. Beautifully illustrated with a great deal of technical information throughout, it is not a coffee-table book with no explanation of how, nor a theory book without the description of the projects.
Categories: Architecture

Three Cultural Ecologies

Three Cultural Ecologies

Unlike the horizontal spatial sequence in a typical French hôtel particulier from court to building to garden, the sequence within the ... provided the inhabitants with new opportunities to live outdoors within the envelope of building.

Author: David Leatherbarrow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317094746

Category: Architecture

Page: 226

View: 169

Three Cultural Ecologies reverses common conceptions of modern architecture. It reveals how selected works of two modern architects, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, embraced environmental and cultural conditions as reciprocal and complementary. A basic premise of this book’s arguments is that cultural patterns cannot be adequately conceptualized in the terms that typically define ecology today. Instead, studies based on the natural sciences must be complemented by descriptions and interpretations of historical narratives, cultural norms, and individual expressions. Previously unpublished images and new interpretations will allow readers to rediscover works they thought they knew; Villa Savoye, Taliesin, La Tourette, and Ocatilla; as well as projects that are less well known: by Wright, the House on the Mesa and the City Residential Plan, and by Le Corbusier, the Immeuble-villas and Ilôt Insalubre projects. More broadly, this study of cultural ecology at three scales – domestic, monastic, and urban – reconsiders the history of modern architecture. The conditions brought about by societal and technological modernization and confronted by modern architecture have not disappeared in our time, but have intensified, making the task of imagining how some measure of equilibrium between culture and ecology might be achieved even more pressing.
Categories: Architecture

Integrated Design in Contemporary Architecture

Integrated Design in Contemporary Architecture

Successfully integrated projects appear to emphasize the ecologies of buildings and the building of ecologies less ... SHOP Architects ' optimization of a masonry building envelope in Manhattan integrates a broad range of software and ...

Author: Kiel Moe

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 1568987455

Category: Architecture

Page: 203

View: 899

The author takes a comprehensive look at projects that exemplify approaches to this field. From museums to residences, from office buildings to universities and yoga centers, this book showcases 28 examples of integrated design that cut across building types, budgets, climates, and locales.
Categories: Architecture

What Is Cosmopolitical Design Design Nature and the Built Environment

What Is Cosmopolitical Design  Design  Nature and the Built Environment

performance, facilitated by modern building technologies, may inadvertently have triggered its progressive devaluation. the ... and constructive aspects of the building envelope. rather than a surfacial understanding of the façade, ...

Author: Albena Yaneva

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781134808946

Category: Architecture

Page: 264

View: 519

The scale of ecological crises made us realize that every kind of politics has always been cosmopolitics, politics of a cosmos. Cosmos embraces everything, including the multifarious natural and material entities that make humans act. The book examines cosmopolitics in its relation to design practice. Abandoning the modernist idea of nature as being external to the human experience - a nature that can be mastered by engineers and scientists from outside, the cosmpolitical thinking offers designers to embark in an active process of manipulating and reworking nature ’from within.’ To engage in cosmopolitics, this book argues, means to redesign, create, instigate, and compose every single feature of our common experience. In the light of this new understanding of nature, we set the questions: What is the role of design if nature is no longer salient enough to provide a background for human activities? How can we foster designers’ own force and make present what causes designers to think, feel, and act? How do designers make explicit the connection of humans to a variety of entities with different ontology: rivers, species, particles, materials and forces? How do they redefine political order by bringing together stars, prions and people? In effect, how should we understand design practice in its relation to the material and the living world? In this volume, anthropologists, science studies scholars, political scientists and sociologists rethink together the meaning of cosmopolitics for design. At the same time designers, architects and artists engage with the cosmopolitical question in trying to imagine the future of architectural and urban design. The book contains original empirical chapters and a number of revealing interviews with artists and designers whose practices set examples of ’cosmopolitically correct design’.
Categories: Architecture

Microbiomes of the Built Environment

Microbiomes of the Built Environment

Buildings with tight envelopes and well-designed mechanical or engineered natural ventilation provide more potential to control and modulate microbial exposures relative to buildings ventilated by unintentional air leakage.

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309449830

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 646

People's desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of "healthy" indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environmentsâ€"such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materialsâ€"in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions.
Categories: Science