The Economics of Services

The Economics of Services

THE MARCH THROUGH THE SECTORS The familiar , post - Second World War
model of economic development gave a rather special status to the service sector
. Services were the goal , the end , of development . Material needs being ...

Author: Gary Akehurst

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0714633372

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 138

View: 550

First Published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Services

The Economics of Services

Besides the normal need for an update of the book published in 2006, two
aspects of the recent economic policy discourse have motivated a revised,
second edition. In the field of service economics, the remarkable inclination in the
literature ...

Author: J. O. Jansson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782548249

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 205

Acclaim for the first edition: ÔThis is a well-written, provocative book, featuring much new material, original data analyses and interesting insights. Despite the proliferation of books on various aspects of services, there is nothing quite like it around. In particular, examination of the challenges that the growth of services presents to conventional economics is very valuable.Õ Ð Ian Miles, University of Manchester, UK ÔThis is an intriguing book that contains many interesting ways of conceptualising service from the perspective of economics. It makes a number of important contributions to the academic literature. It is one of the very few books and it might even be the only book to be written by an economist on the economics of services Ð it is thus a pioneer work and is of value in that it attempts to bring together the work that economists have done on services.Õ Ð John Bryson, University of Birmingham, UK Despite the fact that services have overtaken industry in terms of employment and GDP in developed countries, rigorous economic study of the service sector remains seriously neglected. The first edition of The Economics of Services initiated a redress of this oversight. Fully revised and updated, the second edition of this highly acclaimed textbook should be required complimentary reading to mainstream microeconomics textbooks for graduate students of economics and for advanced courses in labour, urban and regional economics, economic geography and economic history. The text emphasizes the distinction between intermediate producer services and final consumer services. Many of the former are traded in global markets much like material goods in general, whilst the markets for consumer services are markedly local. This requires quite different micro-foundations in each case. Other key issues explored include the productivity development and quality of service measurements, and the key role of urbanization for service sector growth. The critical issues for the future of the real economy beyond the financial crisis are also analysed in depth, and the author illustrates how a better understanding of the nature of the service economy is necessary for policy innovation with a view to regenerating the welfare state.
Categories: Political Science

The Economics of Postal Service

The Economics of Postal Service

INTRODUCTION AND INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND The primary purpose of
this Chapter is to provide some motivation for the study of postal economics ,
including why problems of postal service are important and their relationship to
the ...

Author: Michael A. Crew

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792392744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 879

Postal service has received considerably less attention in the economics literature than traditional public utilities. Postal service is facing some very important challenges arising out of the increasingly high-tech nature of postal service, the entry of competition into the business, and new attitudes on the part of government to postal service. In the United Kingdom and Germany the increased interest in privatization and recognition of the benefits of competition are likely to have an impact on postal service. These challenges mean that postal managers must learn new ways of doing business, not just in successfully introducing new hardware and in new internal operating procedures, but also in the development of new pricing and costing methodologies and in the introduction of new management information systems. In order to deal with these new developments managers need a solid foundation in applied microeconomic theory as it relates to postal service. This book encompasses the theoretical foundation for postal policy, particularly with regard to pricing, service quality, and competitive issues.
Categories: Business & Economics

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

SCENE. Economic analysis of causes and impact of biophysical changes like
climate change, ecosystem services and biodiversity loss has commanded
special attention in academic research as well as policy discourse. While the
economic ...

Author: Paulo A L D Nunes

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781951514

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 6008

View: 249

In recent years, there has been a marked proliferation in the literature on economic approaches to ecosystem management, which has created a subsequent need for real understanding of the scope and the limits of the economic approaches to ecosystems and
Categories: Business & Economics

International Handbook on the Economics of Tourism

International Handbook on the Economics of Tourism

... the economics of travel agencies; ○ the principles of tour operating and the
main commercial risks; ○ the economics of ... link those who offer services (
service providers) with those who make use of these services (travellers and
tourists).

Author: L. Dwyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781847201638

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 520

View: 109

Tourism economics is a rapidly expanding field of research and interest in the subject has been growing steadily over the past decade. As a field of study it is one of the small band of areas, such as energy and transport economics, that draws on, and applies, developments in general economics. This highly accessible and comprehensive Handbook presents a cutting edge discussion of the state of tourism economics and its likely directions in future research. Leading researchers in the field explore a wide range of topics including: demand and forecasting, supply, transport, taxation and infrastructure, evaluation and application for policy-making. Each chapter includes a discussion of its relevance and importance to the tourism economics literature, an overview of its main contributions and themes, a critical evaluation of existing literature and an outline of issues for further conceptual and applied research. Larry Dwyer and Peter Forsyth have assembled a fascinating Handbook that will be an invaluable and much welcomed reference book for tourism economics scholars and researchers at all levels of academe. General economics scholars will also find much to engage them within the book.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

The Economics of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Humans benefit from ecosystem services, both directly and indirectly. Likewise,
economic activities are based on these services. However, ecosystems cannot
provide services as they used to do when they have been changed due to the
great ...

Author: Shunsuke Managi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136224478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 195

Ecosystems and biodiversity have been degraded over decades due to human activities. One of the critical causes is market failure: the current market only accounts tangible resources and neglects intangible functions, such as climate control and natural hazard mitigation. Under such circumstances in capitalism, land conversion and resource exploitation, which generate financial income, are highly prioritised over conservation, which is not necessarily beneficial in monetary terms. To halt ecosystem degradation, thus, the values of ecosystem services need to be visualised and economic instruments for ecosystem conservation should be further developed. This book focuses on these two aspects and performs several studies, including valuation of ecosystem services, productivity analysis, institutional design of payment for ecosystem services (PES), impact assessment of reduction emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), and economic experiment of mitigation banking scheme. From these analysis, economic values of ecosystem services are demonstrated from both supply and demand side, and the directions for improving economic instruments are indicated both directly and indirectly. As many of these analysis are usually conducted in the North America and Europe, this book is unique in geographical focus, namely, Japan, Asia and globe. Also, wide variety of ecosystems are targeted for studies; agricultural lands, forests, wetlands, and marine. Hence, this will be informative introduction for those who desire to study economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services in these regions and of these ecological zones.
Categories: Business & Economics

Future Survey Annual 1991

Future Survey Annual 1991

Orio Giarini and Walter R. Stahel (Programme of Research on the Economics of
Services, Geneva). Preface by Ilya Prigogine. Foreword by Alexander King.
Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dec 1989/164p/$58.00.

Author: Michael Marien

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0930242424

Category: Political Science

Page: 189

View: 916

Categories: Political Science

The Economics of Air Force Medical Service Readiness

The Economics of Air Force Medical Service Readiness

Overview of the Air Force Medical Service This chapter describes AFMS's
mission and recent history, its relationships with OASD(HA), TMA, the other
military services, and the Air Force MAJCOMs. It also discusses the differences
among the ...

Author: John C. Graser

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833051875

Category: History

Page: 132

View: 767

To transition rapidly to wartime service, Air Force Medical Service critical-care providers need suitable peacetime training opportunities, and this work must be properly attributed to AFMS so that it receives proper credit in budget distributions.
Categories: History

The Economics Statistics and Cooperatives Service

The Economics  Statistics  and Cooperatives Service

Department of Agriculture. Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service.
Cooperatives Through agricultural cooperatives , farmers jointly purchase
production supplies , process and market their products , and obtain farm -
related services ...

Author: United States. Department of Agriculture. Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951002864266J

Category:

Page: 8

View: 472

Categories:

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity  Ecological and Economic Foundations

Coordinator, TEEB Ecological and Economic Foundations, University of
Liverpool, UK The demand for economic analysis of drivers of change and
impacts on ecosystems, ecosystem services and biodiversity has never been as
profound as it ...

Author: Pushpam Kumar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136538797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 442

Human well-being relies critically on ecosystem services provided by nature. Examples include water and air quality regulation, nutrient cycling and decomposition, plant pollination and flood control, all of which are dependent on biodiversity. They are predominantly public goods with limited or no markets and do not command any price in the conventional economic system, so their loss is often not detected and continues unaddressed and unabated. This in turn not only impacts human well-being, but also seriously undermines the sustainability of the economic system. It is against this background that TEEB: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity project was set up in 2007 and led by the United Nations Environment Programme to provide a comprehensive global assessment of economic aspects of these issues. This book, written by a team of international experts, represents the scientific state of the art, providing a comprehensive assessment of the fundamental ecological and economic principles of measuring and valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity, and showing how these can be mainstreamed into public policies. This volume and subsequent TEEB outputs will provide the authoritative knowledge and guidance to drive forward the biodiversity conservation agenda for the next decade.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Online Markets and ICT Networks

The Economics of Online Markets and ICT Networks

... mobile communications and mobile data communications (wireless LAN and
mobile Internet) services. Related service industries are considered as catalysts
for growth of an emerging knowledge-based economy through the 21st century.

Author: Russel Cooper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790817072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 195

This volume examines the economics of platform structure and firm competition within and between online markets. It also details modern theoretical treatments of regulatory intervention in online markets and the consideration of forward-looking experimental analysis of demand for yet to be provided services. The volume is divided into three parts: innovation and competition in online markets; regulation, pricing and evaluation with real options; and empirical approaches to market analysis.
Categories: Business & Economics

International Handbook on the Economics of Integration

International Handbook on the Economics of Integration

economic. integration. agreements. lead. to. deeper. integration. of. services.
markets?1. Juan. A. Marchetti2. 1. INTRODUCTION. Preferential liberalisation of
trade in services is not a new phenomenon, but has become a more common
and ...

Author: Miroslav N. Jovanović

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781849806152

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 3

View: 146

'International Handbook of Economic Integration edited by Miroslav Jovanovi provides timely and rich academic contributions to considerations of the widest array of integration-related issues. European integration has been providing an inspiration to a number of academics and researchers. The Handbook is a recognition of the dynamic and strong solidarity of the European integration. At the same time, the European Union often provided an example for integration schemes throughout the world which spread enormously since the mid-1990s. Leading experts from all continents contributed to this Handbook which will be a valuable input into academic and policy-making discussions and actions.'– José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission'Miroslav Jovanovi 's publication represents a rich contribution to the complex issue of regional integration, its benefits, its shortcomings, and its relationship with multilateral trade opening. It sheds light over an issue which is the subject of intense discussions in trade circles.'– Pascal Lamy, Director-General of the WTO'Much has been written on trade agreements as a mechanism to integrate the markets of two of more countries – often inspired by the European example. In recent years, attention has increasingly focused on the importance of economic geography as a determinant of industrial location. This book combines the two strands of analysis, bringing together leading experts in the fields of economic geography and international trade. The result is an outstanding compilation of papers that illuminate how policies and economic forces affect the location of economic activity in an integrated Europe.'– Bernard Hoekman, Director, The World Bank, US 'The open multilateral trading system is a tremendous success of the past half century, and has contributed greatly to the world's unprecedented rate of economic growth. Over the past two decades however, preferential trading arrangements have proliferated, raising questions as to how compatible they are with the open multilateral system, and what policies might be adopted to improve outcomes. The essays in this volume detail the emergence of PTAS and provide comprehensive and up-to-date analyses of the state of play of preferential arrangements in all regions of the world. The volume will provide a useful reference for all those wanting to understand existing preferential arrangements and their role in the international economy today.'– Anne O. Krueger, Johns Hopkins University and Stanford University, US 'Economic integration is a complex and multifaceted giant, with a myriad aspects ranging from regional and global concentration and dispersal of economic activity to social and political consequences for individuals and communities in developed and developing countries alike. This landmark, three volume collection of chapters by leading authors, drawn from many fields, is a worthy and timely contribution to the analysis of a phenomenon with profound implications for the future world economy - and its governance.'– James Zhan, Director, Investment & Enterprise Division, UNCTADWith this Handbook, Miroslav Jovanovi has provided readers with both an excellent stand-alone original reference book as well as an integral part of a comprehensive three-volume set. This introduction into a rich and expanding academic and practical world of international economic integration also provides a theoretical and analytical framework to the reader, presenting select analytical studies and encouraging further research. International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume III covers three broad themes: factor mobility (transnational corporations and labour migration); agriculture and environment; and quantitative studies of integration effects. A removal of barriers for the mobility of factors in certain integration arrangements among countries has an impact on the mobility of capital, firms and individuals within the group. Various aspects of this factor mobility are analysed in eight detailed chapters. The second theme of the Handbook is devoted to agriculture and environment. This is of great global relevance as the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU has been a bone of contention in international relations over several decades. Finally, seven quantitative studies of the effects of integration attempt to measure various potential benefits of regional integration efforts.Contributors to this major reference work include eminent authors, some of whom contributed to the creation of economic integration theory from the outset. The authors not only survey the literature, but also present their own arguments and new ideas in order to offer a new perspective, as well as discussing the issues they believe are essential in the field. Each of the insightful chapters is approachable not only to graduate students, scholars, researchers and policymakers, but also to advanced undergraduate students.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Transport

The Economics of Transport

Chapter 3 The market for transport services Learning Outcomes: In the course of
this chapter, you will learn: The law of ... of transport services The market and
economic principles that underpin the provision of transport services and ensure
 ...

Author: Jonathan Cowie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135257835

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 117

This book provides an explanation of key underlying economic principles, allowing the reader to come to a better understanding of the critical factors that structure and guide transport markets. This is done through an examination of the interaction between the behaviour of individual users and providers of transport services and transport authorities actions through the implementation of transport policy. The book also considers on-going reforms in the organisation of all aspects of transport provision. These reforms seek to move transport delivery away from a model of high state intervention towards one that is far more market focused in its approach, thereby significantly increasing individuals’ responsibilities for their own transport actions. The Economics of Transport covers topics such as; - The demand and supply of transport services - Market structures and the underlying economic characteristics of transport markets - The economics of transport and the environment - Transport subsidises and regulation - Transport forecasting and appraisal With a selection of case studies and exercises, this book will be of use to higher level students. It will also be of interest to professionals in the transport planning, transport modelling and transport economics fields.
Categories: Architecture

The Economics of Telecommunications Systems

The Economics of Telecommunications Systems

Service quality is of much less concern when rate-of-return regulation is used
because in this situation the firm gains no ... Part of the problem in understanding
what will happen to service quality is that economic analysis does not provide an
 ...

Author: Noel D. Uri

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1594541655

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 311

The process of formulating and implementing telecommunications policy in the United States often seems chaotic and disorganised, with overlapping responsibility and frequent conflicts among federal and state regulators, Congress, the Administration, and the Federal judiciary. There has never been a consensus on what should change and what should remain unaltered. Telecommunications policy has evolved gradually over a relatively long period of time, resulting in a cumulative major transformation. It is still tied, however, to the Communications Act of 1934. Actions have been taken that have gradually moved policy from traditional public utility regulation of a monopoly to greater reliance on market forces and encouragement of competition. The policies are an amalgam incorporating elements from a wide range of political and economic views. There is nothing endemic in this transformation process to guarantee that the resulting policies have led to greater economic efficiency or that they are better in some subjective sense than alternatives that are available. This being the case, what is very useful is an ex post assessment of the policies that have been implemented in order to evaluate their impact. An objective evaluation of the impact of a policy affords an opportunity to make adjustments to it based on the realised economic consequences. This approach to policy making can be looked upon as a learning-by-doing exercise. In this book a number of objective studies based on data from various telecommunications systems are presented. These studies discuss and evaluate policies that have been implemented. In a number of instances, the policies have been misguided. Recommendations to correct the most egregious problems are offered.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Economics of Sustainable Development

The Economics of Sustainable Development

Given that the demand for environmental services from various economic
activities can exceed the natural sustainable levels of supply at a given time, and
if measures are not taken to reduce this excess demand to zero, environmental ...

Author: Surender Kumar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387981764

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 470

This book highlights methodological approaches for the economics of sustainable development and brings together recent empirical work done in India, especially by Dr. Surender Kumar and Dr. Shunsuke Managi. Various chapters in this book use Indian data to show the very wide applicability of methodologies in the theory of production for dealing with many empirical issues of environmentally sustainable development in a developing country. I congratulate the authors for the time and effort devoted to compiling this very useful reference on the subject and the publishers for publishing this volume. The methodologies of cost functions, distance functions, and production fu- tions have been used in many recent studies and in the studies reported in this book for environmental valuation. Environmental valuation is required for designing policy instruments like pollution taxes for sustainable development and for meas- ing green GDP. The UN methodology of integrated environmental and economic accounting provides ways of measuring the cost of maintaining environmental resources at sustainable levels or the maintenance cost for estimating green GDP. Some of the chapters in this book show that the methodology of distance functions could be used for estimating the cost of environmentally sustainable development.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Economics of Social Insurance and Employee Benefits

The Economics of Social Insurance and Employee Benefits

BCBS insurance coverage was always denominated in terms of services. "
Traditional" insurance companies' contracts don't cover a list of services such as
BCBS plans, but rather "indemnifies" (or insures) the worker's health care costs
by ...

Author: Richard J. Butler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792382668

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 615

Throughout, private sector human resource practices and public sector human resource policies are linked to various benefit models: the human capital model; the passive participant model; the insurance model; the managed care model; and the integrated health benefits model.
Categories: Business & Economics

Economics of Grids Clouds Systems and Services

Economics of Grids  Clouds  Systems  and Services

You are holding the proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on the
Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services. This workshop brings
together the research and practitioner communities active in the area of
economics and ...

Author: Kurt Vanmechelen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642286759

Category: Computers

Page: 202

View: 723

This book constitutes the refereed post-proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services, GECON 2011, held in Paphos, Cyprus, in December 2011. The 9 revised full papers presented together with 5 work in progress papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 27 papers. The papers are organized in topical sections on market mechanisms and negotiation; cost models, charging, and trading platforms; resource allocation, scheduling, and admission control; and two work in progress sections: risk assessment and economics of cloud services; and cost-aware adoption of cloud services.
Categories: Computers

Economics of Grids Clouds Systems and Services

Economics of Grids  Clouds  Systems  and Services

This year marks the 10th anniversary of GECON, the International Conference on
the Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services. In 2003, three years
before the launch of Amazon's EC2 Cloud computing offering, this event was
jointly ...

Author: Jörn Altmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319024141

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 269

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services, GECON 2013, held in Zaragoza, Spain, in September 2013.The 20 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: business models, energy consumption, resource allocation, work in progress on resource allocation, work in progress on pricing, quality of service, work in progress on utility and ROI modeling.
Categories: Computers

The Economics of Household Consumption

The Economics of Household Consumption

It is a three-stage process, encompassing acquisition of goods and services from
all sources, their use to maintain household well-being, and the disposal of
consumption residues. Although purchase of goods and services has received
and ...

Author: Frances M. Magrabi

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275941132

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 872

This book provides an overview of concepts, theories, and methods related to the study of household consumption. It summarizes the most recent data on consumption patterns and trends, together with factors that influence consumption--population trends, prices, and distribution of resources--and examines how consumption data are used by business, government, and other organizations. The purpose of the work is to give the student an understanding of household consumption patterns, including recent trends in household consumption in the U.S., consumption patterns and problems in rich and poor countries, and applications to questions of public policy.
Categories: Business & Economics