The Epic of Askia Mohammed

The Epic of Askia Mohammed

The text is a word-for-word translation from Nouhou Malio's oral performance.

Author: Nouhou Malio

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253209900

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 88

View: 465

Askia Mohammed is the most famous leader in the history of the Songhay Empire, which reached its apogee during his reign in 1493-1528. Songhay, approximately halfway between the present-day cities of Timbuktu in Mali and Niamey in Niger, became a political force beginning in 1463, under the leadership of Sonni Ali Ber. By the time of his death in 1492, the foundation had been laid for the development under Askia Mohammed of a complex system of administration, a well-equipped army and navy, and a network of large government-owned farms. The present rendition of the epic was narrated by the griot (or jeseré) Nouhou Malio over two evenings in Saga, a small town on the Niger River, two miles downstream from Niamey. The text is a word-for-word translation from Nouhou Malio's oral performance.
Categories: Literary Criticism

In Search of Askia Mohammed

In Search of Askia Mohammed

Nouhou Malio, a Songhay griot, recounted his version of the demise of Sunni Ali and the rise of Askia Mohammed to Penn State professor Thomas Hale in 1980-81. This tale is packed with symbolic meaning.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1030896046

Category: Folk literature

Page: 109

View: 883

This thesis offers a detailed historical analysis of The Epic of Askia Mohammed, a foundational myth that ranks among the more well-known global tales of cultural heroes and state formation. The sudden regime change that resulted in the collapse of the Songhay Sunni dynasty and the ascent of the Songhay Askia dynasty in 1492-93 is one of the most important events in West African history. This swift rebellion reversed decades of destructive economic and religious policies. As such, the memory of these dynamic and transformative times was captured by the griots, the oral historians of the Sudan. Nouhou Malio, a Songhay griot, recounted his version of the demise of Sunni Ali and the rise of Askia Mohammed to Penn State professor Thomas Hale in 1980-81. This tale is packed with symbolic meaning. When placed in historical and cultural context, one finds that Malio communicated complex social and political ideas in what Joseph Campbell termed "the picture language of mythology." Campbell's theory of the Hero's Journey is the standard against which the themes of the epic are gauged. The epic is compared to the historical record in order to find the deeper meaning and kernels of truth buried in the allegories of the tale. Sunni Ali is remembered as a great warrior and a magician-king, while Askia Mohammed is viewed as an able administrator and devout Muslim. This is a false dichotomy. A nuanced understanding is achieved upon close investigation into the period of regime change. Ultimately, one finds that the epic is brimming with details concerning the Songhay past and present and that the players are much more complex than popularly perceived.
Categories: Folk literature

Oral Epics from Africa

Oral Epics from Africa

In the Epic of Askia Mohammed , we find descriptions of the aid provided by the
Zarma . In The Epic of Mali Bero , there are also descriptions of that mutual
assistance . Both The Epic of Mali Bero and The Epic of Issa Korombé , narratives
that ...

Author: John Johnson, Sir

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253211107

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 331

View: 758

It seems incredible that heretofore there has not been an introductory anthology of African epics presented in English. Western literary culture has long emphasized the heritage of such well-known epics as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and Aeneid. But it is only recently that scholars have turned their attention toward capturing the rich oral tradition that is still alive in Africa. The twenty-five excerpts in this volume have been selected and introduced so as to offer English-speaking readers a broad sample of the extensive epic traditions in Africa. The general introduction and the background on each epic will enable readers to understand the context of each epic and will also provide leads for further inquiry.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Heroism and the Supernatural in the African Epic

Heroism and the Supernatural in the African Epic

The same observation is true for the Epic of Askia Mohammed (1996) as well. In
his introduction, Hale teaches us that in fact, the original title of the Epic of Askia
Mohammed in Songhay language is “Mamar Kassaye Deeda” (Mohammed son ...

Author: Mariam Konaté Deme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136932656

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 148

View: 821

There exists a strong tendency within Western literary criticism to either deny the existence of epics in Africa or to see African literatures as exotic copies of European originals. In both cases, Western criticism has largely failed to acknowledge the distinctiveness of African literary aesthetics. This book revises traditional literary canons in examining the social, cultural and emotional specificity of African epics. Mariam Konate Deme highlights the distinguishing features that characterize the African epic, emphasizing the significance of the fantastic and its use as an essential element in the dramatic structure of African epics. As Deme notes, the fantastic can be fully appreciated only against the cosmological background of the societies that produce those heroic tales. This book not only contributes to the scholarship on African oral literature, but also adds reshapes our understanding of heroic literature in general.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Conference on the Sunjata Epic November 13 15 Papers

Conference on the Sunjata Epic  November 13 15  Papers

He adds that the most famous ruler to follow Sundiata , Mansa Musa , does not
even appear in the epic cycle of the Mandé - speaking peoples ( The Epic of
SonJara , 5 ) . My own research on a later Sahelian ruler , Askia Mohammed ,
who is ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000001722796

Category: Epic poetry, Mandingo

Page:

View: 223

Categories: Epic poetry, Mandingo

At the Limits of Memory

At the Limits of Memory

The political motivation of the epic is to situate the ruler Askia mohammed and his
dynasty centrally in songhay history and to legitimize his political and religious
rule. for this reason, the bulk of the epic is dedicated to Askia mohammed.

Author: Nicola Frith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781781387580

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 259

View: 993

Recent years have seen a growing body of literature dedicated to memories of slavery in the Anglophone world, yet little has been done to approach this subject from Francophone perspectives. This collection responds to the urgent need to contribute to current research on slavery and memory studies by focusing specifically on the Francophone world. Featuring the scholarship of leading academics in France, Britain, the United States and Canada, the collection reflects upon contemporary commemorative practices that relate to the history of slavery and the slave trade, and questions how they function in relationship to other, less memorialized histories of exploitation, such as indentured and forced labour. The volume is set against the context of France's growing body of memory legislation, as well as its close cultural and political connections to its former empire, all of which make it an influential player in how slavery continues to be memorialized and conceptualized in the public sphere. Contributors retrace and redraw the narrative map of slavery and its legacies in the Francophone world through a comparative understanding of how these different, but interconnected forms of labour exploitation have been remembered and/or forgotten from European, West African, Indian Ocean and Caribbean perspectives.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Visions of the Third Millennium

Visions of the Third Millennium

Similar to Du Kamisa , Kassaye ( Askia Mohammed's ? mother ) , in The Epic of
Askia Mohammed , is endowed with great magical powers . Kassaye saves her
son Mamar Kassaye ( Askia Mohammed ) from her brother Si . Seers tells Si that
 ...

Author: Sandra M. Grayson

Publisher: Africa Research and Publications

ISBN: UCSC:32106019252623

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 132

View: 771

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Research in African Literatures

Research in African Literatures

See also Thomas Hale ' s Scribe , Griot , Novelist with regard to The Epic of Askia
Mohammed and its performance in Niger . Hale defines the griot as “ a master of
the spoken word ” ( 38 ) , usually understood by his public in terms of the griot ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4581200

Category: Africa

Page:

View: 875

Categories: Africa

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica

An outstanding event of the past 20 – 30 years of the discovery of African heroic
epic was the publication of the Askia Mohammed epic . This type of text appeared
first in connection with the activities of the Tilho - Mission from 1906 – 1909 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000025533419

Category: Ethnology

Page:

View: 848

Categories: Ethnology

Literature and Belief

Literature and Belief

Islamic and Songhay Belief Systems in the Timbuktu Chronicles and the Epic of
Askia Mohammed , ” Thomas Hale shows how Islamic beliefs in the Sahelian
region of West Africa are often undermined by older and indigenous religious ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105017855847

Category: Religion and literature

Page:

View: 702

Categories: Religion and literature

African Studies Symposium

African Studies Symposium

In the versions of the epic of Askia Mohammed which we recorded in 1980 - 81 in
western Niger , there are numerous references to his Islamic activities . The griot
notes , for example , that Askia Mohammed killed his uncle on a Friday afteroon ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X000613725

Category: Islam

Page:

View: 546

Categories: Islam

Language in Action

Language in Action

Olivier de Sardan ( 1982 , 1984 ) traces the origin of possession to the late 15th
century , a time when Islam was institutionalized during the reign of Askia
Mohammed Touré . Furthermore , each spirit family in the Songhay pantheon —
there ...

Author: Roger W. Shuy

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: IND:30000068524762

Category: Social Science

Page: 588

View: 812

How is language used by people to shape who they are and to build connections among them? How do such linguistic dynamics affect relationships, work, and even personal safety? This book seeks to answer questions such as these.
Categories: Social Science

African Literature Studies

African Literature Studies

In 1980 - 81 , he collected ten versions of the epic of Askia Mohammed and ten
versions of the epic of Mali Bero , a legendary leader of the Zarma people .
Where Stoller had to decode Soninké words in the incantations of the magicians
and ...

Author: African Literature Association

Publisher: Three Continents

ISBN: 0894104365

Category: Poetry

Page: 314

View: 863

Categories: Poetry

Recreating Words Reshaping Worlds

Recreating Words  Reshaping Worlds

Men jesere , as well as women jesere , who excel in oral traditions , often rely on
women tricksters to convey different messages . Askia Mohammed ' s mother
tricked her brother to save her son from being killed ( The Epic of Askia
Mohammed ...

Author: Aïssata G. Sidikou

Publisher: Africa Research and Publications

ISBN: UVA:X004556103

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 260

View: 374

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Generic Ideologies

Generic Ideologies

Le devoir de violence uses oral epic as a source but does not do so in the same
way that Camara Laye utilizes the Sundiata in his work . Instead of being taken
as an unimpeachable source , the Askia Mohammed legend is modified ...

Author: Susan F. Gorman

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015060044370

Category:

Page:

View: 526

Categories:

African Studies Review

African Studies Review

The first section is framed by accounts of the origins of the Fulani and the epic of
Askia Mohammed . The importance of griots in preserving history and making it
relevant is evident in both chapters . Christopher Wise ' s translation of al - Hajj ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000092481948

Category: Africa

Page:

View: 448

Categories: Africa

Masculinities in African Literary and Cultural Texts

Masculinities in African Literary and Cultural Texts

Mbele , Joseph , Women in the African Epic ' In Research in African Literatures
37 ( 2 ) ( 2006 ) , 61-67 . —The Hero in the African Epic , ' in ... 1990 ; Hale and
Malio , 1996 8. Hale and Malio , The Epic of Askia Mohammed , line 902 . es -
Sadi ...

Author: Helen Nabasuta Mugambi

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: UOM:39076002879240

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 352

View: 141

An invaluable contribution to the emerging body of African masculinity studies, drawing on the epic, folk tales, proverbs and song genres. The book explores the pervasive influence of orality on patterns of thought, as well as underlying notions of masculinity in African societies through the work of writers such as Chinua Achebe, Ama Ata Aidoo, Ahmadou Kourouma, Nuruddin Farah and Nawal El Saadawi.
Categories: Literary Collections

Program and Abstracts

Program and Abstracts

THE EPIC OF ASKIA MOHAMMED Edited and translated by Thomas A. Hale
African Epic Series paper $ 8.95 cloth $ 27.95 Ethnic MUHAMMAD AND THE
GOLDEN BOUGH Reconstructing Arabian Myth Jaroslav Stetkevych Available ...

Author: American Folklore Society. Annual Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000134302482

Category: Folklore

Page:

View: 752

Categories: Folklore

Symbolizing the Past

Symbolizing the Past

Askia Mohammed became the servant of his uncle. When Askia learned the truth
of his ancestry, he killed Si. (Hale, The Epic of Askia Mohammed) 9When Lee
had first approached then Reverend Allen eight years earlier after she was
moved ...

Author: Sandra M. Grayson

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761817271

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 96

View: 209

Reading Sankofa, Daughters of the Dust, & Eve's Bayou as Histories
Categories: Literary Criticism