Author: Renate Pirstner-EbnerPublish On: 2022-06-14
Fundamentals. 2. of. Energy. Law. 2.1 Energy The word energy stems from the ancient Greek term “energeia”, meaning “to be effective and to become effective”. Aristotle described energy as “an effective force through which the possible ...
Author: Renate Pirstner-Ebner
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
Das Buch zum Energierecht der Europäischen Union beinhaltet neben einer Einführung (Begriffe, Überblick) das Marktmodell für Strom und Gas (z.B. Gleichbehandlung, Netzzugang), die Regulierungseinrichtungen (ACER, Anforderungen an die nationalen Regulierungsbehörden) und die europäischen Koordinierungseinrichtungen (ENTSO [Strom] usw.). Ein eigenes Kapitel ist der Versorgungssicherheit für Strom- und Gas (Risikovorsorgeplan [Strom], Notfallplan und Solidaritätsprinzip [Gas]) gewidmet. Daneben werden die erneuerbaren Energien, Energieeffizienz, Speicherung, Dezentralisierung (Energiegemeinschaften) und Digitalisierung (Smart Meters) behandelt. Den Abschluss des Buches bildet das Kapitel "Energiesystem der Zukunft" (Green Smart Grid).
establishes the fundamentals of the Russian legal system, the rights of its citizens, aspects pertaining to government and the federalist structure, and delineates the scope and function of judicial power. Russia's Constitution is based ...
Author: Tina Hunter
The Routledge Handbook of Energy Law provides a definitive global survey of the discipline of Energy Law, capturing the essential and relevant issues in Energy today. Each chapter is written by a leading expert, and provides a contemporary overview of a significant area within the field. The book is divided into six geographical regions based on continents, with a separate section on Russia, an energy powerhouse that straddles both Europe and Asia. Each section contains highly topical chapters from authors who address a number of core themes in Energy Law and Regulation: • Energy security and the role of markets • Regulating the growth of renewable energy • Regulating shifts in traditional forms of energy • Instruments in regulating disputes in energy • Impact of energy on the environment • Key issues in the future of energy and regulation. Offering an analysis of the full spectrum of current issues in Energy Law, the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law is an essential resource for advanced students, researchers, academics, legal practitioners and industry experts.
For example, The ASA Bulletin Editor described it as “in stark contrast with a number of principles of international arbitration” such as Kompetenz-Kompetenz. There was nothing improper in the conduct of the arbitral tribunal.
Author: Mohammad Naseem
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
This book provides a systematic approach to legislation and legal practice concerning energy resources and production in International Energy Law. The book describes the broad international energy set up, administrative organization, regulatory framework, and relevant case law pertaining to the development, application, and use of such forms of energy as electricity, gas, petroleum, and coal, with attention as needed to the pervasive legal effects of competition law, environmental law and tax law. A general introduction covers the geography of energy resources, sources and basic principles of energy law, and the relevant governmental institutions. Then follows a detailed description of specific legislation and regulation affecting such factors as documentation, undertakings, facilities, storage, pricing, procurement and sales, transportation, transmission, distribution, and supply of each form of energy. Case law, intergovernmental cooperation agreements, and interactions with environmental, tax, and competition law are explained. Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable resource for energy sector policymakers, negotiators, investors and energy firm counsel handling cases affecting International Energy Law. It will also be welcomed by researchers and academics for its contribution to the study of the complex field of energy law that has peculiar characteristics because of associated risks and rewards.
Dynamic Solutions for Energy Transitions Donald N. Zillman, Martha M. Roggenkamp, LeRoy Paddock, Lee Godden. principles for economic regulation by the Brazilian state.16 These principles govern national sovereignty, private property, ...
Author: Donald N. Zillman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
As energy innovation becomes imperative for the environment and energy security, the law must be fleet-footed to evolve in an unwieldy area of policy. This much-needed text assembles experts to analyse the most recent developments, and to postulate how human rights, sustainable development, and the eradication of energy poverty could be achieved.
The general provisions and the fundamentals of the Finnish electricity market legislation have been enacted in the Electricity Market Act of 2013 (Sähkömarkkinalaki; SäädK 588/2013), which entered into force on 1 September 2013.
Author: Laura Huomo
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this book provides a systematic approach to legislation and legal practice concerning energy resources and production in Finland. The book describes the administrative organization, regulatory framework, and relevant case law pertaining to the development, application, and use of such forms of energy as electricity, gas, petroleum, and coal, with attention as needed to the pervasive legal effects of competition law, environmental law, and tax law. A general introduction covers the geography of energy resources, sources and basic principles of energy law, and the relevant governmental institutions. Then follows a detailed description of specific legislation and regulation affecting such factors as documentation, undertakings, facilities, storage, pricing, procurement and sales, transportation, transmission, distribution, and supply of each form of energy. Case law, intergovernmental cooperation agreements, and interactions with environmental, tax, and competition law are explained. Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable resource for energy sector policymakers and energy firm counsel handling cases affecting Finland. It will also be welcomed by researchers and academics for its contribution to the study of a complex field that today stands at the foreground of comparative law.
1993 suggest costs in the area of 5-7 cents per kwh, decreasing to 45 cents by the year 2000.22 Let us now turn to the matter of exploiting these offshore alternative energy resources and examine some of the fundamentals.
Author: Rex J. Zedalis
The international legal rules affecting renewable alternative energy resources are amongst the most important legal and environmental concerns of the near future. As traditional energy sources are depleted, new technologies are being developed to harness the potentials of wave, current and tidal energy, coastal wind power, offshore geothermal, polar energy resources and space-based solar collection. This book is the first comprehensive analysis of the legal rules governing the alternative energy resource potential of all international common areas - the high seas, the polar zones (especially Antarctica) and outer space. In a detailed, but precisely analyzed text, the book also reviews the international environmental rules affecting exploration, exploitation and use of internationally situated energy resources, alongside resources located offshore under national jurisdictions. This is accompanied by a critical look at the connection between efforts to control greenhouse gases and the growing interest in non-polluting alternatives found in the international "commons . The result is a work of unprecedented value for environmental and international law academics and practitioners, as well as those interested in environmental resource economics and politics.
... the economic rationale of the EU energy system and the place of support schemes for clean and renewable energy, this section will lay out some fundamentals of EU Internal Energy Market legislation pertaining to electricity.
Author: Klaus Mathis
This book offers an edited volume for all readers who wish to gain an in-depth grasp of the economic analysis of recent developments in energy law and policy in Europe and the United States. In response to waning resources and heightened environmental awareness, many countries are now seeking to redefine their energy mix. Several energy sources are available: coal and oil, natural gas, and a variety of renewables. Yet which of them are capable of addressing core energy-related concerns? Reliability, security, affordability, fairness, and sustainability all have to be taken into account. Further, once a target mix has been identified, two challenges remain for legal scholars: what role does the law play in achieving a specified energy mix, and, how can the law best fulfill that role? The essential energy concerns are just as important in defining the way we shape our energy mix as they are in defining the mix itself. An example of current challenges in energy law and policy can be seen in the pursuit by the German and Swiss governments of the so-called “Energiewende” (energy transition). These policies are intended to enable the transition from a non-sustainable use of fossil and nuclear energy to a more sustainable approach based on renewable energies. On the one hand, the goal is to achieve a decarbonization of the energy economy by reducing the use of fossil energy sources such as petroleum, carbon and natural gas. On the other, and in response to the Fukushima nuclear accident, a phase out is intended to eliminate the dangers of nuclear technologies. Achieving these goals poses tremendous challenges for the two countries’ energy policies – partly because the energy transition will not only affect energy production, but also energy consumption. From a Law and Economics perspective, a number of questions arise: to what extent is it justifiable to rely on markets and continued technological innovation, especially with regard to the present exploitation of scarce resources? To what extent is it necessary for states to intervene in energy markets? Regulatory instruments are available to create and maintain more sustainable societies: command and control regulations, restraints, Pigovian taxes, emission certificates, nudging policies, and more. If regulation in a certain legal field is necessary, which policies and methods will most effectively spur the sustainable consumption and production of energy in order to protect the environment while mitigating any potential negative impacts on economic development? Do neoclassical and behavioural economics provide us with a suitable framework for predicting the market’s complex reactions to a changing energy policy? This book provides theoretical insights as well as empirical findings in order to answer these vital questions.